Free Essay

The Bible in Modern Contexts

In: Other Topics

Submitted By deztiny
Words 577
Pages 3
HUMA1850
THE BIBLE IN MODERN CONTEXTS
Tutorial Assignment 6

Read all of 2 Kings 22-23 and compare it with the following passages in Deuteronomy. What do you observe? Look for words and phrases that are similar and copy them into their respective boxes below.

1. What is commanded in Deuteronomy and then fulfilled by Josiah?
Deut 7:5:
Break down their altars, smash their pillars, hew down their sacred poles, and burn their idols with fire
Deut 12:3:
Break down their altars, smash their pillars, burn their sacred poles with fire, and hew down the idols of their gods
Deut 16:21
You shall not plant any tree as a sacred pole beside the altar that you make for the LORD your God 2 Kings 23:4, 6-7, 14:
He burned them outside Jerusalem .
He burned it at the Wadi Kidron. He broke down the houses of the male temple prostitutes .
He broke the pillars in pieces, cut down the sacred poles.

2. What is forbidden and how does Josiah address it?
Deut 17:2-3:
A man or woman who does what is evil in...going to serve other gods and worshiping them — whether the sun or the moon or any of the host of heaven, which I have forbidden 2 Kings 23:4-5:
All the vessels made for Baal, for Asherah, and for all the host of heaven; he burned them outside Jerusalem...He deposed the idolatrous priests ...who made offerings to Baal, to the sun, the moon, the constellations, and all the host of the heavens

3. What else is forbidden and how does Josiah respond?
Deut 23:17-18:
None of the daughters...sons of Israel shall be a temple prostitute. You shall not bring the fee of a prostitute or the wages of a male prostitute into the house of the LORD your God in payment for any vow.

2 Kings 23:7:
He broke down the houses of the male temple prostitutes that were in the house of the LORD, where the women did weaving for Asherah.

4. What is specifically being corrected here?
Deut 12:31:
Must not burn their sons and their daughters in the fire to their gods.
Deut 18:10:
No one shall make a son or daughter pass through fire, or practice divination, or a soothsayer, or an augur, or a sorcerer.

2 Kings 23:10:
He defiled Topheth, which is in the valley of Ben-hinnom, so that no one would make a son or a daughter pass through fire as an offering to Molech.

5. What important festival is being observed?
Deut 16:1-8:
Observe the Passover to the LORD your God. 2 Kings 23:22-23:
In the eighteenth year of King Josiah this passover was kept to the LORD in Jerusalem.

What is the best way to explain this intertexual relationship? In other words, what do you think of the high degree of intertexuality between both of these texts?
From the above referenced texts, a scholar would observe a high degree of verbal correspondence e.g., quotation, and/or paraphrasing and thereby conclude that there is a high degree of intertextual relationship between the different passages. This high degree of intertextual relationship is characterized by the concept known as Micro-level intertextuality as presented in the various texts, we see texts or set of texts intersecting with each other thereby creating a probable interpretation or rereading.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Bible

...The Bible Questions for Review (Page 11) 1. What does the word bible literally mean, and how does this definition express the nature of the Bible as an anthology of religious literature? The Bible is known as the Good book, but the word bible literally means “little books,” meaning the bible is a collection of many individual books. The word bible is translated from the Greek word biblia. The definition expresses that it is a book that consists of diverse compositions, ranging from poetry, narrative to law, and prophecy. 2. Explain the relationship of the Christian Old Testament to the Hebrew Bible; define the term Tanakh, and name and describe the three main sections into which it is divided. In what way to Protestant editions of the Old Testament resemble the contents of the Tanakh? How do Catholic and Orthodox editions of the Old Testament differ from the Tanakh in content? Define the terms canon, Apocrypha, and deuterocanon. The Christian Old Testament and the Hebrew Bible are looked upon as the same even though there are significant differences between them. The most important of these variations is a change to the order of the books: the Hebrew Bible ends with the Book of Chronicles, which describes Israel restored to the Promised Land, and the Temple restored in Jerusalem; in the Hebrew Bible God's purpose is thus fulfilled and the divine history is at an end. In the Christian Old Testament the Book of Malachi is placed last, so that a prophecy of the......

Words: 1181 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Studying the Bible to Teach the Bible

...Rightly Divided: Studying the Bible to Teach the Bible I. Romans 8: 1-17. “1 Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2 because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit of life set me free from the law of sin and death. 3 For what the law was powerless to do in that it was weakened by the sinful nature, God did by sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful man to be a sin offering. And so he condemned sin in sinful man, 4 in order that the righteous requirements of the law might be fully met in us, who do not live according to the sinful nature but according to the Spirit. 5 Those who live according to the sinful nature have their minds set on what that nature desires; but those who live in accordance with the Spirit have their minds set on what the Spirit desires. 6 The mind of sinful man is death, but the mind controlled by the Spirit is life and peace; 7 the sinful mind is hostile to God. It does not submit to God's law, nor can it do so. Those controlled by the sinful nature cannot please God. 9 You, however, are controlled not by the sinful nature but by the Spirit, if the Spirit of God lives in you. And if anyone does not have the Spirit of Christ, he does not belong to Christ. 10 But if Christ is in you, your body is dead because of sin, yet your spirit is alive because of righteousness. 11 And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, he who raised......

Words: 7270 - Pages: 30

Premium Essay

Bible

...Christ. Live by the truth, experience life, abundant life, to its fullest in renewed relationship with God (Become a follower of Jesus). In order to be a follower of Christ, you have to be born again. This doesn’t mean die and come back in a new body, this means to accept God as your Lord and savior. He will be your saviors, provider and your confidante; as long as you have belief and live accordantly to the bible you will receive the blessings of God, also you will have a guaranteed place in heaven. But; believing in God and worshiping him doesn’t mean you will be on easy street, it means that God will be there to help you through the hard times. He will continue to help you win the fight against Satan. Why do you belief in Christ? When you choose to become a follower of God you become a disciple and one of his sheep, he will be your shepherd. Christians believe that every thing they read in the bible is true and genuine. God wants his people to have rules to live by, that’s why he created the Ten Commandments and he also had many others to take place in helping create the bible. Religion has always been foggy to many people, due to the fact that there are many different religions. Which is false what should we believe, which religion is the right religion? Faith and hope and their place in the discourse of psychiatry, the concepts of faith and hope are not explicit in the language of psychiatry. It is suggested that this is a result of the cultural gap that exists......

Words: 1436 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bible

...The Bible is one of the most reflective and influential texts in human history. Thus there are Jewish Bibles, Protestant Bibles, and Catholic Bibles, and Bibles which all claim to represent the Churches. However, every Bible has its own unique qualities making careful inspection of these qualities essential in picking the right Bible. Aside from the different number of books that were included by certain Churches, these marginal attributes play the biggest role of how each Bible differentiates from each other. The way the text was translated in the matter of which the text is rendered, linguistic differences that separate literary tradition, and doctrinal issues. Once these differences are understood, picking the right Bible should turn into a walk in the park. As new versions of the New Testament were published, many began to see once familiar passages disappear from the text. An example that which demonstrates textual differences is the version of the Lord’s Prayer in the Authorized Version and the Revised Version of the New Testament. The Authorized Version begins as “Our father which art in heaven, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done, as in heaven, so on earth”, turns into “Father, Hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come” when translated into the Revised Version. Even though the descriptors were omitted, the strength of the passage does not necessarily decimate. In fact, without the blockade caused by the descriptors the message of the passage has......

Words: 780 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Modern Teaching in Context

...concept of their ownership of prospects for the future. The LLUK refers to this in by stating “Teachers in the Lifelong Learning Sector: Encourage the development and progression in all learners through recognising, valuing and responding to individual motivation, experience and aspirations”. The days of simple delivery of knowledge for systematic recall potential are ever fading from our collective educational memory, (Although this could be debated according to the recent changes, Oct 31st 2013, to the GCSE assessment methods á la Gove: Dropping coursework in favour of formal examinations and creating an environment more conducive to certain types of learning styles. Or is this a reaction to the culture of Academies? I digress.....) Modern teachers have the freedom to manufacture a lesson more creatively, more aesthetically appealing through technology and more accessible to more learners, they have more research to refer to regarding effective teaching and theoretical methods. So in my opinion we as teachers are better prepared than ever to deliver something truly wonderful and memorable in a lesson and this is essential for every teacher to do as part of their professional obligation to their learners. Failing to do this is failing the learners. If the teacher can create the right climate in their classroom by amalgamating all this then the individuals learning is organically grown - provided it is adequately maintained regularly. “...was interested in the......

Words: 1265 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Ethics and the Bible

... "No matter how hard we try to transform its message, the message will try harder to transform us." (Brown, 1965, 183) This essay will explore whether or not the bible should serve as an ultimate authority for Christian ethics and discover how synonymous Biblical ethics are with the ethics of Christianity. This piece will also look at what it is about the Bible that recommends it as such a major authority of morality and ethical practice. The bible is seen as a ‘guidebook’ for a Christian, giving details on how they should live according to God’s law; however, questions negating the validity of this belief in God’s law often come to the forefront. The Bible permits the stoning to death of adulterers. Something which in contemporary society seems atrocious. A point to be aware of is the huge cultural difference between the bible and contemporary life. If we focus on the difference between the Old Testament and modern day life the cultural difference is one of the chief factors behind the difficulty of using the bible in ethics today. The bible is written in a culturally conditioned format. Language, racial attitudes and the different emphasis on aspects of life including holiness and purity, all count towards the invisible barrier when discussing how synonymous biblical ethics are with the ethics of Christianity. (Rodd, 1995, 89). An issue that arises more than often when discussing biblical and Christian ethics is sexuality. Different churches hold different values......

Words: 2146 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Bible 104

...commonsense guidelines. Pg 21 4. They define “The Bible” in part as… The Bible is not a series of… Propositions & imperatives it is not simply a collection of “Sayings from Chairman God” pg 22 5. Know the kinds of “communication” mentioned that God uses to convey his Word. Narrative history, genealogies, chronicles, laws of all kinds, poetry of all kinds, proverbs, prophetic oracles, riddles, drama,biographical sketches, parables, letters, sermons, & apocalypses. Pg 22 6. “To interpret properly the “then and there” of the biblical texts, you must…” Not only know some general rules that apply to all the words of the bible but you also need to lean the special rules that apply to each of these literacy forms (generes) pg 23 7. Know and be able to discuss the two types of ‘context’ mentioned in the reading. Why are these items important? The historical Context & The Literary Context. Pg 26 & Pg 27 8. What do Fee and Stuart say is the “only proper control for hermeneutics”? Is to be found in yhe origincal inyeny of the biblical text. Pg 29 9. According to the authors, “The true meaning of the biblical text for us is…” hermeneutics 10. What are potential problems with a “fuller” or “deeper” meaning? Who speaks for God? Pg 31 11. What is the problem with using only one translation? 12. What is the first concern of translators? Why? Harbin 1. What is the traditional view of how the Bible was written? Pg 28 2. How......

Words: 1164 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Historical-Cultural Context of the Bible

...What can happen when people approach the Bible without any concern for the historical-cultural context? When people approach the Bible without any concern for the historical-cultural context, they could interpret the text as misleading and false. People may not understand the many truths of the revelations of God, revealed by parallels of historical-culture norms. People tend to misunderstand what God is saying to us, instead people should reveal the principals and apply them to their life today. To fully understand the meaning of the text in the Bible, people must first understand the text in its own context, with careful observation of what the text says. Then people should investigate the meaning of the text, from an historical approach and what it meant to its original hearers. Besides those examples cited in this chapter, please give and explain an example of how understanding the historical-cultural context can shed significant light on the meaning of a specific biblical text. Cite the specific passage you are discussing in your post. (ex. Is. 40:27–30. In Romans 6:6, "Our old man was crucified", is an example of how understanding the historical-cultural context can shed significant light on the meaning of a specific biblical text. This verse could be misunderstood when someone does not understand the historical-cultural context, some may believe the verse is a reference to the experience of a Christian. Some people may quote "that our old man is crucified", then...

Words: 356 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Bible Research

...INVESTIGATING DANIEL 9:24-27 Lloyd Bell Bible 450 April 17, 2013 INVESTIGATING DANIEL 9:24-27 To say that Daniel 9:24-27 is one of the most discussed four verses in all the bible would be a great understatement. Dr. Ray Prichard when describing Daniel 9:24-27, went as far as to write, “It is the key to prophetic interpretation and the backbone of biblical prophecy.” So what then would merit such a statement? How can four verses be so important? Concerning the importance of this passage John Walvoord writes,” The interpretation of the revelation given to Daniel concerning the seventy weeks (Daniel 9:24–27) constitutes one of the determining factors in the whole system of prophecy. The attention given to it by all schools of interpretation, and the attacks upon the authenticity of the book itself combine to focus the white light of investigation upon it. The interpretation of this passage inevitably colors all other prophetic views, and a proper understanding of it is the sine qua non of any student of prophecy." The above being noted, this paper will investigate Daniel 9:24-27, discuss schools of interpretation, and provide this author’s interpretation of this important prophetic text. By investigating Daniel 9:24-27 it will soon become evident that rightly dividing the Word of Truth requires diligent study and the application of sound hermeneutic principles. Daniel 9:24-27 within Context Looking at these verses alone can lead to......

Words: 2441 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Bible

...1. “Historical-cultural context relates to just about anything outside the text that will help you understand the text itself.” (Duval & Hayes, pg. 51). Historical-cultural context is extremely important when reading God’s word. When people approach the Bible without care for the context it can lead to misunderstanding of the text. The Bible is so important that we as Christians should not want this to happen. Some ways that we can understand the historical- cultural context is by paying attention to the biblical writer and also the audience which it is written to. By learning about the writer and audience it will give you a better understanding of the history behind the passages. A few more examples of things to look out for in each passage are religion, politics, where it takes place, family life, and social acceptable/ no acceptable customs. If we take the time to understand the context, we will more fully grasp the resemblance to our everyday lives. However, not understanding all these different factors will lead to misunderstanding and misinterpreting information that God wants us to understand. The culture which the bible was written in was different than the culture we live in now. This can make it easy to mix up the meaning of specific verses or passages. Easy ways to look up the specifics of Historical- cultural context is by using Bible atlases, Bible dictionaries/ encyclopedias, commentaries, background commentaries, Old and New Testament histories, and special...

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Bible

...Reading the bible is an important part of religion but when you read the bible it is also important to understand and interpret the true meaning. Stated in the text by Hays and Duvall "we would go so far as to say that the most important principle of biblical interpretation is that context determines meaning." What they’re trying to say is that one needs to consider not only the context of the writing but to also consider what point is trying to be made. Say if you were reading a children’s book but only paid attention to the pictures not the words, could you get a totally different story from what was being told? This is the same when you only pay attention to context and don’t consider the literary genre. I think it is always important to understand any text you read but the bible is really important to read and Hays and Duvall agree with this quote “misreading the bible ultimately hurts people by enslaving them rather than setting them free with truth.” Most people look to the bible to answer questions when they need help and if they don’t understand the true meaning of the passage they believe to help them they could do the wrong thing and then blame the bible due to their own misinterpretation. And this could be what Hays and Duvall mean by “enslaving them rather than setting them free.” Topical preaching can be valid when the various passages are understood in context and the overall message doesn’t violate those individual contexts (Duvall & hays, 2008). On...

Words: 344 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Particular Context/Socio-Economic Situation in Which Modern Marketing Emerged and Thrived

...Although marketing is believed to be as old as commerce we cannot declare that ancient Greeks for example, knew the connection between production, markets and competition. It is however sure that during the middle ages the first steps of creating the idea of marketing were made by the edition of „the first formal analysis of buyers motivation”(Egan 2008: pg 5) by Thomas Aquinas (1225-74). This essay is about the histories of marketing, the changes that have occured and the changes in the future concerning marketing discipline. Concerning the conception of what we call modern marketing we need to observe the end of 19th centuries North America where thanks to several factors including both the first and second Industrial Revolutions the basics of consumer market has changed from sellers to buyers. At the beginning of the 20th century a new concern helped the extension of marketing theories: literature. Bartel (1976) belives that „The emergence of marketing research was itself the result of growing pressure to produce and apply accurate knowledge to the field and to bring the methods of science to the field of marketing”(Egan, 2008: pg 7). During the period of conceptualization (Bartel, 1976), which durated from 1910 to 1920, the word ’marketing’ gained new meanings. It wasn’t necessarily referred to commerce anymore, then Ralph Starr Butler (1882-1971), a pioneer in marketing, taught that ’’marketing was all about coordination, planning and the management of complex......

Words: 1495 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Dinosaurs in the Bible

...DINOSAURS IN THE BIBLE There are a number of places where it appears that dinosaurs or other similar creatures are mentioned in the scriptures. Remember that the Bible was translated into English long before the word "dinosaur" was coined. However, the word "dragon" appears 21 times in the Old Testament alone. "You shall tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shall you trample under feet" (Psalm 91:13). From the context it is clearly speaking about a real creature that it would be impressive and intimidating to step on! Jeremiah 51:34 tells, "he has swallowed me up like a dragon..." which brings to mind the way many carnivorous reptiles swallow their prey whole. Both dragons of the sea (Psalm 74:13) and field (Isaiah 43:20) are mentioned. Indeed, Genesis 1:21 can best be translated: "And God created great sea monsters..." One such sea monster became sufficiently well-known to the ancients to be given the special name "Rahab" (Isaiah 51:9). The prophet Ezekiel likens Pharaoh to a sea monster that invaded the Nile river and stirred up the mud (32:2). The Hebrew word, "Tannin," is from the root meaning "to extend." The language conjures up an image of a long-necked plesiosaur-like creature paddling up the river and stirring up mud from the Nile delta with its flippers. Just such a creature is depicted by the ancient Egyptians who may have netted one just as Ezekiel describes in verse 3. Job is the oldest book in the Bible. This book is very......

Words: 1353 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Bible

...Religion on Earth looked very primitive. Their minds haven't evolved to the point where they can comprehend accepting things that they don't understand. They are still in the early stages of religion where they can only understand spirituality by confining it to their own human form and emotions. For example, their "God" is thought of as a guy with a robe. And they often talk about what he "feels". They don't understand that spirituality is much bigger than that. And that it includes things that the "religious" often deny, like scientific principals, physics and quantum mechanics that are far more elegant than what they have developed to comprehend. They must put them into a human context because they still think they need to completely understand something before it actually exists. They also believe that nothing, including universal and perfect laws of physics is more powerful than the characters they fabricate. They don't realize yet that they are talking about the same things that we already know. I expect that within the next five hundred to a thousand years, they will be able to break free of this limitation and see the higher power in the universe itself - that there are many things that, when we do figure them out, show themselves as complex, yet perfect, and that these forces in the universe are what hold the power of everything that happens here. These forces act as we know, with what appears to be massive intelligence, but not intelligence that even our minds......

Words: 1104 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Bible

...Unlike the narratives of women in the Old Testament, whose role are almost surrounding conceiving and giving birth, the New Testament sets up a distinct account of women role-followers of Jesus’ ministry. What can we assume from the Gospels is the prominence of women in the journey of Jesus’ preachment. Though subordinated to other disciples and mentioned little in the text, Mary Magdalene is the one singling out who exemplifies the worship of Jesus in sprit and truth and her loyalty to the savior even outshines some male followers. Edith Deen’s in his All of The Women of The Bible says, “Her faith is a monument to the healing power of Jesus. Her action in serving him and ministering to him when the mob had turned against him is characteristic of woman in Bible history at her best.” Despite the danger and threat when Jesus was accused by Jewry, Mary and other female followers still keep advocating and trusting in Jesus and their commitment to Jesus are so deep inside their hearts than any other disciples, which we can observe from the critical events of Jesus’ death, burial and resurrection. Who was actually witnessing all the events taking place and not leaving? Not the male disciples but precisely the women followers. At the time when they found out Jesus’ body were removed from the tomb, who did return first, no the women but Jesus’ beloved male followers. As we can presume, those women followers sincerely conform to Jesus and trust what he stresses, “I did not say......

Words: 1255 - Pages: 6