Premium Essay

Role of Serious Fraud Investigation Office (Sfio)

In: Business and Management

Submitted By Sastry123
Words 5021
Pages 21
AD VALOREM - Volume 1, Issue III, July-September – 2014, ISSN : 2348-5485

69

Role of Serious Fraud Investigation Office (SFIO) in Protection of Investor’s Interest: An Overview
Radheshyam Prasad & Prof. (Dr.) Tabrez Ahmad I-Introduction A Company is basically a form of business organization and it runs according to the business traits and commercial practices. Being a sub system of the economic-social system operating in the society, it affects and is affected by the economic and cultures of the society. The concept of social responsibilities of companies is now so widely accepted that it is rare to bear any view expressed to contrary. Even those who stoutly defend company’s primary object to make profits agree that the profit-making should be pursued in a socially responsible way, by which they usually mean that it should be done for the well being of their employees giving due regards to public, its shareholders and keeping paramount also the national interest. The Companies Act 2013, guarantees several rights to investors and also regulates the affairs of a company with a view to ensure efficient functioning of a company so that investors may receive their due returns of the capital invested by them and their rights and interests are adequately protected. Investors are the real owners of a company but the power of management of the company is vested in the Board of Directors. There are chances to abuse of power like committing fraud, by few directors of the company. As we know that there is close nexus between corporate governance and ethics but conflicts between these two are also bound to occur. Corporate fraud, an inevitable incident occurring, in recent, is an aggravated form of corruption in corporate world. It is difficult to prevent and to catch such white collar crimes. Such incidents reduce the interest and trust in corporate investments and in…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Bell Helicopter Contract Fraud

...An analysis of the Bell Helicopter Contract Fraud with the United States Government procurement is a huge, growing industry, making fraud within the procurement system a serious issue (Fickey, 2009). To safe guard against a rise in government procurement fraud cases, Congress established the Federal Acquisition Regulation and Department of Defense Supplement that outlines rules regarding bidding, accounting standards, profit policy, and other matters (Karpoff, Lee, & Vendrzyk, 1999). One of the regulations imposed by the Department of Defense on government contractors is the requirement of audits to be preformed by the DOD’s auditing agency. The majority of procurement fraud cases arise out of the DOD’s audits into the contractor’s accounting records (1999). One case worth mentioning is the case of Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc., a Texas based company, and the United States government. In 1988, Bell Helicopter entered into an $88 million settlement with the United States ending a four-year long investigation by the Department of Justice for fraudulently overcharging the government on helicopter spare parts (Isikoff, 1988). The investigation arose when Pentagon auditors discovered accounting and inventory irregularities in the company’s financial records. Throughout the investigation, Bell Helicopter was also accused of covering up these irregularities by shredding documents, changing computer entries, and covering up evidence of deliberate overbillings to the...

Words: 1189 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

The Role of Power in Financial Statement Fraud Schemes

...The Role of Power in Financial Statement Fraud Schemes Chad Albrecht • Daniel Holland • Ricardo Malaguen˜o • Simon Dolan • Shay Tzafrir Received: 24 June 2011 / Accepted: 12 December 2013  Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014 Abstract In this paper, we investigate a large-scale financial statement fraud to better understand the process by which individuals are recruited to participate in financial statement fraud schemes. The case reveals that perpetrators often use power to recruit others to participate in fraudulent acts. To illustrate how power is used, we propose a model, based upon the classical French and Raven taxonomy of power, that explains how one individual influences another individual to participate in financial statement fraud. We also provide propositions for future research. Keywords Financial statement fraud  Organizational corruption  Recruitment  Collusion  Power and influence Introduction In recent years, fraud and other forms of unethical behavior in organizations have received significant attention in the business ethics literature (Uddin and Gillet 2002; Elias 2002; Rockness and Rockness 2005; Robison and Santore 2011), investment circles (Pujas 2003; Albrecht et al. 2011), and regulator communities (Farber 2005; Ferrell and Ferrell 2011). Scandals at Enron, WorldCom, Xerox, Quest, Tyco, HealthSouth, and other companies created a loss of confidence in the integrity of the American business (Carson 2003) and......

Words: 8383 - Pages: 34

Free Essay

Fraud

...Olympus Accounting Fraud ACTG 6100 Professor Mark Jobe Feb. 18, 2014 Inhwa Kim M01243678 The Olympus has a pretty strong position in the camera market. This company is popular because they made the world’s first DSLR (Digital Single-Lens Reflex). Many camera users who are located in all around the world prefer the Olympus. Also, the Olympus is popular because the company made the medical devices, endoscope which is able to watch inside the organ of human body. The Olympus, which is one of the popular camera and medical devices companies, had been troubled due to a financial scandal. On August 2011, Michael Woodford, the formal president, was separated from the Olympus because of the difference in business line despite thirty years at the company. He expressed concern about possible inappropriate acquisitions and large payments to financial advisors with the chairman of Olympus and an executive vice president. He claimed that the Olympus paid an unusual fee abnormally while buying Gyrus, which is a maker of the British medical devices. After arguing this problem, he was dismissed on Oct 14, 2011. Also, in the same year, the Olympus spent about 687 million dollars as advisory fee to the Cayman Islands and another in New York. These two companies are unknown. Thomson Reuters reported that the fee of 687 million dollars, equal to 31 percent of the Gyrus acquisition price, was paid to a middle-man, whereas this is usually 1 or 2 percent. The......

Words: 1074 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

How to Recruit Applicants for Key Roles at a New Office

...How to Recruit Applicants for Key Roles at a New Office Rhonda L. Grossley MGMT315 – 1402B – 04 Professor Barbara Chappell 05/31/2014 Abstract This paper will talk about the legal statues of selecting and hiring of employees. I will also discuss the type of position that is filled in the new office. I will talk about the experiences, education level, and qualifications for the position. It will also discuss the interviews and the abilities of testing, and the weaknesses and strengths. It will talk about the integrity testing and drug testing. Introduction: The company is thinking about its company into nearby states. As the Chief Human Resource Officer as one of the initial tasks that of the employee’s tactician and to planned to employ new staff members. The office will need a least 60 employees and a part of the positions will be occupied on inside with individuals that are eager to be relocate. On the other hand, still a large portion of the total employees to be employed will stay. Mostly, the hiring would be for the operations and the marketing division separately from human resource and finances. The inside post will set up a large number of senior level posts, the lower level or other positions will require new employees. Therefore, round 60 extra employees that has to employ for the new office containing, operations manager, sales representative, operations analysts, sales manager, and etc. Employing is to go into detail in course of action and requires......

Words: 1726 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

The Role of Internal Auditing in Fraud Prevention and Investigation

...THE ROLE OF INTERNAL AUDITING IN FRAUD PREVENTION AND INVESTIGATION. INTRODUCTION. Internal auditing is charged with the overall responsibility of reviewing, evaluating and monitoring the organization’s internal controls to ensure efficiency. Its functions include a detailed testing of transactions and balances, and performing routine or sometimes, random checks as a precautionary measure. During this process, an auditor might uncover fraudulent practices, which would otherwise have gone unnoticed. This paper intends to clarify the difference between auditing and fraud investigation, fraud indicators, highlight the role of audits in fraud prevention and investigation. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK AND CONCLUSION. Paul A. Rodrigues said, “It has been aptly said that auditors look at the ‘donut’ and fraud examiners look at the ‘hole’” (Auditing vs. Fraud Examination, para. 2). That statement indicates a difference between auditing and fraud investigation; audits are reoccurring (on a regular basis), fraud investigations are not (only when there is sufficient predication); an audits scope is general, that of fraud investigations are specific (allegation based); an audit’s objective is to express a general opinion, a fraud examination’s is to affix blame where an allegation is confirmed (adapted from the ACFE Fraud Examiners Manual). That being said, an internal audit is party to a fraud investigation along side forensic investigators, legal counsel, law enforcement and the......

Words: 482 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Corporate Fraud and the Role of Auditors

...CORPORATE FRAUD & THE ROLES OF AUDITOR (BANGLADESH PERSPECTIVE) Submitted To: Tahmina Ahmed Lecturer Department Of Accounting And Information Systems University Of Dhaka. Submitted By: Group No. 02 ID 18003 18051 18053 18073 18089 18200 NAME Safiqur Rahman Mahadin Anik Mahmudul Islam Arnab Kumar Chakrabartty Abdullah Al Noman Namrata Chakma Date of Submission: November 11, 2014. 1|Page This Report Includes The Following Contents Chapter No. Contents Page No. 01.Introduction 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Introduction. Scope of the report. Objective of the report. Limitations of the report. What is corporate fraud? Kinds of corporate frauds. Reasons for corporate fraud. Auditor’s role. Bangladesh perspective. Findings of the study. 03 03 03 04 04 05 05 06 09 10 02.Literature Review 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 03.Findings Of The Study 3.1 04.Conclusion & Recommendations 4.1 4.2 Conclusion. Recommendations. 12 13 05. References. 5.1 References. 14 2|Page CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 WHAT IS CORPORATE FRAUD AND WHAT WE ARE GOING TO DO THROUGHOUT THE WHOLE REPORT? The term ‘Fraud’ essentially includes the use of deception to make some personal gains for oneself dishonestly obviously and create some losses for another within the organization or outside the organization. Although definitions of corporate fraud vary in different situations, most of them are based on these general themes. The term ‘Corporate Fraud’ usually includes activities such as corruption, misuse of......

Words: 3700 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Worldcom Fraud Investigation

...Use the Fraud Triangle and Fraud Scale to critically analyse the actions of Bernie Ebbers and Scott Sullivan during the WorldCom saga/ What does your analysis suggest? Dennis Greer’s fraud triangle is a key framework in analysing the ‘factors that cause someone to commit occupational fraud’ (ACFE-The Fraud Triangle, Association of Certified Fraud, Examiners Available from:http://www.acfe.com/fraud-triangle.aspx [January 2014]). The three elements that make up the model are perceived pressure, perceived opportunity and rationalisation. In reference to the events of WorldCom, which has been labelled to date, ‘one of the biggest accounting scandals in history’ (CNN Money- WorldCom’s Financial Bomb, Available from:http://money.cnn.com/2002/06/25/news/worldcom/. [June 2002]) the initial pressures that were the driving force behind the actions of CEO, Bernie Ebbers and CFO Scott Sullivan are quite vast. Firstly Ebbers, was faced with the managerial strain of financial pressure on management due to the decline in the economic environment and the high expectations of Wall Street. As a result, he was aware that the key to growth was in acquisition and mergers, which required an illusion of a solid investment portfolio and therefore ‘a heavy dependence on the performance of WorldCom shares’ (Forbes- Bernie Ebbers Guilty, Available from: http:// www.forbes.com/2005/03/15/cx_da_0315ebbersguilty). In addition, Ebbers was fuelled by greed, ‘nearly a billionaire’...

Words: 3980 - Pages: 16

Premium Essay

Nature of Fraud

...Licensed to: iChapters User Licensed to: iChapters User Fraud Examination, Fourth Edition W. Steve Albrecht Chad O. Albrecht Conan C. Albrecht Mark F. Zimbelman VP/Editorial Director: Jack W. Calhoun Editor-in-Chief: Rob Dewey Sr. Acquisitions Editor: Matt Filimonov Associate Developmental Editor: Julie Warwick Editorial Assistant: Ann Mazzaro Marketing Manager: Natalie Livingston Marketing Coordinator: Nicole Parsons Content Project Management: PreMediaGlobal Sr. Manufacturing Buyer: Doug Wilke Production House/Compositor: PreMediaGlobal © 2012, 2009 South-Western, Cengage Learning ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used in any form or by any means graphic, electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited to photocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping, Web distribution, information networks, or information storage and retrieval systems, except as permitted under Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher. For product information and technology assistance, contact us at Cengage Learning Customer & Sales Support, 1-800-354-9706. For permission to use material from this text or product, submit all requests online at www.cengage.com/permissions Further permissions questions can be e-mailed to permissionrequest@cengage.com Library of Congress Control Number:......

Words: 20363 - Pages: 82

Premium Essay

Fraud Investigation

...Financial Statement Fraud | By “Fraud Master” Team, Introduction of Financial Statement Fraud Financial statement fraud is by definition, the deliberate misstatements or omissions of amounts or disclosures of financial statements to deceive financial statement users, particularly investors and creditors.  In other words, these fraudulent activities take place when a business entity engages in certain practices designed to hide or maneuver its accounts in order to remain attractive to investors. Theoretically, there are three factors that appear to be present in every case of financial statement fraud. These factors are an apparent situational pressure, a perceived opportunity to commit and conceal the dishonest act, and some way to rationalize the act as justifiable. In simple terms, there is something that prompts otherwise honest people to consider dishonest acts (pressure), along with the perception that they can get away with it (opportunity), and an ability to justify why their actions were not dishonest (rationalization).  This theory is better known as the fraud triangle which infers that if all three of these factors are present, there is a high likelihood that a fraud will be committed. Major Categories of Financial Schemes There are many different forms in which financial statement fraud can be perpetrated.  The most common ones include: * Falsification, alteration, or manipulation of material financial records, supporting documents, or......

Words: 878 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Fraud

...and accounting fraud by the managers of the company. It disappoints many stakeholders as after the financial crisis in 1997, many efforts have been initiated and implemented to strengthen the business control and foundation of the company. One of the important lessons learned from the financial crisis in 1997 is the weaknesses in the governance of the company such as too much power is given to a single person in managing the company, weak internal control and poor work of the directors that leads to the failure of the company. Due to this, a total regulatory and governance were embarked all over the world. Just to name a few, in the US, the Sarbanese Oxley Act was established, while in the UK the Code of Corporate Governance was extensively revised to stop all these corporate diseases from spreading and becoming a cancer for the global business community. However, all this effort has seemed fruitless as after the heavy debate and discussion and huge struggle by the regulator and market administrator, these corporate scandals are still returning but with more scaring facts. 1.1 What do we mean by Fraud and Misconduct • Fraud is a broad concept that generally refers to “any intentional act committed to secure an unfair or unlawful gain” • Misconduct is also a broad concept and generally refers to “violations of laws, regulations, policies or market expectations of ethical business conduct” Together, they fall into the following categories of fraud schemes......

Words: 3562 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

The Role of Auditors in Fraud Detection, Prevention and Reporting in Nigeria

...11-2-2010 THE ROLE OF AUDITORS IN FRAUD DETECTION, PREVENTION AND REPORTING IN NIGERIA Ayobami Oluwagbemiga Oyinlola Mr Tai Solarin University of education,Ijagun, Ijebu-Ode, oluwagbemiga@in.com Follow this and additional works at: http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac Part of the Library and Information Science Commons Oyinlola, Ayobami Oluwagbemiga Mr, "THE ROLE OF AUDITORS IN FRAUD DETECTION, PREVENTION AND REPORTING IN NIGERIA" (2010). Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal). Paper 517. http://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/517 THE ROLE OF AUDITORS IN FRAUD DETECTION, PREVENTION AND REPORTING IN NIGERIA OYINLOLA OLUWAGBEMIGA oluwagbemiga@in.com Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun , Ijebu-ode Ogun State. Abstract This study investigates the role of auditors in the detection, prevention and reporting of fraud. Data were obtained from 184 respondents in Nigeria. The findings revealed that the respondents are very concerned about the problem of fraud. In addition, the respondents placed very high expectation on auditors’ duties on fraud prevention and detection. This perception is in contrast with the stated primary objective of an audit, as stipulated in ISA 200, which merely required auditors to form an opinion on the financial statements, but not of fraud detection. Keywords: Auditors, fraud, detection, prevention Introduction That an auditor has the responsibility for the prevention, detection and reporting of......

Words: 3964 - Pages: 16

Free Essay

Fraud

...prison in the Satyam fraud case. The court also imposed a fine of Rs 5 crore on Ramalinga Raju, the Satyam Computer Services Ltd's founder and former chairman, and his brother B Rama Raju and Rs 20-25 lakh each on the remaining accused. HT presents a lowdown of the country's biggest-ever corporate accounting scandal . What is the Satyam scam about? It is about corporate governance and fraudulent auditing practices allegedly in connivance with auditors and chartered accountants. The company misrepresented its accounts both to its board, stock exchanges, regulators, investors and all other stakeholders. Is this an accounting fraud, a market manipulation/fraud or both? It is a fraud, which misled the market and other stakeholders by lying about the company’s financial health. Even basic facts such as revenues, operating profits, interest liabilities and cash balances were grossly inflated to show the company in good health. Who is to blame here? The promoters? The promoters are primary culprits, although it is almost impossible to misrepresent such facts without the connivance of the auditors and some executive board members. Independent directors, it seems, were kept in the dark about the actual books of accounts. What about the auditors? The role of external third party auditors, who were tasked to ensure that no financial bungling is undertaken to carry out promoters’ interest or hide facts, have also been brought to question. Anatomy of a fraud 1.......

Words: 3344 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Anti-Fraud

...The IUCN Anti-Fraud Policy February 2008 – Version 1.0 Office of the Director General The World Conservation Union Rue Mauverney 28 1196 Gland, Switzerland Tel: +41 22 999 0296 Fax: +41 22 999 0029 www.iucn.org Policy Version Control and Document History: The IUCN Anti-Fraud Policy Title Version Source language Published in French under the title Published in Spanish under the title Responsible Unit Developed by Subject (Taxonomy) Date approved Approved by Applicable to Purpose IUCN Anti – Fraud Policy 1.0 released February 2008 English Politique de l’UICN de lutte contre la fraude Política para la Prevención de Fraudes de la UICN Office of the Director General IUCN Oversight Unit Fraud, Internal Control, Risk Management November 2007 Director General and Global Management Team All IUCN Staff Members world-wide The aim of the IUCN Anti-Fraud Policy is to safeguard the reputation and financial viability of IUCN through improved management of fraud risk. It sets out explicit steps to be taken in response to reported or suspected fraud, as well as measures that will be taken to prevent or minimize the risk of fraud. IUCN Internal Control Policy Framework COSO Standards IUCN Code of Conduct and Professional Ethics for the Secretariat Sent to all staff members world-wide, available on the IUCN Knowledge Network (intranet), provided for information to all partner organizations and suppliers with contracts with IUCN, and available publicly on request. Is part of......

Words: 7003 - Pages: 29

Free Essay

Fraud Investigation

...conclusion is that he’s “all over” the TBC’s work. My following analysis is based on the fraud triangle. As regards to opportunity, Ben is the office manager and he has multiple authorities over the company’s operations including transaction verification and cash handling. It’s easy for him to perpetrate a fraud. The most obvious opportunity for him to commit a fraud is in purchasing equipment. Because Ben recently changed a vendor to Charlie Thurgood, who has a close relationship with him, it’s suspicious that they may collude with each other. When purchasing the equipment, Ben has access to the purchasing order which is “open”. He can possibly change the ordered quantity and ask Charlie to change the invoices which Charlie will personally drop with Michelle. It’s Ben who is the only person authorizes the purchase as well as the payment. There is no segregation of duties in this purchasing process. Besides Ben is the person responsible for hiring temporary employees and verifying the timesheet and checking. It’s also easy for him to add more employees who actually don’t exist. Moreover, Ben verifies the ticket log and keeps the money overnight. There is a chance for him to steal money from it too. The pressure making him to plot fraudulent schemes may come from his family background which shows he has “a bunch of ex-wives.” There is a possibility he needs to get money to afford the alimony. As an office manager, Ben contributes his efforts to make sure smooth operations. He......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Healthcare Fraud

... Health care Fraud Health care fraud is a crime that has a significant effect on the private and public health care payment system. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, all health care programs are subject to fraud with Medicare and Medicaid being the most visible. It is estimated that fraudulent billings to both private and public health care programs are between 3 and 10 percent of total health care programs expenditures. The most recent Centers for Medicare and Medicaid (CMS) statistical estimates project that total health care expenditures are estimated to total $2.4 trillion, representing 14 percent of the gross domestic product. By the year 2016, CMS also estimates that by the year 2016, the total health care spending is to exceed $4.14 trillion, representing 19.6 percent of the GDP. As one can see, the tens of billions of dollars lost due to health care fraud is a serious financial issue that affects the healthcare system as a whole and affects patients, taxpayers, and government through higher health care costs, insurance premiums and taxes. Health care fraud is defined in Title 18, United States Code (U.S.C) s. 1347 as “whoever knowing and willfully executes or attempts to execute a scheme or artifice to defraud any health care benefit program or to obtain, by means of false or fraudulent pretenses, representations or promises, any money or property owned by or under the custody or control of, any health care benefit program.” In other words, it is......

Words: 2215 - Pages: 9