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South Africa & Global Warming

In: Social Issues

Submitted By tchen
Words 2388
Pages 10
South Africa
Introduction
South Africa lacks an abundance of clean drinking water. In order to plant their crops or quench the thirst of their children, women have to walk long distances to a pump that retrieves groundwater. After, they have to carry the large container back home on their heads or in a wheelbarrow. One entrepreneur, Trevor Field, paired up with an inventor to find a solution to this problem. He came up with the PlayPump, a roundabout outdoor pump where kids played and water gets pumped from underground, into a tank, which is connected to a fountain. On the other side of the merry-go-round, families could now easily dispense cold, clean water without

Figure 1 Kids play at a PlayPump while the tank in the background fills up with clean drinking water.

the ‘work’that went into it before. This invention provided the previously empty school ‘playground’ with a new toy and a better means of obtaining water. Field was able to convert the menial chore of pumping water into child’s play and the community, as a whole, improved.

Figure 2 Diagram of how when the kids play, groundwater travels from underground, through the pump, to the tank, and then to the fountain for anyone to obtain.

Not everyone is happy with the PlayPump though. Although the idea is great, it is not sustainable: more water is taken from the ground than is being replenished. The PlayPump solves the problem of obtaining the water but a deeper problem lies, literally, underneath: what happens when the water runs out? Seven out of nine provinces have been designated as disaster areas, marked for low or almost no rainfall. This will hinder crop production and leave South Africa not only with water insecurity but food insecurity as well.
Science attempts to explain and combat the natural phenomenona in life. By knowing what we are up against, we can better prepare ourselves.…...

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