Premium Essay

Thyroid Cancer Essay

In: Other Topics

Submitted By doresa
Words 784
Pages 4
Doresa Griffin
EN102 English Composition II
Leann.Slegowski
Thyroid Cancer
February 28, 2014
Miller-Motte College Online

Thyroid Cancer

Papillary thyroid cancer is known as a good cancer. However, learning you have any type of cancer is heart breaking. In December 2 I went to my primary cancer doctor for a routine physical exam and part of that was a thyroid ultrasound. When the thyroid ultrasound results came back it showed an 8mm thyroid nodule in right side of the thyroid gland. My primary care doctor was fine with just watching the nodule to see if would change over a year time. After months of soul searching and having an intuition that this could be some serious. I made an appointment with an otolaryngologists. Little did I know that this doctor’s appointment would be a life changing event for my sons and I. Once I was at the doctor’s appointment and the doctor did a full physical exam and reviewed the ultrasound films. I was given two options to have a thyroid biopsy done and this is where a needle is inserted in the thyroid gland with ultrasound guide and a small piece of tissue is removed and sent to pathology. In some cases the results are inconclusive. The other option was a thyroidectomy and complete remove the thyroid gland and send it to pathology for a diagnostic conclusion. I decided to have the surgery done. A decision that beginning of a life changing event. There are two types of thyroid surgery one is endoscopic and open. Most thyroid surgeries are done with the open method. An open thyroid surgery is where a 3 to 4 inch incision is made in the neck and the thyroid gland is removed and sent for pathology. (American Thyroid 2013) (Mathison2014) Once the pathologist reviewed the thyroid gland and examined the nodule it was found to be a 2.3 papillary thyroid cancer. This type of cancer…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Cancer

...What is Cancer? What is Cancer? Cancer is a disease that is caused by an uncontrolled division of abnormal cells in part of the body. In the U.S. more than thirty four hundred people get diagnosed with cancer every day, and according to the statistics one out of three people will be affected with cancer at least once in their life. Cancer is one of the most deadliest killers in the U.S. and other countries as well. As you read my essay you can tell that this is all facts, in this essay I will discuss cancer and the effects it had on my aunt Millie and my family, symptoms, and risks. My aunt’s struggle with cancer was one of the many things I couldn’t stand to watch, but then at the same time I had to. My aunt’s daily activities after she found out about the cancer did not change she still cooked and cleaned even though sometimes she needed some help. My aunt never felt sad or angry that she had gotten cancer she would wake up every day and make the best of it she was always happy no matter what. The day my aunt Millie passed away was one of the saddest days our family has ever went through. Everyone in our family loved her so much and never wanted to see her go, but every day when I think of her I know that she is in a better place. Cancer today is one of the most deadly killers in the world. There are many different types of cancer lung cancer, breast cancer, colon cancer, prostate cancer, etc. There are many different signs of having cancer a change in bowl/bladder......

Words: 680 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Thyroid Disease

...The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the base of the throat. The thyroid is the largest of the endocrine glands; it has two lobes joined by the isthmus. It hugs the trachea on either side of the second and third ring, opposite of 5th, 6th, and 7th cervical vertebrae. Though the thyroid is small, it has an enormously important job to do, especially for teens. It manufactures the hormones that help control metabolism and growth. To produce thyroid hormones, the thyroid needs a chemical element called iodine that the body absorbs from the foods such as seafood, bread, and salt and from the water you drink. “The entire body contains about 50 milligrams of iodine. About 1/5 to 1/3 of that supply (10 to 15 milligrams) is stored in your thyroid. The thyroid combines the iodine with tyrosine to make important hormones.” Thyroid hormones travel through the bloodstream of your body’s cells. They are important to the growth and structure of bones, puberty and sexual development, and many other body functions. They are responsible for helping your cells convert oxygen and calories into the energy, which is needed to help them work properly. These hormones are important in making sure your body will mature as it should and may affect how your organs function. The two most important thyroid hormones are thyroxine (T4) and triiodothronine (T3), which account for 99.9% and 0.1% of the thyroid hormones present in your blood supply. The hormone with...

Words: 2131 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Cancer

...Diagnosed With Cancer? Here Are 11 Effective, Natural Strategies To Kill Your Cancer The information you need to beat cancer is here - available to you for free. You won't have to download a report or buy any book. In fact, some readers have said that this report is better than the ebooks, and they had bought every one. Here you will find information your doctor can't tell you or doesn't know - including information on one product where 51 out of 65 stage 4 cancer patients became cancer free while using it. Other readers say that this report gave them the most understandable information they found about cancer. You'll learn about the underlying causes of cancer, and what to do to counteract those causes. Effective actions to take to defeat cancer. This information applies to all types of cancer. Lung, prostate, breast, colon, ovarian, cervical, liver, pancreatic, bone, bladder, stomach, testicular, thyroid, kidney, throat, brain, mouth, uterine, esophageal, rectal and more. The fundamental causes of these cancers are the same, so the same strategies work for all of them. Thousands before you have used these strategies to beat their cancer and now live happy normal lives. They are available here at no cost to you. "In 2003 my husband was told he had a pancost tumor on his upper left lung. He began 6 weeks of chemotherapy and radiation therapy. On April 1st, 2004 he went thru a 10 hour surgery to remove the upper left lobe, parts of his ribs and the tips of the T3, T4...

Words: 4371 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Breast Cancer Essay

...Breast Cancer SCI/162 PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND WELLNESS 03/03/2013 Breast Cancer Breast Cancer is the leading disease that’s taking millions of women’s lives every year. Even though it’s more common in women however, 1 out of 100 men are diagnosed with this disease every day. Learning the symptoms, treatments and diagnosis to this disease will help save people lives. Symptoms When an individual feels a lump and disfiguration in the beast causing a painful and numbing sensation that never goes always. The pain get so severe that is feel like a lighting blub has exploded inside your beast. The skin around the breast is “peeling, scaling and flaking”. The breast has depressed in size. If your beast nipple has some form of discharge or is in an inward position this maybe signs of breast cancer. Treatments Women and men have many of options to treatment included surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy and taking hormones pills. Most common is radiation and chemotherapy this where an individual with breast cancer goes under a high radiation machine to reduce the size or kill the cancer. Chemotherapy is drugs that the doctor prescribes for the patient to take in order to reduce the rapid growth of cancer cells. Tamoxifen is a very common hormone......

Words: 626 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Cancer

...Breakdown of Cancer Breakdown of Cancer Cancer is introduced when a single mutated cell begins to reproduce abnormally. According to Lee Copstead and Jacquelyn Banasik, cancer is a malignant neoplasm or new uncontrolled growth of invasive cells. Cancer begins when cells break from normal cell division that follows its own path. This is known as proliferation, which is abnormal cell division. According to (Copstead & Banasik, 2010) cancer develops when proto-oncogenes become inappropriately activated and this change is due to mutation in the cell’s (deoxyribonucleic acid) DNA. Furthermore, cancer is an out of control cell growth. For a patient to receive an accurate diagnosis of cancer a through history and physical examination has to be done. There are many tests necessary to diagnosis cancer. According to Copstead & Banasik, 2010) the definitive diagnosis of cancer is a positive cytological or histological result. Cytological is the microscopic finding of pathological cells. This can be done by aspiration or exfoliate. Whereas histological is the examination of cells by staining and examining sections of tissue. Other diagnostic tests, such as imaging, chest radiography, computed tomography (CT scan), mammography, or (positron emission tomography) PET scan. There are numerous laboratory test that can aid in the diagnosis of cancer. Urinalysis is used detect blood or hematuria that could be an indicator for bladder cancer. Tumor markers are......

Words: 1452 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cancer

...Multimodal Treatment for Cancer and It’s Nursing Implication Cure: Complete eradication of malignant cells Control: prolonged survival and containment of cancer cell growth Palliate: relief of symptoms associated with the disease Surgery 2. Chemotherapy 3. Radiation therapy Surgery A. Diagnostic Biopsy: to obtain a tissue sample for analysis of cells suspected to be malignant Actual tumor Lymph Nodes 3 Most Common types of Biopsy Excisional: most frequently used for easily accessible tumors of the skin, breast, upper and lower gastrointestinal tract, and upper respiratory tract. : removal of the entire tumor and the surrounding marginal tissues as well Incisional: when the tumor mass is to large to be removed. : a wedge of a tissue from the tumor is removed for analysis Needle Methods: performed to sample suspicious masses that are easily accessible, such as some growth in the breasts, thyroid, lung, liver and kidney : fast, relatively less expensive and easy to perform and usually require local anesthesia. B. Surgery as a Primary Treatment: Local Excisions (Debulking) Wide or Radical Excision (en block dissection) removal of the primary tumor, lymph nodes, adjacent involved structures, and surrounding tissues that may be at high risk for tumor spread C. Prophylactic Surgery: involves removing nonvital tissues or organs that......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Thyroid

...Thyroid Disease The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, just below the voice box. It controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones. The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the body's metabolism and calcium balance. The T4 and T3 hormones stimulate every tissue in the body to produce proteins and increase the amount of oxygen used by cells. These hormones are essential for life and have many effects on body metabolism, growth, and development. Several different types of thyroid problems may develop including an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), and growths on the thyroid that may be nodules or cancer. As mentioned in an article from Cleveland clinic, to control metabolism, the thyroid produces hormones, T4 and T3, which tell the body's cells how much energy to use. A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones needed to keep the body's metabolism functioning at a satisfactory rate. As the hormones are used, the thyroid creates replacements. The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain, senses either a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust Thyroid- stimulating hormones (TSH) and send it......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Do the Benefits of Routine Cancer Screening Outweigh the Drawbacks?

...Do the benefits of routine cancer screening outweigh the drawbacks? Living in the twenty-first century with all the medical technology available you would think one would be indestructible. Am I right? Scientist keeps coming up with cures, and modern machines seem to detect diseases early on. Or do they? Have you ever been given bad news just to find out later it was false? This has happened to most all of us sometime in our life. Somebody is being told today they have cancer. They have instantly been thrown into a sea of emotions, caught and knocked down by every wave of evil thought. They are eventually relieved that they had denied treatment only after finding out the test was wrong. All the worry this family went through could have been avoided. Some would go ahead with treatment, finding out later that they shouldn’t have. Don’t get me wrong, it is a great benefit to have all the modern updates of medical science at our fingertips. But, have we come to rely on the answers of machines rather than our own self-exams and our own intuition? Instead of being on a roller coaster of emotions, or taking dangerous amounts of unnecessary treatments, shouldn’t we wait until there’s a reason for concern and then use the force of science to combat the enemy? Until the ratio of routine screenings rise to meet a level of accuracy, I feel they are hardly as necessary as one is lead to believe. Routine cancer screenings bring too many false positives with premature and over...

Words: 1136 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Thyroid

...Thyroid Disease The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, just below the voice box. It controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones. The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the body's metabolism and calcium balance. The T4 and T3 hormones stimulate every tissue in the body to produce proteins and increase the amount of oxygen used by cells. These hormones are essential for life and have many effects on body metabolism, growth, and development. Several different types of thyroid problems may develop including an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), and growths on the thyroid that may be nodules or cancer. As mentioned in an article from Cleveland clinic, to control metabolism, the thyroid produces hormones, T4 and T3, which tell the body's cells how much energy to use. A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones needed to keep the body's metabolism functioning at a satisfactory rate. As the hormones are used, the thyroid creates replacements. The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain, senses either a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust Thyroid- stimulating hormones (TSH) and send it......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Thyroid

...Thyroid Disease The thyroid gland is one of the largest endocrine glands. The thyroid gland is found in the neck, just below the voice box. It controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones. The thyroid plays an important role in regulating the body's metabolism and calcium balance. The T4 and T3 hormones stimulate every tissue in the body to produce proteins and increase the amount of oxygen used by cells. These hormones are essential for life and have many effects on body metabolism, growth, and development. Several different types of thyroid problems may develop including an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), and growths on the thyroid that may be nodules or cancer. As mentioned in an article from Cleveland clinic, to control metabolism, the thyroid produces hormones, T4 and T3, which tell the body's cells how much energy to use. A properly functioning thyroid will maintain the right amount of hormones needed to keep the body's metabolism functioning at a satisfactory rate. As the hormones are used, the thyroid creates replacements. The quantity of thyroid hormones in the bloodstream is monitored and controlled by the pituitary gland. When the pituitary gland, which is located in the center of the skull below the brain, senses either a lack of thyroid hormones or a high level of thyroid hormones, it will adjust Thyroid- stimulating hormones (TSH) and send it......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cancer

...diagnosed with cervical cancer. 12,042 women in the United States were diagnosed, and my sister Amber unfortunately, fell under that statistic. At the time she did not have medical insurance and Amber had not been in for a routine check up in over three years. It was not until she had to go to the hospital for severe pain in her abdomen, when doctors discovered a cyst on one of her ovaries, her lack of urgency eventually cost her health. Amber was diagnosed with stage zero Cervical cancer in early August, This being one of the earliest forms, cancer cells are found on the surface of the cervix. During this time there was a lot of waiting and anxiety my sister and our family went through. Amber had many doctor appointments and went through some very painful procedures such as, a Colposcopy biopsy and an Endometrial biopsy. Being the supporting, loving, and helpful family we are, everyone was by her side every step of the way and helping care for her son while she had Doctor appointments. Since then it has greatly impacted her and our family on the way we live life, It brought everyone together, from taking her to appointments, to helping with her child, it showed how quickly everything can change. Your cells are giving a life span, when they die new cells are developed to replace the ones that have died, but that is not always the case. Cells sometimes do not die and may start dividing, these cells are known to be abnormal also known as cancer cells. Cancer cells attack......

Words: 1441 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Cancer

...NEW TREATMENTS FOR CANCER A new revolution for cancer therapy has been created which is called “molecularly targeted therapy”. Since most drugs kill healthy cells along with cancer cells and cause serious side effects, this therapy will only kill the cancer cells of a specific cancer type. They are designed at the molecular level of the cell and are also able to identify specific molecules that are unique to specific cancers. One of the most eligible drug is called glivec, (also known as STI571) actively effecting a form of leukemia called chronic myeloid leukemia that causes excess overproduction of white blood cells. Moreover, in a case study it is reported that a gastroiestional stromal tumor was treated with STI571 and resulted in a significant reduction of the tumor. As this therapy promises the health of the patient, it also has some negative impacts and some limitations. Since this drug is specific to a small amount of molecules, it is not relevant to a large amount of tumors, meaning it is very limited in its application. Furthermore, the patients may experience diarrhea and liver problems such as hepatitis and elevated liver enzymes. All in all, molecularly targeted therapies hold the promise of harming fewer cells, reducing side effects and assuring a healthier life. Another new advancement in cancer treatments is called “immunotherapy”. This therapy is developed to enhance the immune system to fight cancer, reducing all severe side effects. The t- cells protect...

Words: 437 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Throat Cancer

...Throat Cancer Shelby Pinkston Columbia College Throat cancer is the most leading cause of death. Another name for it is cancer of the pharynx. People who abuse drugs, alcohol, have car accidents, AIDS, suicide all together don’t even add up to the death rate of throat cancer. Throat cancer is one of the most common cancers in the United States. Throat cancer begins when cells begin to divide irregularly and at a fast rate in the pharynx or larynx or the esophagus and the thyroid gland. If you notice a sudden change in your voice, this could be a symptom of throat cancer, considering it usually starts in the vocal cords. Other symptoms can be a swelling or lump in the throat, throat pain, a continuing cough, pain the ears, breathing difficulties, and swollen lymph glands, this is just some of the many symptoms that can worn you to go see a doctor. The leading cause to throat cancer can be from heavy alcohol uses, or smokers, even people that chew tobacco. It is found that the majority of men that use tobacco or drink are at high risk of getting throat cancer. Studies have also shown young people and women have a higher increase of getting throat cancer as well, due to more of them using these products. Tumors can be located in the pharynx, oropharynx, nasopharynx, and the hyopharynx which could be malignant tumors. If a person looks inside their mouth, they may fine white spots and this is called leukoplakia. In order to find out whether you have throat......

Words: 803 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Cancer

...Cancer Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the body. Cancerous cells are also called malignant cells. Causes, Incidence, and Risk factors Cells are the building blocks of living things. Cancer grows out of normal cells in the body. Normal cells multiply when the body needs them, and die when the body doesn't need them. Cancer appears to occur when the growth of cells in the body is out of control and cells divide too quickly. It can also occur when cells forget how to die. There are many different kinds of cancers. Cancer can develop in almost any organ or tissue, such as the lung, colon, breast, skin, bones, or nerve tissue. There are many causes of cancers, including: * Benzene and other chemicals * Drinking excess alcohol * Environmental toxins, such as certain poisonous mushrooms and a type of poison that can grow on peanut plants (aflatoxins) * Excessive sunlight exposure * Genetic problems * Obesity * Radiation * Viruses However, the cause of many cancers remains unknown. The most common cause of cancer-related death is lung cancer. Some cancers are more common in certain parts of the world. For example, in Japan, there are many cases of stomach cancer, but in the United States, this type of cancer is pretty rare. Differences in diet may play a role. Some other types of cancers include: * Brain cancer * Cervical cancer * Hodgkin's lymphoma * Kidney cancer * Leukemia * Liver cancer ...

Words: 1075 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Cancer

...Cancer is as a disease when cells divide uncontrollably, involving unregulated cell growth. Ever cell in your body contains DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) every DNA contains information about how to grow and what kind of cell it is. When DNA gets damaged it fixes itself with creating new strands but if it’s damaged beyond repaire it dies out. Some times the damaged DNA does not die but continue to multiply and make new copies even though that its damaged and not needed anymore. This Damaged cell leads to the malformations called as mutation. This mutation is further grown uncontrollably causing tumors in the body and is slowly spread into other parts of the body. If untreated can cause death. There are many causes of cancers such as Benzene and other chemicals, toxins, drinking excess alcohol, Excessive sunlight exposure, Genetic problems, obesity , viruses, radiations, Workplace Carcinogens The statistics shows that An estimated 186,400 new cases of cancer (excluding about 81,300 non-melanoma skin cancers) and 75,700 deaths will occur in Canada in 2012. In 2007, cancer surpassed cardiovascular disease (heart and cerebrovascular) as the leading cause of death in Canada. In 2012 approximately 88.800 Canadian women will be diagnosed with cancer, and an estimated 36,200 women will die of cancer.  Approximately 97,600 Canadian men will be diagnosed with cancer, and an estimated 39,500 men will die. Further more a staggering statistics shows that an estimated 2 out of 5......

Words: 611 - Pages: 3