Premium Essay

The Classification of Goths as a Subculture

In: Social Issues

Submitted By GARYRUSSELL9
Words 1864
Pages 8
The classification of Goth as a subculture in society
The subject matter of this essay will aim to show that the group known as Goth, is indeed a subculture in society. This essay will demonstrate that this group has its own individual values and norms, separate to that of mainstream society and how it has managed to reinvent itself inside and against mainstream society since it emerged during the 1980's. I have chosen to pick Goths for this essay as they have managed to last as a subculture in many countries worldwide and in my view have successfully distinguished themselves from the dominant culture in society. This essay will try to define what the group is, it will explain what a subculture is and how Goths are a part of that subculture, and it will outline and explain the concept of values with respect to the Goth group while differentiating those values between the gothic subculture and the dominant culture in society. Through norms, dress, language and artifacts it will also show why Goths should indeed be classed as a subculture, separate to that of mainstream society, as they have identified themselves as a subculture through symbols and nineteenth century gothic literature influences as well as contemporary imagery and style through horror films (Hodkinson 2002).
The concept of subcultures can be traced back to Frederic Thrashers work on Chicago gangs, when he identified that the gang had its own distinct traditions, morals and their own structure as a group which largely contributed to separating members of that gang from the dominant culture of society (Thrasher 1927). There are many different definitions surrounding the concept of subcultures, Kamarovsky and Sargent, said that subcultures refer to certain cultural variants which are shown by certain members of the population. They have described subcultures as worlds that are living within a larger…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Subculture: Prostitution

...There are many subcultures in todays society, some more extreme than others. When studying a specific subculture, the researcher must be careful with what they say, how they act and who they associate with during their fieldwork. The researcher should obtain as much background information as they can to be sure they do not make a mistake because one wrong decision can lead to unwelcoming circumstances. Claire E. Sterk wrote an article where she studied the life of a prostitute through their eyes and described the methods she used to study them and their communities. I found it very interesting that Claire Sterk chose to study prostitutes. That is a very dangerous subculture to observe. I believe Sterk was interested in working with prostitutes because she is constantly surrounded by it, living in Amsterdam, where prostitution and drugs are legal. Sterk also works in a school of public health and is primarily interested in women’s health, so it is of no surprise to me that she would want to take on this task. I also think that, that is why she felt so comfortable approaching the prostitutes and pimps because she did not feel she would be in that much danger because she never experienced illegal prostitution. There is less crime associated with prostitution and drugs in Amsterdam because it is accepted. Since it is illegal in America, there is a lot of violence that occurs when you are associated with prostitution because of the chance of being caught. It took a......

Words: 1169 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Subculture

...As early as 1950, David Riesman distinguished between a majority, "which passively accepted commercially provided styles and meanings, and a 'subculture' which actively sought a minority style ... and interpreted it in accordance with subversive values".[1] In his 1979 book Subculture: the Measuring of Style, Dick Hebdige argued that a subculture is a subversion to normalcy. He wrote that subcultures can be perceived as negative due to their nature of criticism to the dominant societal standard. Hebdige argued that subcultures bring together like-minded individuals who feel neglected by societal standards and allow them to develop a sense of identity. In 1995, Sarah Thornton, drawing on Pierre Bourdieu, described "subcultural capital" as the cultural knowledge and commodities acquired by members of a subculture, raising their status and helping differentiate themselves from members of other groups.[2] In 2007, Ken Gelder proposed to distinguish subcultures from countercultures based on the level of immersion in society.[3] Gelder further proposed six key ways in which subcultures can be identified: through their often negative relations to work (as 'idle', 'parasitic', at play or at leisure, etc.); through their negative or ambivalent relation to class (since subcultures are not 'class-conscious' and don't conform to traditional class definitions); through their association with territory (the 'street', the 'hood', the club, etc.), rather than property; through their......

Words: 266 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Subculture

...In sociology a subculture is a group of people with a culture (whether distinct or hidden) which differentiates them from the larger culture to which they belong. If a particular subculture is characterized by a systematic opposition to the dominant culture, it may be described as a counterculture. Subcultures are social, with their own shared conventions, values and rituals, but they can also seem 'immersed' or self-absorbed - another feature that distinguishes them from countercultures. Subcultures can be distinctive because of the age, race, ethnicity, class, location, and/or gender of the members. The qualities that determine a subculture as distinct may be linguistic, aesthetic, religious, political, sexual, geographical or a combination of factors. Members of a subculture often signal their membership through a distinctive and symbolic use of style, which includes fashions, mannerisms, and argot. I work for UPS and have worked there for over seven years. UPS is a world of its own. Every business has it's own style. UPS is in the business of linking people, cultures, and commerce, with diversity as an integral part of its global strategy. And with employees in more than 220 countries and territories worldwide, there's no question that diversity is part of the social fabric at UPS. Diversity is leveraging our unique experiences and contributions because they add value to our culture and contribute to the success of our company. In today’s world, we understand......

Words: 1549 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Fashion Subculture

...The term subculture refers to a group of people with their own style and perspectives used to separate them from the larger culture to which they belong. There are and have been different subcultures in history, some were also rivals, with members of different subcultures becoming enemies automatically. The more interesting aspects of subcultures are the philosophical views, fashion style and music they created and how people adopted that lifestyle to fit in and be part of a big group. Gelder proposed several principal characteristics that subcultures portrayed in general: negative relations to work and class, association with their own territory, living in non-domestic habitats, profligate sense of stylistic exaggeration, and stubborn refusal of massification. Hebdige emphasised that the opposition by subcultures to conform to standard societal values has been slated as a negative trait, where in fact the misunderstood groups are only attempting to find their own identity and meaning. The divergence away from social normalcy has unsurprisingly proliferated new ideas and styles, and this can be distinctly observed through the existence of fashion diversity. Ethnicity, race, class and gender can be physical distinctions of subcultures. Furthermore, qualities which determine a subculture may be aesthetic, linguistic, sexual, political, religious, or a mixture of these factors. The expansion of youth styles from subcultures into the fashion market is a real network or......

Words: 1559 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Subculture

...Subculture I believe that I belong to a subculture of people in the EXPW department. There are different concentrations in this department but all in all, everyone has the same basic daily activities and how we do things. This is a subculture because everyone in it has an unsaid understanding of each other. Even though everyone has a different personality and likes different things, everyone understands each other and they know how the department works. Everyone knows the teachers and classes and you can basically have a conversation with anyone in this department about things in this study and they will know what and/or who you are talking about. Usually, EXPW majors are recognized by wearing comfy athletic clothes and they usually talk about sports or things involving the body. Our language is usually terms from sports and from the classes in the department. Many people would find it easy to blend in with this subculture. The only thing that would really have to happen is to dress in athletic wear and just talk about sports. Many people in college do this every day anyways. The difficult part would be figuring out the understanding of the department. The downside of being part of this subculture is people generally label it as being a bunch of “jocks” and “health nuts”, which is somewhat correct but not entirely. Not everyone in the department plays a sport and/or preaches about eating health and forces it down the throats of others....

Words: 250 - Pages: 1

Premium Essay

Classification

...Markisha Harris Introduction to Corrections Unit 7 Assignment 02 January 2014 Classification The classification process in corrections differs from state to state. According to the Department of Corrections in the State of Montana, classification is basically a way of consolidating and controlling the offenders that are housed in the prison all based upon their identity. Offenders are also categorized by their behavior and other potential risks. When it comes to prison facilities, there are specific purposes of classification and specific ways of how classification systems are used to place prisoners. In the State of Montana, the primary or main purpose of the system of classification in the correctional system is too basically use a method to figure out whether or not which proper encoding and safekeeping step is right for every single convict. A secondary purpose of the classification process in the State of Montana is to allow the prisoners a chance to change their lives around in a positive way. By allowing this opportunity, it will instill protection, safety, and security of other inmates, correctional officers, and the society. The classification system has a goal. The goal is to have order within the correctional facilities and to maintain proper security and safety to everyone that are in contact with offenders. In order for this goal to be achieved, all inmates has to be classified right after the admission process. After the admission process,......

Words: 703 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Culture and Subculture

...Culture and Subculture Youth Soccer offers a healthy activity through its game associations. These associations give emphasis to the ENJOYABLE, and participate in not on winning no matter what the cost. Each child is assured of time on the field and the game is communicated in an enjoyable and pleasant atmosphere (What Is Youth Soccer, 2012). The reason for NASA is to improve, encourage and run a broad-minded soccer association. The objectives of their soccer association are to (Newton Area Soccer Association, 2013): A. Deliver an enjoyable, entertaining and learning opportunity by way of structured soccer. B. Deliver USYSA/ISA association to team participants who would otherwise be self-governing. C. Improve individual expertise in all aspects of the game of soccer. D. Encourage good sportsmanship, confident self-image and competitive group participation in by soccer training and game conditions. E. Cultivate accountability and decision-making expertise. F. Familiarize all members with the guidelines, procedures and approaches of soccer. G. Encourage soccer as a family outing. H. Encourage wellbeing of participants. While there is historical indication of the earliest forms of the game in Asia, Central America, and even the Roman Empire that are comparable to soccer, the game we know dates to the mid-1800s in England. At that time, the “schoolboys” of associations from the likes of Brighton, Eton and Harrow began ball-oriented games with two sides, goal-lines,......

Words: 966 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Subculture

...Subcultures of Consumption: An Ethnography of the New Bikers JOHN W. SCHOUTEN JAMES H. MCALEXANDER* This article introduces the subculture of consumption as an analytic category through which to better understand consumers and the manner in which they organize their iives and identities. Recognizing that consumption activities, product categories, or even brands may serve as the basis for interaction and social cohesion, the concept of the subcuiture of consumption soives many problems inherent in the use of ascribed social categories as devices for understanding consumer behavior. This article is based on three years of ethnographic fieldwork with Hartey-Davidson motorcycle owners. A key feature of the fieldwork was a process of progressive contextualization of the researchers from outsiders to insiders situated within the subculture. Analysis of the social structure, dominant values, and revealing symbolic behaviors of this distinct, consumption-oriented sutKulture have led to the advancement of a theoretical framework that situates subcultures of consumption in the context of modern consumer culture and discusses, among other implications, a symbiosis tietween such subcultures and marketing institutions. Transferability of the principal findings of this research to other subcultures of consumption is established through comparisons with ethnographies of other self-selecting, consumptiorv oriented subcultures. T he most powerful organizing forces in modern life are......

Words: 1552 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

The Birth of Subculture

...The Birth of Subculture COM/172 The Birth of Subculture According to many psychologists, being accepted by a group peers is essential to achieve emotional well-being. On the other hand, many people find it necessary to express their individuality in order to be happy. So, how does someone maintain his or her place in a group while conveying his or her independence as a person? Many people have found themselves in this exact situation. Although many people strive to be different, there is still a deep desire to be accepted as part of a culture resulting in the birth of subculture. The Want to be Different A person’s desire to express his or her individuality can be a driving force for many life choices. It can be as simple as a pair of shoes or as complex as spirituality. Many people have a basic want to express themselves, to show others who they are, what they believe in, and how they are different. This is what makes them special and unique. Even choosing not to make bold statements is a way of expressing someone’s personality. So what creates this inherent need to be different than everybody else? It could be environmental influences, past experiences, or even genetics that contribute to this need. According to David P. Barash in We need a general theory of individuality, “Generalizations about behavioral individuality are, at this stage in our knowledge, difficult to support.” (2010) The answer may be challenging because there is no control group from...

Words: 3668 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Classification

...Classification has always been the main source of the simplifying all of the information that has been found throughout the span of human thought. Science in its most basic from is nothing more than just a quest of knowledge “to seek what regularities there may be”(Sagan) and the existence of that knowledge is explained by classification(Foucault). Today’s society is dominated by an absurd amount of technologically powered apparatuses like: cell phones, computers, tablets, tables, cars, and the list ventures endlessly forward and like every “small step for a man, and one giant leap forward for mankind” there are repercussions(The Space Race). One of the things that changed with the evolution of technology from its primitive state to its more modern version is news; once only told by an unbiased, or at least strived to be, newscasters like Walter Cronkite(Cronkite) and people were forced to watch the whole thing until what they were really interested in came on has now turned into an extremely selective and biased way of reporting the news with outstandingly big downsides that has lead society to be harshly less informed about what is going on around them and more susceptible to having their opinion swayed with possible misclassification of news. By the end of 2010 more people claimed to be receiving their news intake from the internet than from newspapers(Featured in Social Media) and with the simplified access to......

Words: 1224 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Police Subculture

...Police Subculture Korey LaMothe Criminal Justice Senior Capstone 2/4/15 “If a man has not discovered something that he will die for, he isn't fit to live.” Martin Luther King Jr. Encounters with death can have a profound impact on the psychological health of an individual. Few occupations, outside of the medical field, entail as intense and frequent exposure to death than does those in the law enforcement field. The effect of such exposure on individual law enforcement officers, and upon the subculture as a whole, is both damaging and functional. “Themes, images, and symbols of death pervade the folklore of the police subculture” (Henry). This is something that all the members of the law enforcement community have to deal with on a daily basis, but at what cost? A subculture is defined as, “a cultural group within a larger culture, often having beliefs or interests at variance with those of the larger culture” (Merriam Webster). These beliefs and interests can include things like language, ideological values, gender roles, social conventions, religion, or artistic expression through things like paintings, books or films. Any group that shares interests can be a subculture such as school groups, church groups, civic organizations, sports teams, or people in a particular profession. The police subculture is a feeling of brotherhood, or tremendous group loyalty that exists among law enforcement officers. An unwritten creed, it can lead officers to support...

Words: 1420 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Classifications

...Different gas shoppers ITT Tech Institute Classifications There are many types of people who purchase gasoline, but three types are easy to spot. All three have an obvious physical appearance which sets them apart from other gas purchasers. Each also has a distinctive pumping technique and freely vocalizes his opinion. Finally, each type has a particular way of annoying every other patron at the same location. The first type of gas purchaser is Leisure Lou. He can be identified immediately by his appearance. He drives a station wagon with wooden side panels and a bumper sticker that tells the world that he is retired. His Hawaiian print shirt captures everyone's attention. He wears Bermuda shorts and black socks with sandals. On his head sits a fly fisherman's hat which is his obvious display of a continuous state of leisure. His pumping technique also sets him apart from the normal crowd. When he parks his car, he stops at the first pump, preventing the use of the pump in front of him. He always pays for his gas in advance, so that the attendant can preset the pump and he will not have to worry about stopping the pump himself. He activates the pump before opening the access door and unscrewing the tank lid. He tucks the hose under his elbow and spills gas on his hip while opening the tank. As Leisure Lou leans against the side of his car, he pumps his gas absent-mindedly, confident that the pump will stop before gas pours onto the ground. Once the pump stops, he......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Subculture

...Matt Kertz LA101 Maggie McDermott 9/22/2015 Football Subculture American Football, has grown into one of the most popular sports in the United States, all levels of the sport are loved by the American people. Every weekend family, friends, and fans gather around the football field to cheer on the team of their choice, and take part in one of Americas favorite past times. But high school football is in a league of its own, the players are more than a subculture, almost a family. To play a sport as intense as football the players must carry a specific set of traits the players must be, mentally tough, teammates, and most importantly be a good leader. High school football varies so much from the other age groups that play the game because, before that age most players are still too young to understand the game fully or the team that has the biggest players wins. After high school the best players are plucked up and sent to play at universities and professionally and are surrounded by athletes that were handpicked to be on that team. In high school, the players are usually fully developed physically and mentally have the capacity to understand the game at a fundamental level. This allows for the game to become completive, based on which team works harder and is better prepared, not which team has the biggest players or which team had the best recruitment. The sport itself helps break down barriers between students, without football most of the players wouldn’t know......

Words: 1005 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Subcultures

...Which Subcultures influence to modern fashion 1 Contents. Abstract………………………………………………………………………………………………3 Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………......4 Chapter 1. Cholo subculture………………………………………………………………...4 Chapter 2. Psychedelia of hippies……………………………………………....5 Chapter 3. Bloomers. Sport style………………………………………………..7 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………………..10 List of references…………………………………………………………………………………10 List of figures………………………………………………………………………………………11 2 Abstract Fashion is dynamic - it constantly changes. Moreover, some people choose the behavior or lifestyle influenced by fashion trends. Each subculture strive to create their own, such as to disassociate itself from the conventional, to preserve its originality and identity. However, some subcultures have other, and creating their own distinctive culture, they develop and enrich human culture in general. This article examines the relationship between few subcultures and the currently fashion through an analysis of Cholo subculture, psychedelia of hippie and sport style. Since the time of 20s century designers drew inspiration from street fashion and various subcultures that have their own unique style. 3 Introduction According to the 'Oxford English Dictionary online' defines......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Classifications

...stop to take a bathroom break then they’ll miss an opportunity to drop their delivery; and as everyone knows time is money. So in other words, they’ll “hold it” until they explode. Usually when the explosion goes off, it’s in their pants. When they finally pull over to handle the situation they’ll proudly climb out of their truck with their head held high and ask for a shower. Meanwhile, the poop turned to liquid from sitting on it for so long; so when the driver proceeds with their “walk of shame” it drips on to the floor leaving a trail. It is a very disgusting cite. Even with the distasteful hygiene the stinky fat-o possess, they uphold the same mind set as the professional clean cuts, which is enjoyable. All of these different classifications of professional truck drivers vary in appearance and attitude, but they definitely have one thing in common and that’s their career. Now, it’s pretty obvious that all of these drivers need some type of change in their life’s, some more than others. Maybe one day the creepy flirts that roam the aisles at Pilot Travel Center will finally find somebody interested in them; perhaps Curtis will discard those cheesy pickup lines and find a clever phrase instead. Possibly the professional clean cuts will find a job that they are better qualified for. Perchance the grumpy jerks will cure their internal issues and seek counseling or anger management; in addition to that guidance maybe those jerks will learn respect and not take out their......

Words: 2067 - Pages: 9