Premium Essay

Rfid Toll Collections

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By srinathreddy
Words 971
Pages 4
RFID Based ETC (Electronic Toll-collection) IT 500 Srinath Reddy Anagunta Schiller International University

Dr. Russ Wright Schiller International University

I. INTRODUCTION
The rise in traffic volume has affected the free flow at the tollgate on the freeways for payment in cash. The best available technology to overcome this problem was automated Electronic toll collection system. The automated system is combination of several subsystems. The RFID technology, computer database, power supply, microcontroller, motor and inferred device are included. Automatized toll system has been successful in saving time and reducing the human workers intervention.

RFID (Radio Frequency Identification):
The RFID systems employed worldwide have various features and application, but generally when they are used in automobiles for Electronic toll-collection purposes would be an active Transponder that usually stores a serial number that is unique and linked with user’s personal account.
RFID Reader: In order to read the RFID tag a reader or Scanner is placed in the E-toll lane to communicate, read the tag and to transmit to the database. When a reader transmits radio waves, all the tags in the communicating range will respond to the frequency and exchange of data takes place. Electronic Toll-collection systems: The RFID device consists of tags known and E-Zpass(or they have different names for different providers) that are fitted on the windshields of vehicles, through which data embedded in the tags are read by RFID readers, This system replaces the manual ticket payment and toll fee collection process with automated payment method. Moreover data information is also easily traded between the toll authorities and motorists, in this manner it is possible for more efficient toll collection by minimizing traffic and eliminating possible human…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Rfid

...-----------------------------------------------------------------------8 Introduction This report shows how RFID works in daily basis I will be discussing some of any existing technologies and important features of the technology and discuss possible uses of the technology and the feature impact of the technology KNOWLEDGE Radio Frequency identification RFID is a non contact system which radio waves reads the information stored in a transponder. This technology makes it possible to transmit data via radio waves without physical or visual contact and RFID commutation includes at least one transponder, transmitter devices and background acting of IT system which means you need make some coding to make RFID to work. RFID is already used in daily bases e.g. in car immobilizers, toll systems, tags, car tracking, passports, payments, warehouses and many more The first exploration of RFID technology approached in world war II when the British army used RFID technology to act as aircraft identification to make sure whether airplanes were friendly or enemies so the development of RFID have continued since from late 1960 (Jeremy Gragg, 2003). Then later on RFID was also used for anti-theft systems on doors then in the 1970s and 1980s first RFID created for Keyless access control system some of these system allow the opening of car doors from several feet away. Then widespread use of RFID technology found only through the development of cost effective transponder in the......

Words: 1492 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rfid

...Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) RFID RFID stands for Radio frequency identification. It is a technology that uses communication via radio waves to exchange data between a reader and an electronic tag attached to an object, for the purpose of identification and tracking. It's grouped under the broad category of automatic identification technologies. RFID is fast, reliable, and does not require physical sight or contact between reader/scanner and the tagged item RFID is also called dedicated short range communication (DSRC). History Invented in 1948 by Harry Stockman. Initial application was during World War II-The United Kingdom used RFID devices to distinguish returning English airplanes from inbound German ones. RADAR was only able to signal the presence of a plane, not the kind of plane it was.. Came into commercial use only in 1990s. Identification * Assign IDs to objects * Link the ID to additional information about the object * Link the ID to complementary info * Find similar objects Components A basic RFID system consists of three components: * An antenna or coil * A transceiver (with decoder) * A transponder (RF tag) * The antenna emits radio signals to activate the tag and to read and write data to it. * The reader emits radio waves in ranges of anywhere from one inch to 100 feet or more, depending upon its power output and the radio frequency used. When an RFID tag passes through the electromagnetic......

Words: 1527 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Rfid

...RFID and Oracle Inventory System Management Riordan’s daily operations are inefficient and time consuming. Every stage of the supply chain is observed, tracked, recorded, and updated all visually and manually. The delivery of raw materials to the manufacturing warehouse requires a shipping supervisor to receive shipments from truck drivers with the shipping documents to show what has been ordered. This paperwork is than compared to a scheduled orders receiving report. This report is provided to the receiving are on a weekly basis. Once everything is confirmed by the supervisor, it is then handed to the inventory clerk to enter into the inventory system. The manufacturing of goods follows the same type of process. Raw materials that are used are recorded on an inventory form which is then turned into the inventory clerk at the end of the day. This process doesn’t allow up-to-date information on current warehouse stock levels. Then there is product shipping. Sales orders are taken through fax, phone, and sales employees. Sales orders are then copied and handed to the inventory clerk and entered into the customer shipping and billing system. With each shipping order sent, workers loading trucks then send those shipping documents to the clerk to update the inventory of sub-assemblies and final products in the system. These processes have a lot of physical handling of receiving, processing, and shipping goods. This can be very time consuming to manually track,......

Words: 1048 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Rfid

...International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research Volume 4, Issue 2, February-2013 ISSN 2229-5518 1 RFID-Based Students Attendance Management System Arulogun O. T., Olatunbosun, A., Fakolujo O. A., and Olaniyi, O. M. Abstract In recent years, there have been rise in the number of applications based on Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) systems and have been successfully applied to different areas as diverse as transportation, health-care, agriculture, and hospitality industry to name a few. RFID technology facilitates automatic wireless identification using electronic passive and active tags with suitable readers. In this paper, an attempt is made to solve recurrent lecture attendance monitoring problem in developing countries using RFID technology. The application of RFID to student attendance monitoring as developed and deployed in this study is capable of eliminating time wasted during manual collection of attendance and an opportunity for the educational administrators to capture face-to-face classroom statistics for allocation of appropriate attendance scores and for further managerial decisions. Keywords: RFID, Lecture, Attendance, Passive tag, Reader INTRODUCTION T he emergence of electronic paradigm for learning compared to traditional method and availability of almost all information on the information superhighway(Internet), nowadays have caused students to be less motivated to come to the lecture rooms than ever before. Laziness on......

Words: 3596 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Rfid

...1.0 – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Advanced Consulting (AC) Inc. specializes in introducing and implementing new innovations into the workplace. The following proposal focuses on incorporating RFID chip bracelets into Just Relax Resort. We believe that the RFID chip bracelet is the most efficient and cost effective way for Just Relax Inc. to achieve its goals. These bracelets will simplify all guest activities, reducing wait times and service times, while maintaining security throughout the resort. AC Inc. is confident that this proposal will meet your expectations and goals for increasing security and visitor experiences, allowing Just Relax Resort to become the vacation destination of choice. By introducing RFID chip bracelets, RFID readers can be placed in many locations throughout the hotel and service areas. These bracelets will allow guests to pay for services with ease, sign up for various activities quickly and effortlessly, and ensure that their personal information is secure. The bracelets will have the chip imbedded within them and will also be waterproof, allowing guests to still enjoy all services around the resort. The RFID chip bracelet eliminates the need for guests to carry around ID or payment methods. RFID technology will exceed the expectations of guests in the resort. Upon completion of the implementation of this technology, queuing will be drastically reduced, customer experiences will increase, valuable information will be easily tracked, and customers......

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rfid Auditor

...CISA, CIA, CFE, DOI , adio frequency identification (RFID) is a method of remotely storing and retrieving data using devices called RFID tags. RFID is a wireless technology that includes passive, semipassive and active tags: • Active RFID systems can store large amounts of information using a power source within the tags. • Passive RFID tags do not use a separate external power source. They obtain operating power from the tag reader. • Semipassive RFID uses an internal power source to monitor environmental conditions, but requires radio frequency energy transferred from the reader to power a tag response (similar to passive tags). The tags are small objects that can be attached to or incorporated into a product, much like the standard bar code tags on products in the supermarket. The difference is that while it takes a laser to scan a standard bar code and read its universal product code, an RFID tag stores its identifying code on a tiny microchip and transmits it wirelessly to a reader device. This allows more tags to be scanned at once from farther away, and it allows individual items—not just types of items—to be assigned unique identifying codes. An RFID system may consist of several components: tags, tag readers, tag programming stations, circulation readers, sorting equipment and tag inventory wands. The purpose of a system is to enable data to be transmitted by a portable device called a tag, which is read by an RFID reader and processed according to the needs of a......

Words: 2511 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Rfid in the Business World

...waves. A tag contains electronically stored information which may be read from a distance. Different than a bar code that needs to be in sight. RFID can be used in 1. RFID tag attached to a car during production to track its process through the assembly line. 2. Medicines can be tracked at warehouses. 3. Livestock 4. RFID tags can be attached to clothing, possessions and implanted within people 5. Tracking of goods 6. Tracking of persons and animals 7. Toll collection and contactless payment 8. Machine readable travel documents 9. Tracking authenticity 10. Airport baggage tracking How RFIDS improve efficiency in an operation environment RFID offers advantages over manual systems or use of bar codes. The tag can be read even if it is not visible. Tags can be read inside any container unlike barcodes. The main point where RFID will benefit is the supply chain sector. This technology can improve the effect and visibility; it can cut administrative costs, enhance utilization of the product, and reduce shrinkage, counterfeiting and increase sales but avoiding out of stocks Benefit towards the operation of the business Tracking of Products Businesses can track products at all times. They can also keep an eye on what’s is and inst in stock Enhanced Productivity & Cost Avoidance Identifying items by RFID takes less time than using barcode or other less automated ways. This leads to greater process efficiencies in many tasks such as shipping and......

Words: 952 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Rfid

...RFID Name: Ramu Navalli ID No: 15805 Instructor: Richard Borrelli Abstract Radio-frequency identification (RFID) is the wireless use of electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects. RFID tags are used in many industries. An RFID tag attached to an automobile during production can be used to track its progress through the assembly line. RFID can be used in a variety of applications such as Access management, tracking of goods, tracking of persons and animals. There is another use of RFID which is recently introduced in ships. RFID in ships. When Royal Caribbean International's newest cruise ship, the Quantum of the Seas, embarks on its maiden voyage on Nov. 2, its passengers will be treated to several RFID-based features, including passive high-frequency (HF) RFID "WOWband" wristbands that they can use to unlock their staterooms' doors and make purchases onboard. The ship is also adopting RFID luggage tags, enabling guests to use their cell phones to view the locations of their bags during loading and unloading. Quantum of the Seas, the world's third-largest cruise ship, will be based in Bayonne, N.J., during its inaugural season sailing (2014 to 2015). The 1,142-foot-long ship includes 2,090 passenger staterooms and 16 passenger-accessible decks, and features multiple new technologies. For example, passengers can access RFID-enabled Royal iQ kiosks (as well as a Royal iQ app on their......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rfid

...Gulf University For Science and Technology Department of Management Information Systems MIS-118 Introduction to Computer and Information Systems Project Specifications The project is expected to train the students on presenting a specific topic using a presentation application. The presentation is to be designed using MS PowerPoint and the topics may span several aspects such as: Geocaching Onstar Telesurgery Slingbox Gesture Input E-Paper 3D Printer Browser Operating System Wireless Power WiMax Wi-Fi SD Cards Geobrowsing Securexam Remote Proctor Google Search Privacy Supercookies Adware/spyware/ stealthware Cloud Computing Mobile Augmented Reality QR Codes RFID Technology Smart Home Phishing Identity theft Or any topic accepted by your instructor. 1 Gulf University For Science and Technology Department of Management Information Systems The PowerPoint presentation must contain the following: *  Cover and ending slides (containing automatic date). *  Overview/Agenda and introduction. *  At least 5 material slides (not including cover and ending slides) *  At least one hyperlink linking to related explanatory material *  Slide and text animation *  May have a(n) video/audio clip depending which is more relevant to your presentation (or both) *  At least one table/picture depending which is more relevant to your presentation (or both) *  Slide numbers *  References *  Duration: 5-7......

Words: 282 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Rfid

...Brief History of RFID: RFID technology was invented in 1948, but it was not mainstreamed for commercial applications until the 1980s. One of its first known applications was during World War II, when it was used by the British radar system to differeniate between German aircraft and their own aircraft with attached radio transponders. Only recently, due to technology advances, have the price points dropped to where RFID is now feasible for companies to adopt. Wal-Mart was among the first commercial enterprises to select RFID technology to achieve improvements in the inventory supply process and theft control. Wal-Mart started the process of implementing RFID throughout its retail distribution chain by requiring its top 100 suppliers to use RFID tags by year-end 2004 on the pallets and cases they shipped to Wal-Mart. However, in 2004 due to the status of standards and limited tag production capabilities, manufacturers of RFID tags were unable to meet the volume of demand within Wal-Mart's desired time frame. As the standards further evolved, production capabilites expanded and price points kept dropping, Wal-Mart's implementation is now in full swing with most of their top suppliers delivering RFID tagged pallets and crates to all of Wal-Mart's distributions centers. RFID use has started to penetrate other corporate supply chains, but in many cases these implementions are closed loop systems. In other words, the RIFD is deployed within a particular corporation's......

Words: 1562 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Rfid

...provide such serve for customers? by cutting down the product cost and selling cost RFID(Radio Frequency IDentification): Introduction:is the wireless use of electromagnetic fields to transfer data, for the purposes of automatically identifying and tracking tags attached to objects. How does RFID work? the tags contain electronically stored information. Some tags are powered by electromagnetic induction from magnetic fields produced near the reader. Some types collect energy from the interrogating radio waves and act as a passive transponder. Other types have a local power source such as a battery and may operate at hundreds of meters from the reader.Unlike a barcode, the tag does not necessarily need to be within line of sight of the reader and may be embedded in the tracked object. Recycling the RFID chips we give the each customers a coles card like memberships card, everytime the customer bring a chip, we give them a point loyalty point, when the customer gets 500 points, we give them something free. Budget of the using RFID a tag can be bought at $0,05 even today. At least if you believe Kevin Ashton, the cofa tag can be bought at $0,05 even today. At least if you believe Kevin Ashton, the cofounder and executive director of the Auto-ID Center and this article by him in RFID Journal. But, no matter the cost of $0,05 or $0,07 per tag, the early adopters of item-level RFID constantly show better inventory levels and sales growth in comparison to......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Rfid

...RFID in transportation Gopi Krishna Potla Wilmington University Abstract: Radio Frequency Identification is the most prevailing technology in the current world. RFID has many successful applications. Transportation is one among such applications. The use of RFID in transportation made tracking to things easy. RFID increase the efficiency of transportation, saves time and money. It is used in trucking, shipping, airports and also in railways. In this paper, RFID technology is explained briefly at the beginning. Later, implementation of RFID on different ways of transportation is illustrated. The standards of RFID in transportation are also presented. Introduction: RFID stands for Radio-Frequency Identification. RFID technology is a type of wireless communication in which radio waves are used to recognize people and objects. The purpose of an RFID system is transmitting data from a portable device, called a tag, to an RFID reader to execute a particular application based on the tag provided identification or location information (Graafstra, 2006; O' Brien, 2006). This was initially developed for improving warfare technologies. Now, it has been a part of everyone’s routine life. It consists of a tag with a chip and an antenna for sending and receiving data. The technology consolidates with an interrogator (reader), which has an antenna that communicates with the tag. This is an enhanced distinct option for barcodes as it has read and write capabilities. RFID in......

Words: 1467 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Rfid

...escape techniques that broaden the cases of prison breaks. This gives freedom to violent inmates and burden correctional staffs that disturb the community’s safety. Therefore, we come up to a project designed to monitor the inmates that includes their location, movement and headcount at a specific instant of time. Thus, helping the jail officers to constantly check the inmates and having a record of incidents that had happened which could be used for future investigation. Objectives of the Study General Objectives This study aims to improve the monitoring of inmates using an active Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) reader. Specific Objectives More specifically, thisstudy aims to: a. Track inmates through a server-based database using an automated system b. Monitor inmates using a non-detachable and water resistant Radio Frequency Identification(RFID) wristband c. Cover a certain radius per transceiver d. Provide a database system that would log history at a regular basis e. Trigger an alarm in case of tag tampering or loss Importance of the Study The prison escape rate in correctional facilities is not in an alarming level, but it remains a troubling problem because traditional monitoring requires dedicated staffing, thus, taking officers away from other duties. An inmate under traditional monitoring is typically checked on by corrections staff from time to time. Even with this effort by correction facilities, inmates still finds enough......

Words: 3484 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Rfid

...Abstract RFID (Radio Frequency IDentification) is a technology that incorporates the use of electromagnetic or electrostatic coupling in the radio frequency (RF) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum to uniquely identify an object, animal, or a person. It is an automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data whenever required using devices called RFID Tags or transponders. It is also called Dedicated Short Range Communication (DSRC). I would like to make a presentation on the following topics related to RFID technology: * Brief overview of RFID technology * Basic components of RFID * Standards followed * Simple working and Sequence of Communication involved * Advantages, applications and future scope Components of RFID Technology Tags (Chip + Antenna): An RFID Tag is an object that can be stuck on or incorporated into a product, animal or a person for the purpose of identification using radio waves. There are two main components present in the RFID tag. Firstly, a small silicon chip or integrated circuit which contains a unique identification number (ID). Secondly, an antenna that can send and receive radio waves Interrogators (Antenna + Reader): Interrogators are used to read the Tags & in certain cases even write on them. Middleware: Middleware is the needed interface between the existing company databases & information management software. Middleware provides a range of functions: • Data Filtering • System......

Words: 734 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Rfid

...Information Systems for Supply Chain Management – Paper 1 – RFID Alex Bartell ____________________________________________________________ _________________________ Radio frequency identification (RFID) significantly increases supply chain efficiency by creating an electronic tracking system that encompasses the entire product life cycle. The technology was first discovered during World War II so countries could differentiate their aircrafts from those of their enemies. Just-in-time supply chains were made possible after the innovation of RFID technology. The ability to track products from raw materials to the end customer has brought to light many opportunities for process improvement. Information systems have integrated in RFID recognition technology in order to reduce the number of steps and manual data input required when tracking a product. RFID has created endless ways to track consumer behavior by storing buying habits and transaction details. Radio frequency identification was originally used for military purposes during World War II. In 1935, the radar technology capable of locating aircrafts was invented by Sir Robert Alexander Watson-Watt (Roberti). Planes were able to be identified but there was no way to distinguish between different countries aircrafts. The Germans discovered that when their own pilots rolled the aircrafts, the radar would pick up a slightly different signal, thus creating the first form of RFID technology. The British started placing......

Words: 2064 - Pages: 9