Premium Essay

Regeneration Pat Barker

In: English and Literature

Submitted By carterkatie
Words 1405
Pages 6
Katie Fifield
''Analysing aspects of form, structure and language, explore the ways Barker develops the theme of social class difference''

In Pat Barker's novel Regeneration she explores the effects that World War I has on the human condition and more specifically on the condition of a group of characters. Historical figures, such as the war poets Siegfried Sassoon and Wilfred Owen, and the military psychiatrist W. H. R. Rivers, are interwoven into the novels, yet it is important to note that while Barker's research on their lives infuses her characterizations, they are inventions as much as reclamations, endowed with psychological depths that she imagines for them. Similarly, Barker purposefully deploys language in self-conscious ways.
Barker mixes fiction and fact so seamlessly. Most of her characters existed as mentioed above, the real life character's involved all did spend these months of 1917 at Craiglockhart together. The novel takes you into their private world. We see the young, idealistic poet Wilfred Owen shyly giving his poems to Sassoon for advice
Class differences were only too apparent within Britain's military entities. The Army structured itself around class and in many ways, recreated the British class system in miniature: aristocratic generals, middle-class officers, and a working class rank and file. This structure reinforced on the war front the class distinctions of the home front, and the long-standing prejudices of the British class system ensured that enlisted men were treated almost like children, it is clear that this relates to the character's involved in Regeneration. Barker uses characters to enable us to understand the shocking reality of the social class difference. Some soldiers also played the role of a servant and waited on officers of high class who enjoyed luxuries unheard of to those existing in the grime of the trenches.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Pat Benner

...Pat Benner’s Novice to Expert Pat Benner’s Novice to Expert 1 Pat Benner came up with the concept that nurses develop skills and understanding of patient care over time through educational basis as well as a number of experiences. She developed the theory of the five stages of nursing experience; Novice, Advance Beginner, Competent, Proficient, and Expert. As we enter our clinical sites as student registered nurses we are considered novices. Novices are considered beginners with no experience. They are taught rules to help them perform task. With no practical experience they must base what they do on principals and rules. A novice has a limited ability to predict what might happen in a particular patient situation. Advance beginner is the next stage of the nursing experience; they are usually the new graduates. They have dealt with more real patient care experiences to recognize recurring components of the situation. Advance beginners are learning to separate normal and abnormal situations and establish priorities as to what is important. The third stage is competency. A competent nurse is one who has been working in the same setting for at least two to three years. They are more aware of long term goals. The competent nurse is better at developing plans based on “conscious, abstract, analytical thinking.” Some of the skills lacking of a proficient nurse is speed and flexibility. Pat Benner’s Novice to Expert 2 ......

Words: 462 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

The Path to Victory of Pat Summit

...The Path to Victory of Pat Summitt Brittany Quay PXS 308 001 15 November 2012 In almost every aspect of the world there is some sort of gender inequality. In most sports the men have many more resources available to them compared to the women. There have been many great coaches and athletes who have overcome the obstacles that the fewer resources have brought on. These athletes or coaches have been successful regardless of the situation. One of these coaches is Patricia Head Summitt. Despite the gender inequalities that are evident in the sport of basketball she has become the greatest coach in the sport. Pat Summitt was born to Richard and Hazel Head on June 14, 1952. She was born in Ashland City, Tennessee. She married R.B. Summitt who she later divorced and together they had one son named Tyler. Pat attended the University of Tennessee at Martin. She majored in physical education and was a member on the women’s basketball team there. Along with playing for her school she was a member of the United States World University team. Summitt graduated in 1974. Immediately after graduating she was offered the job of head women’s basketball coach at the University of Tennessee at Knoxville. She accepted the job offer and worked in this position from 1974 until 2012. As a child Pat grew up in Clarksville, Tennessee but later moved across the county line to Henrietta, Tennessee so that Pat would be able to participate on a women’s high school team. She played...

Words: 1429 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Timelords and Regeneration

...The Limitations On Regenerations, And How To Get Around It. Disclaimer: Before you begin be warned I am writing based on my knowledge of Doctor Who. If you need elaborations on content please let me know and I will gladly do so. I hope you enjoy the brain food. Cheers. L et me start by giving you brief background on regeneration as a manufactured ability by a timelord. Cardinal Rassilon had been investigating a method of regenerating decayed and diseased tissue by way of a series of self-replicating, biogenic molecules. This is obviously because he is such a boss. Rassilon only invented/created this for the Gallifreyan elite. I’ll stop here to blow your mind; Not all Gallifreyans are timelords, but all timelords are Gallifreyan elites. Rassilon also inputted a limitation of only twelve regenerations, this giving the timelord a total of thirteen incarnations. He did so to supposedly avoid the decaying of the biogenic molecules from wear and tear (pun). In a few examples throughout the Whoniverse, however, this limitation has been circumvented (or at least theorized to). I’ll explain more after the jump. In the episode The Five Doctors, the High Council (Rossilon is a member) offered the Master a new regenerative cycle. This is implying the limit can be replaced. I don’t say reset since the decay would still be occurring up to the 12th regeneration. Another example is from a recent and more widely seen episode. In Let’s Kill Hitler Melody Pond is in her third incarnation......

Words: 602 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Pat Tillman

...War, but Who is the Enemy? 1.2 1. Information about the text The article was written by staff writer Josh White and brought in the Washington Post, in May 2005. The genre is an article and the medium is a newspaper. The article is written to cast a light on what really happened the day of the death of Pat Tillman and how it was kept away from his family and the public. 2. The subjects and opinions of the text The subject of the text is war and military. The article is surrounding the death of the soldier Pat Tillman – first known as an enemy attack but later discovered that the cause was friendly fire. To read the article you don’t have to have known about the matter. To discuss the article all you really need have to do is form and an opinion on what happened. 3. Examples of central passages from the text "I mean, it's horrible that Pat was dead. Absolutely horrible. But it hurts even more to know that it was one of our own guys that did it . . .," one soldier told Jones. "We just, we didn't want to get anything, you know, bad said about the regiment or anything like that. That was my guess to what the whole thing was about. We didn't want the world finding out what actually happened." Soldiers reported they burned the evidence because "we knew at the time, based on taking the pictures and walking around it it was a fratricide. . . . We knew in our hearts what had happened, and we weren't going to lie about it. So we weren't thinking about proof or......

Words: 693 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Pat Summit Leadership Style

...in Sports Pat Summit: Leadership There is considerable research that suggest men and women lead differently and each brings traits and characteristics to leadership that are more naturalistic or inherent to each other, yet there is literature that argue that there are no differences. Gender stereotyping in relation to leadership has led to most argue there are barriers women face in gaining leadership positions, yet those who seem to ignore the stereotypes happen to achieve incredible success. Pat Summit is one who has shown people that gender those not determine your leadership skills, but yet it’s your experience and knowledge. Pat Summit was the Head Women’s Basketball Coach at the University of Tennessee. In her 27 years of coaching, she has compiled a record of 759-153; all at Tennessee, placing her 10th all-time of all collegiate basketball coaches in both men’s and women’s basketball. Due to this record and various other achievements, Summit is highly respected in the basketball coaching profession, even when compared to male coaches. What made Pat summit this great basketball coach? Many turn and say is was her effective and successful characteristics in terms of her belief in leadership. No doubt that her leadership and her coaching style has turned her into not only a successful coach, but a successful individual as well. To her athletes, she is much more than just a coach. From the first time she meets her recruits, she is simply “Pat.” Nothing more,......

Words: 1233 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Pats History

...broken countless NFL records but always maintains to stay humble when explaining a win or lost in a press conference. This team shows finesse and creativity on the field. The New England Patriots or the Pats as the team is also know as is my favorite team n the NLF. It will be my pleasure and my honor to share with the life, upbringing and downfalls of this organization. Professional football arrived in New England on Nov. 16, 1959, when a group of local businessmen, led by former public relations executive William H. "Billy" Sullivan Jr. was awarded the eighth and final franchise in the new American Football League. One week later, Northwestern University running back Ron Burton was selected as the franchise's first draft choice and Syracuse running back Gerhardt Schwedes was selected as the team's first territorial choice. (1) One of the first orders of business of the management group was giving the franchise a name and that was accomplished through a public contest. Thousands of entries were submitted to name the team and 74 fans suggested the winning name, the Boston Patriots. Shortly after the franchise name was chosen, Boston Globe artist Phil Bissell drew a cartoon of a Minuteman preparing to snap a football and owner Sullivan liked the drawing so much that he selected "Pat Patriot" as the team logo. On April 1, 1960, Boston University Field - the former home of the Boston Braves - was selected as the first home of the Boston Patriots. (1) The Boston Patriots......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Model Checking Using Pat

...Requirement for the Award of the Degree of Master of Technology in Software Engineering by Anusha A Reg. No. 130928001 February 2014 Abstract The idea of Model Driven Development (MDD) is to specify requirements of systems in a formal (usually graphical) notation. UML is the initial and dominant modelling phase in software engineering arena. If errors are occurring in this phase of software development itself, it will cost a lot. Hence it is crucial to detect model level errors in the initial phase rather than later stages of software development. An approach to automatically verifying models composed of UML state machines. This approach helps in checking safety/liveness, properties, trace refinement, relationships and so on with the help of PAT (Process Analysis Toolkit) and CSP (communicating sequential programs). 1 1 1.1 Introduction State Machines The concepts behind state machines are about organizing the way a device, computer program, or other (often technical) process works such that an entity or each of its sub-entities is always in exactly one of a number of possible states and where there are well-defined conditional transitions between these states. The UML state diagrams are directed graphs in which nodes denote states and connectors denote state transitions. In UML, states are represented as rounded rectangles labeled with state names. The transitions, represented as arrows, are labeled with the triggering events followed optionally by the......

Words: 2632 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Regeneration

...There are at least two ways to answer this question. One way is to argue that Regeneration is not an anti-war novel. First, because the work is historical fiction, we might assert that it was necessary for Barker to include Sassoon's protest against the war as an important facet of his character, but that his protest is not central to the novel. Second, as the narrator does not play an intrusive role in the story, there is no overarching judgment of the occurrences and events that carries a didactic anti-war tone. Third, in the characters' observations there is most definitely a condemnation of well known pacifists like Bertrand Russell and Ottoline Morrell. Finally, we may argue that Regeneration is not an anti-war novel because it contains no discussion or evaluation of the aims and purposes of war; it only deals with the effects of war, and therefore cannot be said to be firmly positioned in one camp or the other. There seems, however, to be more evidence supporting the position that Regeneration is an anti-war novel. Barker offers realistic detail of many horrible war scenes, dwelling upon the destruction that war wreaks upon men's minds. These details comprise a large portion of the novel. Furthermore, Sassoon, the novel's hero, rejects all justification for such a high amount of human suffering. Barker presents Sassoon as a likable, sympathetic character who is perfectly clear and reasonable; it seems natural for us to accept his judgments as sound. Perhaps most......

Words: 674 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

River Regeneration

...restoration is a complex process of in-depth analysis and research because each waterfront requires different strategies to account for site-specific problems. According to Schueler (2003), basic strategies must reflect the intensity of current development, the nature and intensity of planned development or redevelopment, the geometry and constraints of the riverfront, and the intended riverfront purposes and management (as cited in Otto et al., 2004). Within these strategies are general principles to follow when attempting to reclaim urban waterfronts. These include but are not limited to ecological goals and economic development goals that are mutually beneficial, protection and restoration of natural river features and functions, regeneration of the riverfront as a human realm, compromises are necessary to achieve multiple objectives, and making the process of planning and designing riverfronts involve public participation (Otto et al., 2004). I will briefly touch the three I consider most important for my thesis development: ecological goals and economic development, protecting and restoring, and regenerating the riverfront. 25 theoretical premise research 1. Ecological Goals and Economic Development It is important to understand that ecological and economical benefits go hand-in-hand when developing a successful waterfront. Defining a river’s beauty is its natural appeal and healthy aquatic ecosystem supported by rich diversity. Development that brings people......

Words: 18617 - Pages: 75

Premium Essay

Pat and Dan

...Pat and Dan Pat was very frustrated because she wanted to purchase a home but lacked the funds or credit to do so even though Pat was expecting shortly to receive a one-half million dollar final installment payment for some land she sold several years earlier. Dan knew that Pat was very interested in purchasing a home and approached Pat with a proposal to assist Pat in buying a home. Dan told Pat that he would help Pat with the financing. After finding the home she wanted to buy for $250,000, Dan and Pat orally agreed that Dan would purchase the home and "when you come up with the money, I (Dan) will sell it to you (Pat) for $250,000 plus a fair commission to be determined." Dan purchased the home identified by Pat and the following week Pat moved in and began living in the house. During the first six months after moving in, Pat installed new carpeting, window coverings and a patio cover at a cost of $8,000. Pat also mailed to Dan a check for $1,000 each month, with a note enclosed with each payment. In each note, Pat asked Dan, "tell me what a fair commission is….I want to finalize our deal." Dan cashed the checks each month, but failed to respond to Pat's notes. Eleven months after moving into the home, Pat received the half-million dollar installment check. Pat immediately went to Dan with a check for $275,000 and asked Dan to convey the property to her according to their agreement. Dan refused to accept the check and ordered Pat to move out. If Pat brings an......

Words: 1105 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How Is Prior Developed for the Reader? Pat Barker Regeneration

...How is Prior developed for the reader? There was a distinct difference in attitudes to class during World War One, and this is seen in Pat Barkers’ presentation of Billy Prior. Upper, working and lower classes viewed each social class with contempt, which lead to tension at the home front, and Barker presents Prior to show these tensions. Prior reflects the middle class views of this time period, as well as portraying the different relationships between different social classes. We first meet Prior in chapter 5 when Rivers is introduced to the new patient in the hospital who has a rude attitude and refuses to speak for his speech ‘comes and goes’, “it was unlike Sister Rogers to take a dislike to a patient”. Prior comes across as angry, stubborn and blunt as he writes in block capitals giving short and straightforward responses such as “I DON’T REMEMBER”. Suggesting he maybe thinks he does not belong at the hospital, or that he is there for the wrong reason. There is tension between Prior and Rivers as they both seek for authority, this can be seen when Rivers corrects a misspelling Prior had made, “Two I’s in “Physically”, Mr Prior”. The fight for superiority continues as Rivers “not roughly, but firmly” puts the tea spoon to the back of Prior’s throat, making his eyes water, but more importantly, Prior “tried” to “push River’s hand away”. The reader knows Prior wants superiority as he is described to have a “supercilious expression” on his face. Prior struggles with......

Words: 899 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Regeneration

...Regeneration Strayer University SCI 115 Spring 2015 May 8, 2015 Regeneration in biology refers to the process of renewing, restoring, and growing that makes cells, organisms, ecosystems and genomes resilient to damage. “Grow your own... heart, limb, or organ" is about research that is being conducted on the flatworm known as planaria. They have the ability to regrow their head or tail in as little as one week when damaged or cut off. Scientists are studying these worms in an effort to learn how to grow a new pancreas, new neurons, and other body parts. The researcher hopes this research will be an effective way to combat diabetes, Alzheimer's disease and many other diseases that plague human beings. "This promising possibilities of tissue regeneration are being explored in the labs of molecular biologists like Peter Reddien. Reddien's lab at MIT seeks to answer two fundamental questions about planarian regeneration. First: Which cells have the ability to regenerate tissue? And second: How are they instructed to do so" (Garcia, 2014)? Reddien and his group found that clonogenic neoblasts can give rise to new tissue. Clonogenic neoblasts are adult stem cells found in planaria bodies. Their bodies are loaded with these stem cells and are ready to regenerate promptly practically any missing body part. Reddien's lab is also studying how the planaria know which part to regenerate, the head or the tail. One of the researchers, Christian Petersen found that one......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Urban Regeneration

...With reference to examples, evaluate the success or otherwise of urban regeneration schemes in combating the causes and consequences of urban decline. (40 marks) Urban decline can be defined as the drastic decline of a city into infirmity and disrepair. It is usually characterised by increased unemployment, depopulation, deindustrialization, increased crime and political disenfranchisement. Not only does it cause these problems but also it can make the area look unattractive – consequently less people being enticed to the area. This can then lead to a vicious cycle. The causes of these factors, which ultimately cause urban decline, can be: educated workers keep moving to the suburbs to avoid crime, poor schools, taxes and racial tensions. These businesses also find that building new facilities in the suburbs is much cheaper than refurbishing old buildings for their needs. There are many reasons to move out of the city but only a few reasons to stay. When a city or an urban area sinks into decline, the council has the choice to regenerate the area to entice people back into the area. When regeneration is considered in the context of ‘urban,’ it involves the rebirth or renewal of urban areas and settlements. Urban regeneration is primarily concerned with regenerating cities and early/inner ring suburbs facing periods of decline. The term urban regeneration covers everything from creating desirable homes in city centers to finding new uses for our formal industrial heartlands...

Words: 308 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Regeneration Essay

...Explore the ways in which Barker’s use of language, form and structure have affected your response to the presentation of the horrors of war. In the novel ‘Regeneration’, Pat Barker uses language, form and structure to present the horrors of war using the characters in the novel; who represent the soldiers in the front line, during World War One. The novel is two hundred and fifty pages, distributed between twenty three chapters and split into four parts which could be used to show four months at Craiglockhart hospital, where the novel is based. The novel is based in World War One and the horrors of war presented in the book represent what life was like for the soldiers on the frontline. The unmentionable trauma they witnessed: watching comrades die, the pile of dead bodies consuming the space around them, the stench coming from the trench (such as rats, rotting flesh and gas from on enemies attacks). In chapter two, Barker presents a horror of war through the character Burns. Before the reader is even shown the trauma that Burns went through, his mouth being filled with decaying human flesh, Barker suggests how terrible his experience was. “Rivers had become adept at finding bearable aspects to unbearable experiences, but Burns defeated him.” This suggests to the reader that Burns personal experience must be so vile that even a doctor was unable to fully tolerate it. The fact Rivers has been able to endure horrid experiences of patients at the hospital and manage to......

Words: 1041 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Pat Tilman

...Pat Tillman killed by Friendly Fire in Combat On April 4, 2004, Army Ranger Pat Tillman was killed by friendly fire in Afghastan. Pat Tillman left behind a NFL career to join the Army Rangers in a act of Patriosm after the 9/11 attacks on the United States. He was deployed to Iraq after his Army training. His unit was patrolling a dangerous part of Kabul. Tillman was assigned to the Army’s Second Batalian 75th Ranger Regiment, This battalion was to clear Khost, Kabul of Al Qaeda and Taliban forces. One of the Armies humvees broke down, causing Tillman to make the decession, as per his commanding officer, to split the unit in two and tow the broken humvee to the base set up in Pakistan. The terrain was mountainous, this area of Kahul, on the Pakistani border was dangerous. This part of Kabul was known by the Iraqis when they ambushed the Russians back in 1988. Tillman heard the second Humvee in distress, Tillman and another soldier climbe the steep terrain and saw gun fire. It was than that he tried to wave down the Americans who were shooting to show them that he was not the enemy. It was than that he was shot down and killed by enemy fire. The United States Government kept the death of Pat Tillman from his family for a few weeks after. Kevin Tillman was there when his brother was shot down. Pat Tillman’s family, still to this day, are investigating the U.S. Government for the loss of their son. OBITUARY Pat Tillman, November 6, 1977 to April 4, 2004 Born in...

Words: 395 - Pages: 2