Free Essay

Predestination

In: English and Literature

Submitted By samanthapaguilar
Words 466
Pages 2
Media Log #1
Predestination
“What if I could put him in front of you? The man that ruined your life? If I could guarantee that you'd get away with it would you kill him?” (directly quoted from the movie) Thought-provoking mind bending brilliance. That is the perfect description of Predestination, a movie written and directed by Michael and Peter Spierig. This movie will definitely keep you glued to your seats till the end. The plot twists and the originality of this movie were by far fantastic. Time traveling and movies like these usually suffer because of numerous failed attempts in originality and even at complexity boarding. Predestination did an amazing job as it avoided both, it did not try to surprise the viewers but rather act more as some sort of mystery - unfolding with precision, which really allowed its viewers “participate” in the story. Predestination showed different points of views, and was showing different situations all at once, or so we thought. Towards the end of the story, when we think the movie is going in one direction, it takes a right hand turn. We then realize how everything is actually linked together and by putting the pieces together, we are now mind boggled by the fact that all these different characters in the movie are in fact the same person.. This movie showed the viewers how it seemed like everything was “predestined” and everything was inevitable. No matter what he or she does, the outcome will forever and always turn out the same. No matter how many attempts the time traveler made to change events in the past would just result in that person playing a role in creating the event trying to prevent, and not changing it at all. There was nothing any of them could do. All these events were predestined to happen the same way over and over again, just like how John wanted to save Jane from all the terrible happenings and heartache caused by her mysterious lover, only to find out that he turned out to be that man. The man who ruined Jane’s life. John turned out to be the cause the same situation he tried to prevent. This “predestination paradox” is just like a chain of cause and effect events which basically follows in a continuous repeating loop. The result of this loop takes this to a whole new “which came first, the chicken or the egg?” dilemma to a completely whole new level. No matter how many times Jane or the time traveling agent travelled to different periods of times to try to change their past or future, there was actually nothing they could really do. Everything that was meant to happen happened. It couldn't be stopped. Why? Well because, It was all just predestined.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Predestination of Oedipus

...Predestination of Oedipus Sophocles’s classic greek myth Oedipus Rex tells the complicated story of Oedipus’s life, status, and destination. Unlike other plays, expected outcome is known to the audience before it happens in the play. Based on a prophecy, King of Thebes will be killed by his thrown away son, the protagonist, Oedipus. At the beginning of the play, not only Oedipus’s destination is exposed to the public, but also his father, King Laius and his mother, Queen Jocasta’s destination is also set by means of prophecy. Oedipus, son of Laius, born with destination preset to Corinth where he was delivered to King Polybus and Queen Merope by a messenger. Since Polybus and Queen couldn’t have any children, they gladly accepted Oedipus as their child. Growing up Oedipus later found out that Polybus and Merope are not his real parents. He has also learned from the Oracle that he will kill his father and marry his mother. Another example of predestination is set here by the author. After getting the news, Oedipus determined to find out his real father. Oedipus could not accept the foreknowledge set by the gods. He ran away from Corinth in search of his parents and on the way he kills his father without knowing his real identity. He tried to run away from his fate but ultimately he ran into it. In later scenes, when he moved to Thebes, he marries his mother, Queen Jocasta, without knowing her real identity. Throughout the scenes, Oedipus is only fulfilling his predestined......

Words: 432 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Foreknowledge and Predestination

...Foreknowledge and Predestination of God Throughout the history of humankind, many theorists have varying opinions regarding the unchanging will of God. Some believe that a person’s eternal resting place, Heaven or Hell, is ordained at birth and that it does not depend upon the lifestyle of that person. However, this is simply a matter of disregarding the fact that God gave humans free will; it is a personal decision to accept or reject salvation. The divine order of predestination and foreknowledge of mankind was and is salvation. Therefore, predestination was already known and determined before the foundation. In order to explain fully the importance of predestination and foreknowledge, one must consider the creation of the universe and humanity. Genesis means “beginnings” and it unfolds the record of the beginning of the world, of human history and civilization, and of salvation. For instance, the Life Application Study Bible states that Genesis is “the story of God’s purpose and plan for his creation. As the book of beginnings, Genesis sets the stage for the entire Bible. It reveals the person and nature of God (Creator, Sustainer, Judge, Redeemer); the value and dignity of human beings (made in God’s image, saved by grace, used by God in the world); the tragedy and consequences of sin (the fall, separation from God, judgment); and the promise and assurance of salvation (covenant, forgiveness, promised Messiah)” (Life Application Study Bible NKJV 2). ......

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Jacob Arminius

...(1560-1609) was the lightning rod of controversy that helped to generate this movement. Arminius was a Calvinist of impeccable credentials. He had traveled to Geneva to study with Calvin’s successor, Theodore Beza. When he returned to Holland, he enjoyed a wide and favorable reputation. He was asked to refute the teaching of Dirck Koonhert, a Dutch Calvinist who had questioned Calvin’s view of election. After careful study of scripture and the writings of Koonhert, Arminius surprised everyone by declaring he thought Koonhert was right. Because Arminius was a professor at the University of Leiden, his opions were open to public debate. He did not reject predestination; instead he questioned its basis. Although he remained solidly Calvinist in nearly every other way, Arminius had come to the conclusion that predestination takes place on the basis of God’s foreknowledge of who will later have faith in Christ and who will not. This position seems to presume human beings have free will. Francis Gomarus, another professor at Leiden, led his opponents, claiming to be true Calvinists. Gomarus insisted God simply predestines all as an expression of his sovereign will. The controversy quickly assumed political overtones, as Arminius also believed that the state ought to have greater control over ecclesiastical matters than Calvin had allowed. Arminius died in 1609, and in 1610 his followers issued a document known as a Remonstrance outlining their position. For this......

Words: 273 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Society

...Jesus (peace be upon them).  But God’s final message to man, a reconfirmation of the eternal message, was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad .  Muslims believe that Muhammad  is the last prophet sent by God. Muslims believe that all the prophets and messengers were created human beings who had none of the divine qualities of God. 5) Belief in the Day of Judgment: Muslims believe in the Day of Judgment (the Day of Resurrection) when all people will be resurrected for God’s judgment according to their beliefs and deeds. 6) Belief in Al-Qadar: Muslims believe in Al-Qadar, which is Divine Predestination, but this belief in Divine Predestination does not mean that human beings do not have freewill.  Rather, Muslims believe that God has given human beings freewill.  This means that they can choose right or wrong and that they are responsible for their choices. The belief in Divine Predestination includes belief in four things: 1) God knows everything.  He knows what has happened and what will happen.  2) God has recorded all that has happened and all that will happen.  3) Whatever God wills to happen happens, and whatever He wills not to happen does not happen.  4) God is the Creator of everything.  ...

Words: 1520 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

History of Crc

...Reformation spit the Roman church into several new branches. Among these new branches came the Lutheran church, guided under Martin Luther. Another branch broke off influenced by a different man, this man was Ulrich Zwingli and then later it became John Calvin. This branch was typically referred to as “Presbyterian” or “Reformed”. Reformed churches were very prosperous in the Netherlands and eventually some of these Dutch Reformed people migrated over to the United States, and began the Christian Reformed Church in North America in the year 1857. GREAT HISTORY John Calvin is a very very important person in the Christian Reformed Church’s history. “In a nutshell, these all center on the sovereignty of God. The biblical teachings of predestination and election give us comfort because they assure us that no one and nothing, not even our own bad choices, can snatch us out of God's hand. And the realization that God owns all of creation and continues to assert his rule over it gives us a sure hope for the future.” (crna.org) His teachings spread to many countries, including the Netherlands. Since the Netherlands were still mainly Roman Catholic, the CRC planted itself first as the state church. Politics and church, as we all know, are not a very good combination. This church began to gradually become more and more theologically liberal, mostly pushed on from the start of Enlightenment. Some people however, did not follow along with this and stuck to simple, practical......

Words: 469 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Paper

...I. Introduction Predestination is a Christian doctrine, which falls under the larger philosophical rubric of determinism. Calvinists especially adhere to the doctrine of predestination. There are two aspects to the Calvinist belief in predestination. The first declares that God basically has ordained everything that occurs, or will occur. In regard to salvation, the Calvinist code of predestination is more specific: Scripture teaches that there are certain people – ‘the elect’ – who are chosen by God, through Christ, to be called to Christianity, and thus be saved for eternity. Calvinist interpretations of predestination often get into trouble over issues of free will; indeed, some interrogate the notion of God’s omniscient power to create all events and actions, given the fact that humans clearly possess the power of free will. II. Part One a. Theological Definition Predestination is a Calvinist doctrine, which governs the degree of control which God exercises over the affairs of human beings, and, indeed, all things that occur on Earth. Calvinist predestination insists that God basically has determined all things which have occurred, and will occur. A second meaning is also accorded to predestination by Calvinists. ‘Predestination,’ in this sense, refers to the notion that God gave to some grace, which grants them eternal salvation, while to the remainder is allotted eternal damnation, owing to their sins. The former state is referred to as......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Hu4640

...HU 4640 Week 5 Analysis Freedom vs. Predestination Maynard Azurin July 21, 2014 ITT Online What is predestination? Predestination is believed to be a doctrine which God determines if a person will go to Heaven or Hell. This gives everyone in society an opinion towards their beliefs to teaching what choices we have in accepting Christ. Predestination is also the belief that everything that will happen have already been decided by God or fate and cannot be changed (Webster (2014). Predestination. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/predestination.) What is freedom? Many of us in today’s society see freedom or free-will as to being liberal. Freedom is not just being free as it is more of being free to what you have to express in what you believe and do. Many call freedom as “free as a bird” but to an extent in certain ways. Freedom can be simplicity, such as relaxing to live as well as others. Freedom also gives us the ability to make decisions without other influences from other people or governments. In today’s religious views, freedom teaches us the facts of God’s plan for salvation that every individual person has a choice to make, to either accept or reject God’s gift of salvation (Bennet (2009) http://www.freewill-predestination.com). Christians today see life towards destiny. We live and die after we live our lives. Fate is usually a predetermined course of events beyond our control. Whatever happens, happens, and there is nothing......

Words: 569 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Freedom vs. Predestination

...If religious determinism or predestination is true, then how is there free will? In order to answer that question, I will attempt to perform a comparative analysis that reflects the difference between predestination and freedom. Moreover, I will provide an example of each and reflect how these theories are applicable for today's society. According to Thiroux and Krasemann (2012), predestined is, “A religious version of determinism that states essentially that because God knows all, He has also foreordained everything to happen the way it has from the beginning. Human beings are completely determined by a supernatural power.” Does this mean that human beings cannot make any choices since everything has been predestined, programmed, “predetermined” by God almighty? If, for example, He has decided that I will live in poverty for my entire life, then I would live in poverty; despite my college education and efforts. This would mean that I have absolutely no say in the matter because I am predestined by a supernatural being. The theory of predestination was most strongly presented by the Protestant minister and theologian John Calvin (1509-1564), who said that individuals can do nothing to ensure their own salvation (Thiroux & Krasemann, 92). I have a problem with this theory. Because there is no proof that there is such a being and He created the world and is undeniably all-powerful and all-knowing (Thiroux & Krasemann, 12). Some people believe that humans......

Words: 608 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Freewill

...Critically assess the claim that free will and determinism are compatible (35marks) Free will is when you make an independent choice or voluntary decision, put in philosophical terms it is the art for a particular sort of capacity of rational agents to choose a course of action from among various alternatives. Free will is also known as libertarianism or non-compatibilism, this theory also states that you are responsible for your actions, as does soft determinism. Hard determinism and predestination state that you are not responsible for your actions because your life is predetermined and out of your control. This essay will explore the ways in which freewill and determinism work together and the ways in which they oppose one another, including the views of philosophers. According to Baruch Spinoza; “In the mind there is no absolute or free will; but the mind is determined to wish this or that by a cause, which has also been determined by another cause and this last by another cause, and so on to infinity”. This tells us why Spinoza and other hard determinists are called ‘hard’; their position is very strict. Hard determinists believe that all of our actions have prior causes and we are therefore neither free nor responsible, making hard determinism incompatible with free will and moral responsibility. John Locke provides an example which perfectly demonstrates how free will is simply an illusion. He states; ‘say a man wakes up in a room that, unknown to him, is locked from...

Words: 1464 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Freedom vs. Predesination

...HU4640: Ethics Teresa Wright ITT Technical College 04/13/15 Renee Primack Freedom vs. Predestination Freedom is a metaphysical one having to do with the nature reality. The comparative that I attempt to analysis the theories or freedom and predestination that today’s society agree with. Human happiness and freedom are incompatible. Having freedom is knowing power to get you what you want and when to receive. What is needed is not freedom (Dostoyevsky's, 1821-1881). Freedom has to be earn by the way we respect morally the conscious of a human being control the action of acting out or being in control of self-control. Predestined according to (Krasemann, 2012), predestined is a religious version of determinism that state essentially that because God knows all, He has also foreordained everything to happen the way it has from the beginning. Predestination | | | Provide an example of each and reflect how these theories are applicable for today's society. Submission Requirements: Submit your answer in no less than 500 words in an MS Word document. Cite sources in APA format | | Some people believe that humans have the “free will” to choose their actions without being preordained to follow a certain course.   What is free will and what determines it? For me, free will is the ability to make choices according to your desire. We choose our goals, values, beliefs, careers, friends, lovers, and moral position.   Simply put, free will pertains to choices that......

Words: 267 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex 2

...Abstract: This essay discusses the ironic qualities of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex. The play is very ironical in that it entwines the themes of free will as well as predestination. Even though we are sickened by the tragic life of Oedipus and the other characters, we are still able to appreciate the ironic characteristics of the play itself. Indeed, we eventually come to realize that man is free and yet he is also fated. Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex The primary characteristic of Sophocles' Oedipus Rex is that it is an ironic play. The play’s irony grasps the audience in a profound way because of the awareness that occurs regarding everything that is going on. Even though we, as observers, are sickened at the tragic life of Oedipus and the other characters, we are still able to appreciate the ironical characteristics of the play itself. The irony primarily exists in the context of man being free, but at the same time, fated. Without doubt, this play very much reflects the Greek vision which emphasizes the immediacy of experience and the nature of man. We see that man is free and that he has free will. At the same time, man also must reconcile himself to a certain fate. Irony is inherent in this very concept. Indeed, as demonstrated in Oedipus Rex, while there is free will in the human condition, there is also predestination to one’s life. In this play, we see how the main character Oedipus is free to run, but ultimately he cannot run away from himself. Oedipus was once a......

Words: 638 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

The Puritans

...beliefs were strict and they did not compromise their morals or standards for any outside individual. In The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the Puritan religion reflects the attitude and values of the common man during that particular time period. The main belief among the Puritans was that they were God’s chosen people. In their eyes, they held supremacy over the average man. They believed in Pelagianism based on the Doctrine of Elect. This was the belief that man could redeem himself through acts of charity, religious devotion, and by living an unselfish life. Many of these strict beliefs were based on John Calvin’s principle of predestination. Predestination was that through God’s grace, one would reach heaven and that this special grace could not be earned; it was predetermined at birth. This principle of predestination forced Puritans to truly believe that their actions did not matter and their devotion to God had no bearing over their destiny. Puritans also believed in the degradation of one’s self, which meant that they had to make themselves worthy to God so that he would not instill his wrath on the Puritan community. They feared God and his special power, but considered themselves God’s special elects. Basically, they felt they had the right to perform any necessary deeds that would satisfy God’s will. Sin was thought of as an unavoidable element of human nature, and since this was a natural occurrence, all sins had to be confessed. ......

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Plato vs. Christianity

...ideal as your disembodied existence. The basis of Christianity is bodily resurrection. Like Plato’s theory Christianity also believes in the cessation of bodily functions after death, and also believes that the soul does exist for a time disembodied. However in Christianity the soul begins at birth and is not immortal, it dies with the body, and then is resurrected after an unknown period of time by God. Christianity suggests the theory that people follow the Christian Doctrine of Predestination. This is essentially the theory that humans cannot chose whether they will be saved to heaven and from hell. It is the idea that some humans are chosen by God as elect, and some humans are damned by God. In other words; a person can do nothing about their predestination. The idea of predestination is not contingent upon status, or moral character, it is only by the grace of God that a person may be saved. This idea has been controversial, but many well known Christians were known to believe in predestination. Many Christians also believe in the idea that humans have partial control over their afterlife. They believe that they can achieve salvation by through moral character, and belief....

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Calvinist vs Anti-Calvinist in Dr.Faustus

...The Calvinist/anti-Calvinist controversy The theological implications of Doctor Faustus have been the subject of considerable debate throughout the last century. Among the most complicated points of contention is whether the play supports or challenges the Calvinist doctrine of absolute predestination, which dominated the lectures and writings of many English scholars in the latter half of the sixteenth century. According to Calvin, predestination meant that God, acting of his own free will, elects some people to be saved and others to be damned – thus, the individual has no control over his own ultimate fate. This doctrine was the source of great controversy because it was seen by the so-called anti-Calvinists to limit man's free will in regard to faith and salvation, and to present a dilemma in terms of theodicy. At the time Doctor Faustus was performed, this doctrine was on the rise in England, and under the direction of Puritan theologians at Cambridge and Oxford had come to be considered the orthodox position of the Church of England.[20] Nevertheless, it remained the source of vigorous and, at times, heated debate between Calvinist scholars, such as William Whitaker and William Perkins, and anti-Calvinists, such as William Barrett and Peter Baro.[21] The dispute between these Cambridge intellectuals had quite nearly reached its zenith by the time Marlowe was a student there in the 1580s, and likely would have influenced him deeply, as it did many of his fellow......

Words: 829 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Plato vs. Christianity

...changing unlike the immaterial world. Hence, bodily existence is less perfect than disembodied existence. Christianity also believes in an immortal soul and that death is a transition to disembodied existence, however it carries the idea that this disembodied state is temporary until the act of resurrection performed by God (he creates a new body for the soul). Thus Christians believe the human person is mortal and death is the extinction of consciousness, but at resurrection God re-creates the person, raising the person from the dead to continue its embodied state. Christianity holds the view of predestination, the idea of salvation where one receives everlasting life in heaven. Salvation is due to god; a human can do nothing to bring about their own salvation and is saved (goes to heaven and not hell) only if God saves them. It’s impossible to change your predestination by living morally good in order to gain entrance to heaven. Christians believe that if you’re one of the elect destined for heaven, then you’ll live a morally good life as a sign that you’re indeed one of the elect. Plato is the more plausible of the two views. It’s easier to believe that your body is mortal and when you die your soul carries on in a disembodied state. Christianity is harder to accept because it requires the belief that people’s souls return to bodily forms after resurrection. This would mean that people in their new bodies would have foreknowledge of other influential people from......

Words: 513 - Pages: 3