Premium Essay

The Rise of Divorce Cases in Islamabad

In: Social Issues

Submitted By muhibkakar
Words 2476
Pages 10
TOPIC: THE RISE OF DIVORCE CASES IN ISLAMABAD

Introduction:
Over the years, there is seen the rise in number of divorce cases in Islamabad. According to Islamabad Arbitration Council, in 2005, there were 314 divorce cases reported in the press. In 2010, the number rose to 625 and in 2011, the number increased by 40 percent respectively. Islamabad is the capital city of Pakistan; demographically it is comprised of heterogeneous people. Mostly the inhabitants in Islamabad are not local rather some of them have migrated while others are living on temporary basis. People here are educated enough and much aware of their fundamental rights. Tangibly it is modern city in outlook. The way of life in Islamabad seems to be inspired by outer world. Furthermore, they are more liberal in their thoughts. As for as the people of the city are concerned they are totally different in respect of their behavior, attitude and life style as compare to the people of other cities like, Karachi, Lahore, and Quetta. Owing to the aforementioned demography of Islamabad, the causes in hold behind the divorce cases are quite different from those in other parts of the country (mostly rural). The more liberal overlook, higher education, heterogeneous society with people having different social background, financial status and to some extent the joint family system are some of the major causes in hole behind the rise of divorce cases in Islamabad.

Literature Review:
“Karney and Bradbury, emphasize that before going to the dissolution of marriage it is important to look into how marriages develop. It is important to understand the individuals understanding, their marriages and marital outcomes. They further emphasize that marital stability and quality are influenced by the differing stressful events that couples encounter and their adaptive processes”.
(Karney & Bradbury…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Divorce

...a dysfunctional{what is dysfunctional to you may not be to others…may want to be a little more specific} family is at greater risk to do drugs, drop out of school, be sexually active, be abused, and live in poverty.((< definitely cite this. Although it may seem like common sense, it would be much more credible with a source for the info added in.)) [Divorce seems almost normal in America. The moment the marriage gets hard divorce is the decision immediately made]. {Reflects paragraph well: but be more assertive: “Divorce is an average agenda in everyday American life.”} What happened to “till death do us part”, not “till hard times do us part”. Divorce rips the family aprt; it affects the child in many ways. Aamerica has the worst divorce rate out of any country. 50% of all marriages will end up in the court room (Wallis). From 1950 the divorce rate has grown 354% (Fagan). And signs show that it won’t stop increasing. Divorce is hard for the parents but where it really hits the hardest is the children. As a child goes through a divorce it affects them emotionally, and mentally. Affecting them as the grow. How a divorce affects a child is this. Being with two parents for their whole life and then all of a sudden it is ended really takes a toll on a child. The child put trust into both spouses and when that is broken the child’s outlook on relationchips changes. It rains down from the parents to the kid. (emotional appeal. I think it could be a little but stronger,......

Words: 1374 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Answer for Abb Case: Strategic Rise, Decline, and Renewal

...Case of ABB: Strategic Rise, Decline, and Renewal Carina Gruber(S124586@student.hb.se) Yin Wang(S125066@student.hb.se) Silvia Abendaño Delgado(S124778@student.hb.se ) Introduction In this paper, we research the five solutions to the case of ABB: strategic rise, decline, and renewal. We conduct our solutions by analysis of the kinds of CEOs’ strategies and structures from 1988 to 2008. We completed our solutions by identifying the ideas and factors, which cued key areas to go awry and affect the performance of the business; discussing the key strategic initiatives implemented by the various CEOs appointed; analysis of the pros and cons of matrix structures and compare and contrast with the structures; assessing ABB’s current corporate culture; commenting on some strategic options. Our solutions were based on the book called International Management Managing Across Border and Cultures. 1. Identify Percy Barnevik´s ideals and discuss the factors which caused key areas to go awry and effect the performance of the business. Percy Barnevik´s management had a goal, the goal was to build a company that could lead business in each of the major areas of the world, for this he was focused on the next seven points: * The development of a group-wide umbrella culture: ABB established a common set of values, policies and operational guidelines. * The development of core technologies and core competencies: being a technology leader and market share leader. * The......

Words: 2238 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Divorce I will start out by explaining the definition of divorce. A divorce is a legal action between married people to terminate their marriage relationship. It can be referred to as dissolution of marriage and is basically, the legal action that ends the marriage before the death of either spouse (Meyer, nd). One might say, what causes couples to decide to get a divorce? There are many reasons for divorce. I believe that most marriages end when a man and a woman decide to get married they do not realize all the stresses of life that come with being married. They get married thinking all will be great when in reality there is always something that could go wrong. Couples argue about things like money, bills, work, and children. Sometimes there may be more severe cases such as one or the other spouse finds someone else and that can lead to adultery. Adultery is one of the many causes of divorce, but despite what people may say very few marriages end because of infidelity. Most divorces occur in the first two to five years of marriage, and are mostly asked for by the women. In some cases it can be a mutual decision to get a divorce. The wife may retain the husband's name, although in most cases she may choose to go back to her maiden name. No one likes the idea of divorce, but it seems to be a more common issue among many couples in today’s society. Divorce is quite costly and can be a very difficult process. When children are involved in a marriage it is usually harder......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Divorce

...the main cause of the increase in divorce. Divorce is on a rapid rise, Item B provides statistical evidence to prove this claim for an increase in this legal separation, by stating that "there are now 50 times more divorces each year than there were in 1921” this shows that divorce is increasing. They are many other factors which have led to this dramatic increase, one of them being the changes in the law. The first law passed which allowed a divorce was in 1857; here “divorce was only obtained by a special and costly Act of Parliament” as mentioned in Item B. Men were required to prove their wives of adultery and women were to prove their husbands of both adultery matrimonial offences. This made gaining a divorce difficult; therefore when the grounds for divorce were equalized in 1923, they were 50 times more divorces each year than they were in 1921. This increase illustrates that once given the opportunity most couples decided to separate, and this was mainly due to being legally allowed to do so. Another example of a change in the law which led to an increase in divorce, is the introduction of Legal Aid (1949) which made divorce cheaper and accessible to all social classes, item B suggests that divorce was hard to gain and this law made it easier for people to get a divorce, this made getting a divorce easier as it which provided people unable to pay for a solicitor with free legal aid, thus increasing divorces for people who did not divorce due to financial......

Words: 794 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Valeria Obando Professor Fonts ENC 1102-2 4 December 2013 Until Divorce Do Us Part Divorce is defined as the legal termination of a marriage, but in its real sense there is a lot more to it than just the end of a relationship. Nowadays many marriages end in divorce, and surprisingly most of them end in their early stages. If divorce rates goes up, people’s level of tension and hesitation about marriage is also increasing. The society accepts divorce very easily and even suggests it as a solution to the trivial problems faced in a husband-wife relationship. Therefore marriages and family life are at risk. If divorce continues to rise in even roughly the same pattern, the traditional sense of marriage might as well become extinct. To add to the existing problem, various law firms and websites provoke divorce through various methods such as advertising the benefits of divorce or by offering customized divorce forms online. The soaring divorces are not just questioning the importance of relationships and ties but they are also creating severe after effects in the life and family of the divorcees. Laws should be reformed to make it harder to obtain a divorce because it would help prevent any emotional, financial, and psychological repercussions. Though divorce at an individual level is a liberating factor for estranged couples, the problem arises when the divorce affects the kids. The author states: “Numerous studies indicate that children of divorced families face......

Words: 1612 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Divorce in the United States Tajaunna Pope Sociology Professor Darcy Schiller 3/19/14 Divorce or “dissolution of marriage” is a legal process in which a judge or other authority of the court breaks the bonds of matrimony between couples. This restores them to being single and able to remarry another individual. U.S. divorce rates are the highest in the world. There isn’t any data to show why divorce rates are higher than other countries. In the United States, researchers estimate that 40-50% of all first marriages end in divorce, and second marriages follow by 60%. Studies show that there are many factors that are associated with the increasing prevalence of divorce: lack of commitment, changes in laws, changes in gender roles, the media, and the changing views of divorce – just to name a few. These are just a few, but I think these are at the top of list. Lack of commitment is one of the most common reasons for divorce. Besides love, there are other reasons to stay married. In today’s society, once the love is gone, the marriage ends. It used to be about raising the children and providing a foundation for them, as well as financial security. The importance of this has diminished. Past generations used to endure a lot more in their marriages then the current generations. Working to save your marriage seems to be a thing of the past. Today, it seems much easier to quit and move on to the next best thing. Couples are lazy and feel they shouldn’t have to work for their......

Words: 740 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Causes and Effects of Divorce Relationships are all about give and take, and to maintain them people must be willing to do the work. Today dissolution of marriage is being used as the easy way out when couples can no longer agree. Although people tend to think carefully before they get marriage, the rate of divorce continuously rise nowadays. There are three main causes of divorce: lack of communication, financial problems, and infidelity, which are explained throughout this essay. The first significant cause for divorce is lack of communication. A marriage is on the rocks when the line of communication fails. Couples can’t have a good relationship if either spouse won’t discuss his or her feelings, can’t talk about his or her mutual or personal issues, or expect the partner to guess what the problem is about. Without healthy communication, couples have little chance of resolving any conflict that arises during their marriage. This includes conflict of opinion with regards to small issues and bigger ones, like religion, raising or having children, job opportunities and money management. Another cause of divorce is financial issues. Budget problems and debt arising out of low or reduced income is an example of a financial cause of divorce. A couple struggling to make ends meet has the potential to cause conflict within the marriage. Fighting over how to budget becomes a major issue in the marriage. In many cases one of the partners is not happy with the overspending......

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Divorce Affects Teens It is life-changing and difficult on teens with divorced parents. As the numbers of divorces have increased, “1.2 million year” (U.S. Divorce Rates and Statistics), psychologists have become very interested in how teens that have been through divorce suffer from multiple problems, economical struggles, and peer discrimination. They have also studied long term effects, how teens adjust, and the issues teens with divorced parents face. For example, according to some reports, children from divorced homes are more likely to become divorced themselves. Controversially, when a positive relationship was maintained, this resulted in better self-esteem and satisfaction with social support in young adulthood which contributed to better intimate relationships (The Long-Term Effects of Divorce on Young Adult Intimate Relationships, Hughes, Jr.) With mixed results like these, it is hard for psychologists to tell for sure whether divorce has either a positive or negative effect on young adults. With my research I will show you how divorce has a negative effect on teens. Divorce causes adolescents to suffer from multiple problems. Many teens experience problems before they adapt to the new roles required to them by the divorce. Teens are exposed to behavioral problems when their family goes through such a tragic event. They become troubled and misbehaved. According to a study conducted by Bowling Green State University, children who have a half-sibling with a......

Words: 1156 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 53:421–435, 2012 Copyright © Taylor & Francis Group, LLC ISSN: 1050-2556 print/1540-4811 online DOI: 10.1080/10502556.2012.682894 The Impact of Divorce on Friendships With Couples and Individuals GEOFFREY L. GREIF and KATHLEEN HOLTZ DEAL School of Social Work, University of Maryland, Baltimore, Maryland, USA When couples divorce, their friendships with other couples and individuals often shift. Using data from a mixed-methods study of 58 divorced individuals and 123 couples, this article explores how friendships change following divorce or a couple’s breakup from two different perspectives. Divorced people report that they more often retain, and in some cases strengthen, their individual friendships and that their friendships with both members of couples are rarely maintained. Most couples had other couples with whom they were friends divorce or break up and described losing a friendship with one of the members. Implications for practitioners are included. KEYWORDS friendships, relationships couple friendships, postdivorce People with friends have been found to live longer, healthier lives (e.g., DuPertuis, Aldwin, & Bosse, 2001; Netuveli, Wiggins, Hilden, Montgomery, & Blaine, 2006). Yet it is believed friends are often lost after a divorce, as Johnston and Campbell (1988) explained more than 20 years ago: “The social world of the divorcing couple is often split in two at the time of separation as common friends either withdraw in......

Words: 6686 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Divorce

...female independence the main reason behind the increasing number of divorce rate?” This survey will be in context of Bangladesh. The rate of divorce is rising due to increased female independence. High rate of divorce is a common problem in western countries but in Bangladesh it is also following the trend. It is suggested that overall improvement in women’s position in terms of financial and social status has changed the scenario. Women’s position is getting stronger both financially and emotionally. Now they are more conscious about their rights, education and job facilities are giving more independence these days. Women's “work outside the home" has brought about a revolutionary change in the overall social outlook. They now claim equal rights as men, but as a consequence it is affecting marriage relationships. This overall change in women’s roles is leading to an increase in divorce rate due to inequality in acceptance of women’s freedom. There is a strong correlation between divorce rates and married women's involvement in the work force. Married women's increased participation in the work force may have many consequences. Some of the consequences that result from married women working are that there is less time spent at home, less time of interaction with family, and changing goals for the future. These consequences may negatively affect the marital relationship and contribute to the increasing divorce rates because some people may be reluctant to adapt their......

Words: 4883 - Pages: 20

Free Essay

Divorce

...Effects of Divorce for Children Linda G. Chelette Riverside City College Ear 20 Tuesday (6:00pm-9:10pm) Tanya Gonzalez September 30, 2014 Research has shown effects on divorce for children have many pros and cons. Some cons are psychological problems, anxiety, lower self-esteem, and depression. Academic performance is also an aspect that affects a child as well as having a healthy relationship. Children from divorced parents also develop conduct problems as well as conflict in sexual activity. Pros would be controlling hostile conflict, improving child and parent relationship as well as improving the quality of parenting. Many experts may agree to disagree on the effects of divorce for children. Studies have shown children with divorce parents have higher anxiety, depression, and low self-esteem. This effect’s more females with divorced parents compared to females with intact families. As for male’s it affects them in different ways they become hopeless and discouraged. The depression carries on to adulthood effecting children with low self-esteem, this effect’s personal relationships with friendship as well as the opposite sex. (Portnoy, 2008) Academic performance also affects children with divorced parents; lower test scores will also exhibit lower educational aspirations. Children are likely to drop out of school and achieve lower levels of education. Which eventually effects lower adult occupational status in the long run can lead to school dropouts.......

Words: 1065 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Reasons for Increased Divorce Cases in Modern Society

... Running Head: WAYS OF PREVENTING MARRIAGE FROM ENDING IN DIVORCE Ways of Preventing Marriage from Ending in Divorce Name Course Lecturer Date The modern society is undergoing tremendous change owing its progression to rural-urban migration, technology and exposure to internet. The traditional means of socialization are no longer applicable. Traditionally, marriage was a sacred activity which brought two persons of the opposite sex into one. The values, norms and beliefs regarding marriage were highly observed, and any violation attracted punitive measures. Those traditional marriages lasted indefinitely because issues such as loyalty, obedience, truthfulness, faithfulness and respect were heavily unquestionable (Celello, 2009). Men loved their women, and women were submissive to men. However, with increasing social dynamism, marriages are no longer stable, and most of the time conflicts result into divorce. Divorce cannot occur if we observe the following elements in a marriage. Firstly, both spouses should understand each other and freely express any element of discontent so that it is addressed appropriately (Doherty, 2001). Essentially, a healthy marriage calls for participatory decision making where both spouses are talking cooperatively on any matter affecting their family. Secondly, trust and loyalty are significant for any marriage to succeed. Parties involved should be able to make a win-win decision together so that every spouse is involved and satisfied of...

Words: 374 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Case Study: the Rise of Stale Capitalism

...The Rise of State Capitalism: The Emerging World’s New Model 1. Defina capitalismo liberal y capitalismo de Estado. Capitalismo de Estado un sistema económico en el cual el Estado lleva la actividad económica comercial. La administración, medios de producción y el sistema de mano de obra asalariada es controlada por el gobierno central. El capitalismo de Estado esta caracterizado por la dominación de empresas privadas en la economía. El capitalismo liberal esta vinculado con la doctrina económica denominada como ‘liberalismo económico’. Eso quiere decir que el Estado será mínimo no intervencionista y las empresas privadas serán predominantes. 2. ¿Cuáles son las bases de la crisis del capitalismo liberal occidental? La crisis del capitalismo liberal occidental tiene bases desde el 1970 cuando Reagan en Estados Unidos y Margaret Thatcher en el Reino Unido comenzaron a privatizar empresas que eran del gobierno y empezaron a deshacer la asistencia social. La era donde el libre mercado era el rey se acabó con la crisis del 2008. La crisis del capitalismo liberal occidental se ha hecho más seria con el desarrollo de la alternativa al capitalismo liberal: el capitalismo de estado. 3. ¿Qué diferencias existen entre el capitalismo de estado y las practicas de los gobiernos de mantener empresas estatales de antaño? El capitalismo de estado se trata de que el estado va a escoger las empresas que quiere desarrollar y promover su crecimiento económico. El...

Words: 2136 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Divorce

...Examine the reasons for the changing patterns of marriage and divorce over the last 50 years Sude Dramali Families in Britain are continually changing over time, but over the last 50 years there have been major changes. There has been a huge increase in the numbers of divorce, and a decrease in the number of marriages. The divorce rate has especially increased, as now one-half of new marriages today are likely to end in divorce. New forms of the family are rising, such as lone parents, same sex marriages and cohabitation. These changes mean that families and households today bear little resemblance to those of fifty years ago, and the "typical family" no longer seems to exists. One of the reasons for the changing pattern of marriage and divorce is the changing role of women. Feminists might argue that women's expectations of life and the quality of their relationship have risen during the last century, and so are less likely to accept a traditional housewife role. Around three quarters of divorce petitions are initiated by women, which would imply that more women are unhappy with they're marriages than men are. On top of this; the employment of married women has dramatically increased, and now it is the norm for married women with children to also be in employment. This change is reflected in TV shows and films, as the mother role is no longer portrayed as only being a housewife, but also as a working mother with her own career. Being employed increases women's......

Words: 1127 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Divorce Settlement Case

...Divorce Settlement 1. Demographics (People Involved) Wife Ex-Husband 2 Children Joni (age 11) James (age 9) 2. Key Findings Wife New Job: 50+Hours/week; Yearly Salary $ 40,000 Resides Close to Parents, and Sister (unmarried) Ex-Husband New Position: 15 Years Tenure; Yearly Salary $ 65,000; Substantial Vacation and Leave time; Flexible Hours. Resides an hour drive; Close to Parent. Children: James & Joni Active in Sports & Church Currently Residing with the Mother Emotional Distraught 3. Goals Joint Custody: Wife being the primary custodial parent Visitation: Every other full weekend Alternating holiday schedule (switching holidays from year to year as well) Six weeks during the summer and every other school break time  Equal responsibility for transporting to/from Insurance & Child Support: Husband Provides Insurance and Pay a significant Child Support Payment 4. Objectives Deciding on the basis of will is costly: Situation: Make sure to put the children’s needs first, not what you personally want.   The case for using objective criteria: Make a decision based on a principle, not pressure. There’s no way that someone can say you took advantage of them if your argument is based on facts instead of wants. “No one backed down; no one appeared weak - just reasonable.” (Fisher, Ury, &, Patton, 85). Situation: Concession and Offer: Example; you can have the kids on Christmas if you pay me double the......

Words: 2674 - Pages: 11