Free Essay

Tele

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Shxnelle
Words 701
Pages 3
1. Make a sketch of how a local telephone network interfaces with a long distance telephone network.

2. Make a sketch of how a long distance telephone network interfaces with an international telephone network.

3. Explain what is meant by interoffice trunk connection.
A connection between two telephone central switching offices. The basic trunk line is called a T1 line. They provide many connections in a single cable, originally they were bundles of copper wire twisted pairs but now are often just a single fiber optic line.

4. I’ve decided to call my friend Jane who lives next door. Jane’s telephone line and my telephone line are both served out of the Oak Street CO. Draw the call path between Jane’s telephone and my telephone.

5. I now need to call my friend Ernie who lives on the other side of town and is served out of the Monroe Street CO. Draw the call path between Ernie’s telephone and my telephone.

6. I decide that I need to call my friend Jose who lives two states away. Trace the call path between my telephone set hanging off the Oak Street CO in Burlington, Vermont, and Jose’s telephone set hanging off the Clinton Street CO in Muncie, Indiana.

7. After talking with Jose, I realize I haven’t talked with my friend Karl who lives in Denmark for some time and decide to call him. Trace the call path between telephone hanging off the Oak Street CO in Burlington, Vermont, U.S.A., and Karl’s telephone hanging off the Boulevard Street CO in Copenhagen, Denmark. 8. Connections are built between switches, whether the switches are used to switch local calls or long distance calls. The circuits connection the switches are of different types of media. List the three common types of media used to connect two switches together.

9. What is a T1 circuit used for?
There is T1 which is, as we have discussed, a network that has a speed of 1.544 Mbps and was designed for voice circuits or "channels" (24 per each T1 line or "trunk"). 10. Define the term LATA.
Local access transport area (LATA)—LATAs are the geographic calling areas within which an RBOC may provide local and long-distance services. 11. Define the term intraLATA.
IntraLATA is local telephone service. InterLATA refers to a call from one LATA to another, which can be within a state or from state to state (interstate). 12. Define the term interLATA.
InterLATA is a call that is placed within one LATA (Local Access Transport Area) and received in a different LATA. These calls are carried by a long distance company. 13. List the three types of data networks described in the chapter.
Dialup network, dedicated data circuits and packet networks 14. Draw a dial-up data connection.

15. What is the difference between an ILEC and a CLEC?
CLEC is a competitive local exchange carrier that offers telephone services in local areas
ILEC is an incumbent local exchange carrier must allow CLECs to connect to their end-office switches or to their access tandem

16. What is the difference between a BLEC and a DLEC?
Data Local Exchange Carrier is a CLEC that specializes in DSL services primarily by leasing lines from local phone companies and reselling them to ISPs.
Building Local Exchange Carrier is a network service provider that partners with real estate owners and managers in order to provide broadband services within an apartment house or office building. The BLEC may provide only connectivity or full ISP services including Web hosting and ASP capabilities

17. What is the difference between a CAP and an IXC?
A CAP (competitive access provide) company that provides fiber optic links to connect urban business customers to IXCs, bypassing the LEC. Once these fiber optic links are in place in major metropolitan areas, CAPs can begin to expand their service offerings An IXC (interexchange carrier) is a long-distance company, such as AT&T or MCI that provides telephone and data services between LATAs. 18. What is the difference between an ASP and ISP?
ASP means active server pages and ISP means Internet service provider 19. What is an ICP?…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Airtel Profile

...COMPANY PROFILE Bharti Tele-Ventures was incorporated on July 7, 1995 as a company with limited liability under the Companies Act, for promoting telecommunications services. Bharti Tele-Ventures received certificate for commencement of business on January 18, 1996. The Company was initially formed as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Bharti Telecom Limited. Bharti Airtel Ltd is one of the world's leading providers of telecommunication. Airtel has GSM network in all countries in which it operates, providing 2G, 3G and 4G services depending upon the country of operation. Airtel is the world's third largest mobile telecommunications company with over 261 million subscribers across 150 countries as of August 2012. It is the largest cellular service provider in India, with 183.61 million subscribers as of November 2012.[5] Airtel is the third largest in-country mobile operator by subscriber base, behind China Mobile and China Unicom. The chronology of events since Bharti Tele-Ventures was incorporated in 1995 is as follows: Calendar year & Events 1995 - Bharti Cellular launched cellular services 'AirTel' in Delhi 1996 - Bharti Telenet launched cellular services in Himachal Pradesh 1997 - British Telecom acquired a 21.05% equity interest in Bharti Cellular - Bharti Telenet obtained a license for providing fixed-line services in Madhya Pradesh circle 1998 - First Indian private fixed-line services launched in Indore in the Madhya Pradesh circle on June 4, 1998 by Bharti Telenet......

Words: 1131 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Intro to Tele

...3. Explain what is meant by interoffice trunk connection. • An interoffice trunk connection is a direct trunk between the local central offices in the same exchange 8. Connections are built between switches, whether the switches are used to switch local or long distance calls. The circuits connecting the switches are of different types of media. List the three common types of media used to connect two switches together. • Shared Trunks, Intermachine Trunks IMT), and Feature Group Trunks. 9. What is a T1 circuit used for? • A T1 circuit is a dedicated digital data circuit transmitted over copper wiring and is used to carry voice and data at speeds up to 1.544 million bits per second (1.5Mbps) using 24 "channels" or timeslots. 10. Define the term LATA. • LATAs are Local Access and transport area. Geographic areas defined after the Modified Judgment of 1982. 11. Define the term intraLATA. • Are calls that travel within the LATA. 12. Define the term interLATA. • InterLATA are calls that travel outside of the LATA, and may have an extra charged attached (long distance). 13. List the three types of data networks described in this chapter. • Dial-up Network, Dedicated Data Circuits, and Packet Networks – The Internet. 14. Draw a dial-up data connection. [pic]15. What is the difference between an ILEC and a CLEC? • ILEC is the Incumbent Local Exchange Carrier is the local telephone company that serves an area before the 1986 Telephone Act. The CLEC is the Competitive...

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Tele Communication Network

... |Sandeep Kumar | | |[pic] | | |sandeep_sidhwani@yahoo.com | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | |+92 333 717 3723 (preferred) | | | | | | | | |[pic] ...

Words: 448 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Act of 2003 and Act of 1991

...register on online or through the toll-call-national number in which will protect the Consumers rights of not having calls by Tele-marketers for five years span. After the five years span consumers have the right to renew their phone numbers every five years on this National Registry List and Telemarketers are responsible to update their list every three months by doing so they would not be fined. If they do not honor the National Registry List they will be fined up to amount of $11,000 dollars for their violation. Noted by (Bagner), (Evansburg), (Watson), and (Welch) ( 2003), the Article FTC’s “ Do-Not-Call Program passes Congress” and received funding the National Registry fees will be collected principally from Tele-marketers. Tele-marketers complained that the cost associated with the National Registry could reach into the millions of dollars including Federal Trade Commission or FTC’s fees and expenses, such as new equipment and operator training. However, Tele-marketing is a billion dollar industry so bear the cost and fees or get out of the business. The information technology for this act Do-Not-Call Implementation Act of 2003 was informed from the Internet, WorldWideWeb, plus updated equipment to protect Consumers and the Tele-marketers Company to uphold ethical issue of Consumers rights as a Nation Wide law with this Registry list and uphold the Tele-marketers from breaking such laws that was put in place from this Act in which, broken they will be fined a......

Words: 993 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Act of 2003 and 1991

...on online or through the toll-call-national number in which will protect the Consumers rights of not having calls by Tele-marketers for five years span. After the five years span consumers have the right to renew their phone numbers every five years on this National Registry List and Telemarketers are responsible to update their list every three months by doing so they would not be fined. If they do not honor the National Registry List they will be fined up to amount of $11,000 dollars for their violation. Also noted by (Bagner), (Evansburg), (Watson), and (Welch) ( 2003), the Article FTC’s “ Do-Not-Call Program passes Congress” and received funding the National Registry fees will be collected principally from Tele-marketers. Tele-marketers complained that the cost associated with the National Registry could reach into the millions of dollars including Federal Trade Commission or FTC’s fees and expenses, such as new equipment and operator training. However, Tele-marketing is a billion dollar industry so bear the cost and fees or get out of the business. The information technology for this act Do-Not-Call Implementation Act of 2003 was informed from the Internet, World Wide Web, plus updated equipment to protect Consumers and the Tele-marketers Company to uphold ethical issue of Consumers rights as a Nation-Wide law with this Registry list and uphold the Tele-marketers from breaking such laws that was put in place from this Act in which, broken they will be fined a hefty......

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Tele

...Television is a form of media that has great ability to influence and brainwash the viewing public. The talking box in one’s living room has assumed the overpowering role it plays today as a result of the weakness of society. This may seem like a negative view but a society’s strength is based on the relationships between people and when so much time is spent away from others and together with the media, the actions that take place are often times a reflection of what television presents. In President Clinton’s speech, he brings forth this very point and he acknowledges the family’s increasing weakness and calls on all people to bring back the values of the past and stop the media from playing such a huge role in our community. The overwhelming influence of the media is a constant threat to the maintenance of traditional family values and to the protection of our children’s future. Nevertheless, television cannot be changed for it is too big and powerful but compromises can be made that can strengthen society and help keep certain values protected. Over the past decades, people have less and less time in their hands due to careers, divorces and the constant struggle for success. This unfortunately, is resulting in parents spending less time with their children, which is an important responsibility that no one or nothing can replace. President Clinton said, “television… may be the third parent, but it can’t be the first or the second”(Clinton, p.173). The focus on......

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Organizational Change Plan Part Ii

...permanent, for at least a desired period of time” (p. 29). The stakeholder’s agreement to implement a Telemedicine Intensive Care Unit (tele-ICU) in the Medical Intensive Care Unit (MICU) becomes operational. The second part of this Organizational Change Plan focuses on strategies for implementing a tele-ICU in the MICU. The chief medical director assigns a project manager to the project to oversee the implementation of the tele-ICU. The project manager schedules large weekly meetings with the stakeholders to ensure everyone is completing their assigned tasks. The project manager has an issues log containing issues categorized by subject, owner, and pending due date or completed date. The purpose of the issues log is to track and resolve issues as identified to keep the project moving forward. If the stakeholders in the meeting cannot resolve the issues, the project manager reviews the issues with the chief medical director for resolution. In addition, the project manager schedules small group meeting with different departments. The small groups report to the larger group to keep everyone abreast of all activities. The clinical subgroup committee is a group that oversees the clinical integration of this project. The tele-ICU clinicians reside in the Cincinnati VA medical center. These clinicians have experience in managing the tele-ICU. The Cincinnati clinicians met with the Cleveland clinicians, the MICU manager, the ICU educator, and a staff nurse......

Words: 1760 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Shared Virtual Space Technologies

...Introduction The aim of this paper is focusing on discussion of some relevant topics from ISYS100 course which enables students to learn more about the impacts of information technology on our lives and society. The development and improvement of new technology are continuously to change and improve our lives and some areas of industries in various ways such as education, communication and entertainment. In this paper I explore three types of advanced Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality and Tele-immersion technologies compare some distinguish characteristics between them as well as some of the ramification of these technologies on current and future life. Virtual Reality This topic was a sub-topic discussed in week 5 of the ISYS100 course which briefly introduced what Virtual Reality is about and how people perceive this new trend and concepts of inventing and sharing a virtual space in the future. The term of "virtual reality" is described as new interactive software programs which allow the user to immerse into a 3D surreal environment that is generated by a computer. The sight and sound from the three-dimensional monitor stimulates senses of reality; even the users are able to feel and touch the objects (Human Factors and Ergonomics Society 2006). The ultimate immersed experience is when the users are allowed to move around, touch things, and talk in this virtual environment. Virtual Reality (VR) −Virtual −Interactive −Immersive Familiarity with......

Words: 1955 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Value of Ratio Analysis in Decision Making for Health Care Organizations

...help care for their patients. Home health care must be able to maintain the competiveness, maintain financial security and deliver quality patient care. These are some of the factors motivating our current change of implementing the Tele health Program. Monitoring the Implementation of the Tele health Program Monitoring the implementation of the telehealth program begins with the training and education of nurses and physical therapists so that they may acquire the skills required for hands on use of the new system. All current and newly employed clinicians will need to complete the learning modules on the use of the telehealth program system. Practice monitors will be made available and kept in the office classroom for those who wish to practice with the unit. Team managers will also be trained as an additional resource persons for those needing assistance when visiting patients in the field. The Telehealth Resource Center will educate and test in clinical competency of the telehealth monitoring system. Initially, a trainer will accompany each clinician in the field and observe the clinician’s skill in setting up the system within the patient’s home .The clinician will receive a certification in tele-monitoring upon completion of the course and demonstration of hands on skill. The certification will be renewed yearly to keep abreast of new technologies and to maintain skill level. Moving forward, in attempts to place the......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Tele

...I love television with all my heart, I also hate it with a passion. I have many reasons for my emotional dyslexic connection to television. I love the feeling I get when Thursday rolls around and the Apprentice is on NBC. Who will be eliminated tonight? What will their task be? I love Home and Garden Television. They do home renovations in two days time, show us how to plan and carry out a fabulous dinner party in an evening, and demonstrate how to create fabulous decorations for any holiday season. DIY or Do It Yourself television is equally inspiring, though neither are actually inspiring enough for me to have attempted any of the projects I learned about, but that is beside the point. When I would talk about different shows, my friend would get a confused look on his face and say, “I’m not familiar with that show, if it’s not on PBS then I wouldn’t have seen it.” That is the defining statement of a PBS snob, he admits it. Different people could fill in the ‘PBS’ designation with the ‘History Channel’ or the ‘Discovery Channel’. At that point I knew it was futile to even attempt to convey how funny the show was that I watched, it would have been lost on him. There is a sense of superiority when people say, “Oh, I don’t watch television.” Like we immediately picture them reading War and Peace instead of watching the finale of The Bachelor. I think of them as alcoholics that don’t allow themselves to watch any television because they would soon find themselves sitting......

Words: 1337 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Les Enfants Passent Trop de Temps Devant La Télé. Etes – Vous D’accord?

...jouant des jeux vidéo, soit en regardant des émissions – qui n’est pas bien pour le développement du cerveau. Aussi, apart les risques pour la santé associé avec la télévision – comme l’effet sur la durée de la concentration – un enfant pourrait faire du sport au lieu de regarder la télé, donc en plus la télé est lié avec un grand problème de l'obésité en Angleterre. D’autre part c’est une déclaration très generalisé de dire que chaque enfant est la même, parce qu’il y a beaucoup d’enfants qui ne regardent la télé aussi souvent. Dans mon école primaire, j’ai eu quelques amis qui n’avais pas la permission de regarder la television du tout. Chez–moi, ma mere l’a interdit, sauf que pendant le weekend, parce qu'elle a pensé que la television a affecté notre travaille scolaire. Si j'étais permit de me reposer devant une émission, normalement je choisirais une documentaire au une chose comme ça, donc la télé peut avoir un effet positif ainsi que negatif. Donc pour faire le point de l'affaire: d’une part je connais des enfants qui ne regardent jamais la télé, mais d’autre part il y a des enfants à l’autre extrême. Selon moi dans l'avenir c'est important d’assurer que les enfants qui regardent trop de la télé, regarderont moins....

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Coconut Tele

...Case 14-3 Coconut Telegraph 1) No it does not. According to ASC 985-605-15-4a, “Arrangements for products or services containing software that is incidental to the products or services as a whole.” The key word is incidental, which means it accompanies, but not a major part of something. In Buffet’s case, Coconut does not offer the system without the software because it is key to the functionality of the system. 2) Under ASC 985-605-25-3, revenue shall be recognized when all of the following criteria are met: Persuasive evidence of an arrangement exists, delivery has occurred, the vendor’s fee is fixed or determinable, collectability is probable. Coconut has contract signed, delivery has occurred, Coconut’s price for the Volcano system is fixed, and cash has already been collected. Coconut will recognize revenue of $12,000 as of February 1st, 2012. 3) Under ASC 985-605-25-47 “additional software products are included in a post contract customer support arrangement, the revenue allocable to the additional software products be accounted for separately from the post contract customer support arrangement as an element of a multiple-element arrangement. Since it is stated that Coconut and Buffet came to a “separate contract” on May 1st 2012, the separate contract will be treated as a multiple-element arrangement and accounted as such. 4) Under ASC 985-605-25-88 “If an arrangement to deliver software… requires significant production, modification… the service......

Words: 380 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Marketing

...Official Language. Under Secretary Shri V. Ram Kumar Tele. No. 23092872 I.Com 5061 Room No. 234 North Block Deputy Secretary Sh. Sagar Mehra Tele.No.23092100 Internal No. 5089 Room No.66-C North Block. Email: sagar.mehra@nic.in Joint Secretary Shri Prabodh Saxena Tel No.23094452 I.Com 5013 Room No. 40-B North Block Email: kumarsanjayk@gmail.com • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Name and designation of officers Section Officer Shri Harnam Singh Tele. No. 23095111 I.Com 5111 Room No. 230 North Block Email:harnam_singh@yahoo.com 2. • • • • • • • • Administration IA All administrative/establishment matters including personal matters and terminal benefits pertaining to ex-cadre posts, both Gazetted and non-Gazetted. All administrative/establishment matters pertaining to IES officers posted in DEA. Appointment of Consultants. Framing/Amending of Recruitment Rules for all ex-cadre posts borne on the strength of DEA. Filling up of all ex-cadre posts. Sanction of all type of loans and advances and related matters in respect of staff mentioned at Sl. No. (i) & (ii) above. Cases pertaining to issue of CGHS card and medical reimbursement in respect of officers holding ex-cadre posts as mentioned in (i) & (ii) above. Forwarding of application for the membership of Finance Library/Central Secretariat in respect of staff mentioned at Sl. No.(i) & (ii) above. 2 Name and designation of officers Section Officer Ms. G.S. Chitra Tele. No. 23095110 I.Com 5110 Room No. 230 North......

Words: 24651 - Pages: 99

Free Essay

Tele India

...The overall Tele-density in India increased from 76.75 at the end of September, 2014 to 77.07 at the end of October, 2014. The Urban Tele-density increased from 148.07 to 148.10 and Rural Tele-density increased from 44.96 to 45.39 in the month of October 2014. The shares of urban subscribers and rural subscribers at the end of October, 2014 were 59.27% and 40.73% respectively. Total wireless subscriber base increased from 930.20 million at the end of September, 2014 to 935.35 million at the end of October, 2014, thereby registering a monthly growth rate of 0.55%. Wireless subscription in urban areas increased from 547.70 million at the end of September, 2014 to 548.78 million at the end of October, 2014. The wireless subscription in rural areas increased from 382.50 million to 386.57 million during the same period. The monthly growth rates of urban and rural wireless subscription were 0.20% and 1.06% respectively. Circle wise Overall Tele-density October All India Assam Bihar Madhya Pradesh J&K UP Odisha North East Rajasthan Andhra Pradesh West Bengal Haryana Gujarat Maharashtra Karnataka Kerala Punjab Himachal Pradesh Tamil Nadu Delhi 77.07 50.71 48.33 57.52 70.97 57.86 63.93 72.72 76.51 81.53 73.81 80.79 93.56 92.43 94.56 96.29 103.88 110.24 115.16 233.42 The Wireless Tele-density in India increased from 74.55 at the end of September, 2014 to 74.89 at the end of October, 2014. The Urban Wireless......

Words: 2435 - Pages: 10

Free Essay

Tele

...“Papel Prensa LA VERDAD” Secretaría de Comercio Interior Ministerio de Economía y Finanzas Públicas Presidencia de la Nación Agosto de 2010 0 INDICE Agradecimiento……………….. 2 Presentación…………………... 3 Introducción…………………... 17 Desarrollo……………………... 112 Conclusión……………………. 206 Anexo…………………………. 216 1 AGRADECIMIENTO Todo el material para esta investigación administrativa, ha sido posible obtenerlo a partir de la desinteresada colaboración prestada por instituciones y organismos públicos y privados. Agradecemos especialmente a aquellas personas que habiendo sido actores de estos hechos, permitieron a través de sus relatos reconstruir una etapa de la historia en la cual se ejecutaron los más oscuros y horrorosos actos de violencia física, moral y psicológica que los seres humanos pueden sufrir. Es de destacar el interés manifiesto en la búsqueda de la Verdad, demostrado por todas las instituciones, organismos y personas que de una manera u otra, y desde sus respectivos lugares, ayudaron con sus aportes para que a través de la presente, se iluminara una parte de la historia que pretendió ser sumergida en la oscuridad hasta caer en la negación, la mentira y el olvido. Agradezco especialmente al equipo interdisciplinario, integrante de esta Secretaría, que con pasión y patriotismo, buscó alcanzar el objetivo definido en la Resolución 126/10. A todos ellos, gracias por permitir que la Verdad sobre Papel Prensa S.A. sea alcanzada,...

Words: 68825 - Pages: 276