Premium Essay

Wwii Through the 70s

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jackfi63
Words 1764
Pages 8
The United States went through a major transformation between the period starting with World War II and ending in the 1970’s. Two major turning points that changed America as well as the entire world forever were the dropping of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the moon landing of Apollo II in 1969. On August 6th, 1945, the first atomic bomb was dropped on the Japanese industrial city of Hiroshima. The intent of President Harry Truman was simple: He wanted to end the war, end it decisively and end it without a large amount of American casualties. It was determined by the President and his military commanders that a full-blown ground invasion of Japan could risk the loss of up to one million American lives. The atomic bomb, however, could bring the war to a swift end with minimal loss of American life. After the first bomb, nicknamed “Little Boy” was dropped, Japan refused to surrender. Three days later, America dropped the second atomic bomb, “Fat Man” on the city of Nagasaki. The following day, Japan offered its surrender to the Unites States. These bombings had both positive and negative effects within the United States and abroad. On one hand, the American allies saved many lives by avoiding a full blown ground invasion of Japan. They also sent a message to the international community that they had the firepower necessary to defend or destroy. They also had the scientific knowledge to create a weapon of mass destruction. Internationally, the killings of many civilians presented the Americans in a negative light. Another feat accomplished by American scientists took place on July 20th, 1969, when two astronauts, Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin landed on the moon. The first humans to ever land on the moon. The United States and the Soviet Union had a race going on. It was a battle that was ultimately won by America with the moon…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Wwii

...Japanese finally accepted the surrendering terms. On September 2, the Allies and Japan signed the surrender agreement. Nearly four years after the bombing of Pearl Harbor, World War II had finally ended (“Stanovov,” 2000). The peace treaty with Japan required the country to become under Allied occupation. The Allied Powers supreme commander, Douglas MacArthur, ruled Japan during this occupation. The United States formally ended its war with Japan on April 28, 1952 (Miller, 2003). World War II brought about massive change in the art of warfare. The new ways that armed forces were used and the changes in hardware and equipment were unprecedented. New machinery and weapons brought about a lot of this change. Tanks became a way of breaking through defenses and exploiting enemies’ success. The improvement in planes and aircraft marked a substantial leap in the Air Force and its performance. The emergence of radar and radio also helped dramatically among the primary countries. The aircraft carrier served as a floating air base for dozens of powerful machines (“Novosti,” 2010). The improvement of submarines made it capable for them to stay under water for weeks at a time. Radio-engineering led to guided torpedoes and air bombs, as well as unmanned aircraft and machines. Of course, technical improvements and innovations dramatically changed one’s perception of war and peace by the introduction of the nuclear weapon. The revolution of war fare brought about by World War II......

Words: 1764 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Wwii

...atomic bombs dropped by the Americans on Hiroshima and Nagasaki (http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/World+War+II). Two major consequences that World War II had on the United States society is one that the United States gain power during this war. U.S society was positively affected by World War II. The war brought about advancement in moving in the right direction toward civil rights for blacks. This war moved the U.S economy toward a more positive economy. More Americans became more patriotic and showed it. The second major consequence that World War II had on the U.S. society is that it pulled the United States out of the Great Depression. Women had begun to take a part in the military. Millions of women fought in WWII. Families had begun to work together on common grounds. Women began working more and even working full time. These consequences affected the U. S. society. Women still took care of home but also left their imprint in the working field. Women were making money and were able to buy things that their families needed. Jobs were given to The war really didn’t affect the America’s sensibilities or the way they view the war or themselves. America was becoming more urbanized. America was still the same except that it was gaining super power. With this super power America will become one of the greatest countries ever. America was still sensible but had to only show its sensibilities when needed. They hide the things that......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Wwii Movie

...pasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmrtyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnmqwertyuiopasdfghjklzxcvbnm WWII Movie “The Pianist”3/13/2013 Stacie Castillo | Stacie Castillo March 4, 2013 Instructor Yates History 221 “The Pianist” The movie The Pianist is about a Jewish man’s life during war with Germany. The movie is set in Warsaw during 1939, in Wladyslaw’s recording studio. Wladyslaw is playing the piano when an explosion occurs at his recording studio. Germany is invading the town of Warsaw. The Germans treat the Jewish people like animals. They are banned from parks, restaurants and even from sitting on the benches. The Jewish are “branded”, made to wear a band on their arms with the Star of David big enough not to be missed. That way the German Army are able to keep track of them. Jewish families were only allowed a certain......

Words: 1047 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Minorities and Women in Wwii

...Minorities and Women in WWII Considering the accomplishments the first world war has bought to the U.S., America saw the second world war as another window to gain a momentous boost in the economy. While there was noticeable growing tension between Asia and Europe (tension among Japan in Asia and Hitler to Europe), America underwent a fairly occurring normal life seeing the economy relax from its depressed state. To prevent themselves from getting dragged into another war, they realized that they had to adapt from their actions of WWI; they discovered through investigations that it was weapon manufacturing that drove them into the war. The U.S. responded accordingly with a more proper response of passing acts cut weapon trade with war countries, which were a series of laws specifically called the Neutrality Acts. They did not sell arms, loans, and had no business with war countries whatsoever. The key idea to not get involved with other foreign countries was isolationism. During the time, however, problems still existed in terms with racial inequalities and where women belong. They were ignored to some extent; women were still out of the picture as they were seen inferior which still also applies to African Americans who are still segregated. As the U.S. struggled through the Great Depression, minority rights were not addressed even in Roosevelt's New Deal. Positive changes were bought to American nationality during WWII, but even in the end certain groups still struggled...

Words: 1506 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Canadian Economy During Wwii

...Canadian Economy during World War II A New Decade, A New War, A New Economy: With the fall of France during the Battle of Dunkirk, pressure was placed upon Canada and other countries with relation to Britain to enter the war and help the latter fight back against the Nazi army, in any way it can such as providing necessary supplies as well as soldiers making Canada change its decision into making it a total war, and thus WWII officially had started in 1939. This decision had made a large impact upon Canada’s economy in such a way that the war could be seen as something as a sweet poison in which it had help Canada get out of the Great Depression due to it gearing towards war and the re-opening of factories to produce many products to aid the allies. This not only greatly lessened the unemployment rates so much that it almost seem non-existent which can be clearly seen in the comparison of the unemployment rate in 1939 which was 11.4% and that of 1945 which was 1.6%, it also made Canada very wealthy having generated a large sum of money through selling goods to the allies, and with the help of the government introducing several new concepts such as the Unemployment Insurance Act and Wage and Price Controls being imposed to fight wartime inflation, they were able to prevent Canada from going into debt with the large production. Such benefits of the war however still do not justify its atrocious backlash which is the loss of human life, which is why it can be seen as a double......

Words: 1285 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Wwii: the Change That Saved America

...World War II: The Change that Saved America There have been wars throughout the history of man. Some of these wars have been over petty arguments, and some wars have been completely justified in their cause. An example of a just war would most recently be World War II. Not only was WWII considered a good war for the majority of Americans, but it was also beneficial to the minorities of America. The two groups that benefited the most were the African-Americans and women. The main benefits of America as a whole were it pulled the country out of the depression, and it united people through sacrifice and cooperative projects. WWII was also a beneficiary war to the African-Americans and women by increasing their participation in the work force, and also helped to increase their wages. WWII was one of the major factors that helped pull America out of the Great Depression. During the years of World War II the wages of workers was at the highest that it had been since the 1920s (Henretta, et. al. 739). Wages had increased by 70% during this time (Lecture, April 11, 2013). Even though these extra wages were mostly gained by workers working overtime in the shipyards and military factories, it was still money that people had not had in twenty years (Henretta, et. al. 739). Because of all of the overtime working in the factories, manufacturing doubled (Lecture, April 11, 2013). A secondary effect of people having more money was that they were willing to spend it on more......

Words: 1129 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Philippines and Wwii

...I. The Philippines and WWII II. II. Japanese Occupation and the Second Philippine Republic III. Battles for Liberation The Philippines and WWII The Philippines and the WWII Philippines prepares for war. On July 26, 1941, Lt. Gen. Douglas MacArthur, Military Adviser to the Philippine commonwealth, was asked by President Theodore Roosevelt to take command of the newly formed United States Armed Forces in the Far East (USAFFE). The Japanese era started December 8, 1941 (10 hours after the bombing on Pearl Harbor, which is the strongest U.S Base in Hawaii) December 10, 1941, the Japanese successfully breached Luzon. December 20, Japanese forces landed in Davao. First Japanese attack in Visayas was on December 18. MacArthur ordered the military supplies of USAFFE to Corregidor and Bataan. On December 23, Gen. MacArthur put into effect the secret military plan WPO-3 (War Plan Orange No.3) On December 24, 1941, President Quezon moved to Corregidor where the Commonwealth Government was transferred. On December 26, Gen. MacArthur declared Manila an “Open City.” On December 30, 1941, President Quezon and VP Osmenia took oath for the second inaugural ceremonies of the Commonwealth. On January 2, 1942, Japanese entered Manila in a bloodless occupation. President Roosevelt ordered President Quezon to go to US to serve as a Philippine government-in-exile. He left Corregidor by submarine on February 20. Heroisms: Mess Sergeant Jose......

Words: 885 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Dekada 70

...Ang Dekada '70 Isang nobelang Pilipino na isinatitik ni Lualhati Bautista. Ito ay isang pagsasalaysay ng mga pangyayari sa buhay ng isang pamilyang nahagip sa kalagitnaan ng mga magulong dekada ng 1970. Tinatalakay nito kung paano nakibaka ang isang mag-anak na nasa gitnang antas ng lipunan, at kung paano nila hinarap ang mga pagbabago na nagbigay ng kapangyarihan upang bumangon laban sa pamahalaang Marcos. Naganap ang sunud-sunod na mga pangyayari matapos ang pagbomba ng Plasa Miranda noong 1971, ang pagkitil sa Batas ng Habeas Corpus, ang pagpapatupad ngBatas Militar at ang walang anu-anong pagdakip sa mga bilanggong pampolitika. Nawalan ng katiwasayan ang mga mamamayan dahil sa paniniil ng rehimeng Marcos. Napagmasdan ng babaeng katauhan na si Amanda Bartolome ang mg pagbabagong ito na humubog sa dekada. Ina ng limang anak na lalaki si Amanda Bartolome. Habang nagsisilaki at nagkaroon ng sari-sariling mga paniniwala, pananaw at buhay ang mga anak na lalaki ni Amanda, itinaguyod naman ni Amanda ang kaniyang pagkakakilanlan bilang isang mamamayang Pilipino, ina at babae. Ibinungad ng Dekada '70 sa bagong salinlahi ng mga mambabasang Pilipino ang salaysaying ng isang mag-anak na nasa isang partikular na panahon sa kasaysayan ng Pilipinas. Ang nakahihikayat na katangian ng nobela ay nakasalalay sa pagunlad ng mga tauhan nito na kumakatawa sa bagong henerasyon ng mga Pilipino. Ito ay isang kuwento hinggil sa isang ina at sa kaniyang mag-anak, at sa lipunang nakapaligid sa......

Words: 2125 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Wwii

...and, during the next few years, signing treaties with various Central and South American nations. Their goal was to maintain political stability without using military means. foreign policy. But unrest in Asia and Europe was simmering, and, as a major world power, the United States could not look away for long. For one thing, the warring nations needed American guns and armor. From 1937 to 1941, then, Britain, France, China, and the Soviet Union all began rapid armament, boosting the American economy. At the same time, Roosevelt realized that the world was on the brink of a major war. He requested and received congressional authorization to build 50,000 warplanes per year, just in case. America was beginning to build its own defenses. Through the late 1930s, the United States watched as Hitler and Stalin conquered Poland. Roosevelt pledged official U.S. neutrality, backed by polls showing that more than 90 percent of the American public did not want to go to war. But the overwhelming German victories slowly changed American public opinion. In 1939, American outrage over the invasion of Poland translated into a new neutrality act that allowed belligerent powers, particularly Britain and France, to buy arms from the United States. Roosevelt believed that France and England could win a European war on their own if the United States provided material assistance. Blitzkrieg and Doubt This belief was negated when, in the spring of 1940, Germany launched a series of......

Words: 11653 - Pages: 47

Premium Essay

Wwii

...During 1939 to 1945 World War II was considered the bloodiest conflict in history. Seeds of the war were sown in the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I. The Treaty was signed on June 28, 1919. This was negotiated among Allied powers with little participation by Germany. Boundaries and assigned liability for reparations with the five years of enforcement, the French assented to the modification of important provisions. The provisions were that Germany agreed to pay reparations under the Dawes Plan and Young Plan. However this was canceled when Hitler rise to power and destructions. What events brought the use into WWII there were a couple of things leading up to the involvement. One would be Germany had a plan to try to prevent Britain from getting their supplies for war by using unrestricted submarine ware force or known as the German U-boats. Allied ships were the only ones being sunk by this however, the “Lusitania” held large amount of passengers and many of them died. At this time the US threatened to go to war but due to Germany backing down. Germany attempted to bargain and started up sinking ships however, this time was allied and neutral ships. Another event leading up to the involvement was the economy downfall due to the stock market collapsing in the 1900’s. With the problem it just increased the tensions which lead up to the fight between Communist and Nationalist. With Adolf Hitler’s National Socialist (Nazi) party coming into power which we...

Words: 2027 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Causes of Wwii

...To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles a cause of WWII? Treaty of Versailles was the main trigger that sparked the start of the most devastating war in human history. Due to its enforcement and terms, it caused the ideological fascist movement after WWI, German’s patriotism, and the violent expansion of Germany’s economy which violated terms of the treaty, ultimately resulting to World War II. After WWI the ideology of the Fascist movement became influential in Germany in reaction to the harsh terms of the Versailles Treaty. Fascistic views of political violence, war, and imperialism as a means to achieve national rejuvenation were appealed to the citizens (Wikipedia, 2014). This was in response to the Treaty of Versailles. After WWI, Germany was on a road to repair, but they were handicapped, and weakened by the terms of the treaty (History Learning Site, 2000). They had no major military or strong industry to support the growth of the country (Hikman, n.d.). The people were angered and infuriated by the ruinous effect of the Treaty. Hence, the nation realised that in order to regain the national strength, Germany would need to take on board a new form of political system that was iron-fisted and disregard anything but the restoration of pride (English Online, n.d.). This brought the rise of Hitler, the Nazi Party and Fascism. Adolf Hitler was a radical advocate who fought to overturn the harsh Treaty and restore Germany to her former glory (English Online, n.d.)....

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Warfare Technology in Wwii

...Warfare Technology in WWII: The Atomic Bomb The most significant way that technology changed in WWII, was with the invention of the atomic bomb. A scientific advancement in the 1930’s made the atomic bomb production possible. The discovery of nuclear fission; the process in which an atom is split, and the realization that the power from this could be controlled to produce mass amounts of energy were elements of what fuelled this development. Once the bombs were made and tested the decision on whether or not they should be used was given to the US president at the time, Harry Truman. Two Japan cities ended up being the main targets for the bombings and suffered great fatalities as a result. The affects of the decision to drop the bombs are still being seen today and it is still debated whether or not Truman made the right decision. Whether it was a justified decision or not, this breakthrough in technology was, and remains to be, a significant turning point in warfare. Looking closer at the decision Truman was faced with we can get a better look at why he decided to drop the bombs. The Allies were still at war with Japan, so the main idea was to drop the bombs on Japan, and weaken them enough so that they would surrender. This was seen as a better solution than the other way that the situation would have been handled – troops forcefully taking over Tokyo – because it wouldn’t be at the cost of countless numbers of soldier’s lives. Also, the bombs could inflict......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Wwii Atomic Bomb

...Warfare Technology in WWII: The Atomic Bomb The most significant way that technology changed in WWII, was with the invention of the atomic bomb. A scientific advancement in the 1930’s made the atomic bomb production possible. The discovery of nuclear fission; the process in which an atom is split, and the realization that the power from this could be controlled to produce mass amounts of energy were elements of what fueled this development. Once the bombs were made and tested the decision on whether or not they should be used was given to the US president at the time, Harry Truman. Two Japan cities ended up being the main targets for the bombings and suffered great fatalities as a result. The affects of the decision to drop the bombs are still being seen today and it is still debated whether or not Truman made the right decision. Whether it was a justified decision or not, this breakthrough in technology was, and remains to be, a significant turning point in warfare. Looking closer at the decision Truman was faced with we can get a better look at why he decided to drop the bombs. The Allies were still at war with Japan, so the main idea was to drop the bombs on Japan, and weaken them enough so that they would surrender. This was seen as a better solution than the other way that the situation would have been handled – troops forcefully taking over Tokyo – because it wouldn’t be at the cost of countless numbers of soldier’s lives. Also, the bombs could inflict......

Words: 950 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Bio 70

...BIO 70 Our sun burns at a temperature of 10,000 degrees Fahrenheit and due to its extreme high heat, the sun is actually boiling. Ancient civilizations first thought that the sun was powered by coal until the 1920s where the explanation where nuclear fusion happens in the core of the sun. The core of the sun burns at around 27 million degrees Fahrenheit and its density is 10x larger than that of lead and because of that it is in a plasma state. The energy from the sun travel to our planet through photons but before that, the photons first travel through the radiative zone and since the radiative zone is full of other photons trying to get out and does a random walk then it enters the convective zone and it only lasts there for a few days until it finally comes out to the surface and travels all the way to earth. The sun is 93 million light years away from our planet. Magnetism, like in our planet, is also present in the sun however the magnetism is different due to the differential rotation by plasma. These magnets cause coronal loops or magnetic flux ropes. These “ropes” have so much energy coiled around them. Sun spots are the comparatively darker in shade spots in the sun and they are plasma craters. These sun spots unleashes energy through solar flares and these solar flares can affect our planet and affect our power supply and communications. The chromosphere can also have solar tsunamis and quakes. There are also coronal mass ejections which can also affect......

Words: 272 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Dekada '70

...Dekada '70 (English: 70s Decade) is a 2002 Filipino drama film released based on a book called Dekada '70 written by Filipino author, Lualhati Bautista. Plot The film tells the story of the life of a middle-class Filipino family who, over the space of a decade, become aware of the political policies that have ultimately led to repression and a state of Martial law in the Philippines. Filipina actress Vilma Santos stars as Amanda, who realizes the implications of living within a dictatorship after sorting out the contradictory reactions of her husband and five sons. Her husband (Julian), played by Filipino actor, Christopher de Leon, supports his eldest son's (Jules), played by Filipino actor, Piolo Pascual; efforts to rail against the government while refusing to follow Amanda's wish to find a job. Her second son (Gani), played by Filipino actor, Carlos Agassi, is in the United States Navy. Her third son (Eman), played by Filipino actor, Marvin Augustin, writes illegal political exposes. The fourth son (Jason), played by Filipino actor, Danilo Barrios fell victim to a corrupt police department, and her youngest son named (Bingo), played by Filipino actor, John W. Sace, is still a boy. [edit] Cast * Christopher de Leon - Julian Bartolome Sr. * Piolo Pascual - Julian "Jules" Bartolome Jr. * Marvin Agustin - Emmanuel "Em" Bartolome * Carlos Agassi - Isagani "Gani" Bartolome * Danilo Barrios - Jason Bartolome * John Wayne Sace - Benjamin "Bingo"......

Words: 713 - Pages: 3