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Submitted By Mudassir87

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Words 627

Pages 3

Chapter 2

RESEARCH STEPS WITHIN THE QUANTITATIVE APPROACH

• Step 1: Identify a Problem Area

• Step 2 & 3: Review & Evaluate Literature

• Step 4 & 5: Be aware of ethical & cultural issues

• Step 6: State Research Question or hypothesis

• Step 7 & 8: Select research approach & decide measures

• Step 9 & 10: Select a Sample & Data Collection Method

THE QUANTITATIVE APPROACH (Continued)

• Step 11: Collect and Code the Data

• Step 12: Data Analysis

• Step 13 & 14: Write & Disseminate the report

DEVELOPING THE RESEARCH QUESTION

– Developing Concepts

– Identifying Variables within Concepts

– Putting Value Labels on Variables

– Defining Independent and Dependent Variables

– Constructing Hypotheses

Developing Concepts

• Giving a name to an idea that you want to study (e.g., ethnicity)

Identifying Variables Within Concepts

• Consider all the dimensions that make up the concept (e.g., race, culture, identity, societal grouping)

• Selecting a dimension of the concept to be measured (e.g., ethnic group)

• Operationalization: the process of naming and defining variables for your study

Putting Labels on Variables

• Labeling the “units” to be measured for the selected dimension (e.g., Ethnic groups may include: Asian, Caucasian, Hispanic, African American, Native American)

Defining Independent and Dependent Variables

• Bivariate Relationship: a research question that includes only two variables

• a one-variable question is univariate, and a question with three or more variables is multivariate

• Dependent and Independent Variables

– Names used to specify the direction of a relationship in a research question with two or more variables

– Independent (X) Dependent (Y)

• Studying (X) High grades (Y)

• Aging (X) Vision Loss (Y)

Constructing Hypotheses

• Formulating research questions into statements –…...

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