Submitted By lottie95
"The growth and influence of religious fundamentalism across the world challenges the claim that contemporary society has become secular". To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of contemporary religious belief and practice?
Fundamentalism- going back to old traditions, going back to basics
Fundamentalism refers to a belief in a strict adherence to an established set of basic principles (usually religious in nature), sometimes as a reaction to perceived doctrinal compromises with modern social and political life.
Secular- Denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis
Contemporary- Belonging to or occurring in the present
Contemporary society- Contemporary society, according to social and political scientists, is characterised by at least three fundamental directions:
• increasing human interconnection through a network of relationships that is progressively covering the whole planet;
• the pace and depth of the evolution of human ways of life determined by technological innovation represent an absolute novelty in human history;
• the scale of anthropological and ecological transformation due to the interaction between evolutionary factors (social, cultural, economic, and technological) has no historical precedent.
These directions are the result of a number of fundamental changes that are irreversibly transforming our daily lives, our way of thinking and perceiving the world and our way of living together. Among these fundamental changes are: improvements in life conditions, life expectancy, literacy and gender equality; changes in domestic and international political institutions; and the breakdown of natural equilibria.
Berger- Berger's approach encompasses most systems of belief, which provide possible answers to questions of ultimate meaning. But he makes a distinction…...