Premium Essay

Who Needs Cultural Research?

In: Social Issues

Submitted By thoompilbinu
Words 542
Pages 3
The massive lack of public understanding of what contemporary humanities scholarship entails becomes painfully clear to me when I am asked by, say, the hairdresser, what I do. As part of my ongoing fieldwork, I generally decide to tell the truth. “I am a university teacher,” I say. “Oh,” would be the answer, “what do you teach?” I take a deep breath and say: “Cultural Studies.” What follows is usually a big silence. Conversation closed. And the hairdresser is not the only one who is embarrassed. She (or he) probably feels very ignorant because she doesn’t know what I’m talking about, while I feel bad about making her feel that way and feel hopelessly cut off from what she stands for: the general public.
Part of the silence is related to a general unawareness of the complex meanings of the term “culture” itself. For most people, “culture” is extraordinary, set apart from daily life. It is either synonymous to art, something elevated and lofty, or refers to “other people” such as migrants or Aborigines. In other words, culture is either aesthetics or anthropology, and has nothing to do with their own lives. In the academic world, what is now called “cultural studies” has revolutionised the study of culture in contemporary society, by doing away with the separation between aesthetics and anthropology. “Culture” in cultural studies relates to the production and negotiation of meaning and value, and this is an ongoing, plural, often conflictive process taking place in all dimensions of social activity, be it at the workplace, in education, the media, in international relations, even in the hairdresser’s salon. Culture is neither institutions nor texts nor behaviours, but the complex interactions between all of these. In other words, culture is not only very ordinary, to speak with Raymond Williams, it is also fundamentally practical and…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cross Cultural Research Paper

...Cross Cultural Research Paper Research is essential to all disciplines in Psychology, including Cross Cultural Psychology, for theory development, theory testing and to test theories against other theories. Also, research is a way to test ideas and hypothesis about different cultures related to specific concepts and trends gender, immigration attitudes, and comparative research compares different cultures to determine how they differ and/or are similar on such concepts as gender issues, child rearing, cognition, attitudes, etc. as they relate to culture. That is cross-cultural relative study and additional kinds of study can be concerned in the methods in which culture and correlated ideas for instance ethnicity influences the behavior and thinking of human being also how human being behavior and believe explain and reveal phases of an individual culture. Research builds the knowledge base for cross cultural psychology and investigates and tests the major trends in the field. Research investigates different cultures on a number of domains in Cross-Cultural Psychology. Certain trends or domains are prevalent in the field of cross cultural psychology including evolution and biology, awareness and reasoning, morals and outlooks, social psychology, behavior in culture, therapy and mental health, gender issues, parenting and human development, cultural change and ethnic psychology, also work and structural psychology. Additional trends consist of collectivism and individualism,...

Words: 3779 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Who Needs Budgets?

...In the article “Who needs budgets?” published in Harvard Business review in February 2003 the authors J. Hope and R. Fraser try to answer the question why companies are still bound to budgeting, while they are improving their financial processes, implementing activity based costing, and heading to flexible decentralization. The authors consider extreme focusing on budgets to be problematic for any company. First of all, there were lots of examples when companies were trying “to improve” the numbers in order to meet the budget what lead to bankrupts instead. Besides, companies that depend too much on their budgets are not flexible to respond to market developments. Moreover, budget approach takes into account too many details, so it is really complicated, takes up to 30% of management’s time and costs company millions of dollars. In order to support their point of view the authors discuss two companies who decided to stop using budgets: Svenska Handelsbanken and Ahlsell. Both companies succeeded incredibly after getting rid of budgeting system. In general, companies will be able to create a self-motivated and adaptable workforce only if they find alternative way to budgeting process. It will be possible to start planning on a day-to-day basis, instead of endless budget regulations. In my opinion, the non-budgeting ways to control the costs which were discussed in the article could be really helpful in my former organization. Budgeting in our department was always hard......

Words: 290 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Need for Research

...Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf dgfhgdfhdf htehimp ortance of research in education asfsdgsfdgfhg dfhdfh tehim portance of research in educ ation Asfsdgsf......

Words: 613 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay


...My particular culture is from Irish American. Both of my parents are from the same background and are very prominent in their families. We are strong believers in healing within the healthcare system. Ethic and cultural diversity are not new phenomena in Ireland. Have strong culture and identity of their own. The Irish healthcare is founded on a belief that awareness and sensitivity is the key requirement for adapting to a culturally diverse patient population. There has always been cultural diversity in Ireland. There has always been ‘people of colour’ in Ireland, including black Irish and other EU citizens and this visible form of diversity has also increased in recent years and is now part of the fabric of Ireland’s increasingly multicultural society. The increasing diversity means that the people who are seeking to avail of our healthcare services are from a broader range of ethnic groups than previously experienced. It is clear that cultural diversity is a key challenge for the Irish health care sector, both in terms of diversity in the workplace and the development and enhancement of service delivery that has the potential to impact positively on minority ethnic groups. 2. Within the community I live in, I feel that Hispanics are rising and especially within the healthcare system. Hispanics have very strong family connections, and have a variety of beliefs regarding healthcare. Some believe in folk medicines such as herbs. Folk medicine has a long-standing......

Words: 526 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

In a Short Essay, Explain the Five Types of Needs Associated with a Consumer Who Says She Wants a "Nice Mp3 Player"

...essay, explain the five types of needs associated with a consumer who says she wants a “nice MP3 player.” When a customer enters into a store and states “I want a nice MP3 player”, there are five core needs associated with this statement. While there are strong differences between wants and fundamental needs (i.e. water, shelter, and food), humans often do not differentiate between the two. Wants are shaped by our society. The job of distinguishing between the two done by the marketer is often a difficult one. The first need is the initial stated need, “I want a nice MP3 player.” The need is verbally stated to the salesperson. The second is the real need. The customer wants and MP3 player, which is nice. This most likely means she or he is looking for something not too expensive or flashy, but above the “average” player. The third is the unstated needs. The customer has expectations and needs, which might not be verbally stated, but the sales person is expected to understand. The customer does not want to deal with a poorly-made or non-working product. Fourth, is the delight needs. The delight needs are add on's that don’t necessarily come with every model. Examples of this would be a color screen, ability to make playlists, store photos, or an FM/AM tuner. Last, are the secret needs. The customer wants to be seen by friends as a savvy shopper and someone who has good taste to buy the best MP3 player available. All of these needs should be addressed in order to......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Needs for Action Research in Agricultural Extension

...NEEDS FOR ACTION RESEARCH IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION ABSTRACT Agricultural extension professionals lag behind their counterparts in research and training institutions with regard to conducting research and generating new knowledge. This is mainly because conventional research methods are not appropriate for field practitioners whose main preoccupation is improving livelihoods of farming communities. However the success of field extensionists depends on their ability to identify and exploit opportunities for improvement. Therefore, they need research methods and approaches that enable them to generate reliable data and information which they can use to solve farmers' problems. Given that the role of extension is basically to ensure that farmers have appropriate knowledge and skills, there is need to continuously find out whether farmers indeed have appropriate knowledge and skills. There is need to find out whether farmers apply appropriate knowledge and skills and reasons why they may not be applying appropriate knowledge and skills. Based on the findings, the extensionists will be able to identify the action required to improve upon the existing situation. This calls for knowledge and skills in action oriented research. This paper provides simple, easy to follow, step-by-step guidelines which should be suitable for many situations in extension research - whether one is researching adoption of an enterprise, an extension approach or the functioning of a farmer organization.......

Words: 707 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

A Student Who Needs Help

...Bank Rakyat Indonesia Persero Tbk PT The current PE ratio of BRI are 11.0236, although it is not really high but it is shown in the charts that BRI stock are currently rising and today has been the highest point for BRI in a 1 year basis. Currently the 5 year dividend growth of the company are 21.26% can be considered a fair value if compared to the other company we invested in such as Kalbe Farma which has a dividend growth rate of 50% and Telekomunikasi Indonesia with dividend growth of only 7.28%, but considering that BRI momentum are rising there is a high probability that the dividend growth rate will increase in the future. Looking at the stock chart of a 3 month basis it is shown that the stock are currently rising although its not as high as it was in April but it is slowly and steadily rising. Meanwhile the RSI and the ROC of BRI are relatively constant currently the RSI in 56.299 and ROC at 1.51515 which indicates that it has a potential upward momentum. As seen in the chart that the RSI of BRI are relatively constant we can concluded that BRI can maintain their market share value for the past 3 month Unilever Indonesia Tbk PT Currently Unilever Indonesia are having a downward momentum looking at a 1 month time, but the fluctuation shown in the chart prove that the stock are a bit unstable where it can rise and fall rapidly. So it would be possible to have a rise in the upcoming month. As shown in the picture below the current PE ratio are quite high. Which......

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Integrating Theory and Research: Needs Assessment for the Patton - Fuller Community Hospital

...Integrating Theory and Research: Needs Assessment for the Patton - Fuller Community Hospital’s Compliance to Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990 (and its Amendments in 1992) Cliff Musimenta University of Phoenix Integrating Theory and Research: Needs Assessment for the Patton - Fuller Community Hospital’s Compliance to Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990 (and its Amendments in 1992) The Safe Medical Devices Act of 1990 (P.L. 101-629, Section 12, 104 Stat. 4523, 1990) was signed by President Bush on 28 November 1990. According to Samuel (1990), the law entailed seventeen timetabled sets of new regulations that can be grouped into the following four categories: premarket approval; post-market surveillance; penalties; and miscellaneous. According to Merrill (1994, p. 47), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) “agency was given power to prescribe good manufacturing practices (GMP) requirements for devices, to ban worthless or dangerous products administratively, and to require notification, replacement, and/or refund by makers of defective products.” According to Swayze & Rich (2012) “a medical device is, simply defined, any item used to diagnose, treat, or prevent disease, injury, or any other condition that is not a drug, biologic, or food” (para. 1). In any health organizational set up, creating patient safety requires that the organization establishes a safe health environment that eliminates/minimizes all unintentional injury to ensure patient wellbeing. This......

Words: 2161 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay


...individual retrieves it and responds. However the message that is sent can be misunderstood in various ways usually this can happens for a number of reasons however cultural influence in the most prominent effector for both verbal communication and non-verbal communication. All heath care professionals need to be understanding, considerate and have patience in order to communicate to other individuals what are native to speaking English and using English terms and customs. Responding to the sent message. Responding to the sent message. Retrieving and understanding the message. Retrieving and understanding the message. Sender Sender Care professionals need to have awareness of and sensitivity to cultural differences when communicating with others. For example people speak a range of languages, use different words, phrases and dialects I different regions of the world and may use different forms of non-verbal behavior to express themselves during individual and group interactions based on their culture. Health care professionals don’t develop an awareness of cultural variations in communication and in interaction styles and presences, communications may be misunderstood or may make no sense at all. Cultural influence on verbal communication. Words. Many people find that that learning a second language is exceptionally difficult and are more comfortable mixing......

Words: 2650 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Outline and Evaluate Research Into Cross Cultural Variations in Attachment.

...Outline and evaluate research into cross cultural variations in attachment. There are three main experiments that deal with the hypothesis of cross cultural variations in attachment by using the basis of the Strange Situation test. Van Ijzendoorn & Kroonenberg (1988) these two men created a meta-analysis which is where they collect already completed experiments and compare them too each other on a specific topic. This allows researchers to get a better look at overall trends and identify possible relationships that might exist, by doing this they may be able to identify trends that could not be seen in smaller-scale studies. They used 32 studies from 8 different countries that all used the strange situation procedure to study attachment. Using a meta analysis (statistical technique) they calculated the average percentage for the different attachment styles (e.g. secure, avoidant and ambivalent) in each country. The found that secure attachment was the most common type of attachment in all cultures. The lowest percentage of secure attachments was shown in china and the highest in Great Britain. Takahasi (1990) their aim is to prove if the Strange Situation is a valid procedure for cultures other than American middle class, white children and their mothers. They used 0 middle class Japanese mothers and their children and they were all observed under the strange situation directions. By doing this they found that they had very similar securely attached percentage to......

Words: 811 - Pages: 4

Free Essay


...Guidelines on Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice, and Organizational Change for Psychologists American Psychological Association Approved as APA Policy by the APA Council of Representatives, August, 2002 Copyright, American Psychological Association, 2002 Author Note: This document was approved as policy of the American Psychological Association (APA) by the APA Council of Representatives in August, 2002. This document was drafted by a joint Task Force of APA Divisions 17 (Counseling Psychology) and 45 (The Society for the Psychological Study of Ethnic Minority Issues). These guidelines have been in the process of development for 22 years, so many individuals and groups require acknowledgement. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for the present document included Nadya Fouad, PhD, Co-Chair, Patricia Arredondo, EdD, Co-Chair, Michael D’Andrea, EdD and Allen Ivey, EdD. These guidelines build on work related to multicultural counseling competencies by Division 17 (Sue et al., 1982) and the Association of Multicultural Counseling and Development (Arredondo et al., 1996; Sue, Arredondo, & McDavis, 1992). The Task Force acknowledges Allen Ivey, EdD, Thomas Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing Sue, PhD for their leadership related to the work on competencies. The Divisions 17/45 writing team for these guidelines was assisted in reviewing the relevant literature by Rod Goodyear, PhD, Jeffrey S. Mio, PhD, Ruperto (Toti) Perez, PhD, William Parham, PhD, and Derald Wing......

Words: 24938 - Pages: 100

Premium Essay

Cultural Research

...Cultural competency care is referred to the nursing care method, which involves handling sensitive issues affecting the cultural values, race, sexual orientation and gender of the people. The process involves nurses striving to improve the ability of effectively working in a particular cultural factor. This method includes creating awareness about the cultural factors, developing knowledge, skills, and others. The factors that form an important part of the skills are knowledge, awareness, encounter, and skills (Reiss et al. 2003). 1. Two cultural competency models A Cultural competency model is based on operating or focusing on explaining the values of the cultural practices followed by the patients. It assists in analysing the impact of the behaviour on the patient’s acceptance for treatment. The model concentrates on gathering the required information about the cultural values that are necessary for introducing changes related to the cultural, behavioural aspects (Warne and McAndrew 2002). Internal and external factors The nurses determine various factors that determine the behaviour of the individual, and this need stop. Internal factors related to knowledge and skills have to be evaluated as this helps in introducing the best methods for handling the issues. External factors are related to the social support that is required to take care of the individuals. Analysing the internal and external factors are quite an important factors. As this helps in determining......

Words: 806 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The One Who Need Money

...The One Who Need Money One day on the 18th of September 2023, I was kicked out of my family’s house because I had a fight with my parents they said that I was being very rude to them and I was lazy and didn’t help out for much things they decided to kick me out and I could not return until I learned how the real world works and how hard it is. Now I have nowhere to live except the streets and no shelter, food and no one to help me get through this rough patch I then went to sleep. The next day I couldn’t stand this much more so I decided to get changed into a black mask and a jacket I brought a gun and a bag and then go to the bank to withdraw my money when I went inside there was only old woman’s and some rich people with products that costed a fortune which could help me get back on my feet. When I got close to the workers near the vault I then pulled out my gun and said everyone get down all the people went down I then violently said to the worker “give me the money or you’ll get it” they then opened the safe and gave me the $50 000 dollars in my black bag that I brought. As soon as I was going to leave the bank a person with black hair and a gold necklace was calling the police I then shot him and everyone screamed I then walked out of the bank with his gold necklace and the $50 000 cash in my bag the police were already surrounding the place so I ran back into the bank and smashed through a window which lead to a alley way and a car park I then broke a window of a......

Words: 539 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Cross-Cultural Research Proposal- Acculturative Stress

...Running Head: RESEARCH PROPOSAL 1 Research Proposal: Examining the Effects of Acculturative Stress in Immigrants Christine Kreutzer University of Central Florida Running Head: RESEARCH PROPOSAL 2 Research Proposal: Examining the Effects of Acculturative Stress in Immigrants Objective: This study proposes to examine if acculturative stress experienced by German and Japanese immigrants in the United States results in any long term effects, specifically in terms of mental illness. Stressors associated with immigration have been found to be harmful, and is especially important to examine because of ever rising rates of immigration in the United States. This proposed study will attempt to show any possible long term effects in terms of mental illness. Literature Review: Acculturation is the process by which a member belonging to one culture must adopt the behavior and beliefs of another cultural group. This process is typically experienced by minority immigrants that have to adapt to a dominant culture. This is known as acculturative stress. Acculturative stress occurs in somatic (or biological), psychological, and social forms (Lecture, 2011). Arbona, Olvera, Rodriguez, Hagan, Linares, and Wiesner (2010) looked at the acculturative stress experienced by documented and......

Words: 814 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Amish Cultural Research Paper

...Amish Cultural Research Paper Amish Cultural Research Paper Imagine living in a society where the members socialize exclusively with each other and not with the outside world. The men of this society dress conservatively in dark colors sporting clean-shave until married when they switch to beards. The women, wearing only full skirts, wear their hair up in a bun and covered with a simple white cap or bonnet. The community, called an ordnung, decides how the community will be run from state to state. The culture itself keeps an arms distance from technology because they believe that it weakens the structure of the family. Planting and sowing of the fields is done by using horse drawn machinery and very rarely does the hum of anything fuel powered echo from the farms. Intermarriages are kept within the genetically isolated society to include first cousins and divorce is not tolerated. The Amish are a horticultural-based culture that consists of a society that is very conservative and strong on religion. The intent of this paper is to focus on the Amish culture, their primary mode of subsistence, and to identify three aspects of it impacted by this mode. History The Amish are a peace-loving, upright, religious group of people, settled happily in different parts of the United States and Canada. They disregard the modern way of life and are content to live their lives preparing for death and heavenly rewards by going without modern conveniences, such as......

Words: 2281 - Pages: 10