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Urban Health

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Exploring Adolescent Pregnancy Issues in Peckham London Borough of Southwark.

Introduction:

Adolescent pregnancy issues are a growing problem in England. Adolescent mothers are very much likely to face challenges of social exclusion arising from their circumstance. Their babies are more likely to suffer health challenges that may lead to poor health and premature death . It is therefore not surprising that health and social care providers pay particular attention to addressing the level of adolescent pregnancy trends, in other to improve the quality of life of young people.

This report would attempt to conceptualise adolescent pregnancy issues as an urban health problem in the Peckham area of Southwark. The report will also look at a brief profile of the demography of Peckham / Southwark Council in relation to the adolescent pregnancy challenges it faces and its implications for health /social service delivery providers. .

The concluding part of this report provides recommendations to the relevant local health authorities on how to address the growing prevalence of adolescent pregnancy problems amongst girls.

Understanding Urban Health, the Rationale of Adolescent Pregnancy, the Demographics of Peckham, London Borough of Southwark:

Urban health as a concept is a generic term that is used to describe the whole gamut of policy interventions provided by health and social care professionals to both private and public sector institutions (Marmot, 2010). A curios and observant visitor to Peckham will notice a growing prevalence of adolescent girls with baby buggies, visiting shopping centres on a daily basis.

Peckham is a ward in the London Borough of Southwark and is located within 5.6km to the South East of Charing Cross in Central London. Peckham is recognised as one the most ethnically diverse areas in the UK, by virtue of its resident’s nationality composition.

According to an estimated data sourced through QPZM Local Stats UK (2012), the population of Peckham was 14,720, comprising approximately 51% females and 49% males. The average age of people residing in Peckham is said to be about 32 years whilst the median age of the residents is lower than 30. 51% of people residing in Peckham were born in England.

The Table1.1 below shows the nationality composition of residents in Peckham as at 2012.

|Country of Origin |Percentage of residents nationality Composition |
|England |51.0% |
|Nigeria |11.3% |
|Jamaica |3.50% |
|South America |3.40% |
|Ghana |2.70% |
|Somalia |1.00% |
|Ireland |1.00% |
|North Africa |0.90% |
|Bangladesh |0.80% |
|China |0.60% |
|0thers |23.0% |

[pic]

Source: QPZM Local Stats UK 2012.

Available data from Southwark Analytical Hub ( SAH ,2006,p20 ) , sourced through an unpublished Student Assignment submitted to the Department of Health and Social Care, London Metropolitan University ; on teenage pregnancy in Peckham, revealed that Peckham as ward had a rate of 97 adolescent conception per 1000 females aged between 15 and 17 years, from 2000 to 2002 . Below a the table and graphical illustration of the representation of adolescent pregnancy rates in Peckham between 2000 to 2002.

Table 1.2:

|The Number and Rate (per 1000) of Adolescent Conceptions 2000 to 20002 | | |
|Conceptions…...

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