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The Outbreak of War in Europe in 1914 Was Due to an Aggressive German Foreign Policy Which Had Been Waged Since C.1900

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The outbreak of war in Europe in 1914 was due to an aggressive German foreign policy which had been waged since c.1900

Source X, though suggesting a variety of reason, places most blame on the German encirclement for the birth of the First World War in August 1914. Source V too highlights a selection of factor the war can be blamed on. It suggests German domestic tensions and fear of “civil war” to concern of encirclement via the triple entente started the war. Source W proposes that the outbreak of war was due to German aggression. The Naval race between Germany and Britain as well as general Weltpolitik is to blame for the start of war. Ultimately German aggression was key but caused by encirclement.

Source W suggests that aggressive German Weltpolitik was a major contributing factor leading up to the start of the First World War. After seeing the success that his cousin had in England, Kaiser Wilhelm decided that he too wanted an empire and desired the restoration of “Germany’s place in the sun”. This called for a more aggressive stance on foreign policy. Keen on expanding “German actions going back to the 1890s had done much to create international tension” source W states. Germany was more likely to enter conflict with neighbouring countries to gain land and territory increasing German status and strength, due to extreme desire to expand. This is clear in German interest in morocco. During the 1905-11 Moroccan crises, German-French relations reached new tensions after German attempts to control western morocco. However Germany did succeed and managed to gain control of various parts of the Congo confirming Germany's intent and increasing in colonial powers. Source X goes further to suggest that Germany planned European confrontation in a “plan to unleash continental war”. This shows that Germany was not afraid of conflict and would use a continental…...

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