Free Essay

The Mental Game of Baseball: a Guide to Peak Performance

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By nturmell2010
Words 1374
Pages 6
The Mental Game of Baseball: A Guide to Peak Performance
Sports Psychology is very interesting and also very confusing to many. The book The Mental Game of Baseball: A Guide to Peak Performance is written by H.A. Dorfman, and Karl Kuehl. They wrote this book intended for players, managers, coaches, agents, administrators as well as fans who want a more in-depth look at the makeup of the complete baseball player. This book was written to show people the practical and proven strategies for developing the mental skills needed to achieve peak performance at every level of the game of baseball. The theory is illustrated by insights from major and minor league players, who at some point in their career discovered the importance of mastering the inner game in order to play baseball as it should be played.
H.A. Dorfman, and Karl Kuehl divided this book into sections. These sections are Goals, Focus and Control, Expectations, Dedication, Responsibility, Attitudes, Confidence, Preparation, Concentration, Mental Discipline, and the winning way. The purpose of this was to focus on each of these aspects individually, and not clump them all together.
In the first section titled goals, the books describes that the baseball players need to set performance and end result goals. Then the players must set process and action goals in order to achieve performance goals. These direct and determine their behavior, which creates focus. Goals make players take risks. By not setting goals, it allows the players to float, eliminating pressure and responsibility and then they are unable to handle the anxiety. The goals that players set on themselves, the chance of anxiety becomes much less.
Focus and control should be on each individual player within the framework of the baseball team. The focus and control on each player is very important. It transfers the focus from the opponent who players cannot control, to the performer who the players can control. The players are not responsible for the opponent. They are responsible for themselves, which they tend to forget that at times. Also in this section the authors describe that the physical performance is the outcome of a thought. A bad thought will lead to a bad performance. Good thoughts will lead to good performances.
The next section was expectation. An expectation creates the burdens and removes the joy of the game. Goals serve the players themselves, and expectations serve others. Expectations take the focus off the players and put it on others who they cannot control. This is why players need to be dedicated. Higher achievers see goals as challenges and not burdens. High achievers also are willing and also have the desire to work hard. If something is worth doing it is worth doing well.
Players have to take responsibility for their own actions. They are the cause of their own situations. Players cannot give excuses; excuses are attempts to hide their honesty about their situation. Because the player’s thoughts determine their performance, they must define what they can control and what they cannot control. The most important lesson in this section is that players need to be responsible to others, but they are not responsible for others. That is a huge difference because; they cannot control others, but can control themselves.
A player’s attitude is always within their control. Therefore, they are responsible for it. In this section the authors tells us “that a good attitude is one where they believe and have hope when others quit.” They can acknowledge defeat as possible, but they must not be willing to be defeated before then because it lets defeat in the door. Players cannot give up. Giving up is simply an effort to relieve tension and frustration. Having a good attitude the players need to be aggressive and giving their 100% effort on and off the field.
The next section is confidence. The authors put a lot of emphasis on confidence. Confidence influences player’s success or failure. Each success encourages players to take the next step and to take risks. Being confident, players must not be afraid to fail. They must be willing to take risk, to attempt new things, and to attack. When they are confident they cannot be afraid either. The greatest obstacle to confidence is fear. It comes from uncertainty which comes from a lack of confidence. Fear makes people slow and it is a focus on things other than themselves. People need to relax, enjoy each challenge that faces them throughout their lives.
Preparation is fun topic because preparation is within the player’s control. They as players are responsible for it. It separates the great player from the average player. In the previous section confidence also links with preparation because players build confidence through identifying their goals and preparation. Which they can control preparation. Preparation helps all the aspects of the player’s ability. Preparation by learning, saying and doing the right thing over and over leads to confidence and the expectations that good thing will happen.
Concentration is also very important because it is the greatest link to an outstanding performance. Concentration is the ability to remove a distraction, which is also controlled. The ability to concentrate puts us in control of the situation and removes all distractions. Knowing that us as players have support and love and that the consequences for failure are not fatal, we can focus on the present and not dwell on the past or worry about the future.
Mental discipline is huge in baseball because it is the ability to concentrate and control ourselves as players. Players cannot control all things but they can control their reactions to them. Clutch players always maintain control. Their toughness lies in the ability to stay even keel and consistent in approach. They erase everything except the factors of immediate performance. As a player we must remain cool because anger gets in the way of performance. Players need to find a way to relax, be loose, and be clutch.
The book concluded by the section title “The winning way”. There was an interesting fact that stated “only 15-20% of people do things the right way all the time. The rest find shortcuts by cheating or looking for the easy way out.” A winner makes every possible effort all the time to win and do things the right way without cheating themselves. A winner has goals, blocks out expectations of others, they are dedicated, responsible, and has a good attitude, very confidence, prepares, focuses and thinks positively.
By controlling all of our different kinds of emotions and maintaining responsibility for our actions, us as players, coaches, and staff will find a very successful and beneficial career in this sport. But if we do one better and keep this trend outside baseball we will find our life easier and more beneficial for ourselves and for the people around us.
This book made me open my eyes and I realized all the different aspects of being a better mental baseball player. Even though the points in this book were intended for baseball, these different points provided can be for people that want to improve themselves and their lives. After reading this book I have learned how to become prepared mentally in life. Not only will I be prepared but I will have the confidence and mental discipline to achieve my goals. This was an inspirational book that I will take with me for the rest of my life. The goals set by players and how to achieve them, taking responsibility for ones actions, and always having a positive attitude, I cannot only use that information for baseball, but I can switch gears and do that for life. This whole book surprised me because I didn’t know that baseball could be looked in a different way than the way I was thought out to see it. I would recommend this book not just to baseball lovers, but anybody that is willing to learn about how goals and different kinds of attitudes can influence someone in life. I know that this book has made me think in a different way because of how this book provided a practical example of the application of cognitive behavior skills that can help anyone.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Explaining the Significance of Walk-Up Music at Minor League Baseball Games

...Abstract This research explores the challenge of rating fan satisfaction based on the affects of walk up music used during triple-A minor league baseball games. Minor league baseball has always been associated with family entertainment, and game enhancements, such as walk-up music for players, have been utilized to increase overall fan satisfaction. Walk-up music is a short clip of music that is played as a player approaches the batter’s box or the pitcher’s mound. 30 triple-A minor league teams were contacted and were questioned about their policies regarding their use of walk-up music during games. Using qualitative collection methods, this research primarily focuses on the reasoning behind front office decisions to allow players to select their own walk-up music that will utilized during home games. Information gained through a survey that was conducted during the interviews of 30 triple-A minor league baseball teams will add useful insight to future investigations that are focused on the affects of walk-up music at the minor league baseball level as well other levels of competition. Though trying to rule out extraneous variables that may affect fan satisfaction will be difficult, the investigators believe that the information gained will be beneficial to future researchers, and will hopefully be a foundation to more extensive research on the affects of music in correlation to fan satisfaction. Introduction One of the most important advances in consumer research......

Words: 3157 - Pages: 13

Premium Essay

Applied Performance Practices Study Guide

...APPLIED PERFORMANCE PRACTICES * FINANCIAL REWARD PRACTICES Mgt;Financial Rewards- the most fundamental applied performance practice in organizational settings. Mgt;Pay has multiple meanings * Symbol of success * Reinforcer and motivator * Reflection of performance * Can reduce anxiety >Meaning of money varies * Higher value to men than women * Cultural values influence the meaning and value of money TYPES OF REWARDS IN THE WORKPLACE * Membership and Seniority * Job Status * Competencies * Performance 1.) Membership- and Seniority- Based Rewards * Fixed wages, seniority increases. * (Sometimes called “pay for pulse”) represent the largest part of most paychecks. Sample Rewards: * Fixed pay * Most employee benefits * Paid time off Advantages: * May attract applicants * Minimizes stress of insecurity * Reduces turnover Disadvantages: * Doesn’t directly motivate performance * May discourages poor performers from leaving * Golden handcuffs may undermine performance 2.) Job Status-Based Rewards * Includes job evaluation and status perks. * Job evaluation –systematically evaluating the worth of jobs within an organization by measuring their required skill, effort, responsibility, and working conditions. * Maintain feelings of equity (people in higher-valued jobs should get higher pay) and motivate employees to compete for promotion. Sample rewards: *...

Words: 509 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Dart Game – Comptools2012 User Guide

...have defined a sequence of 1000 angles ranging from 0 to 2π, in radiants; we have plotted them and the result is a circumference. lines draws 9 inner circles, with radius equal to 1 * i, i ranging from 0.1 to 0.9 in sequence. lines apply the shrinking factor i because it relates to i by means of the for loop. The same structure is used to assign numbers to circles, through the function text. Target face and probabilities a) What is the probability of hitting any possible point within the inscribed area of radius ½? To draw the inscribed circle, apply a shrinking factor to both sin(a) and cos(a) in polygon function: > polygon(.5*sin(a),.5*cos(a),col="red") Dart game – CompTools2012 user guide In this user guide we are going to solve some problems related to the dart game. Follow us step by step and enjoy the game! We want to build a target face for throwing darts, like the one in the figure. We assume that it is a circle of radius 1 with center in the origin point. For the construction of the target, the reference is paragraph 6.2 of Using R for scientific computing by Karline Soetaert. We present here the necessary script: > a plot(cos(a),sin(a),type="l",lwd=2,xlab="" ,ylab="",axes=T, asp=1) Ten Inner circles at equal distance: > for (i in seq( 0.1,0.9,by=0.1)) lines(i*sin(a), i*cos(a)) >polygon(sin(a)*0.1,cos(a)*0.1,col="red") > for (i in 1:10) text(x = 0, y = i/100.025, labels = 11-i, font = 2) >for (i in 1:9) text(x = 0, y = -1 + (i/10-0.025), labels = i, font =......

Words: 1129 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Baseball Live

...Baseball Live Strategic Plan Jesse Rendon Bus/475 8/26/2013 Petra Yurchich Baseball at its finest Baseball is known as America’s Pastime. The sport that brings families to the game has been around for over a hundred years. There are memorable stories and priceless memories that people talk about when discussing the game with their kids and or grandchildren. As young kids one dreams about being in the World Series and hitting the game winning home run with the crowd roaring behind them. All of these dreams can come true at Baseball Live. Baseball live is a virtual sports complex that has all the entertainment any baseball fanatic can think of. Not only does it have entertainment but it is a facility that teaches young athletes what it takes to make dreams a real life experience. It is not your everyday business; Baseball Live builds it philosophy around making dreams come true. Baseball live is the first academy that enables athletes to understand their flaws in a matter of a swing of the bat or it give the customer the analysis of gun slinging throw. So, as I discuss the business at a high level, take everything into perspective and realize that this is the future of our children who can benefit from everything Baseball live has to offer. Baseball Live Mission Statement Baseball live is an interactive athletic center that allows young athletes to showcase their athleticism without being scrutinized or demoralized. The academy motivates the customer by giving data back...

Words: 3428 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

M382 Exam 1study Guide

...Exam I Study Guide 1. Definition and focus of sport sociology. a. Sociology: interaction between groups and their inherent cultures b. Sport sociology: relationship between sport and society by examining its inherent institutions (race, genders…) i. “Sport is a microcosm of society. It mirrors our culture” (drugs, women, scandal) 2. Definition of the following terms: c. Socialization: The process of interacting with other people and learning social customs, morals and values. One becomes socialized by observation, participation, and/or reinforcement . *economics affects socialization more than anything* as well as personal attributes, significant others, and social situation d. Culture: Shared beliefs, values, symbols, ideologies-> changing patterns of learned behavior. (ex. After 9/11 one team, not individual players) (criteria: class, income, gender, age, education, occupation, religion, ethnicity, race, appearance, athleticism) ii. transformation of sport: social roles -> social statuses-> role behavior-> social interaction -> social organization e. Play: Free activity that involves exploring our environment, self-expression, dreaming, and pretending. There are no firm rules, and the outcome of the activity is unimportant. f. Games: an aspect of play that shows more evidence of structure and is competitive. The goals for participating are clear. They are mental, physical, or a......

Words: 1043 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Evolution of Baseball

...A Look into Baseball, Americas Pastime Lawrence Stefan English 102-067 Reflection MWA The sport of baseball has evolved drastically since the origination of the American sport in 1840. The rules and know how’s of the game have become better, and the game has been through so much experience, that the league knows what works and does not. Baseball has evolved with the society around it, and with pro athletes getting bigger, stronger and faster on a constant basis of course the game is evolving. Throughout the years patrons of the game had shaped the sport to be what it is today. I read up on baseball and the constant news spoke of, is the superior team in each particular division. Baseball has also become more intense in the fact that the players are getting better at a constant level. Making the difference in skills between two teams seems rather slim. Let’s think about how baseball has been influenced over the years, to be the sport as we know it. When baseball was unheard of as a professional sport and said to be a kid’s game in 1700 England. The concept was then brought to America as a street game known as rounder’s. The idea of hitting a ball with a stick as a game had always been around through varies ages of time. The thing that brought baseball to its boom was timing of its introduction, and the implementation of rules and regulations. Nobody knows exactly who created baseball, but a man named Alexander Cartwright is said to be the father of the game. He may not......

Words: 577 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Effects of Computers Games on the Accademic Performance

...THE EFFECTS OF computer games on the academic performance Introduction The term computer game is in sharp competition with video games, console games, and arcade games. Video games and console games usually mean gamesconnected to a TV, whereas arcade games means games placed in public spaces.Computer games on the other hand, are occasionally used to mean games played on apersonal computer. However, since all of these areas have been developed inclose parallel and because all of these games are played on computers, mostresearchers use the term computer game to represent all of these areas as a whole.Computer games first came into existence in the 1960s with the introductionof a shoot-up game. Since the computer games have become aregular part of life for many people due to its increased popularity. The computergame has changed from being primarily played at an arcade to be primarily played in the home. Research Background It has been recognized that the challenging nature of computer games canexercise the mind and teach garners to focus, have patience and prioritize. It does not take long to identify that all these attributes are also desirable in the process of generating students who excel academically especially at levels where knowledge and comprehension are not the main concern but rather application and analysis skills are more sought after. If games are good for the mind, they must certainly have some effects on the academic performance ofthe players. When the......

Words: 975 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Overpaid Baseball Players

...Overpaid Baseball Players When addressing the value of entertainment, there is without a doubt, that we as a society value entertainment highly. But there is no reason that these athletes, who are here to merely entertain us, get paid higher wages than those that save our lives and teach us such as medical doctors and teachers. Professional athletes do not offer society an essential function that improves or enhances our world in comparison to other professionals. It is my claim that professional baseball players are paid more than they are worth. Economics is the key to understanding why these athletes earn such tremendous salaries; still, it fails to explain why they actually do deserve it. Giving athlete’s high wages doesn’t only distort them, but also bring downfall to clubs and the country’s economy. The growth and the development of a sport may be reflected from the wages of the athletes and that is all it does. In conclusion, Team owners pay more to keep athletes on the team to be on a winning streak, but whether the drive to win is justifiable remains in doubt. The economic system involving sports, corporate America, and the media is an interdependent one. Athletes make huge sums of money paid to them by owners who make even larger sums of money. Agents, free agency, and other phenomena keep athlete salaries rising. So, too, does increased ticket sales to games, increased TV viewership, enormous media contracts, TV advertising, and corporate sponsorship and......

Words: 436 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Steriods in Baseball

...Steroids in the game of Baseball | The Physical and Statistical Effects | Anonymous | Many players have been accused of the use of steroids. Some have denied it, but has been proven guilty. Some have admitted by will that they have used Performance-Enhancement Drugs/Steroids at some point during their career. EXTERNAL PHYSICAL EFFECTS There are several signs known of to identify steroid use. For example, in men he might notice baldness and growth in the chest (around the breast) area. In women she might notice increase facial hair, reduction around the breast area, and their voice may deepen. In both men and women they may notice Jaundice, aching joints, mood swings, and nervousness. There also can be major effects for men and women from steroid usage; for example, high blood pressure, liver damage, increases of bad cholesterol, males risk shrinking of the testicles and infertility. Females’ menstrual changes these are some of the noticeable signs of steroids use. There has not been any conclusive proof that the use of steroids alone would make a drastic change in the body size or weight. Although steroids are said to enhance the muscle mass, which could give a false belief of increased body strength. To acquire the muscle mass and body strength desired one would need to have a workout plan in place. If the ligaments and tendons are not strong enough to support the muscle mass one could end up with torn ligaments and tendons. Steroids......

Words: 1748 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

“Study on How Video Games Enhance the Mental Skills of a High School Student”

...________________________________ _________________________________ “Study on How Video Games Enhance the Mental Skills of a high school student” In partial fulfillment in English Proficiency Instruction II Submitted to: Prof. Maria Antonette Lofamia Submitted by: Gregorio, Fernan Joseph Panerio, Jose Mariel Date submitted: March 16, 2015 Chapter I Introduction For years video games have been criticized for making people more antisocial, overweight or depressed . But now researchers are finding that games can actually change us for the better and improve both our body and mind. Games can help to develop physical skills. Pre-school children who played interactive games such as the ones available on Wii have been shown to have improved motor skills, for example they can kick, catch and throw a ball better that children who don’t play video games. A study of surgeons who do microsurgery in Boston found that those who played video games were twenty-seven percent faster and made thirty-seven percent fewer errors than those who didn’t. Vision is also improved, particularly telling the difference between shades of grey. This is useful for driving at night, piloting a plane or reading x-rays. Games also benefit a variety of brain functions, including decision-making. People who play action-based games make decision twenty-five percent faster than others and are no less accurate, according to one......

Words: 3724 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Business of Baseball

...reflects two dimensions: (1) the source of information you tend to use, and (2) how you process that information (linear—rational, logical, analytical; or nonlinear—intuitive, creative, insightful). 2. These four dimensions are collapsed into two styles. The linear thinking style is characterized by a person’s preference for using external data and facts and processing this information through rational, logical thinking to guide decisions and actions. The nonlinear thinking style is characterized by a preference for internal sources of information and processing this information with internal insights, feelings, and hunches to guide decisions and actions. B. Decision-Making Biases and Errors Managers use different styles and “rules of thumb” (heuristics) to simplify their decision-making. See Exhibit 2-11 for the common decision-making biases. 1. Overconfidence bias occurs when decision-makers tend to think that they know more than they do or hold unrealistically positive views of themselves and their performance. 2. Immediate gratification bias describes decision-makers who tend to want immediate rewards and avoid immediate costs. 3. The anchoring effect describes when decision-makers fixate on initial information as a starting point and then, once set, fail to adequately adjust for subsequent information. 4. Selective perception bias occurs when decision-makers selectively organize and......

Words: 5565 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Baseball Position Guide

...positions in baseball Baseball is the original America’s sport. It is an iconic sport because it can be played everywhere from parks, playgrounds, back alleys to farmers’ fields, and it can be played by everyone from small children to old men, from raw amateurs to millionaire professionals. In the game, the two teams will take turn batting and pitching/defending. Batting is important because you need points to win, but defending is also important because you need to keep your opponent from scoring. As a baseball player with three years playing in the school club, I am very confident on my knowledge of the game and specifically, the positions. For new players who want to try playing baseball, you need to choose one position from nine on the field, with each position has its own attributes and responsibilities. We are going to take a look at the defense formation from the farthest players away from the home plate to the nearest one: outfielders, infielders, pitcher and catcher. There are three positions in the outfield: left fielder, center fielder and right fielder. Respectively, the defense position numbers which are used in the scoresheet are 7, 8 and 9. Outfielders normally play behind the six other members of the defense who play in or near the infield. Because the length of each baseball field are different, the distance from the outfield wall to the home plate of each field is unique. However, outfielders normally stand 200 to 250 feet from the home plate. In the game,......

Words: 1462 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The Effects of Computer Game-Playing to the Academic Performance of High School Students

...Approval Sheet This thesis entitled “The Effects of Computer-Game Playing to the Academic Performance of the Grade 10 students of Don Bosco College – Basic Education Department High School Level School Year 2015-2016”, prepared and submitted by Syrell B. Almazan, Axl B. Cantil, Jorish B. Del Rosario, and Cyrihl C. Velasquez, in partial fulfillment of the requirements in English X, is hereby recommended for oral examination. Mr. Artell L. Almonte Subject Teacher Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with a grade of _____. Mrs. Ma. Fatima A. Alarcon Mr. Joseph Christopher DT. Briana Member Member Mrs. Carolina B. Campos Ms. Vilma Rosa R. Dorado Member Member Mrs. Anita V. Maullion Mr. Wally A. Micosa Member Member Mr. Erbert V. dela Resma Chairman Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements in English X. Rev. Fr. Regulus M. Porlucas, SDB Principal Date: __________ Acknowledgment Thanks to those teachers who helped us, especially Sir Erbert Dela Resma who gave the formula and Ma’am Joyce Bacuyag for helping us on how to compute the data. Also thanks to the aunt of Cyrihl Velasques for helping us on how to create a thesis Thank you. Dedication We dedicate this research to our Almighty Father for giving us strength in making this thesis. Next, to our beloved teachers and also to our classmates, the Grade 10......

Words: 5914 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

The Buissness of Baseball

...reflects two dimensions: (1) the source of information you tend to use, and (2) how you process that information (linear—rational, logical, analytical; or nonlinear—intuitive, creative, insightful). 2. These four dimensions are collapsed into two styles. The linear thinking style is characterized by a person’s preference for using external data and facts and processing this information through rational, logical thinking to guide decisions and actions. The nonlinear thinking style is characterized by a preference for internal sources of information and processing this information with internal insights, feelings, and hunches to guide decisions and actions. B. Decision-Making Biases and Errors Managers use different styles and “rules of thumb” (heuristics) to simplify their decision-making. See Exhibit 2-11 for the common decision-making biases. 1. Overconfidence bias occurs when decision-makers tend to think that they know more than they do or hold unrealistically positive views of themselves and their performance. 2. Immediate gratification bias describes decision-makers who tend to want immediate rewards and avoid immediate costs. 3. The anchoring effect describes when decision-makers fixate on initial information as a starting point and then, once set, fail to adequately adjust for subsequent information. 4. Selective perception bias occurs when decision-makers selectively organize and interpret......

Words: 5566 - Pages: 23

Premium Essay

The Effects of Computer Game in the Academic Performance of the Elementary Pupils

...THE EFFECTS OF COMPUTER GAMES TO THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF THE GRADE VI PUPILS IN ___________ELEMENTARY SCHOOL S. Y. 2010 - 2011 A Research Proposal Presented to the Faculty of the College Department ________________________________ Quezon In partial fulfillment of the Requirements for Research 2 ________________________ October 2010 Chapter I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Computers are ubiquitous. As computers have become less expensive they have been purchased by more and more families for their homes. Because of this, many children begin to use computers at an early age. Even if computers are not available in their home, children almost certainly will begin to come into contact with computers in school. Some adults are amazed by how readily young children use computers. Many children find that using computers gives them a sense of power and accomplishment. And, unlike many adults whose first or primary contact with computers is work related, most children first use computers for entertainment purposes and games. This is by no means the only use that children have for computers. Because computer use is promoted in schools, and because computers are so ubiquitous, children have a great deal of exposure to them. Not everyone, however, is comfortable with the use of computers by young children. Some, including the Alliance for Childhood, have called for a halt to......

Words: 2444 - Pages: 10