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The State of Inclusive Education in the Philippines: Policy and Legislative Implications

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Submitted By Astralzenn
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ABSTRACT

Title : THE STATE OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION IN THE PHILIPPINES: POLICY AND LEGISLATIVE IMPLICATIONS

Researcher : BERNARDO, REX ADIVOSO

Type of Document: Unpublished Dissertation

School: BICOL UNIVERSITY GRADUATE SCHOOL

The main objective of this study is to evaluate and recommend policies for the effective implementation of Inclusive Education in the education system in the Philippines. It specifically gathered data on the existing policies and current inclusive education practices based on the nature of integration, curriculum and instruction, facilities, teacher training, administration, orientation of school officials, faculty, students and parents, community support, linkages, peer support and others. It also determined the constructive features of inclusive education drawn from the experiences of persons with disabilities which contributed to their integration in the mainstream society. Moreover, the study identified the problems, issues and gaps in the implementation of inclusive education as perceived by the persons with disabilities themselves and by the implementers of Inclusive Education - the Department of Education (DepEd) Special Education (SPED) officials, principals and teachers. Lastly, it developed an inclusive education framework and an advocacy agenda, in terms of policy and legislation, for the effective implementation and institutionalization of inclusive education in the education system.

The study is based on the UNESCO Education For All (EFA) Inclusive Education Theory that identifies three broad sets of policies to help combat marginalization and to provide greater equity to marginalized sectors of society. These policies can be thought of as the three points of an inclusive education triangle: access and affordability, the learning environment and entitlements and opportunities.…...

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