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Storage Devices

In: Historical Events

Submitted By lolololol
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BACKUP STORAGE DEVICES AND MEDIA

|Name/Definition |Picture |Cost |Storage Capacity |Speed |Comments |
|3.5” floppy |[pic] |£3.87 each |About 1.44MB | |Too small for anyone to use. |
|Flash/pen drives |[pic] |£12.25 |32GB |72.51 MB/s |Used to transfer data quickly |
| | | | |111.71 MB/s |and easily |
| | | | | | |
| | | | |Read Write | |
|CD-RW |[pic] |£5.45 (10) |700MB |Burns at 4x |Can burn information onto the |
| | | | |(High speed) |disc |
|DVD-RW |[pic] |£10.50 (25) |4.7GB |Burns at 5x |Same as CD-RW but has more |
| | | | |(High speed) |space (for putting on films |
| | | | | |etc.) |
|CD-R | | | | | |
|DVD-R | | | | | |
|Hard Drive (Internal) | | | | | |
|Hard Drive (External or removable) | | | | | |
|Magnetic Tape Drive | | | | | |
|ZIP Drive | | | | | |
|Internet Backup | | | | | |

OPTICAL MEDIA:
Full Backup
Backup everything on your computer, the systems software, applications software, data etc. usually done periodically over a weekend because it takes too long to do every day.
Incremental Backup
Monday – backup Monday
Tuesday – backup Monday and Tuesday
Wednesday – backup Monday, Tuesday + Wednesday
Etc.
Real-Time Backup
Also known as online backups. It’s much more expensive, only usually big companies that really need it use it.
Offsite data storage. (Warehouse etc.)
Two servers in different places.
RAID (Random array of independent discs) hard drives that can go in and out of the server
Clustering. Having servers in other places to backup in case any go down.
29% go out of business in under 2 years
43% of businesses don’t get to open their doors again
Backup Procedures

Recovery Procedures

Backup strategy
What is to be backed? – Data files, operating system, applications software, systems software, fonts, device drivers, control panel settings.
When is the best time to back up? – Frequency, timing
How should the backup be carried out?
What media should be used and where will it be kept? – Number of factors will influence the decision, seriousness of data, volume of data, and speed in change of data, how quick it will take to recover, cost of various methods
Who has responsibility to ensure the backups are taken? – One person in charge of backing up (network manager), things to consider, testing recovery plan, availability of staff to recover, training of staff to cope/staff their role, availability of equipment, availability of software, availability of communication links.

Full backup – everything backed up
Differential – since the last full backup
Incremental – since the last backup…...

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