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The Emergence of Modern America from Reconstruction to an Industrial Power (1865 – 1890)

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The Emergence of Modern America from Reconstruction to an Industrial Power (1865 – 1890)
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The Emergence of Modern America from Reconstruction to an Industrial Power (1865 – 1890) Reconstruction of modern America was not a missed opportunity because of rapid economic growth and prosperity, unified nation with a powerful government and political and business reforms (Carnes, Mark & Garraty, 2011). During this period in the 19th century, America emerged as an industrial power and agricultural power mostly in the North and the West and not in the South. This phase of reconstruction made America dominate as the World’s largest economic power. America also rose as a superpower nation with one of the strongest governments in the world (Kennedy, David, Cohen & Lizabeth, 2012). Another positive effect of reconstruction of America is that it led to an end of the infamous Trans-Atlantic slave trade. In this trade, slaves were sourced from West Africa and were sold in the slave markets in America, slaves were sold to be exploited as cheap sources of labor, they were treated inhumanely. Reconstruction, therefore, ended this commerce and gave the slaves their right of citizenship. Actually, in 1867 and for the first time slaves were allowed to vote. Reconstruction era also led to social and business reforms in America. These changes resulted in the expansion of government and education, curtailment of excesses, recognition of the status of women and modernization of the society as a whole (Tindall, George & David, 2009). America also benefitted due to the unprecedented immigration. Most immigrants were from Europe; these provided cheap labor that was necessary for the growth of industries and urbanization as well. Reconstruction of modern America was, therefore, not a missed opportunity. Advancements in technology…...

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