Free Essay

San Pedro Sula

In: Other Topics

Submitted By cuttin
Words 2889
Pages 12
San Pedro Sula (Spanish pronunciation: [sam ˈpeðɾo sula]) is a city in Honduras. The city is located in the northwest corner of the country, in the Valle de Sula (Sula Valley), about 60 kilometres (37 mi) south of Puerto Cortés on the Caribbean Sea. With an estimated population of 873,824 people in the main municipality, and 1,245,598 in its metro area (2010), it is the second largest city, after the capital Tegucigalpa. It is the capital of the Cortés Department. As of 2013 San Pedro Sula has the highest murder rate on Earth.

Cathedral
San Pedro Sula was founded on 27 June 1536, by Pedro de Alvarado under the name Villa de San Pedro de Puerto Caballos, close to the town of Choloma. There were around 18 towns populated by indigenous people in the Sula valley at the time. Early descriptions of the landscape indicate abundant swampland and dense tropical forests, with little land good for agriculture or cattle raising. The city's name became San Pedro Sula in the 18th century, after several changes. The "Sula" part of its name comes from the Minas de Sula, gold mines located to the west of the village of Naco.

Panoramic view of Downtown San Pedro Sula
For the first few years of its history, San Pedro was the colonial mint, where gold, found to the west in the Naco, Sula, and Quimistán valleys, had to be brought to smelt, and where the Spanish Crown collected a fifth of the value of the gold. The mint was moved toGracias, and ultimately to Comayagua in the 1550s.
French, English, and Dutch pirates raided and sacked the city, prompting the Spaniards to move the city to its current location along the Chamelecón River. San Pedro languished to a neglected backwater, with few Spanish settlers. New settlers were not attracted to the city, preferring the higher, drier valleys inland with more farmland and gold mines. At the same time, lax Spanish control spurred illicit trade in alcohol from the Caribbean islands, such as Cuba.[citation needed]

Municipal Palace
The city grew slowly from about 800 residents in 1590, to almost 10,000 by the 1890s, but most of this population growth took place in the 19th century. It benefited initially from the growth of bananas for export in the 1870s and 1880s and formed a close relationship with U.S. based shipper and railroad entrepreneur Samuel Zemurray's Cuyamel Fruit Company, and the construction of the Interoceanic Railroad between 1869 and 1874 which connected the city to the coast at Puerto Cortés. Zemurray worked closely with local elites who invested in subsidiary enterprises and thus shaped the way politically for Cuyamel to establish itself and, along the way to pay very few taxes.[3]
San Pedro Sula was officially recognized as a city by the Congress of Honduras on 8 October 1902. In the mid-1920s, it grew from 10,000 to 100,000 people, following a boom in banana plantations in the region.
Economy[edit]
In 2013, fifteen years after the effects of Hurricane Mitch, Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America; around San Pedro Sula, banana production has not fully recovered, and "manufacturing has all but dried up."[4] The problems are exacerbated by organized crime, whose rules prevent residents from safely leaving gang-controlled neighborhoods such as Chamelecón for jobs in other parts of town.[4]
In 2000, then-Mayor Roberto Larios Silva said "San Pedro Sula is where the economic development of the country is concentrated via the city’s industrial, commercial and financial development." The then-manager of Hotel Copantl attributed its growth in business-related tourism ...[to] the maquila (apparel manufacturing) industry.[5]
As of 2011, San Pedro Sula generates two-thirds of the country's gross domestic product (GDP).[6]
Crime[edit]
In 2011, the city had 159 homicides per 100,000 residents.[7] This surpassed Ciudad Juarez, Mexico's rate of 148 killings per 100,000; Ciudad Juarez had previously topped the list for three consecutive years.[7] Both cities are major operational and strategic distribution points in the illegal drug trade, particularly to the United States, and have significant gang activity.[7][8][9] Meanwhile arms trafficking has flooded the country with just under 70% illegal firearms; 83% of homicides in the city are by firearm compared.[10]
The city's growing role as a hub for cocaine trafficking has led to a surge in homicides [11] in recent years. For the second year in a row, San Pedro Sula had the highest murder rate in the world,[12][13] surpassing Mexico's Ciudad Juárez. San Pedro Sula topped the list of violent cities a second time with a rate of 169 intentional homicides per 100,000 inhabitants, setting an average of more than three homicides a day.[14] Authorities have launched Operation Lightning, saturating violence hotspots with police and soldiers.[14]
In 2013, various sources label San Pedro Sula the "murder capital of the world."[4][8][10][14][15]
According to the Los Angeles Times, "the homicide rate is stoked by the rivalry of the brutal street gangs, mostly descendants of gangs formed in Los Angeles and deported to Central America in the 1990s. Mara Salvatrucha — MS. The 18th Street gang. Their ranks are fed by the economic disaster that is Honduras and emboldened more recently by alliances with Mexican drug traffickers moving cocaine through the country."[4]
Geography[edit]
Climate[edit]
San Pedro Sula features a tropical savanna climate (Koppen Aw), with year-round relatively high temperatures and plentiful rainfall year round. San Pedro Sula has experienced hurricanes and tropical storms and is prone to them during the hurricane season usually when the storms form in the southern part of the Caribbean or Western Africa.
[hide]Climate data for San Pedro Sula, Honduras (1991–2009)
Administrative divisions[edit]

San Pedro Sula's Old Train Station.
Main article: List of neighborhoods in San Pedro Sula
San Pedro Sula, as most cities built under the Spanish colonial period, is divided in quadrants. Avenues in the city run from North to South and Streets run from East to West. First Street and First Avenue mark the "center of the city" and effectively divide it into four major quadrants NW, NE, SW and SE. The technical center of the city is located where both First Street and Avenue meet, but the Central Park on First Street and Third Avenue is considered the true center. Like most other Latin American cities, the Cathedral and City Hall are located in front of the Central Park.
Even though most of the population is located in the Eastern part of the city, or "abajo de la linea" as it is commonly referred to, most of the business and commercial areas, as well as the modern structures, are located on the West side. A lot of the wealth is located in the West part of the city. Many areas on the East side have been growing very rapidly in the past decades. The road to La Lima has become a major commercial area.
San Pedro Sula is divided into neighborhoods such as Chamelecón. Some are named by residential developments or subdivisions. There is a recent trend in San Pedro Sula of enclosing neighborhoods into gated communities.[citation needed]
Educational institutions[edit]
Colleges and universities[edit]
San Pedro Sula is home to many colleges and universities. It is the home of the first private university in the country, the Universidad de San Pedro Sula (USAP).
Due to its influence in the industrial and commercial sectors of Honduras, San Pedro Sula has many higher education institutions that attract students from all over the country. Many people have migrated to the city to take advantage of the educational opportunities present in the city.
The following Universities are located in San Pedro Sula:
• Universidad de San Pedro Sula (USAP)
• Universidad Tecnologica Centroamericana (UNITEC)
• Universidad Tecnológica de Honduras
• Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Honduras del Valle de Sula (UNAH VS)
• Universidad Cristiana de Honduras
• Universidad Católica de Honduras (UNICAH)
• Universidad Pedagógica Francisco Morazán
Primary and secondary schools[edit] This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged andremoved. (December 2013)
There are many public and private schools in the city. The number of schools offering bilingual education has been in constant increase over the past few decades.
San Pedro Sula is the city with the most bilingual schools in Central America.[citation needed] For a full list of school go to List of Primary and Secondary schools in San Pedro Sula.
Sports[edit]
This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged andremoved. (December 2013)
San Pedro Sula is home to many sporting teams and events. In 1997 it became the first, and only to date, non-capital city to host the Central American Games. The games, though full of scandal,[citation needed] left the city with a modern sporting infrastructure. The Villa Olímpica is a multi-sporting complex that has facilities for most Olympic style games including soccer, boxing, swimming, baseball, cycling and multipurpose gymnasiums.
San Pedro Sula is the only city in the country to be home to two soccer stadiums. The Estadio Olímpico Metropolitano is located in the Villa Olímpica and is the largest in the country with a capacity of 42,000. The Estadio Francisco Morazán is located in the center of the city and holds 23,000 people. The stadiums are home to San Pedro Sula's most popular professional soccer teams Marathon and Real CD España. Because of the stadiums, training facilities, and an almost religious supporting fan base, San Pedro Sula has become the home for the Honduras national football team.[18]
The city has hosted many international tennis tournaments and serves as the home of the Honduran tennis team. The Club Arabe Hondureño provides great facilities for the sport.
San Pedro Sula is also home to the Liga Georgina de Villegas basketball league. The League is divided in two divisions with a promotion and relegation system. The league has a female counterpart as well that carries the same name. Many teams from neighboring cities also take part in the league as it is the highest form of competitive basketball in the area.
There are city softball (Óscar Saybe Softball League) and a baseball leagues that host seasonal competitions annually, and serve as qualifiers for the national tournaments in their respective sports. These leagues are far less popular and attract fewer fans than the city soccer teams.[citation needed] Though less supported than their soccer counterparts, the city teams enjoy much success on the national level. Azulejos, the city's baseball champion, has won the national tournament the past two years.
The Delfines Sampedranos, a local swimming club, is the most successful club in the country and the Central American region. It has dominated Central American competitions for the past several years.[citation needed]
Also it is the only city in Honduras where there is a highly developed Taekwondo center, where the only World Gold medalist in Honduras, Andrea Erazo, well known in the world of Taekwondo, trains. Some Centers are:
• CAR OSAE
• Kumgang
• Honduras Idols Taekwondo
This sport is one of the only sports in Honduras that gives really good results not only in regionals or in nationals but also at international events.[citation needed]
An annual marathon sponsored by Diario La Prensa is hosted in the city.
Motorcross is also practiced in the city. The Olimpic complex has hosted motorbike and ATV racing. Endurance drives up the Merendón mountains are usually organized.
C.D. Marathón[edit]
Club Deportivo Marathón, as it is officially known, is more commonly known as just Marathón. It was founded on 25 November 1925 in San Pedro Sula by Eloy Montes and a group of his friends. The team's colors are red, white and green. It is the oldest team in the city. The team was a founding member of the Liga Nacional (Honduras's top soccer league). It plays its home games in the Estadio Yankel Rosenthal.
Real CD España[edit]
Real CD España was founded on 14 July 1929 at Escuela Ramón Rosa in San Pedro Sula. España's colors are black and yellow, a fact reflected in the club's nickname: "The Aurinegros" (a compound word meaning gold and black). It has won the national championship eleven times. It was also a founding member of the Liga Nacional. It plays its home games in Estadio Francisco Morazán.[19]
Transportation[edit]
This section does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged andremoved. (December 2013)
Air travel[edit]
The city is served by Ramón Villeda Morales International Airport. It is conveniently located about 15 minutes from the city's center and serves North-Western Honduras through several domestic and international air companies, such as:United, American, Delta, COPA, Spirit Airlines, Aeroméxico, Maya Island Air, And Avianca which link the city with San Salvador, Mexico City, San José, Belize City, Managua, Atlanta, Fort Lauderdale, Houston, Newark, Miami, andNew York City.
Ramón Villeda Morales Airport is the major and busiest airport in Honduras, handling about 600,000 passengers in 2007. Travelers using this airport are charged a departure tax of $38.71 to help with expansion of the airport.
Ground transportation[edit]
San Pedro Sula has a central bus station that is used by most bus companies. The bus station, called the Gran Central Metropolitana de Autobuses de San Pedro Sula, is located a few kilometers south of the downtown area It is not only the largest bus station in Central America, it also serves as a shopping center, food court, and many other services.[20]

A rapidito minibus in San Pedro Sula.
San Pedro Sula's public transportation features buses and minivans ("Rapiditos") whose smaller size permits faster service, Taxis (painted white) are easy to find. A "colectivo" is a taxi that serves a specific route that allows multiple passengers to share the cost of the trip.
Television[edit]
San Pedro Sula is the home of CampusTv, the country's first high definition television station.[citation needed] Inaugurated in 2008 as channels 59.1 and 59.2, it is located on the Universidad de San Pedro Sula campus.
Religion[edit]
More than 80% of the population are Roman Catholics.[citation needed]
Tourism[edit]
Sights include the Copán Ruins which are a three-hour drive away, Lake Yojoa and Pulhapanzak Waterfalls; Cusuco Cloud Forest; Tela and Garifuna village; and Omoa Fortress, an 18th-century outpost.
Museums[edit]
• Museo de Antropología e Historia (The Museum of Anthropology and History)
• Museo de la Naturaleza (The Museum of Nature)
• Planetario Infantil (The Child Planetarium)
The Museo de Antropología e Historia is licensed by the Honduran Institute of Anthropology and History to house archaeological and historical collections, which by law belong to the people of Honduras. The ground floor of the museum is devoted to the history of Honduras, and San Pedro Sula in particular. The upper floor exhibits are about the prehistory of the valley in which San Pedro is located. The Museum has a research library with information relating to the history of Honduras. The museum director is Teresa de Pastor.

San Pedro Sula's municipal palace.
The second museum has to do with the flora and fauna surrounding the city. This museum houses several insect species, as well as books about the nature and the animals found in the Merendon mountains. This museum is directed by Gladys Fasquelle de Pastor.
The planetarium is an astronomy museum. It shows the night sky as seen from San Pedro Sula, while also providing information about the solar system, constellations, and a small space exhibit.
Central Park[edit]
Although the downtown area officially begins at First Avenue, the commercial hub begins at Third. Central Park is located between these, and it contains a small gazebo in the center, marking the spot where the city was founded. This gazebo is the only piece of architecture that remains standing to this day from the date when it was built in 1901 by then governor Luis Alonso Barahona. This gazebo served as a provisional church at the turn of the 20th century while the cathedral was being built. Currently, cultural and musical events are held on weekends. The statue in the center depicts two women doing laundry on a river bank.
Zona de Armenta[edit]
The Zona de Armenta is a cold-water river that comes from the Merendón mountain range. The park is located in the Northeastern part of the city and serves as a recreational area for many people in the city. The river has several areas that are open for swimming as well as places to purchase food.
Mercado Guamilito[edit]
Vendors sell crafts, pottery, souvenirs, flowers and local Honduran food.
Theaters[edit]
• The Francisco Saybe Theatre
• Centro Cultural Sampedrano
• Torre Universitaria Jorge Emilio Jaar
Avenida Circunvalación[edit]
Avenida Circunvalación is a popular zone to visit at night. There are many restaurants and it is home to events like the Feria Juniana that is celebrated in June. This part of the city also contains hotels, malls, banks, auto dealers and fast-food chains.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Hola Pedro

...Hola Pedro! Que tal? Espero que estés bien. Vivo en York en el norte de ingleterra. Hoy mucho que hacer en mi ciudad y me gustaria contarte lo que hago en mi tiempo libre. Normalmente en mi tiempo libre prefiero salir con mis amigos. Generalmente vamos al cine. Me encanta el cine y pienso que las películas de terror son las majores. Son emocionantes y entrentendidos pero a veces son curiosos. Mi pasíon por el cine empezó cuando teniá once anós. Ahora estor mirando una pelicula interesante de un director ruso que se llama Ruslan Afremov. Se dirigro ‘El Hombre Oscuro’ y es una película de misterio. El protagonist es un hombre desafortunado que vive in un pueblo en la Unión Sovíetica. Para empezar el hombre esta con su familia y amigos pero se mueren en un incendio. En el future me gustaría ver mas películas sobre otros países porque quiero aprender cosas de otros culturas. Recientamente leí una novella de un escritor frances. Fue un poco aburrido y su uso de lengua faltaba imagination y era monotóno. Era decepcionante y una pérdida de tiempo. Otra actividad que me encanta es el deporte. Cuando vengas a mi casa iremos a al polideportivo y jugaremos al baloncesto y al futbol si te gustaría. Tambien me encantaría ir a un partido de futbol. El futbol es una de mis pasiones! Si fuera rica iría a un partido de futbol todas las días. El problema con el deporte es que las entradas cuestan mas mucho. Adios, Hasta luego!...

Words: 256 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Sula Vineyards

...exploit the huge growth that everyone expects from the Indian wine market; right now, the firm seems to have a competitive advantage to further develop in the near future, if the right strategy will be pursued. Question 3: Looking at the numbers, Sula has been extremely profitable in 2007, with net profits that increased more than six fold since the year before; also, sticking to market forecasts, it seems that an explosive growth has just begun in India, an opportunity that should definitely be exploited. Now that the business is well established and generates a steady stream of revenues, Samant may consider to raise additional debt to finance the long-term challenge of producing premium red wines in a separate winery, something that, if successful, would give Sula’s business a major boost both in sales and in reputation. In the meantime, revenues from national sales would provide the capital necessary to feed the already existing business. Moreover, it could also be worth it to “attack” the global market with initially lower prices to gain some market share also in Europe and in the U.S.; at first, relationships with touristic targets such as hotels and restaurants would be established and, if this strategy worked out, then Sula would face an ever-growing demand for its products, at least for the next 10 years, that could be met by working together with other local producers of premium wine. The idea of a “consortium” of Maharashtra firms could be attractive for many......

Words: 1049 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

San Juan

...SAN JUAN DE GUIMBA: A BRIEF HISTORY It was the 20th of February 1865 when a group of Ilocano settlers in wooden carts and horsebacks arrived at a vast forested plain northwest of the Binituan River in Nueva Ecija. They cleared the land and started planting the loamy soil with the rice seeds they brought with them. They called the new land San Juan de Guimba in honor of the patron saint the settlers brought from Ilocos, and of the pot-making industry called “gebba” which they used to do in the old land. Thus was the origin of Guimba and its rice industry as it rose to become the province of Nueva Ecija’s traditional top rice producing area. Soon more settlers arrived mostly from the old towns of Bacarra, Paoay, and Candon of the Ilocos provinces. Among the families who came were the Galapons, Mateos, Cudals, Padres, Cayogs, Romanos, Silvestres, Capinpuyans, Batangans, Faigals, Sumawangs, and Catabonas. What would be the town of Guimba is a relatively organized community when the Spanish colonialists arrived and appointed Don Luis De Ocampo as the first Gobernadorcillo. The Spanish left and the Americans came and in 1912, the town’s name was abbreviated to Guimba with Don Alfonso Faigal as the first Alcalde Mayor. St. John the Evangelist though remains to be its patron saint. The first municipal hall was also built during this year in what is now known as Faigal Street. The Plaza Municipal evolved and what will become the public market started its commerce. In 1963, a......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

The Effects of Sin Tax to the Buying Behavior of Smokers in Barangay Narra, San Pedro, Laguna, Philippines

...in the Philippines. This paper purposively aims to identify the direct effect of sin tax to the buying behavior of consumers, specifically to those of tobacco products, within the vicinity of Brgy. Narra in San Pedro, Laguna. Behavioral Beliefs Attitude Toward the Behavior Normative Beliefs Subjective Norm Perceived Behavioral Control Control Beliefs Intention Behavior Actual Behavioral Control Theoretical Framework This study used the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) of Icek Ajzen (1988, 1991) in understanding different factors that change the buying behavior of people. The TPB is a theory which predicts deliberate behavior, because behavior can be deliberative and planned. Briefly, according to TPB, human action is guided by three kinds of considerations: 1. Behavioral Beliefs 2. Normative Beliefs 3. Control Beliefs Conceptual Framework Structured Questionnaire Interview Buying Behavior of Smokers in Barangay Narra, San Pedro after the effectivity of sin tax 1. Demographic Profile of Respondents -Age -Gender -Civil Status -Income Status -Educational Attainment 2. Sin Tax Input Process Output The main concept of our study is the buying behavior of smokers in Barangay Narra in San Pedro after the effectivity of sin tax law. It will be derived from the structured questionnaire consisting of their demographic profile and questions related to sin tax. It will also be derived from the interviews......

Words: 6218 - Pages: 25

Free Essay

Pedro Calungsod

...The Story of Pedro Calungsod Roben Yu Literature 1 M-W-F 3:00-4:00 I. Summary Pedro Calungsod, a young Filipino man, leaves his Visayan native roots to join the Spanish Jesuit priest Fr. Diego de San Vitores in his mission to the Marianas Islands (Guam) in 1668. The San Diego Mission arrives in the Marianas where the young Pedro, a trained catechist and mission assistant, begins work for Fr. Diego de San Vitores in baptizing the Chamorro natives, preaching the holy gospel and spreading the good news of salvation through the Christian faith amidst paganism, doubt and disbelief. Despite the longing for his father and the threats to their lives, even at the peril of death, Pedro and Fr. Diego continued their missionary work. They roamed the dangerous islands and baptized many more natives and continued to enlighten them about Christianity. Guam is now a devoutly Catholic state and this is the story of how the young Filipino saint, between wars and persecutions, played his part in this divine mission. II. Personal Reaction A short introduction to the movie, A movie on the life of Filipino saint Pedro Calungsod, Church groups said the film is "an effective tool of new evangelization." Although there were no figures given, organizers of the Metro Manila Film Festival......

Words: 523 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

The Effects of the Adaptive Learning Package in Araling Panlipunan I to the First Year Student of Liceo de San Pedro

...MEL ANTHONY P. LIBOON MAT SOC. SCI Title: ADAPTIVE LEARNING PACKAGE IN ARALING PANLIPUNAN I: ITS EFFECTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF LICEO DE SAN PEDRO SY 2010-2011 Statement of the Problem: 1. What is the status of the provided learning package in Araling Panlipunan I in terms of: 1.1 Objectives 1.2 Content 1.3 Instruction 1.4 Values? 2. What is the mean level of the performance in Social Studies I of the first students of Liceo de san Pedro S.Y. 2010-2011? 3. Is there a significant effect of the provided learning package in Araling Panlipunan I on the academic performance of first year students of Liceo de San Pedro S.Y. 2010-2011? Research Paradigm IV DV Frame I Frame II Significance of the Study To the FAPE: this will give them idea on the effects of learning package to the institution, teachers as well as the students. This will also make them to realize that certain adjustments are to be made so that this can be adapted in the perspective of the different schools. To the School Board: This will give them insights regarding the effects of the learning packages provided by the FAPE and later help them to decide whether to use it or not. To administrators:......

Words: 378 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The San

...The San ANT 101 Bruce Carruthers 16 July 2012 Kinship is an important part of survival, especially for foraging societies. Foraging, or hunting and gathering, is the oldest form of human society. The San, or “Bushman”, are one of the most known communities and they date back thousands of years. I will identify and describe the kinship system of the San, and I will describe how the culture is impacted by their kinship. Last, I will compare the San to my own society and the impact kinship has in my own life. The San have many kinship systems that are important to insure their continued existence. I will discuss the kinship system as it is related to food, conflict, and marriage. The San are hunters and gathers and food is part of surviving. The San follow a form of exchange in which no tabs are kept, or generalized reciprocity (Nowak & Laird, 2010). This means that all the food is collected and distributed equally through out the group. This means that no one will go hungry. This has a lot of impact on their culture as well. It prevents an excess of wealth, so no one is rich or poor. It insures everyone is healthy and reinforces social ties with their kin. “Kinship is the central organizing principle” (Nowak & Laird, 2010, Managing conflict, para. 1). There is limited property and everyone shares food so there are limited major conflicts among the San. Since the San’s kinships are so strong, arguments are the extent of their conflict...

Words: 755 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Pedro Paramo

...Is there a set distinction between reality and illusions? Can someone’s illusions be their reality? What happens if one is lost within the abyss of such a struggle? Magical realism is somewhat of an explanation for such struggle. Magical Realism is a form of art, which allows people to view the world differently. It deals with emotions, meaning, and mystery in trying to figure out what life is, but only through a distinct imagination and willingness to learn can someone understand such feelings and actions. Both Pedro Paramo, from Pedro Paramo, and Will Atenton, from the movie “Dream House”, are lost within the lives that they believed to be reality but are in fact illusions. Both characters live within a life with their wives that are perceived to be true, but are in fact completely wrong. Do they figure it out? Will Atenton lives in this illusion in which him, his wife, and two daughters have just moved into a new home whose previous owners were killed and the father was sent to a psychiatric ward. The father, Peter Ward, allegedly killed his wife and two daughters only after being accidently shot in the head, himself, by his wife. Atenton searched for the answers just to be told by the psychiatric ward, which once held Peter Ward, that he is Peter Ward. He had created a new identity to cope with the death of his family. Upon figuring out that he in fact is Peter Ward, he also realizes that his perception of his children and wife were all illusions. How could......

Words: 914 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Sula

...Periana L. Wilson Wilson 1 Dr. Dozier Afam/Engl 218 October 29, 2013 Sula Response In Toni Morrison’s novel Sula, though Sula and Nel come from two totally different types of families, they still find a way to connect to one another and essentially become one. Their connection is based upon something that the other has or gets that may not be present in their own household. Nel’s home is very traditional and stable; her mother raises her to be more of a conservative woman, promoting a clean home, strict rules to keep Nel intact, and being a monogamist. On the contrary though, Sula is raised in a somewhat unstable household where the mother and grandmother are both portrayed as loose due to past events that have happened to the both of them. The reader may find it interesting that Nel’s mother Helene warns Nel not to befriend Sula because of Sula’s family background, yet Nel befriends Sula anyway, and it backfires in the long run. Around 1939 in the novel, Nel is left without a husband and without her ex best friend Sula. All of this chaos is a result of Sula sleeping with Nel’s husband Jude, running off with him, and then leaving him for someone else (pg. 103). She is essentially following in her mother and grandmother’s footsteps and essentially becoming a blues woman. She definitely redefines what it means to be a woman in a completely different way than what is normal in this time period by being unmarried, having no children, and sleeping around with a......

Words: 280 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

The Effects of the Adaptive Learning Package in Araling Panlipunan I to the First Year Student of Liceo de San Pedro

...The Effects Of The Adaptive LearnIng Package In aralIng Panlipunan i To The First Year StuDent Of Liceo De San Pedro The Effects Of The Adaptive LearnIng Package In aralIng Panlipunan i To The First Year StuDent Of Liceo De San Pedro MEL ANTHONY P. LIBOON MAT SOC. SCI Title: ADAPTIVE LEARNING PACKAGE IN ARALING PANLIPUNAN I: ITS EFFECTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF FIRST YEAR STUDENTS OF LICEO DE SAN PEDRO SY 2010-2011 Statement of the Problem: 1. What is the status of the provided learning package in Araling Panlipunan I in terms of: 1.1 Objectives 1.2 Content 1.3 Instruction 1.4 Values? 2. What is the mean level of the performance in Social Studies I of the first students of Liceo de san Pedro S.Y. 2010-2011? 3. Is there a significant effect of the provided learning package in Araling Panlipunan I on the academic performance of first year students of Liceo de San Pedro S.Y. 2010-2011? Research Paradigm IV DV Frame I Frame II Significance of the Study To the FAPE: this will give them idea on the effects of learning package to the institution, teachers as well as the students. This will also make them to realize that certain adjustments are to be made so that this can be adapted in the perspective of the different schools. To the School Board: This will give them insights regarding the effects of the learning packages provided by the FAPE and later help them to decide whether to use it or not. To administrators: This will provide basis for......

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sula

...Stella Harutyunyan Per. 1 Sula and Nel The 1920s was a time of racism, sexism and discrimination. No freedom compared to the one we have today and not many who were brave enough to create it. In Toni Morrison’s novel “Sula”, two girls named Sula and Nel dreamed of living their lives to the fullest since they were little, but as they grew older their lives separated into different paths. Sula decided to get out of town and live her life searching for freedom and Nel ended up living the typical town life marrying a man she barely knew if she loved. Sula demands and seeks freedom while Nel continues her life playing by the rules and misses out on freedom. Sula is really complex and hard to understand at times. We sometimes feel sorry for her, sometimes appreciate her courage, and sometimes hate her for being so insensitive to other people's feelings. She's anything but boring, and she challenges herself to earn her freedom. We first encounter Sula as a child living in a chaotic household run by some pretty strong-willed women. Because her surroundings are so noisy, messy, and busy, she prefers the quiet and neatness of Nel's house. We learn much about Sula through her relationship with Nel. However, as these two women mature, they begin to separate and each start to grow into different perspectives on the community in which they live. Growing up Sula witnesses a lot of events that shape her into becoming an adult. But unlike Nel, Sula decides to leave the Bottom and......

Words: 1066 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Pedro

... Question 4 a) Describe your recommendation for Pedro to get ready for his meeting with the venture capitalist Before Pedro meet with his potential venture capitalist, there is some preparation need to be done in order to increase his chance of success. Firstly, Pedro needs to ready a comprehensive business plan which covers essential points such as executive summary, market analysis, marketing and sales strategies, management structure, marketing and sales strategies, product details, funding request, company financial situation and appendices. In order to help venture capitalist to understand his business, it will be helpful for Pedro to include an investment highlight page at the beginning of the business plan which clearly describes the business nature, market, and other success indicators. The next thing is Pedro can look for someone that had rich experience in capital rising to be his mentor. It will be helpful for him to have a venture-capitalist mentor who had experienced in capital rising or has advise on venture capital transactions negotiation. The mentor can help Pedro to be focus on the important issues so that Pedro won’t waste time go around the bush when he meet the venture capitalist. Beside this, mentor also can comfort him during the difficult time he had and teach him to be optimistic, patient and be tough about the risk and challenges he faced. Besides that, Pedro will need to prepare a specific presentation that not too......

Words: 5487 - Pages: 22

Premium Essay

Sula

...Sula is a novel about self-creation, about women, about men, and about a culture. The girls, Sula and Nel, realize early on that the world does not easily accommodate people such as them: “Because each had discovered years before that they were neither white nor male, and that all freedom and triumph was forbidden to them, they set about creating something else to be.” They would be black women. That means something different to each of them. For Nel, it means becoming a wife and mother, sustaining the values of the community. For Sula, it means living an “experimental life,” rejecting commonly held values. Nel tells Sula, “You can’t do it all. You a woman and a colored woman at that. You can’t act like a man. You can’t be walking around all independent-like, doing whatever you like, taking what you want, leaving what you don’t.” Sula will not accept such limitations. When Nel demands to know what Sula has gained from her choices—having no husband and no children; her grandmother put away in a nursing home; her mother, father, and uncle dead; residents of the Bottom all despising her—Sula responds, “Girl, I got my mind. And what goes on in it. Which is to say, I got me.” Nel, on the other hand, has loneliness, an empty space that Jude used to fill, and another one Sula formerly occupied. Sula’s self-knowledge and Nel’s connection to other people are both essential to human existence. Each woman, even if only momentarily, comes to understand that. Fire and water are......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Sula Literary Analysis

...Shalise Edwards November 30, 2014 Dr. J. Jones ENG 348 Analysis of Sula by Toni Morrison Sula by Toni Morrison was a very interesting and enlightening literary work. Morrison has relayed a message of good versus evil in the novel involving the main characters, Sula and Nel. Nel was portrayed as the good character, while Sula was depicted as the evil character. In the life of Sula, there was good in her situation because she seemed to shed some light on the readers. She was instructive to the readers because of the destruction that took place in her life. Personally speaking, a reader would side with Nel because of all the good she seems to portray, but she was not always perfect. Nel found herself in mirrors looking at her nose in disgust because her mother, who was so upright and orderly, did not like her nose. Her nose reminded her mother, Helene, of the broadened nose her husband genetically passed down to his daughter. In her childhood, she convinced herself that she liked herself just as she was. For example, Nel stated “I’m me,” several times until she drifted off to sleep. She made this statement to help herself realize at an early age that she can be no one but herself. Throughout the novel, Nel convinces herself she is fine, or good just as she is; no one had the ability to tell her otherwise. When Nel and Sula became best friends, they were “one.” Secretly, Nel desired to be a part of Sula’s household because of the disorder and numerous families that lived......

Words: 1220 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Sula Vineyard Case Study

...prospects of growth for wine in India are high as the expanding domestic wine market is projected to grow 25 – 30 percent per year. In anticipation of this market growth, Sula Vineyard should improve its operational cash flows by efficient management of working capital to help increase net profit (retained earnings). Additional equity funding through external source of capital such as preferred stock can provide quick access to funds and reduce the risk of financing through long term and short term loans. The issuance of preferred stock also preserves the ownership of the company since it does not give the holder voting rights. Between year 2004 to 2007, Sula Vineyards has not been generating positive cash flow from operations (Exhibit 1). Cash shortage means the company is not operating profitably so it needs to secure new funds for the expansion of winery capacity and inventories. However, Sula Vineyards has not been able to generate sufficient operating income to cover interest expense so there is little room for taking extra debt (Exhibit 2). Upon close examination of the working capitals, Sula Vineyards’ negative cash flow is caused by unfavorable cash flows from inventories (Exhibit 3). The inventory turnover days have been increasing over the years as a result of change in product mix. On average, Sula Vineyards takes 475 days to sell its inventories. Hampered by the slow inventory turnover, the company cannot rely solely on internal source of capital generated......

Words: 372 - Pages: 2