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Tb in Nigeria

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Tuberculosis in Nigeria
Augusta Williams
University of South Alabama

Tuberculosis in Nigeria
Tuberculosis (TB) is a communicable airborne disease that has no respect of age, gender, color or nationality, and globally, it is a major health problem. This paper will discuss the global importance and economic impact of TB, human and financial resource allocation for TB in Nigeria, health policies and initiatives related to TB in Nigeria, overall progress made and resources not already appropriated that is needed to combat TB in Nigeria.
Significance and Economic Impact
According to CDC (2013), the United States has made significant progress towards eradicating TB while other countries worldwide are struggling to find an end to the disease. CDC also reported that, 62% of all reported incidents of TB and 82.7% of multidrug-resistant TB events in the United States were found amongst persons that originated from other countries, and over 75% of these people were born in other countries ("Global TB," 2013). About nine million new cases of TB and nearly two million deaths are reported each year globally ("Global TB," 2013).
Nigeria is located in West Africa, and it is ranked the tenth among the 22 High Burden Countries and the fourth in Africa with TB ("Stoptb," 2013). According to Stoptb (2013), the exact burden of TB disease in Nigeria in terms of incidence, prevalence, socio-economic indices and mortality is unknown. However, World Health Organization (WHO) in 2011 estimated 320,000 cases of TB with yearly occurrence of 199 cases per 000 populations and 210,000 new cases representing an event rate of 133 per 000 populations ("Stoptb," 2013).
Globally TB slows development and deprives the third world countries of an estimated $1 to $3 trillion, where 94 percent of TB cases and 98 percent of TB mortalities have been reported to have occurred ("TBAlliance," 2013).…...

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