Premium Essay

Research with Children and Young People

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By liamcrayden
Words 2284
Pages 10
Research with Children and Young People |

Paper Critique
This essay will outline and evaluate the role of ‘Listening to Children’ (Walker, Crawford, & Taylor, 2008) in the current paper and reflect on other relevant research on the ‘voices’ of children and young people. Firstly it will discuss the methods which can be used to write a literature review, leading on to critiquing the research contained in the journal article. When beginning a literature review it is important to identify the methodological assumptions and research strategies that have been adopted for constructing the research (Hart, 1998). Methodology is a system of methods used to collect data and provides a starting point for choosing an approach made up of theories, ideas, concepts and definitions of the topic (Hart, 1998). There are two ways in which data can be collected – quantitative and qualitative. Quantitative research involves summarising data using statistical numbers. The researcher knows in advance what he/she is looking for and all aspects of the study are carefully designed before the data is collected. The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models and theories which are hypothesised prior to the research being conducted. The qualitative approach to data collection involves research being collected via the use of primarily narrative or verbal methods; observations, interviews, and document analysis (Lodico, Spaulding, & Voegtle, 2010). It is important to assess the quality of the work in order to critique it. It is imperative to look at when the article was written as it may be providing out of date information which would not be relevant in contrast to current data. The article ‘Listening to Children’ (Walker, Crawford, & Taylor, 2008) is an artefact reporting on the experiences and views of children and young people from…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Young Children

...Examining young children’s 1 The case study in this article presented the process of conceptual change in six-year olds. The process was described from two different view points: how the children’s conceptions change during the instructional process and how the social discussion during the experimental exploration can be seen in terms of the cognitive changes in children. Young children’s conceptual change has not been as widely studied as that in older students. The researcher in this case study suggested that conceptual changes as a party of the learning process should be viewed as a life long process, which begins before children enter school. Six-year-old children undergo floating and sinking during their conceptual change process. This article attempted to describe this process and how social discourse during the process of knowledge construction is linked to the change in children’s concepts. Conceptual change had generally been examined only through cognitive functions as a general process without consideration of the context before this case study. The children that were selected for this study were pre-schoolers age six. They all hailed from the city of Joensuu, Finland and were from the kindergarten involved with the ESKO research project. The groups wanted to participate in the study, but the researchers taught the topic after the teachers disagreed. The children came from two different groups in the ...

Words: 502 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Depression Among Young People

...Depression among Young People Introduction Everyone feels sad sometimes, and when these feelings are with them most of the time, and they tend to stop enjoying their lives and lose curiosity in things they usually used to like doing, they might be experiencing depression. This report tries to find out and discuss the related issues and other significant factors, and intends to find a solution for the problem The issue and background to the debate Children whose parents undergo from depression are at a heightened risk of developing depression themselves and the explanation is liable to be more psychological than genetic (Beardslee et al, 1998). Depression nowadays can be caused due to a lot of issues. Young people now have more to do, more to handle, more to learn, more to understand and very less time to do things. This is not totally negative, but it does affect in elevating the level of depression among young people. The majority of young people with such disorder usually receive no treatment for their problems. There is not enough data specifically addressing the role of the issues and facts related to depression among young people. Although comparable studies suggest understanding bipolar disorders and diagnosis of depression, some do suggest the role of some other psychiatric condition. Understanding and learning these conditions will allow us to create and discover new ways to tackle the situation. Delays in accurate diagnosis of unipolar and bipolar disorders......

Words: 882 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Marginalized Young People

...Marginalized young people Outline Text 1 is about a program launched by the ministry of defense education department in 2001, to get troublemakers out of trouble and give them an alternative to the normal elementary school. “The idea is simple: students drop two GCSE subjects and spend one day a week learning survival skills, rock-climbing, canoeing and camping, and are taught first aid, cooking and carpentry”. Text 2 also deals with the idea of keeping wayward kids out of trouble, but not as in text one with military methods, here the solution is sport, or specifically boxing. Text 2 mentions that troublemakers often are troublemakers because they are bored and have too much energy. Boxing could be the solution and are according to text two already the solution to some. In the boxing gym, the wayward kids have a place to “Burn of excess energy”, simultaneously the fights they used to get into in the streets, are now in a gym, controlled and under observation, which also gives the young new boxers a method to get rid of their aggressions. Text three is related to the first two texts, even though it doesn’t involved solutions to wayward, it gives an example of a society that once where/were beautiful place, but has been “terrorized” by newcomers. According to Text 3 one local resident complains on his website of; “some nice areas, green trees etc. unfortunately ruined of huge, ugly low-rise flats where the scum of the earth are moved in (and out) on regular basis”. By......

Words: 696 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Protecting Children and Young People from Abuse

...Using your own words discuss the main reason why children and young people may need to be cared for away from their families. People who abuse children come from all social backgrounds, all walks of life, different races and cultures. They can parents and other people the child knows well like family friends and relatives and it is not so common for a child to be abused by a stranger. Children and young people under the age of 18 need to be cared for away from their families, if they are in severe danger or significant harm is caused to them such as child’s physical, emotional, mental health or development is impaired as a consequence of abuse or neglect and the most important priority is to make them safe. So if a particular adult presents that danger, the adult may be asked to move out of the family home voluntarily or stay away while the enquiry takes place and if they don’t move out, then social services can apply for an emergency protection court order. This would enable the child to live away from home until it was safe for them to return. Also children and young people may need to be cared for away from their families, when an investigation finds that a child needs protection, and the social worker will take whatever steps are most appropriate and least disruptive to the child. Children are only removed from their homes when they’re in immediate danger and nothing less disruptive can protect them. Another reason why children may be cared away from their homes its......

Words: 3286 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Young Research

...differences and how the races respond to various arguments against the penalty. To explore such differences, we embedded an experiment in a national survey in which respondents are randomly assigned to one of several argument conditions. We find that African Americans are more responsive to argument frames that are both racial (i.e., the death penalty is unfair because most of the people who are executed are black) and nonracial (i.e., too many innocent people are being executed) than are whites, who are highly resistant to persuasion and, in the case of the racial argument, actually become more supportive of the death penalty upon learning that it discriminates against blacks. These interracial differences in response to the framing of arguments against the death penalty can be explained, in part, by the degree to which people attribute the causes of black criminality to either dispositional or systemic forces (i.e., the racial biases of the criminal justice system). he conventional wisdom on public opinion toward the death penalty in the United States, as summarized nicely by Ellsworth and Gross, is that people “feel strongly about the death penalty, know little about it, and feel no need to know more” (1994, 19). As a consequence of these feelings, the authors argue, attitudes tend to be relatively crystallized and, therefore, unresponsive to question phrasing or arguments that are contrary to an individual’s belief. We must wonder, then, why views of the death penalty......

Words: 12321 - Pages: 50

Premium Essay

Marginalized Young People

...A Marginalized young people Summary of “ The forces that turned Baba around” The history is about the 16-years-old Baba, as his friends call him. He went at St Aloysius College in Highgate. He hasn’t had an easy childhood and that has effected his education. When Baba was 12 he had been suspended from school about five times. Every single time he got suspended from school, he saw it as a holiday. Baba describes himself as a bad boy: vandalizing school property, truanting and getting into fights. He didn’t care about it. Once he shaved another boy hair with an electric clipper while he was holding him down. He was “ Just joking around” he told his friends. Baba has not had a role model to look up to because his father left his family when he was very young, so his mother has brought op four children by her own. He’s on his second year of college now and he plans to become a successful actor. Give an outline of the various attitudes to young people in the four texts In the first text “ The forces that turned Baba around” We hear about Baba the “bad boy”. He acts badly, probably because he somehow wants attention. The program Skill Force made contains activities which are fun but also challenging. Here he learns to “fight to the end”. Children with problems can’t be pushed. The need to get some self-confidence, a child brought up with no father has certain problems and sort of emotional issues. We see a lot of problems in......

Words: 917 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Children and Young People Act

... Concerned about the surveillance and intervention, well they should stray away from the CIA bunkers and focus their attention on the “Children and Young People Act”. I’m a parent, and good one if I do say so myself. I make sure my child is fed and clothed when he wakes up till bed time. I conduct small punishments such as time outs, losing toy privileges, and in rare occasions a little pop on the bottom. I take care of my child and raise him to be a wonderful person to society, while in a stable home environment. However, the UK government would disagree with that statement, without even giving me the chance. What you may not know is that Children and Young People Act will be in effect in the UK. What is that you say? Well it means that the state will appoint a ‘named person’ for every child, from birth to the age of 18. Labeled as ‘state guardians’, they don’t practice a particular profession or serve, such as a teacher or someone in the healthcare profession. Instead they have a general interest in the ‘wellbeing’ of their allotted child or children, as a parent or guardian. This is not just when the child is at risk, but in all cases, for all children. Don’t know what I’m talking about? Basically the states are appointing shadow parents that are the competing authority for every family in making decisions that involve the children and they can see the original parents “un-fit” for parenthood. Back seat driving? Try back seat parenting. The parenting system in the......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Caring for Children and Young People

...Safe guarding children and young people. Safeguarding children and young people is a very important job role. The health and social care sector is seen most for the protection and safeguarding of children and young people, especially the social care side, for example a social workers job role is to protect and support children and young people and removing them from situations that may cause them to be in or at risk of being in any sort of danger. Each action taken to succeed in safeguarding children and young people will be connected to a legislation or framework for children and young people. There are seven main legislations and frameworks that I will be explaining and they are as follows; United Nations Convention on the rights of the child (1989), the children act (1998, updated in 2004), every child matters (2003), the data protection act (1998), framework for the assessment of children in need and their parents (2000), common framework (England) and the human rights act (1998). The United Nations convention on the rights of the child (1989) legislation set out the lowest acceptable standard on the treatment of every child. There are three main concepts of the United Nations convention on the rights of the child (1989). The first concept states that the best way for a child to be raised is by their parents. The second concept says that it is unacceptable for a child to be abused or neglected and the third concept says that the authorities must involve themselves......

Words: 3517 - Pages: 15

Free Essay

Young Children and Drawing Complexity

...Young Children and Drawing Complexity: An Examination of the Effect of Age-related Cognition and Gender Understanding the way children develop cognitively plays an important role in psychological research. Part of the ongoing research has been in the area of evaluating the drawings of young children (Cherney, Seiwert, & Dickey, & Flichtbail, 2006). It has been suggested that these drawings provide a valuable insight into the emotional and social development of children and are often used for assessing cognitive maturation ( Golomb, 2012). Lucquet (1913, 1927) as cited in Anning and Ring (2007), was an early observer of this approach and noted that drawing stages in a child’s development exist. Picard and Durand (2005) suggest children five to seven years old evolve fundamentally from a period where they draw “what they know” about life around them to a period in which their drawings are “what they see”. The research conducted by Cox and Ralph (1996) involving children aged, five, seven and nine showed differences in abilities to children to adapt their drawings to cover different profiles of a modelled human figure. The five year old children were found to be less discrete and less successful . However, the older children were able to display a considerable amount of ability in adapting their models, in particular the nine year old children were able to include more facial details and draw the running model with “bent arms and legs”. Cox and Ralph concluded......

Words: 1437 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Communication and Professional Relationships with Children, Young People and Adults

...Unit 2:3 Communication and Professional relationships with Children, Young People and Adults Unit Reference: F/601/3313 Unit Credit: 2 1. Know how to interact with and respond to children and young people. 1:1 Describe how to establish respectful, professional relationships with children and young people. The starting point of any relationship is to spend time getting to know the young person. Get to know their likes/dislikes. Allow them time to talk and express their views. There are a number of basic rules that apply to effective communication and interaction. * Listen to the other person. Listening isn’t just hearing but being active in the communication. Demonstrate you are listening by mirroring the question, engage in the conversation about the subject they are talking about, ask questions to show that you are wanting to know more. * Respect their views. You may not agree with their views but respect their right to hold them. You may challenge their views but use this to open up discussions and allow you both to explore the different opinions. Show them that their views are important. * Use language they will understand. Using language that may be above their level will confuse them. They will miss out on important communication and disengage from learning, alienate them from the conversation and ultimately affect their development. Using language that is below their level is disrespectful and will not engage or challenge them. * Respect their......

Words: 328 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Self Harm in Children and Young People

...the main causes of self harm in children and young people. In your answer consider the importance of carrying out an initial assessment and risk management and identify which therapeutic interventions would be most appropriate. Self-harm, in this context is non-accidental or deliberate self harm it includes activities ranging from scratching the skin to severing arteries, ‘overdosing’ with pharmaceutical medications, taking illicit drugs, binge drinking, tying ligatures around the neck, inserting foreign bodies into open wounds, burning the skin, pulling hair, head banging and biting. (RCPSYCH, 2009) In children and young adults it usually suggests the presence of strong emotions they feel unable to articulate. Self-harm is a way of dealing with very difficult feelings that build up inside. People say different things about why they do it. Some say that they have been feeling desperate about a problem and don't know where to turn for help. They feel trapped and helpless. Self-injury helps them to feel more in control. Some people talk of feelings of anger or tension that get bottled up inside, until they feel like exploding. Self-injury helps to relieve the tension that they feel. Feelings of guilt or shame may also become unbearable. Self-harm is way of punishing oneself. Some people try to cope with very upsetting experiences, such as trauma or abuse, by convincing themselves that the upsetting event(s) never happened. These people sometimes suffer from feelings......

Words: 345 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

P2 – Outline the Arrangements for Providing Quality Care for Looked After Children and Young People.

...Scenario: Tina is a young parents who have moved into a new area with two young children following the separation from her partner who have been drinking and abusive. Tina is worried about the behaviour of the children and concerned about them being looked after. Carry out a research to find out the support available in the local area and decide to organise the information into a resource pack. There are many different types of care provided for looked after children and young people, ensuring that young children are provided with the right quality care. Contact the school There is many ways to get help, if Tina is concerned about their behaviour then she can always contact the school and enquiry about their behaviour and the progress of the education. There has to be a planned meeting that needs to take place in order to give the children additional help if they’re struggling. The school can give mentor support in order for the children to have someone to communicate with. GP Tina can go to the GP and ask for some kind of therapy for her children, even family therapy in order to solve the problem with the children’s father. They can have a family therapy where the children having supervised contact with their father. Social workers Social workers can be involved as they can support the family if situations with the partner gets any worse. Trained and qualified social workers can support families with children who face problems and difficulties in different......

Words: 1859 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

Evaluate the Mechanism for Protecting the Rights of Children and Young People

...Framework refers to the protection of children. The slogan “protecting children is everyone's right” ensures that children within Australia are kept nourished and safe. The COAG is invested by the government and non-government sector to protect the rights of children and their families. The purpose of COAG is to ensure children are not violated through collecting data and conducting investigations. The ‘COAG report’ found that in 2007-08 there were over 55.000 reports of child abuse and neglect within Australia. However since the report has been conducted there has been a dramatic reduce in the number of abuse and neglect cases within Australia. The COAG National Framework is effective in meeting the needs of children and protecting them as the highest priority. The child's welfare within Australia is unsuccessful in prioritising the rights and protection of children however the COAG National Framework addresses these issues and has been pushing for change in the recognition of child welfare. Furthermore, the COAG promotes a safe and welcoming environment for children to assist an early tertiary child protection program. The COAG National Framework ultimately aims to protect the most vulnerable families and children from neglect and abuse. The effectiveness of the COAG can be measured by the successful cases used through welfare benefits and assistance. For example, Holzer, Lewig, Bromfield and Arney (2008) which protects the rights of children to establish and implement......

Words: 1056 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Unit 10-Caring for Children and Young People

...ratify. This means that they have agreed to do everything they can to make the rights a reality for children around the world. All signatories are bound to the UNCRC by international law, and its implementation is monitored by the Committee on the Rights of the Child. Under the terms of the convention, states are required to meet the basic needs of children and help them to reach their full potential. Central to this is the acknowledgement that every child has basic fundamental rights. These include: The right to life The right to his or her own name and identity The right to be protected from abuse or exploitation The right to an education The right to having their privacy protected The be raised by, or have relationship with, their parents The right to express their opinions and have these listened to and, where appropriate, acted upon The right to play and enjoy culture and art in safety On 25th May 2000, two optional protocols were added to the UNCRC. the first of these asks the governments to ensure that children under the age of 18 are not forcibly recruited into the arm forces. It also requires governments to do everything that they can to make sure that members of their armed forces who are under the age of 18 do not take part in combat. The second of these protocols calls on states to prohibit child prostitution and child pornography and the sale of children into slavery. So far, both protocols have already been ratified by more than 120 states. The......

Words: 6532 - Pages: 27

Premium Essay

Infants, Young Children & Daycare

...Infants, Young Children & Daycare name ENG122: English Composition II Instructor: date Infants, Young Children & Daycare In the day that we live in, it is not uncommon for a child to have both parents working. Because of this, a vast majority of infants and young children attend daycare prior to entering grade school. While in a child care environment, for example, daycare, infants and young children are subjected to different types of stimulation that can greatly impact both their cognitive development as well as social skills later in life. Daycare can also enhance those children’s ability to learn at a faster pace when entering kindergarten. For this reason, daycare should be available to infants and young children prior to entering grades K-12. Social skills are very important not only for adults, but for children as well. The development of a person’s social skills begins at birth and grows rapidly from there. A great place for a child to start building these skills would be in the form of daycare. When a child is in daycare, they are automatically subjected to a world full of different types of people. As stated in the article, Pre School years equally as important as K-12, “Licensed caregivers in either a pre-school or daycare setting have the skills and knowledge to guide young children through this social maze” (Courtenay, B.C. para 5) Daycare provides an environment for infants and young children to interact with different types of people which......

Words: 948 - Pages: 4