Premium Essay

Sugar Industry

In: Business and Management

Submitted By prapva
Words 29039
Pages 117
DETAILED PROJECT REPORT
OF

2500 TCD SUGAR WITH 14 MW COGENERATION PLANT

For
OM SUGARS PVT LTD.,
BC – 132 LODGE ROAD, BOGARVES CAMP, BELGAUM

By
Ugar Consultancy Ltd., Ugar Khurd, Tq Athani Dist Belgaum
MAY 2011

Contents
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY HIGHLIGHTS OF THE PROJECT 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. INTRODUCTION NEED FOR THE PROJECT SUGAR CANE AVAILABILITY PRODUCT SALE POLICY TECHNO COMMERCIAL ASPECTS LOCATION AND SITE ASSOCIATED DETAILS TECHNICAL FEATURES (SPECIFICATIONS) OF MAJOR EQUIPMENTS 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. DESCRIPTION OF MAJOR PROCESS RISK ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT PROJECT COST ESTIMATION PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE MANPOWER REQUIREMENT LIST OF ANNEXURES 13. ANNEXURE – I KERC / KPTCL POLICY LIST OF APPENDICES 14. 15. APPENDIX – I BAGASSE ANALYSIS APPENDIX – II CANE TRASH ANALYSIS 124 125 118 – 123 85 – 97 98 – 104 105 – 109 110 – 114 115 – 117 1–8 9 – 11 12 – 16 17 – 19 20 – 36 37 – 39 40 – 47 48 – 59 60 – 84

16. 17.

APPENDIX – III RICE HUSK ANALYSIS APPENDIX – IV COAL ANALYSIS LIST OF DRAWINGS

126 127

18.

DRAWING – I BAGASSE BALANCE – SEASON OPERATION

128

19. 20. 21.

DRAWING – II STEAM BALANCE – SEASON OPERATION DRAWING – III POWER BALANCE – SEASON OPERATION DRAWING – IV STEAM BALANCE – NON CRUSHING OPERATION

129 130 131

22.

DRAWING – V POWER BALANCE – NON CRUSHING OPERATION

132

23.

DRAWING – VI HEAT & MASS BALANCE - SEASON OPERATION

133

24.

DRAWING – VII HEAT & MASS BALANCE – NON CRUSHING SEASON

134

25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

DRAWING – VIII LAYOUT DRAWING (TENTATIVE) FINANCIAL PROJECTIONS ASSUMPTIONS FOR PROJECTIONS HIGHLIGHTS OF PROJECTIONS SCHEDULES A – H ANNEXURES 1 TO 17

135 137 137 – 139 140 – 142 143 – 152 153 - 172

Executive Summary Preamble (Process Description)
1.1 Sugarcane grown in the field will be harvested after maturity and harvested cane (de-trashed) will be brought to the…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Introduction to Sugar Industry

...Introduction The world sugar market is experiencing considerable changes in prices. The global sugar stocks, which had been plunging constantly, experienced its lowest in 2010-11 at 165.68 million tonnes. This was due to the drought conditions occuring throughout the world, leading to lower production. However, high demands for sugar has caused a surge in the market prices. World sugar prices dropped in 2012, due to a “bumper crop” around the globe which lead to the decrease in international sugar prices. [1]In 2012 the global production increased by 6% to 171 mn tn from 162 mn tn when comparison to the last year. Increase in production will be seen in 2012-13 majorly due to the rise in production in Brazil and China. International demand for sugar is anticipated to highten in 2012-13 but at a slow rate.[2] Brazil is the major producer and exporter of sugar, and is termed as the "global trading nation". Brazil has acquired a position as the "price-setter" in the world sugar market. Recently, the production costs increased in Brazil and in other major export countries like Australia and Thailand, which has resulted in an increase in the value of their currency in comparison to dollars.[3] In India, sugar production increased by 6.6% in 2011-12 to 26 mn tn from 24.4 mn tn when compared to the previous year. The country's production will surpass the domestic consumption in 2012-13 season that starts in October. Although the production decreased in Maharashtra and Karnataka......

Words: 686 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Quotas and Sugar

...justified at times. The US sugar policy is a long standing policy that is highly beneficial to sugar growers and a source of controversy for industries that rely on sugar. Government quotas are enacted to benefit domestic industries. The most prevalent reasons for quotas are: protecting domestic employment, hedging against low foreign wages, protecting infant industries, combating unfair trade and ensuring notational security. Foreign imports produced overseas using workers making lower wages would enjoy pricing advantages to domestic goods, so they may have a quota set. Infant industries in a country have to build up to compete with imports that may enjoy and advantage in economies of scale. Unfair trade occurs when products are dumped onto a market at below market price, possibly even below production price, a quota would at least limit that kind of tactic. If a good is seen as important to the security of the economy, which is a national security interest quotas can help protect that industry (Import Quotas, 2013). Export subsidies encourage domestic industries to export goods by increasing the revenue businesses receive by exporting goods. This may be to compete with foreign goods that are subsidized themselves or have a lower price for any number of reasons. When used judiciously these protectionist policies can be beneficial to industries but there is a concern about how they may affect domestic consumers. US sugar policy sets a floor for sugar prices and guarantees......

Words: 454 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sugar

...Sugar has long been an essential crop of the Caribbean countries and the news of reform has left the islands scrambling to maintain a viable economy. In order to understand how the islands economies became so dependent on sugar, it must be made clear how sugar became so important, the extent of the Caribbean's dependency on preferential pricing and how the preferences have been reformed. The sugar industry has been a part of the Caribbean since shortly after being discovered and colonized by people of the western world. Its importance can be seen through significant historical changes such as slavery, indentured servitude and finally through independence. The sugar industry creates a significant amount of jobs for the uneducated residents of the Caribbean. According to McDonald (2003) it was estimated in two thousand and three that the industry employed approximately one hundred and twenty-five thousand workers in both direct and indirect employment that otherwise may be unemployed. It served as a tourist attraction and was a major ingredient in the production of Molasses and Rum, both of which generated significant export revenues. Most importantly, sugar exported to the member countries of the European Union generated significant revenues. The European Union (EU) sugar program as it was original implemented in nineteen sixty-eight, served to facilitate competitiveness by compensating intuitional price cuts for sugar with direct income payments. The program consisted of a......

Words: 404 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Impact of Government Allocation on the Sugar Industry

...|Name: Ritika Kanodia | |Roll No. 30 | |Semester: 6th | |Supervisor: Mr. Shantanu P.Chakraborty | |Industry: Sugar Industry | |Title: Impact of Government allocation on the Sugar Industry | Dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Undergraduate Degree in Bachelor of Business Administration (Honours) J. D. Birla Institute at the Jadavpur University at Kolkata 13/06/2011 The Controller of Examination, Jadavpur University, Kolkata Respected sir, This research work has been done by me and is an original work. The references used have been mentioned in the bibliography. My University Registration no. is 104748 of 2008-2009 and my sixth semester examination...

Words: 14257 - Pages: 58

Premium Essay

Sugar

...business. The third section of the business plan will further describe the services offered by the T-Shirt Company. 1.2 The Financing Mr. Doe is seeking to raise $100,000 from as a bank loan. The interest rate and loan agreement are to be further discussed during negotiation. This business plan assumes that the business will receive a 10 year loan with a 9% fixed interest rate. 1.3 Mission Statement The T-Shirt Company’s mission is to provide high quality t-shirt printing services to individuals and businesses while concurrently developing a line of proprietary t-shirts for distribution to the general public. 1.4 Mangement Team The Company was founded by John Doe. Mr. Doe has more than 10 years of experience in the apparel industry. Through his expertise, he will be able to bring the operations of the business to profitability within its first year of operations. 1.5 Sales Forecasts Mr. Doe expects a strong rate of growth at the start of operations. Below are the expected financials over the next three years....

Words: 387 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sugar

.... At 5:30 am the slaves would be sent to the fields with their breakfast. A register would be called and if a slave was absent he would be beaten. Their breakfast at 8:00, consisted of Boiled Yam, Eddoes and Okra which were all seasoned with Salt and Pepper. Work on the sugar Plantation now started, this is where the majority of the Slaves worked. It continued till 12:00 and was a very tiring time. The sugar cane can range from a height of 4 feet to 12 feet or more. Knives were used to cut the stems of the cane and then were at the end of the day, carried to a sugar mill. Here a different set of workers would squeeze the sugar cane to get the precious juice that is used to create sugar. This was a very important job so the smallest mistakes would be punished severely. From 12:00 to 2:00 pm the slaves were allowed to leave their work and have dinner. These often consisted of meaty dishes, as they contain lots of protein which is needed to use muscle. .From 2:00 to 6:00 the slaves had to continue with their work. This was often the time when problems would occur. Many weak slaves would faint in the evenings from extreme heat, and overworking. If this was to happen they would be whipped. At 6:00 the slaves were allowed to return to their huts. After eating bread and butter, or some other light dinner at their hut, they would either be sent to bed, or in the summer forced to work in the boiling house. 3. When the African Slaves were enslaved, they sang slave songs.......

Words: 401 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sugar

...to talk about “What factors really determine the price of sugar in the USA?” based on the Financial Times article “Commodities: A sweet deal”. I divided the presentation in 3 parts. Firstly, I give a short introduction. Secondly, I speak about the determining factors and lastly I give a short summarise about the topic. [Click] 2. Slide: Ok, let’s start with the frame conditions of this topic. Sugar was once a luxury product and the demand for sweets is in our genes. Today, you can get sugar everywhere. [Click] The sugar market is one of the world’s strongest protected and supported market for agricultural products. [Click] The USA is the fifth-largest sugar producer in the world [Click] and the U.S. sugar policy used quotas and restricted imports to balance supply and demand. [Click] The purpose of these restrictions [Click] is the increase of the sugar price in the U.S. market. [Click] The question is “What really influences the sugar price in the USA?” We will see on the next slides. [Click] 3. Slide: On this slide we see on the left side the Price-Quantity-Diagram with the red supply curve and the blue demand curve, [Click] which is extensively inelastic. [Click] That’s means the percentage change in the price is higher than the percentage change in the quantity. A good example of an inelastic demand is the U.S. sugar-market, which is very price sensitive. Ok, let’s look at the supply curve. [Click] If the sugar supply rises, the supply curve shifts to the right side.......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Scenerio Analysis of Sugar Industry in India

...sales quota in sugar industry CHENNAI: Food and agriculture minister Sharad Pawar said on Friday he favoured ending the government's role in fixing sales quota in sugar industry, adding that the government would consider withdrawing controls on the sector after assessing the likely sugar production in 2010-11 crop year. The minister said a decision on decontrolling the sugar industry could be taken if there is good production in the next crop year starting October. At present, the government controls the sugar industry right from fixing the support price of sugarcane and allocating the monthly quota for mills to sale in the open market. "We welcome the minister's statement on decontrol of the sugar market, which was long-awaited," Indian Sugar Mills Association (ISMA) deputy director general M N Rao told a news agency. Sugar industry is heavily regulated, right from cane to sale of sugar. There is a minimum support price for sugarcane and over and above that there is a state advisory price. Sugarcane command area is determined and approved by state governments. Sugar mills can't sell freely in the open market as there are quotas for open sale. "There are multiple spokes in the wheel now. Besides, with nearly 12 to 15 crore people involved with the sugar business, we need to see in what form and shape the decontrol happens. Ideally, total decontrol is the best," K Jayachandra, joint MD of Empee Sugars and Chemicals, told TOI. Pawar acknowledged that sugar sector......

Words: 1252 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Sweet Deals: the Phillipine Sugar Industry

...Prof. Mesina 23 March 2011 Sweet Deals: The Philippine Sugar Industry History From the 19th century until 1970s, sugar has been one of the most important agricultural products in the Philippines. Philippines have been one of top exporter of sugar in the world and the sugar has been one of the pillar of the agricultural Philippine Economy. Jose Maria Zabaleta in his paper discusses the Philippines’ comparative advantage in the sugar industry: “Comparative Advantage The middle islands of the Visayas and the northernmost island of Luzon lie in the typhoon belt of the Pacific Ocean, and its eastern seaboard, often visited by as many as twenty hurricanes a year two or three of which are often considered as destructive, is not suitable for maize, many tree crops, and year round agriculture. Sugarcane, however, grows luxuriantly and well, and suffers little from typhoon damage. It is, therefore, a crop of preference not only because its product, sugar, has a long shelf life and is easily transported, but because the farmer is never really in danger of losing his entire harvest because of its resiliency.”(Jose Maria Zabaleta) Sugar started to be commercially produced in the Philippines during the 18th century. Since then the sugar industry flourished to become a major commodity for export. In the 20th century, the greater demand for sugar in the American Market resulted into growth of the industry. (Jose Maria T. Zabaleta) The United States gave......

Words: 1595 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Sugar

...Sugar I. Introduction A. Rat addicted to cocaine given two plates, one cocaine one sugar a. Rat disregards the plate of cocaine and feasts on the sugar B. What is and what makes sugar so addicting? C. Why is sugar almost unavoidable? II. What is sugar? A. Sugar is a general term used to describe a class of molecules called carbohydrates. Sugars are considered simple carbohydrates which are found in fruits and vegetables also. 1. Sugar has a very vital role in providing fuel for our neuronal nerve cells. 2. There are a lot of forms of sugar such as fructose, sucrose, high fructose corn syrup, lactose, dextrose, and more. III. How it works A. You eat the sugar 1. The sugar activates the sweet taste receptors that send signals to the brain, activating the brains reward system. This is ok, in moderation. B. The sugar hits your stomach 1. There are receptors also in the stomach that send signals to your brain. Sugar is unfortunately empty in nutrition which leaves you still hungry. C. Dopamine is released in the brain in large amounts 1. The chemical released in the brain for pleasure. But the more often you release dopamine from a particular source, the more you grow a tolerance to it. 2. Due to these releases and the tolerance build up, there are people who are susceptible to becoming addicted to these sugary food. D. When sugar is broken down in the body it becomes two simple sugars, Glucose and Fructose. a. Glucose is in every cell and is produced by our......

Words: 457 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sugar

...wanna be needing your love ผมไม่ได้อยากจะต้องการหัวใจของคุณ I just wanna be deep in your love ผมเพียงต้องการแค่การอยู่ในส่วนลึกในหัวใจของคุณ And it’s killing me when you’re away, ooh, baby, และความรู้สึกนี้มันกำลังฆ่าผมในวันที่คุณอยู่ในที่ห่างไกลโอ้ ที่รัก Cause I really don’t care where you are เพราะผมไม่สนอีกแล้วว่าคุณจะอยู่ที่แห่งใด I just wanna be there where you are ผมเพียงต้องการที่จะไปอยู่เคียงข้างในสถานที่ที่คุณอยู่ And I gotta get one little taste และผมต้องได้รับรู้ถึงรสชาติอันเล็กน้อยนี้ Sugar รับน้ำตาลไม๊ Yes, please ครับ กรุณาด้วย Won’t you come and put it down on me? คุณจะกรุณามาและใส่มันให้ผมหน่อยได้ไม๊? I’m right here, ’cause I need ผมอยู่ตรงนี้แล้ว เพราะผมต้องการ Little love and little sympathy ความรักเล็ก ๆ น้อย ๆ และความเห็นใจ Yeah, you show me good loving ใช่แล้ว คุณโปรดแสดงให้ผมได้เห็นสิ่งดี ๆ ที่เรียกว่าความรัก Make it alright โปรดแสดงให้เห็นที ตกลงไม๊ Need a little sweetness in my life ชีวิตผมต้องการความหวานขึ้นอีกนิด Sugar รับน้ำตาลไม๊ Yes, please ครับ กรุณาด้วย Won’t you come and put it down on me? คุณจะกรุณามาและใส่มันให้ผมหน่อยได้ไม๊? My broken pieces ชิ้นส่วนที่แตกสลายของผม You pick them up คุณโปรดเก็บมันขึ้นมา Don’t leave me hanging, hanging อย่าปล่อยให้ผมเคว้งคว้างอยู่แบบนี้เลย Come give me some โปรดมามอบความรักให้ผมบ้าง When I’m without ya เมื่อผมอยู่โดยไม่มีคุณ I’m so insecure ผมรู้สึกไม่มั่นคงเลย You are the one thing, one thing คุณเป็นเหตุผลเดียว I’m living for ที่ทำให้ผมยังมีชีวิตอยู่ I......

Words: 527 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Sugar

...markets: difference between customers, consumers and buyers; importance of identifying who has influence over purchasing decisions Market segmentation: importance; bases for segmentation of consumer markets (geographic, demographic, psychographic, lifestyle); uses of geo-demographic systems to identify and reach target groups eg ACORN, MOSAIC; reasons for choice of target group (accessibility, current and future prospects of group as customers, profitability; ability to service customer group, fit with organisation’s mission) Identifying customers in business to business markets: decision making unit (DMU) Market segmentation: bases for segmentation of business markets (size, region, value, public/private/ voluntary sector, product, industry); benefits for different members of the DMU, eg cost benefits, ongoing relationships, security of supply 2 Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Business – Issue 1 – January 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2009 4 Be able to develop a coherent marketing mix Marketing mix: 4 P’s – product; price; place; promotion; objectives of developing mix (support brand building, satisfy needs and aspirations of targeted group of customers); importance of need for cohesion of different elements of the marketing mix Product: product range; benefits versus features of product or service for targeted customers; concept of product life cycle Price: pricing strategies (premium pricing, penetration pricing, economy pricing, price......

Words: 4051 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

No Sugar

...Stage dramas are created to engage viewers and convey the themes and ideas of the playwright. Stage dramas rely largely on spoken language. Through spoken language characters are created and refined. Davis’ language choices have developed the characters in a way that portrays the characters to be exaggerated colonial stereotypes. Characters are the most vital element of a stage drama; they create the link between the audience and the drama. It is through Jack Davis’ writing that we are led to feel particular ways about most of the characters. No sugar is a play that makes an impact. Jack Davis has chosen not to construct realistic characters, but instead characters that fit into and even sometimes challenge the stereotypes placed on Aboriginal people. Although some characters are exaggerated stereotypes there are also many that aren’t. Every character is constructed in a different way, through dialogue and action. No sugar focuses on the hardships faced by an - albeit stereotypical of the 1930’s - Aboriginal family during the continued colonisation of Australia. Gran is the matriarchal figure of the family; she is the one that tries to ensure the continuation of the Nyoongah culture. She is characterised as strong and often stubborn. Her stubborn attitude throughout the play represents, in some ways, Aboriginal stereotypes. The way that Davis has constructed her creates a bond between her and the audience; the audience becomes attached to her. Through Davis’ choice, Gran’s...

Words: 849 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sugar

...How Sugar is Made - the History It is thought that cane sugar was first used by man in Polynesia from where it spread to India. In 510 BC the Emperor Darius of what was then Persia invaded India where he found "the reed which gives honey without bees". The secret of cane sugar, as with many other of man's discoveries, was kept a closely guarded secret whilst the finished product was exported for a rich profit. It was the major expansion of the Arab peoples in the seventh century AD that led to a breaking of the secret. When they invaded Persia in 642 AD they found sugar cane being grown and learnt how sugar was made. As their expansion continued they established sugar production in other lands that they conquered including North Africa and Spain. Sugar was only discovered by western Europeans as a result of the Crusades in the 11th Century AD. Crusaders returning home talked of this "new spice" and how pleasant it was. The first sugar was recorded in England in 1099. The subsequent centuries saw a major expansion of western European trade with the East, including the importation of sugar. It is recorded, for instance, that sugar was available in London at "two shillings a pound" in 1319 AD. This equates to about US$100 per kilo at today's prices so it was very much a luxury. In the 15th century AD, European sugar was refined in Venice, confirmation that even then when quantities were small, it was difficult to transport sugar as a food grade product....

Words: 15179 - Pages: 61

Premium Essay

Sugar

...Strategy Matrix: 18 SPACE Matrix Analysis: 19 PARTS Analysis: 21 Count Summary Analysis: 22 Further Analysis 23 The Strategy 23 The Strategy Map 24 Financial Perspective 24 Customer Perspective 25 Internal Perspective (Operations) 26 Learning and Growth Perspective 27 Appendix 1-Strategy Map 29 Appendix 2- Balanced Scorecard 30 Executive Summary Wendy’s historically has fared very well within the fast-food industry; they have led or been the front runners in a number of key areas that are of extreme importance to customers. However, while Wendy’s has excelled since inception and been a key member in the big four of the fast-food industry inclusive of Wendy’s, McDonalds, Burger King, and YUM Brands, there are a number of area’s that Wendy’s could improved upon and areas of focus the company should examine more deeply in order to create stronger barriers of entry, to gain more market share, and to ensure that they can continue to grow, expand, and remain relevant even during economic hard times as the world and particularly their industry becomes more globalized. Wendy’s at this time however is in the process of refocusing on its core business function which is providing quality hamburgers and meals. Wendy’s currently has merged with Arby’s and recently spun off their interest in Tim Horton’s and sold their interest in Baja Fresh, two focus on the two brands and providing quality food and excellent service. The purpose of this report is to develop a......

Words: 6665 - Pages: 27