Premium Essay

Week 5 Inf 325

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By kimberly38smith
Words 1375
Pages 6
Kimberly Smith
INF 325 Telecommunications & Networking Concepts
Instructor: Karmaveer Koonjbearry
September 7, 2015

Discusses the Differences Between ‘Implementation’ and ‘Policy’ and Describes the Importance of Their Separation
Management defines information security policies to describe how the organization wants to protect its information assets. After policies are outlined, standards are defined to set the mandatory rules that will be used to implement the policies. Some policies can have multiple guidelines, which are recommendations as to how the policies can be implemented. Finally, information security management, administrators, and engineers create procedures from the standards and guidelines that follow the policies. This is a major flaw in the linear model because policies often change as they move through bureaucracies to the local level where they are implemented. ‘Implementation always makes or changes policy to some degree’, (Lindblom 1980). ‘Policy implementers interact with policy-makers by adapting new policies, co-opting the embodied project designs or simply ignoring new policies, hence underscoring the fact that implementers are crucial actors whose actions determine the success or failure of policy initiatives’, (Juma and Clarke 1985). Better practice implementation plans are scalable and flexible. They reflect the degree of urgency, innovation, complexity and/or sensitivity associated with the particular policy measure, and provides sufficient detail to support and inform successful implementation. One of the most important effects of the division between policy-making and implementation is the possibility for policy makers to avoid responsibility. ‘The dichotomy between policy-making and implementation is dangerous. That is because it separates the ‘decision’ from the ‘implementation’ and thus opens up ‘escape hatches’ through…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Week 5

...Week 5 Individual Assignment - Due Day 7 Class, Six months after the merger described in Change and Culture Case Study I, the new administration initiated a significant reduction in force. A decision was made to redesign patient care delivery. The administration’s first job redesign recommendation was that of a universal worker. The universal worker would deliver many support services. Aware that this model often failed when implemented in other organizations, your administrator charged you with making redesign work this time.   Resource: Week Four article by Peter Senge Write a 1,750- to 2,100-word paper in which you address the following: * How would you begin the process of job redesign? Do not consider only the universal worker. * What work processes and performance expectations must be considered once the design is completed? *  Based on the article by Peter Senge in Week Four, what steps and structures will you put in place to make the organization a true learning organization, and thereby encourage workers and managers to adapt and excel in spite of the changes? * How can you plan and control the intraorganizational and interorganizational communications that must occur to implement the job design changes? *  How can management ensure individual job satisfaction for this position? Cite at least five references. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. This assignment is worth seventeen percent of your class grade.  There......

Words: 262 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Inf 620 Week 5 Dq 2

...Week 5 Assignment Jack Harrison INF 620 Management of Information Systems Professor Chiji Ohayia January 14, 2013 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT This paper is to fulfill the requirements for week five assignment, specifically to analyze a business task that could like to computerize. To show how one could use the steps of the information systems development life cycle as illustrated in Figure 12.3(O’Brien, p.486), to include operational feasibility, technical feasibility and legal/political feasibility (Fig. 12.4) as it applies to the business. This paper will also discuss the five phases of project management as shown in figure 12.20 (O’Brien, p.507). This paper will include possible task as an example of computerizing a process used in the author’s present company. A Project Life Cycle History has shown time and time again that the possibility successful project is directly related to the amount of planning and preparation that is taken place. One valuable tool is the project life cycle. It does not matter how simple or complex the project is the project life cycle is a way to organize and successfully complete a project. The project life cycle refers to a sequence of activities to complete one’s goals or objectives. Life cycle can be broken up into a series of steps; most common are four or five steps. This paper will discuss the project life cycle as shown in the text, which uses the five components as shown in figure 1. Figure 1......

Words: 1981 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Hcs 325 Week 1

...Roles and Functions MELISSA SPENCER HCS/325 June 24, 2013 Kathy Lawrence Roles and Functions There are four main different functions that a manager will practice in a health care setting. These four functions are organizing, planning, controlling and leading. “Organizing is the process of assigning task, allocating resources, and arranging and coordinating the activities and groups to implement groups; planning is the process of setting performance objectives and determining what actions should be taken to accomplish them; controlling is the process of measuring the work performance, comparing results to objectives and taking corrective action as needed; leading is the process of arousing people’s enthusiasm to work hard to fulfill plans and accomplish objectives” (Lombardi & Schermerhorn, 2007, ). As a manager in a previous job, I do know that with my personal experience that most of the time the four functions of management basically overlapped each other or they were not done in order. As managers, we can be so caught up in the task that we are doing that it isn’t recognized that these functions of management are not being done correctly. During this previous job, I did tend to notice that something just wasn’t functioning properly. I began to slow down my routine to see if I could find where the flaw was in my managing. When it came to the function of controlling I found that is where I had some problems going on. Once, I readjusted what I was doing; my......

Words: 417 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Inf 340 Week 2 Assignment

...September 16, 2013 Week Two Assignment How was the Hoosier Burger project identified and selected? What focus will the new system have? Hoosier Burger is a small restaurant that currently has no digital information capabilities. The new owners, Bob and Thelma, have just finished up product identification and selection. Now that Hoosier Burger has been open for a little while, they have a good feel for what works – and what does not – in the current system. With a solid approach to identification and selection this project will be well on the way towards an efficient execution. This project was identified as most are, which is, unfortunately, the painful way. In daily operations Bob and Thelma discovered shortcomings in inventory control, customer ordering and management reporting. These inadequacies culminate in food shortages, customer wait time and a general lack of ability to run the business smoothly. Because their business is growing, the old way of managing information by hand is insufficient. Project selection is also simple in this case, as the system simply has to be upgraded, and there are no other projects pending to choose from. In many situations there are multiple teams competing for limited resources and so projects might be evaluated based on cost-benefit analysis or any other manner of comparing the feasibility of a project, but in this case the selection is clear: Upgrade the system and......

Words: 796 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Week 5

...Lab4 Chris Hann Zy Powell 1. Dictionary attacks and rule-based search attacks. 2. Cross-site scripting allows for attackers to bypass client-side security mechanisms normally forced on web content by current browsers. 3. You can do this by disabling scripting when it is not necessary. Do not trust links to other sites on email or message boards, and do not follow links from sites that lead to security-sensitive information directly through its address. 4. The attacker can use redirect vulnerability, where a webpage uses a script to redirect the user somewhere other than the intended site. So then the hacker takes advantage of the script and you are sent to an external page instead of an internal one. 5. It can be denial of access, data loss or corruption, and unnecessary account privileges. 6. Blind SQL injection ask question that can only have a yes or no answer. Yet with normal SQL injection ask questions that will confuse the applications into returning answers in error message and. 7. Because XSS is a hacking technique in which a malicious user enters a short snippet of JavaScript into a textbox so that this script will be saved in the database. Therefore when a user retrieves and displays this later, the browser will execute the script. 8. When a user tries to enter their credentials, the url is explaining that the password is wrong. 9. By removing all unwanted input and accept only expected input, and you......

Words: 295 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Inf/340 Week 5 Dq 1

... INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF340 Week 5 DQ 1 INF/340 Week 5 DQ 1How do analysts generate alternative solutions to information systems problems? INF 340 Week 5 DQ......

Words: 1821 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Inf 336 Week 3 Assignment

...Needs Identification and Defining Commercial Equivalents INF 336 June 8, 2014 All companies have some type of supply need and must be able identify the specifications of the needs to be efficient. One of those is knowing the differences between needs identification and defining commercial equivalents and why they should separate these into two stages. They must also be able to interpret the value to their organization when early supplier involvement (ESI) is effectively implemented. Managers must be able to examine the advantages and disadvantages of specifying by performance. Finally, they must be capable of understanding strategic requirements. This paper will look more into what exactly this all means. Differences and Values When looking at the differences between needs identification and defining commercial equivalents, one must know why it is preferable to separate this into two stages. It is preferable to separate need identification and defining commercial equivalents into two separate stages because a company must first know what it needs and why it is needed. By doing this the company can identify suppliers with the lower costs, higher quality product or service, or who has the most cutting-edge technology (Leenders, M. R., & Flynn, A. E., 2010). If they are not separated into two stages, any opportunity value may be overlooked. Advantages and Disadvantages When dealing with specifying by performance, the supply professional must know the advantages......

Words: 493 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 5

...Week 3 Summary MGT/311 Team B William Osborn, Juli Gibson, Ramon Taboa, Terrence Griffin, Cedric Davis June 30, 2014 James Eyster Week 5 Summary: Team B This week we learned ways to help make the changes within the company easier for the employees. Changes in the workplace can consist of things such as management, change in how the work is done, and change of ownership to name a few. Most people fear the unknown so when changes are made within the company. Some common fears are losing their job, that the change will affect the culture and effectiveness of implanting that change. There are some ways that the company can help to relieve some of that fear by educating the employees on the changes that are being made. The company can also relieve some of the fear by having open communication by letting the employees ask questions and give them an honest answer. Some negative ways to implement the change are by manipulation and cooptation. By doing this it can backfire on the company when the truth comes out. Going hand in hand with a company implementing changes is stress in the workplace. There are many things that can contribute to stress in the workplace. There are various ways stress in the workplace can occur for example, workload, coworkers, management, and pay. For an employee to relieve some of that stress it may help to take breaks to get some alone time. This will help the employee rest their mind......

Words: 428 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Week 5

...Week 5 Internet Service providers Ashour, Kalled Week 5 Internet Service providers Ashour, Kalled 2014 2014 Internet Service Providers In Denver Colorado, there are only two main options for personal home internet service. You can either get broadband through Comcast, or DSL through Century Link. Both have their positives and negatives, and both are around the same price. Comcast is 39.99 a month, for broadband internet service. While Century Link is $29.95 a month for DSL service. I personally have DSL though Century Link as I think that their customer service is much better than Comcast. Century Link provides packages of 1.5, 7, 12, 20 and 40Mbp/s connections, though all of them are the same price. I personally have the 40Mbp/s connection and pay $30 a month for the service. The router they provide has wireless capability and has suited all of my needs. Century Link has been running a campaign that they will be installing a full fiber optic system in the Denver area over the next year. So their speeds will be increasing in order to compete with Comcast. Comcast provides up to 50Mb/s for $40 a month, on a dedicated broadband line. Meaning that you should always have 50Mb/s no matter the time of day. They do offer more expensive plans with higher bandwidth, such as 105Mb/s for $45 a month. This is where Comcast has a clear advantage over Century Link. They can offer much higher speeds for just $15 more a month. They also have plans that package HBO and......

Words: 392 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 5

...Cost of Goods Sold 1,080,490 69.7% 241,000 71% Gross Profit 468,545 30.2% 98,038 29% Selling and administration Expense 302,275 19.5% 79,000 23% Income from Operations 166,270 10.7% 19,038 6% Other expenses and losses Interest Expense 8,980 .5% 2,252 1% Income before taxes 157,290 1% 16,786 5% Income tax expense 54,500 4% 6,650 2% Net Income $102,790 7% $10,136 3% (B) Douglas Company’s return on assets is 8.07% and their return on common stockholder's equity is 6.42%. Maulder Company’s return on assets is 2.11% and their return on common stockholder's equity is 1.48%....

Words: 327 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Week 5

...Identify and describe the stage of the life cycle the brand, product, business or organization is in? The product I have chosen to discuss this week is the Philips Compact Disc (CD). Although this product is fairly common, I believe it to be unique from other examples such as the cassette tape and the Apple iPod. The main difference is that although this product is indeed in the declining stages of the product life cycle, I strongly believe the product will continue to remain relevant for the next several years due to the way Philips has re-designated the CD’s usage. The insights below prove that this product is a unique example of how companies can prolong the life of a product while evolving with newer technologies. The compact disc was first introduced in the early 1980s and was initially marketed to Japan. Although sales were initially slow, the CD gained popularity in Asia due to efficiencies with file transfers and considerably better audio quality with music recording. By the mid-1980s, the compact disc gained popularity throughout Europe as a primary means of recording music. As sales continued to increase over the next decade, Philips viewed the CD’s niche market as primarily a vehicle for the recording and selling of music. This form of file transfer allowed musicians to record more tracks on an album and continued to provide better clarity than cassette tapes and other forms of file storage. The CD’s popularity eventually spread to the United States where sales...

Words: 1133 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Week #5

...asset utilization. 3. Firms should always be adhering to public policy changes related to environmental initiatives because essentially one of the largest contributors to company sustainability is environmental compatibility. However, a company that is trying to minimalize cost could only follow the minimal requirement of certain environmental aspects such as recycling in certain places in the world. This factor alone could save companies expenses. 4. The roles that logistics and supply chain management should take to ensure the following of safety regulations are the ability to have credentials available and an organize transportation of the products to ensure an quick and efficient evaluation undergoing security screenings. 5. Taxes in specific parts of the nation or world could intimidate firms into refusing to operate there, or firms that already exist in an expensive location may relocate because the overall relocation may cost less than the additional property, value-added, inventory, and income taxes that a firm may be dealt. These said additional taxes could potentially cripple an economy if it deters enough firms’ choice to develop there or to remain there. 6. The implication of increasing fuel costs on a supply chain design consist of frequent reevaluations of the firm’s network structure and strategy to ensure it’s the best for the firm. Also the volatility of fuel costs influences the viability and flow of global trade. Higher fuel prices however...

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Bus 325 Week 8 Assignment 2 Recruitment

...BUS 325 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 RECRUITMENT TO purchase this tutorial visit following link: http://wiseamerican.us/product/bus-325-week-8-assignment-2-recruitment/ Contact us at: SUPPORT@WISEAMERICAN.US BUS 325 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 RECRUITMENT BUS 325 WEEK 8 Assignment 2 – Recruitment, Training, and Compensation Use the Internet to research an MNE. Gather basic information about the enterprise as well as specifics about their international business strategy. Be sure to select a different MNE than you did for the first writing assignment. Write a 4-6 page paper in which you: 1. Provide a brief description of the enterprise (e.g., their industry, size, location, number of employees). 2. Outline a recruiting and selection strategy for your selected MNE that could be used to effectively meet organizational requirements for operating in multiple countries. 3. Outline a training and development strategy for your selected MNE that could be used to effectively meet organizational requirements for operating in multiple countries. More Details hidden… BUS 325 WEEK 8 ASSIGNMENT 2 RECRUITMENT BUS 325 WEEK 8 Assignment 2 – Recruitment, Training, and Compensation Use the Internet to research an MNE. Gather basic information about the enterprise as well as specifics about their international business strategy. Be sure to select a different MNE than you did for the first writing assignment. Write a 4-6 page paper in which you: 1. Provide a brief description of the enterprise...

Words: 431 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Week 5

...week 5 Describe the neuroanatomy of and neural processes related to learning based on current literature. There is a subtle difference between learning and memory whereas learning is the process by which in one’s mind there is an incorporation of new information and abilities and memory is the way in which the mind stores the information and abilities. There is a great importance from the outset that there are many kinds of memory such as procedural memory. Procedural memory is the process of remembering how to do certain things. Declarative memory is another memory where one can remember actual semantic information. These two memories are often unrelated in many instances. A prime example of these two memories would be a basketball player may have the perfect three point shot, but does not need to be fully aware of the physics that goes into shooting a three-pointer because procedural memory comes into play. To some extent this describes the difference between declarative and procedural memory. Even though that they are totally different form one another they both are a kind of memory. You can describe learning as a process in which experiences are incorporates into a person’s memory. This definition can be broad and encompasses not only the most traditional type of learning such as school learning. Learning can also be described as people forming memories of significant events that have occurred in the past. However, biologically, learning encompasses all of these......

Words: 578 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Week 5

...9 chapter current controversies and issues Introduction The Clash of Values in Social Policies Welfare Euthanasia Government: How Much Support for the Needy? Target Populations: The Struggle for Support The AIDS Epidemic The Homeless Welfare Recipients Professionalism in the Human Services The Role of Human Services Workers Whom Do Human Services Workers Serve? A Basic Reading and Thinking Skill Ranking American Values References 324 Human Services in Contemporary America - © Cengage Learning c u r r e n t c o n t r ov e r s i e s a n d i s s u e s 325 INTRODUCTION You may have gathered by now that the human services field is quite complex. Complete agreement regarding philosophies, methods, goals, services, funding, or anything else just does not exist nor, from our point of view, should it. There are times when controversies and differences are stimulating, healthy, and valid and lead to creative solutions. At other times, they are repetitious, meaningless, and destructive. Too frequently they consume time, energy, and resources that might better be used providing needed services. To this end, we highly recommend that students become familiar with the books in the Opposing Viewpoints series, published by the Greenhaven Press, that deal with issues of concern to human services workers. The purpose of this chapter is to present a sampling of basic controversies and issues in the field of human services that have not yet been resolved and may never be......

Words: 8154 - Pages: 33