Premium Essay

Southern Black Women

In: Historical Events

Submitted By 1234gail
Words 616
Pages 3
Black southern women and the civil rights movement
Southern Black Women in the modern Civil Rights movement played a major role during the Civil rights movement. Women all over were trying to make a difference in the areas that they lived in mainly the south. In Merline Pitre's and Bruce Glasrud book Black Southern Women and the Civil Rights Movement. They begin to discuss southern black women perspective on racism and their experiences during the modern civil rights movement. These women protested, participated in sit in and help change the inequality in the Deep South. The book is divided up in chapter specific to the states that racism affected in the south. The books discuss women experiences they faced during the civil rights movement in different states. The modern civil rights movement according to the authors is specified as the period of time in the U.S from 1954-1974. Jim Crow laws were intact, schools were segregated. Public accommodations and voter’s registrations
In the first few paragraphs discuss the scholarship on the civil rights movement. Paragraph one we are introduced to Irene Morgan and Barbara Johns both women talked about their experiences and how they led up to the freedom rides. We also are introduced to the Brown vs. Board of education, sought to end segregation in an institutional setting and spearheaded the movement to end segregation. The inequality of education was a major issue during the modern civil rights era. These women wanted equality for their children and their resistance generated social reform. Yvonne Davis Frear’s essay “African American women in Texas Civil Rights Movement highlights the contributions of African American women in Texas such as Lula B. White, Juanita Craft, Christia Adair, Barbara Jordan and other women. The essay strengthened the theme of the book their contributions of African American women was…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Change of Black Women in Society

...Response: “The Change of Black Women” From the late eighteenth century up until now a struggle for equality has been being fought by women, especially the black woman. Black women have been the most outspoken and influential group of women during this power struggle. I can explain this be saying that the black women had to put up with one: being black from the times of slavery in which blacks were treated as less than human, and two: they are in fact women whom had no respect in society and are still looked at as inferior to the male in today's society. So the Black woman has had to endure double the hard ships throughout their struggle in America. They fought this battle with resistance by means of resiliency they as a collective group have refuses to accept unjust unequal treatment. As I progressed through our class I realized that there are many different methods of resisting and refusing to accept things for the way they are. One of the most effective methods that women in general have used over the years is writing. Writing in itself is so expressive if ones feelings and opinions, and women have used this method to educate and relate to all audience and social classes. Black women have provided us with a plethora of different genres of writing from the slave narrative to books that specialize in educating the black woman of today's society they are all effective and critical mechanisms used by the Black woman and culture in society today. So the Black woman has the......

Words: 590 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Drama Women in Black Review

...The Woman in Black is a 1987 stage play, adapted by Stephen Mallatratt. The play is based on the book of the same name, which was written in 1983 by Susan Hill. The venue for the woman in black was the fortune theatre in London and we went there on the 1st of November 2011. The Theatre from outside appears small old and slightly neglected, inside there was no attempt to prepare one for or indeed set the atmosphere for the nature of the play. The Fortune is small and the intimacy between actor and audience was brought out well by the fact that the furthest seats can only have been 15m away. The theatre is of Victorian style with ornate decorations and red carpets and seating, this instantly transport me to the era in which the play is set in the 19th century. The stage is open for the audience to see before the play starts and is set out as the stage in a small theatre, a basket for props, two chairs, a rack of costumes and buckets catching water from a leaky roof. The most important part of the set though was the gauze at the back of the stage separating a separate scene behind and revealing it hen needed using lighting. This combination of props and structure conveys the location strongly to the audience without being so defined that it is not possible to change the scene. While we waited there was no background music which gave a slightly eerie edge to the wait. The play started in the theatre depicted on the stage and almost immediately the humour as Mr Kipps’s is......

Words: 1379 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

The History of Black Women Hair

...The History of Black Women Hair In the early year black women faces problems with managing their hair and creating different hair styles to wear. The black woman was limited to styles when it came to doing black hair. The texture of black women’s hair was woolly, thick, unmanageable and bushy. Many would cover their hair with wigs. Many kept their hair in a bush, or braids, and others pulled the hair back into a pony-tail. In 1905, steel hot comb with teeth spaced for apart for thick hair was invented by Sarah Breedlove giving the black women straight hair (Sarah Breedlove, 2009, p. 2). Women all over were using the straightening comb getting the straight long lengthy hair that was more manageable for combing. In 1928, Marjorie Joyner invented permanent relaxer for the black women hair (Bellis, 2009, p. 2). This new method would soften and smooth black women hair. The textured of the black women’s hair had changed stronger, straighter, more manageable, soft and smooth. The permanent relaxer was better than straightening comb because the straight of hair lasts longer after using the permanent relaxer. The styles were holding up longer. Being able to manage the hair became easier. Black women everywhere were using the product permanent relaxer in their hair. The permanent relaxer was such hit among the black women. Marjorie Joyner improved the permanent relaxer into a permanent wave machine that could perm and curl black women hair. The permanent relaxer......

Words: 418 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Aids in Black Women

...Asa S. Smith AIDS/HIV in Women Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, better known as AIDS, is a raging epidemic. Taking nearly 2.1 million lives and 300,000 children are living with the disease and it shows no sign of slowing down. A person has a collection of symptoms and or illnesses caused by the most advanced stages of HIV or Human Immunodeficiency Virus infection. Once the virus weakens your immune system, and your CD4 cells are reduced to a certain number, a patient is considered to have AIDS. This condition progressively reduces the effectiveness of the immune system and leaves individuals vulnerable to opportunistic infections and tumors. A common disbelief about the illness is that you can die from it which is not all factual. You can indeed die once you have contracted the illness but it is from your body’s inability to fight off the common colds and infections that cannot be cured by your immune system because it has become far too weak. AIDS first appeared July 5, 1981 by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It was first reported in five homosexual men in Los Angeles. In the beginning, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention did not have an official name for the disease, often referring to it by way of the diseases that were associated with it, for example, lymphadenopathy, the disease after which the discoverers of HIV originally named the virus. They also used Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections, the name by which a task......

Words: 1589 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Black Women in Civil Rights

...Black Woman Involved in the Black Power Movement Angela Davis HIU 301 Samantha Wilson December 4, 2013 There has been many civil rights movements throughout African American history, but none has gotten the most attention as the black power movement in the 1960s.Although we only hear about men during these periods there would not have been so much success without the women. The women were the real grassroots of the movement, but did not get as much recognition. When did the black power movement start? Many people are not sure, but the black power movement can be traced as far back to the 1920s with the Marcus Garvey movement, and his formation of the Universal Negro Improvement Association. The Universal Negro Improvement Association were followers of Marcus Garvey. Marcus Garvey was the first person to organize masses of black people, because he was very influential, he was able to attain that goal.1 The Marcus Garvey’s UNIA had the same goals like the black power, such as self-determination, self-pride, and unity. The UNIA slowly died down once Marcus Garvey became ill and subsequently died. 2 A couple of years after the UNIA died down, there were a couple of protests and marches such as the Meredith march and the march on Washington with A. Phillip Randolph and later Dr Martin Luther King. These marches did get some attention, but not the attention that the people desperately craved for.1 When you think of the......

Words: 2355 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Black Women Relationships with Black Men

...Dear Ms. Educated Black Woman                             Dexter R. Conner Upon realizing that my baby daughter would one day read this, I re-examined every word. To the most beautiful girl on earth – Daddy loves you. 1|Dear Ms Educated Black Woman Preface I began having serious thoughts pertaining to the dynamics of Black romantic relationships in college upon traveling to Atlanta and conversing for hours with Spelman College’s exceptional Black women. It was like the television show A Different World. While my reason for routinely making the two hour trip from my college was to convince a particular one of these women that she was to be my wife, it became clear that a unique dynamic was on the horizon. Many of the educated Black women I encountered had confidence in their academic and professional journey, but lacked clarity on whether enough educated Black men with at least an ounce of swagger shared their dream of creating a formidable family. It was a fair question then, and remains a growing dilemma affecting educated Black women today. Since that time I have consistently spoken with Brothers, Sisters, family members, friends, and others about the challenges facing Black relationships. Those conversations have inspired me to share my humble thoughts for anyone willing to indulge me. As you read beyond the passion of my words, hopefully sincerity and love will be visible, along with a creative spirit that you find interesting enough to continue the exposé....

Words: 5846 - Pages: 24

Premium Essay

Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women

...Tiera Walker Walker1 Professor Dione Sibley English 106 16, September, 2014 Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women Hip-hop has been around since the 1970s and has been listen to by many but some see it as a burden to society. Hip-hop is criticized for its content and the “appearance” artists but also on the conspiracy of black women. Women today are being degraded in hip hop songs that lyrically distinguish women through the lyrics of rappers. In Jennifer’s Mclune article “Hip Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women”, she addresses an audience with the different sexism opinions towards women in our society, though many men feel that some of their statements or opinions are not affecting women. Mclune uses ethos, pathos, and logos by giving the audience multiple reasons why hip-hop has become so negative over the years and also explains how some women do not make the situation any better by being ignorant. Within the reasons, the article begins to give very descriptive issues. Mclune’s article, “Hip-Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women”, which appeared in Z magazine in the July 2006 issue, is a response to Kevin Powell’s opinion in “Notes of a hip-hop head”, “socio-economic” explanation for the sexism in hip-hop. Powell states “just as it was unfair to demonize men of color in the 60’s solely as wild-eyed radicals when what they wanted, amidst their fury, was a little...

Words: 913 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

The Relationship of Southern Jews to Blacks and the Civil Rights Movement

...Relationship of Southern Jews to Blacks and the Civil Rights Movement Since the 1960’s historians and many other scholars have tried to delve into the relationship of blacks and Jews. The experiences of blacks and Jewish people have common histories of dispersion, bondage, persecution, and emancipation. Their relationship can be primarily recognized since the formation of the NAACP in 1909. During the civil rights movement, this organization played a key role in the black-Jewish alliance. However, many scholars have argued if there ever was an alliance between the two, and if so, what might have caused this alliance to break? We may generalize that today’s relationship between the two groups is a relationship in which Jews are superior in regards to social position. In my research I analyzed the works of several scholars to seek the involvement of southern Jews with blacks and the Civil Rights movement. In his 1973 publication of The Provincials, Eli Evans argues that the South is one of the least anti-Semitic regions in the Nation. Among their gentile neighbors, Jews had been accepted as white members of Southern society during the civil rights movement. At this time Jews barely made up one percent of the South's population. Even though a large portion of white civil rights activists were Jewish, the percentage of Jews in the South that took part in the civil rights movement was significantly smaller compared to Jews in the North, because many Southern Jews were......

Words: 2899 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Black Women and Hiv

...Jeffries Introduction: HIV/AIDS is an epidemic that has become widely spread in the United States which has become a major public health issue around the world. There are around 1.2 million people living with HIV/AIDS and 400,000 new cases every year.[] In the U.S. today women make up more than 300,000 of the 1.2 million people with HIV/AIDS.[] Being that AIDS is the leading cause of death in black people throughout the U.S.. Black people make up 13 percent of the population, but 65 percent of new HIV/AIDS cases. Whereas black women are still dispportionate infected for more than sixty-six percent of HIV/AIDS cases in the country with a rate of infection fifteen times higher than white women and four times higher than Latinas. Considering the aforementioned, it is not difficult to conclude that most of the new cases pinpoint a major disparity between black women and women of other races. Cultural environmental and other factors that exacerbate the problem are high numbers of black men going to prison, the effects of the black church and the lack of government resources. In my research paper, I will identify the causes of HIV/AIDS and suggest solutions to prevent the spread of this disease among black woman. According to Mayo Clinic the definition of Human immunodeficiency virus is a virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in which the immune system in the body begins to fail causing life-threatening opportunistic infections and cancers to increase.......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Women, Slaves, and Free Blacks in the Civil War

...Women, Slaves, and Free Blacks in the Civil War History/110 25 Feb 2015 1. What roles did Northern women play in the war effort on the Union side during the Civil War? What roles did Southern women play in the war effort on the Confederate side during the Civil War? How did the war affect each group? Northern women contributed greatly to the Civil War effort for the north. As the north was more industrialized, women took on jobs that were traditionally done by men. They worked in manufacturing, worked in retail, and took care of more things around their homes. Northern women took care of the homes and children and often did things around the house that the men mainly use to do. Some women decided to take a more serious support of the war effort by becoming nurses and tending to the wounded men as they returned from the front lines. Some women attached themselves to various units and took on support roles for the units. These support roles included cooking, laundering, clothing repair and nursing. All of these duties were in an effort to alleviate extra efforts on the men’s part. A few women even volunteered to take on intelligence gathering roles and conducting clandestine operations to gather information from confederate units. These would infiltrate confederate units and create rapport with influential members of a unit in order to solicite and gather intelligence that could be used against them. Information such as troop movements, troop strength, current......

Words: 742 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hip-Hop Betrayal of Black Women

...Eboney Patterson English 102-Z2 Professor Lila Joy 1 September 2015 In the article “Hip-Hop’s Betrayal of Black Women” the author, Jennifer McLune responds to Kevin Powell’s article “Notes of Hip Hop Head.” McLune voices her opinion toward hip- hop male singers who disrespect black women in today’s society. The author states those who chose not to sing about ideology of women work harder. McLune then talks about how majority of hip-hop singers are sexist, materialistic, and speak negatively between the sexes. She provides examples on how lyrics are being expressed and how hip-hop artists do not seem to be concerned. They are apologetic for the words they say, but show no remorse. For example, she presented a lyric written by Jay-Z, a famous hip –hop artist which states, “I pump hard on a trick, look F*** if your leg is broke b****, hop up on your good leg.” Even women singers have turned to these ways of singing to keep themselves from being targeted and some even encourage this type of ignorant behavior. For the ones who stand up for themselves risk being disrespected. McLune states hip-hop will fail, as long as sexism is involved. Although, Kevin Powell excuses sexism because poverty, she feels any man, wealthy or flat broke, can be sexist toward a women. The author makes it very clear, by letting theses hip-hop artists continuously degrade and humiliated our black women, society is accepting this type of behavior to exist and to grow strong. Title: The title gives......

Words: 1014 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hip Hops Betrayal of Black Women

...crimes involving girls. Murders fell from 598 to 376 from 1990 to 2006. The number of adolescent girls who committed murder are at the lowest is has ever been since 1968. Although other surveys were conducted they showed the same results. A drop in fights and other related violence. The reports show that girls aren’t likely to show being in fights, being involved in threats, or victimizing others now then in surveys that were conducted in the 1970’s. This shows improvement in girls’ personal safety and contradict news reports that they are victimized in danger by violence with other female and male peers like them. Males and Lind apply that it’s not just girls that have been violent faster; it is men and women in their middle ages. An F.B.I. report shows that women ages 35 to 54 the felony charged assault increased dramatically from 7,100 to 28,800 in 1981. Male’s committing assault are doubled and reached over 100,000. In a place called Northampton, which is a county seat not far from South Hadley, the calls to police about domestic violence have tripled in four years to 400 cases. However, with the girls accused violent crime increase the Department of Justice Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Department produced new laws and policies that made it mandatory that arrests be made for domestic violence and minor offenses by youth. But the department also found the increase in crime is not always related to the number of arrests. Works Cited Males, Mike.......

Words: 549 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Black Women in Media

...Black Women in the Media Media is defined as a form of mass communication through the use of radio, television, the Internet, music, film, and etc. Throughout history, American media has not only been used as a form of communication and entertainment, but it has also been utilized to spread stereotypes and hegemonic ideals reinforcing the racial hierarchy that has continued to survive even after the abolition of slavery in the nineteenth century. According to Tilicia L. Mayo, Indiana University communications graduate, images in the media contain the ability to teach many different lessons. Mayo states, “Contemporary films and television shows deliver images that communicate ideologies such as class, standing and position in society” (vi). After the abolition of slavery, White America searched for means of social control through the media since they lacked the power of legal control. Black women, being of the lowest racial and gender classes in America, have repeatedly been stereotyped and victimized through the use of degrading images in contemporary media. The origins of these images can be found in the racist ideologies of the African slave woman created by White Euro-American slave owners. The images of black women in American media have directly affected how black women and other people in society define black womanhood. This influence directly shows how people utilize fictitious and stereotypical images from the media in trying to understand the stereotyped group and...

Words: 2030 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Hip Hop's Betrayel of Black Women

...misogyny. The most surely understood craftsmen who speak to an underground and cognizant power in hip-jump like Common, The Roots, Talib Kweli and others – stay conflicting, regretful and even excited to join the standard player's club. Despite the fact that fans like me bolster them due to their snippets of fairness toward ladies, they frequently need to stay going back and forth by either playing down their cognizance, or by offering props to sexist rappers. Most purported cognizant specialists seem to think more about their own acknowledgment by standard craftsmen than needing to roll out positive improvements in the way of life. To begin to close, the Roots, for instance, have upheld Jay-Z on both his Unplugged discharge and Fade to Black visits. They've freely pronounced their adoration for him and have marked on to his new "independent" hip-bounce engrave Def Jam Left to create their next collection. Yet Jay-Z is a standout amongst the most famously sexist and materialistic rappers of his era. Hip-jump craftsmen like Talib Kweli and Common business sector themselves as cognizant options, yet they stay inactive despite persistent lady detesting bombast from standard specialists. They are willing to regret in theoretical terms the condition of hip-bounce, yet decline to name names – unless it's to console their standard brethren that they don't have anything however cherish for their music. Talib Kweli has been lauded for his melody "Dark Girl Pain," however......

Words: 1554 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Black Women and Pregnancy: Fibroids

...Black women and pregnancy: Fibroids by Kimberly Seals-Allers, author of The Mocha Manual to a Fabulous Pregnancy  Reviewed by the BabyCenter Medical Advisory Board Last updated: January 2010 What are fibroids? Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow from muscle tissue in the uterus. Fibroids, also called uterine leiomyomas or myomas, can grow on the outside of your uterine wall, within the uterine wall, or into the uterine cavity.   Women can have fibroids in one or more of these locations. The growths can be as small as a pea or as large as a basketball. But they are almost always benign, no matter how large they get. If a fibroid or cluster of fibroids is particularly large or is growing on the outside of the uterine wall, it can push the uterus into an abnormal position. It can also put pressure on the bladder or intestine, causing symptoms such as frequent urination, constipation, pelvic pain, or backache. Fibroids may also cause heavy menstrual bleeding. Fibroids can interfere with fertility, and they occasionally cause complications during pregnancy. For example, if a large fibroid blocks the opening of a woman's uterus, she may have to deliver her baby by c-section. African American women are more likely than other women to get fibroids, but any woman of any race can get them. Why is it especially important for black women to know about fibroids? In the United States, African American women have the highest rates of fibroids. They're two to three......

Words: 2214 - Pages: 9