Premium Essay

The Importance of the Labour Movement in Nova Scotia

In: Historical Events

Submitted By Klunk31
Words 510
Pages 3
The Importance of the Labour Movement in Nova Scotia Throughout history, Canadian employees have experienced low wages, unfair treatment in the workplace, unsafe working conditions and lacked many basic rights. Many events in the past 140 years have helped shaped the work environment of today into a much better place. The labour movement is very important. We will explore what events transpired to help this occur as well as why the labour movement is important.
Beginning in 1872, the Toronto Typographical Union went on strike, which eventually lead to the legalization of unions and the official recognition of Labour Day as a national holiday.
In 1900, the Federal Department of Labour was established, putting William Lyon MacKenzie King as the first Minister of Labour. This is an important event as this department was responsible for key decisions and was the go-to department when problems arose.
In 1914, the Workmen’s Compensation Act was established in Toronto. This is a major event in history as prior to this, employees would sue their employers if they were injured on the job. From this day forward, employees give up their right to sue in exchange for compensation. This creates a much less hostile environment and reduces stress for both the employer and employee.
In 1967, public service workers (with the exception of RCMP and military) acquired collective bargaining rights as a result of a strike held by the Canadian Union of Postal workers. This allowed workers to negotiation for wages as well as benefits; an important right that we take for granted today.
Finally, in 1972, the Occupational Health Act was passed. This included 3 key points: “The right to know about hazards and dangers in the workplace. The right to participate in health and safety issues through a workplace committee and the right to refuse unsafe work.”
Why are all of these events…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

The Importance of the Civil Rights Movement

...Kenneth Gill Honors American History II Per: 4 The civil rights movement had a big impact on racial equality. It made the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Rights Act possible. In this essay, I will be discussing the factors which contributed to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. I will also discuss the shift in the civil rights movement towards “black power” and the results of the shift. There were many factors that contributed to the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In early 1960 a group of black college students staged a sit-in at a segregated Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. This caused similar demonstrations throughout the South that forced merchants to integrate their facilities. In the fall of 1960, participates of the sit-ins formed the SNCC or Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. This group worked to keep the spirit of resistance alive in the South. In 1961 a group of interracial students, collaborating with the Congress of Racial Equality, organized “freedom rides”. These consisted of interracial students traveling by bus throughout the south in an attempt to force the desegregation of bus stations. In some places they were met with physical brutality from whites which forced President Kennedy to dispatch federal marshals to help keep the peace. Kennedy also ordered the integration of all bus and train stations. In October 1962, federal courts ordered the University of Mississippi to enroll its first black......

Words: 863 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Scotia Airways Case Study

...Assessment Task: Case Study Scotia Airways is a small private airline based in Glasgow, Scotland. The airline was launched in May 1996 by a group of independent business investors. The headquarters of Scotia Airways is located next to Glasgow International Airport. The airline operates scheduled flights, mainly targeting business and leisure travellers and aims to provide exceptional value for money, unparalleled comfort and convenience to its passengers, every time they are on board. Scotia Airways initially established itself in the UK domestic market but now flies directly to some of the well-known commercial hubs of Europe, thereby connecting them to the main cities of Scotland. The airline has an increasing presence at Scotland’s main airports in Glasgow, Edinburgh and Aberdeen. It offers several value added services, such as, valets to assist the passengers in boarding the plane, gourmet meals and a range of in-flight services and entertainment. Scotia Airways is the first airline to offer full business class services, but at prices that are equivalent to the economy class of its competitors. The airline currently covers eight destinations across Europe, including Brussels, Paris, Frankfurt, Madrid, Rome, Lisbon, Amsterdam and Copenhagen as well as domestic flights to Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol and four London airports. The airline has a fleet of five aircraft which the management team feels enables the business to be responsive to the demands and......

Words: 1143 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Scotia Airways

...advise the management of Scotia Airways of the contribution each will make to effective managerial performance. An objective is a target that a business sets itself. Effective Business objectives can be defined as an acronym SMART. S- Specific objective should state exactly what is to be achieved by the organisation e.g. increased profits. Specific objectives for Scotia Airways are profit maximisation, growth and expand to major European tourist destinations and major business centres in Eastern Europe, the Middle and Far East. M-Measurable objective should be capable of measurement – so that it is possible to determine whether (or how far) it has been achieved. A- Agreed all staff are involved in discussing and agreeing an aim. This company strategy says that they want to work successfully within the regulatory frameworks of the aircraft industry. Senior Management consulted output target with middle and junior managers and staff. R-Realistic the objective should be achieved by the resources available. Scotia Airways has a fleet of five aircraft and management team has opinion that business is enables to be responsive to the demands and challenges of the market. I advise before Scotia Airways setting over five years deadline for the objectives it should have reviewed its resources, employees, competitors and current market to ensure programme for expansion for this time is realistic. T- Time specific the target will be met within a given period of time; Scotia Airways......

Words: 2187 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Scotia

...objectives and the importance of SMART objectives to the organisation. If objectives are not SMART it would be unlikely a manager could identify desired performance levels and successfully monitor and evaluate performance outcomes. Goals Examples could include: Consumer goals providing for the clients need and wants (specialist one off products) Product/Service goals Providing services of outstanding quality Operational goals Want to improve efficiency Secondary goals Social responsibility, inward investment Policies Equal opportunities policy Health, Safety and Well-being policy Inward investment policy Candidates should refer to the contribution to managerial performance. The relationship between objectives, goals and policy facilitates effective Management performance goals and objectives provide the desired outcome while policy guides behaviour by defining how something should be done. Robust, practical policies and procedures will support attainment of goals and objectives. Question 2 The Open Systems approach concerns the inter-related parts of a system that interact with the external environment. Changes in the external environment will influence and change components and sub-systems. The interdependency that exists between each of the sub-systems means that any changes or developments to a sub-system or component within a sub-system will have implications for the overall system. For example, if the government place anti-pollution targets upon Scotia......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Mlk Importance to the Civil Rights Movement 55-65

...How Important Was the Contribution of Martin Luther King To The Civil Rights Movement 55-65? 1955 to 1965 has been classed as the “golden age” of the civil rights movement. Undoubtedly Kings influence, he became the first out right leader of a diverse civil rights struggle. King was gifted with exceptional public speaking abilities & charisma which in due course changed and inspired a entire nation. King had many successes which include the Montgomery bus boycott in 1955, the Birmingham campaign in 1963 and the March on Washington in 1963. Although we cannot ignore the various pressure groups other than kings SCLC. CORE, SNCC and NAACP had a major contribution into improving millions of lives. We also cannot ignore the Federal government and the relationship King had with them. In short King was a key player in civil rights but other groups and organisations also contributed to the civil rights movement. Montgomery Bus boycott – 1955 In 1955 buses all over the south were still segregated, this meant that the front section of the bus was reserved for whites only this meant blacks had to sit at the back, furthermore if a bus was full blacks would have to stand. The boycott started after Rosa Parks refused to leave her seat, she was arrested and fined $14. Because many blacks couldn’t afford cars to travel many resorted to using buses. The boycotts had a major influence on the bus company’s because the majority of customers were in fact black. By boycotting the...

Words: 1378 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Nova Award

...Purpose and Background The NOVA Award was created by the Construction Innovation Forum in 1989 to recognize and encourage advancement and improvement in all areas of the construction industry. The Construction Innovation Forum, founded in 1987 is an international, non-profit organization formed to recognize innovations in the industry that improve quality, efficiency and most importantly, cost. It defines innovation as having a positive, important effective on construction or service, improving quality and reducing time or cost. Innovation is not limited to any one area it includes design, fabrication, building, detailing, rehabilitation, contract administration, labor relations, management, training, procurement, maintenance, equipment, materials, concepts or methods (Learn More About CIF). The founding chairman, Dr. Robert I. Carr has a degree in Architectural Engineering and Civil Engineering and is a life member of the American Society of Civil Engineers. With this background he implemented both the NOVA Award and the Construction Innovation Forum as a response to the Construction Industry Cost Effectiveness survey conducted in the early 1980's by Business Roundtable. The survey determined that the construction industry was lacking in the areas of productivity, skilled workers, managing increasing cost, fragmentation and the area of research and development (Robert I. Carr). In 1985, Steve Allen of the Dept. of Economics and Business for North Carolina State......

Words: 1281 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Labour Movement in Europe

...Labour movements in Europe derive from the reaction of the newly urbanized workers to industrialization in the nineteenth century. Marxism made a powerful impact on the emergence of labour movements in continental Europe and led to the formation of socialist political parties (Germany 1869); in Britain the labour movement was reformist rather than revolutionary and in the nineteenth century worked within the framework of the existing system of political parties (Labour Representation Committee formed 1900, Labour Party 1906). The labour movement was strongly internationalist in character, emphasizing the shared interests between workers in different countries in opposing capitalist political regimes. However, 1914 the socialist parties were swept up in a tide of nationalist fervour and, with the exception of a few individuals, supported the war efforts. After 1917, labour movements were strongly influenced by the success of the Russian Bolsheviks. However, the established socialist and labour parties almost immediately turned their back on the ‘Third International’ organized from Moscow to coordinate revolutionary activity by the international labour movement, and separate communist parties were formed. Socialist and communist parties were locked in conflict during the inter-war period. In some countries such as Britain, Germany, and the United States communists played a role within a single trades union movement, while in countries such as France the communists......

Words: 371 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Labour

...Labour Day, or the end of the summer holidays as most students know it as, is more than that, although most Canadians forget the fact. It is a day to celebrate how far we have moved from before the Toronto Typographical Union Strike, to today’s average day white picket fence working man’s 9-5, and all of the history, heartbreak and “striking” facts in between. The history of Labour Day started with the Toronto Typographical Union when in March 1872 they went on strike when its demands for a shorter work week were ignored. A couple of weeks later a parade was organized in downtown Toronto to support them with ten thousand participants. George Brown hit them with a lawsuit because at this time union activity was under the criminal code. 24 union members were locked up, much to the distaste of Canada, who protested so strongly even Prime Minister Sir John A McDonald spoke out saying how he would repeal the barbarous anti-union laws. The Trades Union Act was passed by Parliament on June 14, 1872, and as one can imagine, parades went on in the later weeks. Every year this happened until the celebration was recognized by Prime Minister John Thompson, making Labour Day a Federal National holiday. In 1889, it started to become well known about many workers getting hurt on the job, so after many protests and less than pleasant letters, the federal government established the Royal Commission on the Relations of Labour and Capital, which ended up condemning the oppressive working......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Scotia

...scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scotia scot......

Words: 299 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Using the Data and Your Economic Knowledge Assess the Importance of Higher Labour Productivity in Bringing About Improvements to Uk Macroeconomic Performance

...of economic growth, inflation, unemployment and the balance of payments on the current account. One importance of higher labour productivity in the UK is that it means that each member of staff produces more output in the same given time period which will improve the economies position on the PPF by moving closer towards the curve. This is because the economy will be producing more output with the same amount of resources available which indicates a previous under-utilisation of labour in the economy. Furthermore, another importance of higher labour productivity is shown in Extract C, ‘any rise in aggregate demand (AD) will be non-inflationary when improvements in productivity are able to generate greater output,’ which empathises the importance of higher labour productivity in the long-run in terms of economic growth because the output of the economy is increasing without inflation. The benefits of low inflation rates are widespread, particularly to those who have savings. Another reason for why this could be considered is due to the fact that it increases the competiveness of the UK’s trade world-wide, for example because the average cost of producing one good has decreased the firms will have more freedom to lower prices, this has a positive effect on the balance of payment on the current account by bringing it into more surplus. On the other hand, an increase in the labour productivity could potentially result in an increase in structural unemployment because firms......

Words: 386 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Ns Labour

...family sizes, used land for farming and security of food production, and saw the importance of job location for participation in pluralist activities.[17] The labour movement in Nova Scotia may be traced back to the late 18th century. As early as 1799 there was a Carpenters' Society at Halifax, and soon there were attempts at organization by other workmen and tradesmen. In 1816 Nova Scotia had an act against trade unions, the preamble of which declared that great numbers of master tradesmen, journeymen, and workmen in the town of Halifax and other parts of the province had, by unlawful meetings and combinations, endeavored to regulate the rate of wages and effectuate other illegal aims. Unionization has primarily focused on craft rather than industrial lines, except in the coal mines and steel plants. There has been an increase in industrial unionism with the expansion of industry. After the middle of the 19th century international unionism and American influence became important, with international unionism entering the province in 1869, when a branch of the International Typographical Union was chartered in Halifax. The development of federated unions is seen in the organization of the Amalgamated Trade Unions of Halifax in 1889, which was succeeded by the Halifax District Trades and Labour Council in 1898. By the end of the 19th century there were more than 70 local unions in Nova Scotia. The Provincial Workmen's Association began in 1879 as a miners' union; in......

Words: 833 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Scotia Airways

...Managing People & Organisations Unit 1 Learning Outcome 1 Scotia Airways   QUESTION 1 With reference to the case study, summarise the relationship between goals, objective and policy and advise the management of Scotia Airways of the contribution each will make to effective managerial performance. Summary Thousands of people travel by air each year from Scotland to Europe and the Far East. Scotia Airways a small private airline based next to Glasgow International Airport, already provide flights to UK and European destinations. Scotia have a goal to provide a business class service using custom built wide body jets at economy prices to customers travelling to Europe and the Far East when licensing is relaxed by European and UK governments. Introduction In 1996 a group of independent business investors launched Scotia Airways, their aim, was to provide scheduled flights, mainly targeted to business and leisure travellers, that gave exceptional value for money coupled with, unparalleled comfort and convenience to its passengers. Scotia Airways initially established themselves in the UK Domestic Market covering flights to Manchester, Birmingham, Bristol and four of London's Airports, but quickly expanded their services to include eight major European City destinations, Paris, Brussels, Madrid, Rome , Lisbon, Copenhagen and Amsterdam. They are now a leading presence in Scotland's main airports with a fleet of five aircraft and a staff of 80 across all......

Words: 2672 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Labour Movement in Ns

...Throughout history, Canadian employees have experienced low wages, unfair treatment (especially towards women), unsafe working conditions, and simply lacked basic human rights. But thankfully many events in the past one hundred & forty years have shaped the work environment of today into a much better place. The labour movement in Nova Scotia may be traced back to late 18th century. Starting in 1972, the Toronto Typographical Union went on strike, eventually this strike lead to the legalization of unions, and Labour Day was recognized as a national holiday. The recognition of Labour Day is one of the most important events in history. It is also one of the most well-known events in history. Labour Day is such an important holiday because we have a day to celebrate the important contributions working people made to our economy in the past. By 1900 the Federal Department of Labour was established. This was a very important event because this department was responsible for decisions and was the go-to department when problems started to arose. Before this department was established workers didn’t have the freedom/opportunity to take their problems that may have occurred on the job to someone that could have handled the issue. 1914 was an important year because the Workmen’s Compensation act was established. Before this was established employees would sue their employers if they were injured on the job. But from this day forward, employees give up their right......

Words: 394 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Labour

...The importance of the Labour movement in Nova Scotia Canadians have experienced low wages, unsafe working conditions and just not having any rights in the workplace. The Toronto Typographical Union went on strike in 1872, which led to the legalization of unions and it gave us the national holiday know as Labour Day. In the 1900’s the Federal Department of Labour was established. The first Minister of Labour, William Lyon Mackenzie King was responsible for making decisions and to know what was going on in each department. Growing up as an African Canadian Black student, I have heard a about a lot of History about Unions and discriminations in the Black communities. Black Canadians have fought hard to have equal rights in the workforce, with having equal pay and having the same opportunities as what their co-workers have. When we talk about racism in the workplace, discrimination of blacks cannot be ignored. Racism is alive and well in Canada, but it is not openly discussed and kept subtle. When we look at the census of Black Canadians, they are more likely to be unemployed, as well as not being paid the same amount of money than the average Canadian would be paid. Black Canadians were not allowed to join unions for almost 70 years after the first Canadian Union was established. Today we now have unions that keep us safe in the workplace, give us equal or fair pay, regardless of what race you are. Now if any of our members experience discrimination in the......

Words: 278 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Importance of Movement in the Classroom

...The Importance of Movement in the Classroom “Stop fidgeting! Hold still! Sit down! Stay in your seat!” Can you imagine children trying to learn while their teacher is constantly scolding the students for moving too much at their desks??? Children need to move! Not just for the sake of their physical selves, but also for social, emotional and cognitive development. Movement benefits the whole child. In this essay, I will explain why movement in the classroom is important for the physical, the social, and the academic well-being of students, and also how the teachers’ role can help determine the wellness of their classrooms. Given the alarming facts surrounding the childhood obesity crisis, the state of children’s fitness is clearly the responsibility of all who are involved with children. As early childhood professionals we have a duty to educate the whole child and do our part to help keep our students as healthy as possible. According to The National Association for Sport and Physical Education, it is recommended that young children should not be sedentary for more than 60 minutes at a time, except when sleeping. While 60 minutes a day is the suggested minimum, it is further recommended that children accumulate “up to several hours” of physical activity daily (American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 2011). For early childhood professionals, the notion of “accumulation” is reassuring. It means you don’t have to worry about setting......

Words: 876 - Pages: 4