Premium Essay

Zero Tolerance

In: Social Issues

Submitted By udawna
Words 1588
Pages 7
Running head: ZERO TOLERANCE

Zero Tolerance
Tara Harrigan, Udawna Neal, Shamada Platt, Shareese Williams
Grand Canyon University
Legal Issues in Education
EDA 555
Dr. Denise Geier
February 06, 2013

Zero Tolerance
Zero tolerance began as a government plan to keep our schools safe and is now believed to be a major contributing factor to the downfall of the public education system. This policy stems from the Gun-free School Act (GFSA) of 1994. The act mandated that any student found to have brought a firearm to school would be automatically expelled from school for at least a year. The act was later initiated to encompass nonviolent offenses such as possession of drugs, persistent profanity, rebelliousness toward authority, vandalizing school property, and activities associated with gangs on school property. (Fries & DeMitchell, 2007)
However, what was meant to be accomplished by this act, and what actually happened were very contrasting events. The GFSA was the first law which took control of disciplining students out of the hands of administrators and left it up to the written “rule” provided by state legislation (Martinez, 2009). The discretion of the discipline process was placed at the hands of the classroom teachers and administrators interpretation of that rule. The most notable complaint is the complete ridiculousness of some of the harsh responses to petty offenses that fall under the guidelines of what defines a punishable offense or weapon possession. It was quickly discovered that under this new policy, sameness would not always mean fairness. (Fries & DeMitchell, 2007)
The discipline board reviewing David Silverstein’s case agrees this is one of those cases where zero tolerance has been taken to an extreme level. “Zero tolerance policies ignore the distinction between wrongful intent and innocent intent, instead focusing…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Zero Tolerance

...Zero Tolerance This essay will discuss the contemporary educational issue of Zero Tolerance Policies and how personal beliefs and values may conflict with legal and societal expectations. The first item for discussion will be the “Tweety Bird Key-chain-case.” Next, this paper will look at the action legislators that have taken in response to the threat of violence in educational institutions, which lead to the creation and implementation of Zero Tolerance policies. Lastly, the ambiguity and unfairness of these policies when administrators and districts enforce punishment will be examined. One example of how zero tolerance policies have caused nightmares for schools, parents, and students is the Tweety Bird Key-chain-case. The case involved a Cobb County, Georgia sixth-grader who was suspended for 10 days when school officials ruled that a chain on her Tweety Bird wallet violated the weapons policy. A group of lawmakers filed a bill reminding local boards they can take into account whether students intended to harm someone when deciding how to discipline them for bringing “weapons to school” (Salzer, J. 2002). In this case, there seems to have been an over reaction to what had taken place by the school officials. They failed the student by not using a combination of ethical moral judgment along with good old common sense. This sixth-grader had no intention of using the chain on her wallet to hurt another student, but school officials did not take that into account. ...

Words: 1453 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Zero Tolerance and Focused Deterrence

...Module 5: Zero Tolerance And Focused Deterrence July 28, 2013 Module 5: Zero Tolerance and Focused Deterrence In today's society crime rates of violent and gun related crimes are rising around the world. Whether it is by drugs, gangs, or weapons it is huge factor in the crimes in the society today. The zero tolerance policy is set in place in many areas because the law enforcement is tired of the crimes that could have been prevented by following the law. No matter if the criminal is a first offender or not the policy will hold them accountable for their actions. America needs to have the zero tolerance policy in motion to help the crime rates decrease. There are too many people getting killed, on drugs, or any other crime that happens in the world today. The main goal is to reduce the crime in order to have a safer area to live in. Everyone has to work together to make it safer for everyone. However, there will be times when everyone can work together but crimes are still happening. In New York there are always crimes happening every day even though the New York Police Department try their best to keep crimes off the street. When Mayor Rudy Giuliani was the current mayor of New York, he always tried his best to get programs to reduce the crimes in the state. According to The New York Mayor’s office the reports from 1993 to 1997 the amount of felony complaints dropped by 44.3%, murders dropped 60.2 %, rapes in New York dropped 12.4%, robbery dropped 48.4%, and......

Words: 912 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Zero-Tolerance Policy

...building exercises, training, group projects, and Zero-Tolerance policies. In fact, one of the fastest growing trends firms are using to combat serious potential problems is the use of Zero-Tolerance Policies. Zero-Tolerance policies are policies that enforce pre-determined punishments for pre-determined offenses. By instituting these policies firms show employees, potential employees, and those outside the company that the environment of this company is and shall be free of certain types of detrimental behavior. Having these policies in place helps to create at a minimum the perception of fairness and also are used in legal proceedings should the need arise. Even with the great benefits of Zero-Tolerance policies there are some major unintended consequences that result from the use of such policies. First of all, the judgment and discretion of seasoned leaders is essentially nullified subverting the authority given to them making otherwise competent leaders mere “paper pushers”. In addition, Zero-Tolerance suggests by definition that certain classifications of behavior will result in termination regardless of severity of offense, intention, or how many times the offense has been committed. This sort of blanket treatment of transgressions is akin to using a jackhammer for both concrete and balsa wood…what is necessary in one case is completely inappropriate for the other. Besides, if people are dismissed because of Zero-Tolerance policies, not only the fired......

Words: 1811 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Tolerance and Withdrawal

...There are various types of tolerance and two are heroin and alcohol tolerance. Many people after engaging in initial drug use experience a euphoric high and can become quite addicted to that initial high that many spend years chasing the dragon. However, some people become addicted than others experiencing high levels of tolerance. “There is evidence that after prolonged use, heroin is highly addictive. People who use heroin regularly can develop dependence and tolerance to it, which means they need to take larger amounts of heroin to get the same effect”. (NIDA research report series, 2005) Heroin is also an opioid drug and with Heroin, it can be snorted, smoked, injected and inhaled. Once heroin substance is administered the pharmacological route involves crossing the blood brain barrier where the permeability of heroin is ten times higher than morphine.  “Once heroin crosses the blood brain barrier, it is hydrolyzed into 6-acetyl morphine and morphine, which then quickly bind to opioid receptors. The “rush” felt by heroin users is the sensation caused by the rapid entry of heroin into the brain and the attachment of 6-acetyl morphine and morphine to opioid receptors.  Opioids in general can change the neurochemical activity in the brain stem causing a depression in breathing.  In the limbic system opioids cause an increase in feelings of pleasure, and have the ability to block pain signals sent through the spinal cord”. (NIDA research report series, 2005) The......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Zero Tolerance and the Effect It Has on Criminal Domestic Violence

...Running Head: ZERO TOLERANCE FOR CRIMINAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE 1 Zero Tolerance and the Effect it has on Criminal Domestic Violence Veronica Johnson Criminal Procedures CJ-340 Limestone College Zero Tolerance for Criminal Domestic Violence 2 Criminal Domestic Violence is defined as causing physical harm or injury to a person’s own household member, or offering or attempting to cause physical harm or injury to a person’s household member with apparent present ability under circumstance reasonably creating fear or imminent peril. Household member is defined as a spouse, a former spouse, parent, persons who have a child in common, or a male and female who lives with you or lived with you (snell, 2011). There is crime of criminal domestic violence of a high and aggravated nature, which carries enhanced penalties for cases with severe injury. Attorney General Henry McMaster has named criminal domestic violence (CDV) as the number one crime problem in South Carolina. The attorney general website now states that there are 36,000 domestic violence incidents reported each year, and that in the past eight years, an average of 38 women have been killed each year as a result of violence in South Carolina. The legislature has increased the penalties for CDV in past years. First offense, no prior CDV conviction...

Words: 1621 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Zero Drug Tolerance

...Describe in detail the “Zero Drug Tolerance Policy” and explain its impact on drug use prevention. Drugs are substances that can be good or bad for an individual depending on how they are used. In today’s society there are many drugs that we as citizens abuse prescription or non prescription. Drugs can harm the body if they are abused in any way. So, the government decided to put the “Zero Drug Tolerance Policy” in effect. Zero means absolutely NO DRUGS AT ALL. Drugs are not supposed to be tolerated if they are illegal. People who break this law are punished with fines and even prison sentences. Also, people who misuse prescription drugs are punished, but illegal drugs are more prone to this policy. Have you just really thought about what the phrase Zero Tolerance means? Well, this is a term that refers to government and private employer policies that require specific punishments for certain offenses. Today, many schools have the zero tolerance policy for certain things such as weapons, firearms, alcohol, tobacco, and especially drugs. All of these items are things that can harm a person. One may seem more severe than the other, but they are all in the same category when dealing with zero tolerance. Zero tolerance is a policy where the rules must not be broken at all. Even if the rules are broken by accident, ignorance, or other circumstances, a person has to be punished regardless of what the situation maybe. All schools have a Zero Drug Tolerance Policy for students,......

Words: 1250 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Zero Tolerance

...Isaac Cooke Mrs. Fountain English 10 13 January 14 Gone I was born in a town just outside of Houston, Texas. I lived in a house on Lake Houston. Growing up in that neighborhood was very nice, there were plenty of other kids in the neighborhood for me to be friends with and there were also many places to go and play. I loved my home town. The school that I attended was quite large, it was a 5a school and in the state of Texas there is no 6a so it was as big as it gets. The school had a wide diversity of all kinds of people from different places. I played football, baseball, and basketball. I had a pretty nice life there. One day my dad pulled my family aside and told us he had some very important news for us. He explained to us that he had received a job offer and that he was going to accept it. This job was in the state of Alabama. This meant that we were moving. I was not very excited and did not know what to do. My dad had to leave and start his new job before the rest of the family could with him. We had to stay behind until our house was sold. I really did not want to leave any of my friends. The house was sold within a couple of months. It wasn’t very much time to say goodbye to all of my childhood friends. Our flight was booked. I had a window seat and I remember staring out of the window thinking about my friends and all of the fun times we had shared. The plane I was on went to Atlanta, which took about three hours....

Words: 473 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

No Tolerance and No Bulling Policies

...No Tolerance and No Bulling Policies: Why They Do Not Work "Zero Tolerance Policies" were first instated into schools, to enforce suspension and expulsion, in response to students; violating; weapons, drugs and violent act policies that were already in place. Shortly after, schools began to instate “No Bulling Policies” partly to a high suicide rate among teenagers due to bulling. The consequences for violating these policies can now go beyond expulsion, and have legal implications. In theory these policies are a great idea. Unfortunately, these policies are rarely implemented and carried out correctly, causing them to not just be ineffective; but causing them to have adverse effects. We have tried these policies in our schools , it has been proven that they have done more harm than good; it is now time to remove these policies from our schools. The “school to prison pipeline," is a recent national trend where children are pushed out of public schools, and into the juvenile and criminal justice systems. Many of these children have learning disabilities, histories of poverty, and histories of abuse and neglect. There students would benefit from additional educational and counseling services. Instead, they are isolated, punished and pushed out. Many "Zero-tolerance" policies criminalize minor infractions of school rules. Cops in schools are criminalizing behavior that should be handled inside the school. Students of color are especially vulnerable to push-out trends and......

Words: 1610 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Zero Tolerance in Schools

...Title: Not on Our Watch! By Glading, Randall article tells how the administration at Yorktown High School, in Yorktown Heights enforced a zero tolerance policy. It was brought to one of the administrators’ attention that some of the student in the school had been drinking at football games. A zero tolerance policy was enforced immediately. Yorktown High administrators and staff came together to monitor the students more closely at the foot games. The first game after the policy was enforced. Two students were found to be under the influence. Those student were suspended immediately for three day. When the students returned to school they had to do mandatory meetings with the school counselor. I agree with the zero tolerance policy when it is not being abused. Teachers should not have to tolerate extreme miss behavior. I do believe with this issues of alcoholism the zero tolerance policy was the right thing for this school. There is nothing wrong with setting rules and following through with consequences. Biblical insight on zero tolerance took me to 2 John 1:10-11“If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not into your house, neither bid him God speed: For he that biddeth him God speed is partaker of his evil deeds. As Christian we have the right to say we cannot and will not tolerate sin. Glading, Randall. Principal Leadership, High School ed.8.7 (Mar 2008): 7-8. 10 If there come any unto you, and bring not this doctrine, receive him not......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Zero-Tolerance Managers

...that negatively affects the feedback gap is the zero-tolerant manager. Usually emotionally and physically distant from his employees, this manager is oblivious to situational factors contributing to employee performance which in turn causes him to attribute poor performance to internal employee characteristics instead of taking the context into account. Employees avoid feedback from the zero-tolerant manager because they believe he will directly blame them while disregarding all other factors. Moss and Sanchez offer this type of managers a few solutions to reduce FAB and the feedback gap: such as having an open mind about causes of poor performance, managing psychological and physical distance, engaging in active listening and giving effective feedback. Perhaps, however, prevention is better than cure. Why not avoid or decrease the chances of appointing a zero-tolerant manager to begin with? An article found in the archive of Harvard Business School “The Young and the Clueless” by Kerry A. Bunker, Kathy E. Kram and Sharon Ting, attributes some of the characteristics of the zero-tolerant manager such as self-promotion, intolerance and remoteness to promotion to “big chairs” at a young age and with insufficient experience. Young, inexperienced managers who get promoted quickly risk lacking emotional competencies and relationship skills; this usually makes them unaware of their surroundings and of how they appear to others. Zero-tolerant managers and some rapidly promoted......

Words: 820 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Zero

...Rachel Ruggeri ENG 474 Dr. Ernest Smith 9/7/14 The Zero “It’s a satirical novel whose rules are its own.” (HarperCollins(2007, July 17).Q&A With THE ZERO’s Jess Walter, As a satire based on the tragic events of September 11, 2001, The Zero “broke” many literary rules, but Jess Walter decided he would present that time in our history as he saw fit. I gained quite a bit of insight into Jess Walter’s inspiration for The Zero through the interviews. The unusual protagonist we see as our “hero” in the book is based largely on Walter’s viewpoints to the way we, as a culture, reacted to the attacks. Using a key theme in postmodern works, fragmentation. Walter states that “Transitions suck. Transitions are almost always forced or if they’re not, then they take you-they transition-to a place you don’t want to go.” “Fragmentation kept it so fresh for me, because I was never sure how much I was going to reveal (Ehrnwald,Ligan,Lynaugh,Vesta(2010, February 20 & March 16). A Conversation with Jess Walter, Walter creates time gaps in Remy’s memory. Remy, alongside the reader, is bounced from situation to situation, never quite sure of what he had done to lead him there. All of his negative memories have seemed to vanish, including the majority of that tragic day. In the HarperCollins article (, Walter discusses how these gaps in memory relate to......

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Zero Tolerance

...Zero Tolerance By Purple Team Grand Canyon University: EDA 555 Instructor: Norman Hale February 25, 2015 Zero tolerance policies began in 1994 following the passage of the Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA). It was generated in response to numerous school shootings that had taken place across the United States (US). The Gun-Free Schools Act entail policy that forces schools to expel students who possess or carry a gun(s) while they are on school campuses and/or property. Zero tolerance policies are in schools all across the United States and are coined “Zero-Tolerance Schools”. Zero-tolerance policies are found in schools ranging from elementary through universities/colleges. The court rulings, laws and policies of zero-tolerance are designed to create a safe learning environment by keeping drugs and weapons off of school property. Punishment relinquished in zero tolerance schools range from detention to expulsion from the school. Some individuals believe that zero tolerance policies go too far, as the punishment is swift and unyielding for various types of inappropriate behaviors enacted by students (, 2015). This paper examines the effects of zero tolerance policies as it relate to David Silverstein, 13, was inspired to build a model rocket after seeing the movie October Sky, a biography of NASA rocket scientist, Homer Hickam. The boy took his rocket, made out of a potato chip canister and fueled with......

Words: 503 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Zero Tolerance in Memphis

...Zero-Tolerance in Memphis The Memphis School District had a transformational change happen, when Superintendent Willie Herenton left his position to become the first black mayor of Memphis, the school district hired Dr. Gerry House, in 1992, from the outside because they felt that her experience in a school district that had already been restructured would lead Memphis school reform. It was noted in that case written by Ferrero (1998) that school board thought she could unite “progressive white and African-Americans, based upon an unassailable intellectual vision of high quality schooling” (p. 4). There was escalating violence against staff in the Memphis School District. They adopted the National Gun-Free School Act into their Student Code of Conduct and later added battery of school personnel and drugs possession as a Zero-Tolerance offense. The teachers looked at the revised policy and as a tool to get what they considered as problem students out of their classroom so they could concentrate on teaching the students that wanted to learn. This caused a conflict between Superintendent Gerry house and the Memphis Teachers Association. Superintendent Gerry House put incremental changes in place with her “Basics Plus” plan that allowed the schools to choose one of eleven school improvement models by 1999. The School Boards adoption of Zero-Tolerance reversed a long tradition of......

Words: 2161 - Pages: 9

Free Essay


...To many people zero is just a number with no value, a common placeholder for other values, and something we know as nothing. Just how true can this be - could zero actually mean something in our number system? When children are taught to count, they are taught to start from one to infinity which is thus ironic seeing that the number zero belongs to the set whole numbers which is also known as counting numbers. They are taught that yes, it is a number but unlike other numbers it has no value. I was taught this too. A moment in the article which left me in awe was reading that the symbol for zero was not completely accepted until the 1800’s- in the development of our number system this was a significant achievement. Zero was and always will just be there but this makes one realise just how important this ‘dot’ number really was. I now know how difficult understanding the concept of 0 is. A child is more likely to understand when you say they have nothing than to tell them they have zero. Rules that are supplied to children without any practical activities lead to confusion and affect ones thinking of zero. I therefore agree fully when in the article it is stated that “Children should tackle the complexities of zero gradually” and I as a teacher will have to teach this with patience. In the article is it evident that children many a times misunderstand the role of zero as an identity element. When the question of whether there was a number that you could add to or......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

No Judgment + No Discretion = Zero Tolerance

...“Zero-tolerance” is the policy of applying laws or penalties to even minor infringements of a code in order to reinforce its overall importance and enhance deterrence. In the reading “Zero Tolerance”, Shawn Hubler stands on the opposite side about “zero-tolerance” on campus and even in our society. “Zero-tolerance” is a blind rule that is focusing on punishment only. There is no judgment and no discretion about the offenders and the cases. “Zero-tolerance” may cause bad influence on the offenders’ future. I strongly agree with her position about against “zero-tolerance”. First, zero-tolerance is conflict with my cognition about “rules”. There is not just “black-and-white” in our judging measurement. Grey areas exist. There are some special circumstances that the offenders are naïve or lured to make the mistakes, especially teenagers. Zero-tolerance is too extreme for teenagers. Hubler mentioned an example in her article, which is about a poor little kid who just pretend to have a sip on a vodka-and-orange juice. He was so innocent to admit he drank. Can we say he really did something wrong? However, zero-tolerance policies will never give him any chance other than punishment. Therefore, zero-tolerance has no consideration about the content of the cases. It only focuses on punishment. In addition, zero-tolerance may push the offenders to an abyss for their careers. Hubler wrote, “ So every kid suspected of wrongdoing-drunk or sober, troubled or just uncharacteristically......

Words: 466 - Pages: 2