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The Boy in the Stripped Payamas

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NELSON MANDELA

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela è nato nel Transkei , Sud Africa il 18 luglio 1918. E morto il 5 dicembre 2013 in Johannesburg, Gauteng
South Africa. Suo padre era Hendry Mphakanyiswa del Tembu Tribe. Mandela stesso è stato studiato alla University College di Fort Hare e l'Università di Witwatersrand , dove ha studiato legge. Si è unito l'African National Congress nel 1944 ed è stato impegnato nella resistenza contro le politiche di apartheid la sentenza del Partito Nazionale dopo il 1948 . È andato sotto processo per tradimento nel 1956-1961 e fu assolto nel 1961. Dopo la messa al bando dell'ANC nel 1960, Nelson Mandela ha sostenuto la creazione di un'ala militare all'interno dell'ANC. Nel giugno 1961, l'esecutivo ANC considerava la sua proposta per l'uso di tattiche violente e ha convenuto che quei membri che desideravano impegnarsi nella campagna di Mandela non sarebbero fermati dal farlo dalla ANC. Ciò ha portato alla formazione di Umkhonto we Sizwe. Mandela fu arrestato nel 1962 e condannato a cinque anni di reclusione con lavori forzati . Nel 1963, quando molti leader compagni dell'ANC e il Umkhonto we Sizwe sono stati arrestati , Mandela è stato portato a giudizio con loro per aver complottato per rovesciare il governo con la violenza. La sua dichiarazione dal molo ricevuto notevole pubblicità internazionale. Il 12 giugno 1964 otto degli imputati , tra cui Mandela , sono stati condannati al carcere a vita . Dal 1964 al 1982 è stato incarcerato nel carcere di Robben Island, al largo di Città del Capo, successivamente, era a Pollsmoor prigione , vicino sulla terraferma . Durante i suoi anni di carcere, la reputazione di Nelson Mandela è cresciuta costantemente. E 'stato ampiamente accettato come il più significativo leader nero in Sud Africa ed è diventato un potente simbolo della resistenza come il movimento anti-apartheid raccolte forza. Ha sempre rifiutato di compromettere la sua posizione politica per ottenere la sua libertà. Nelson Mandela è stato rilasciato il 11 febbraio 1990. Dopo il suo rilascio, si immerse con tutto il cuore nel lavoro della sua vita, cercando di raggiungere gli obiettivi che lui e altri avevano di cui quasi quattro decenni prima . Nel 1991, in occasione della prima conferenza nazionale dell'ANC svoltasi all'interno del Sud Africa dopo l'organizzazione era stata bandita nel 1960, Mandela è stato eletto presidente dell'ANC, mentre il suo amico e collega, Oliver Tambo, è diventato presidente nazionale dell'organizzazione .…...

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