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Responsible Business and Pressure Groups

In: Business and Management

Submitted By jomo1
Words 3088
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Responsible Business Pressure Groups-F.O.E. | Pressure Groups |

1. Introduction
Like a mantra, so has responsible business been for the current generation. There are many interpretations of the different underpinning concepts but, with contested definitions. Externally pressure groups seek to pressure the government and business to pursue sustainable policies and practises. The government have a role to ensure societal expectations of business are met. Thus, section two shall review various interpretations of responsible business. Section three shall outline and evaluate the issues surrounding pressure groups, whilst section four shall evaluate the role of government as an enabler and barrier. To achieve these, academic, government and expert materials shall be cited.

2. Copious studies (Carroll 1999; Kerlin 2006; Elkington 1997) have attempted to explain what constitutes ‘Responsible Business’ (RB) through Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), Sustainable Business (SB), Corporate Responsibility (CR), and Social Enterprise (SE). To have an overview of RB, it is necessary to define the term responsible. And also, answer questions such as to whom, for what is business responsible and how are those responsibilities defined. Argandona and Hoivik (2009; 12) defined ‘responsible’ “as being accountable” i.e. assuming an obligation to care. Friedman (1970) argued that business is responsible to its shareholders. This is identical to the classical view which argued that the responsibility of business managers are to its shareholders and therefore, the sole concern should be profit maximization. This does not demand business to act unethically or disobey the laws; instead business should engage in open and free competition without fraud or deception (Friedman 1962;…...

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