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Policy Analysis

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Policy Analysis I
Zero Tolerance Policies
Angelina Swofford
October 27th 2013
CJA/464
Paul Brouillette

Policy Analysis In this paper we are going to be discussing Zero-Tolerance policies and how they affect everyone in the community including the accused and the victim as well as those on the outside. We are going to discuss if this is a regulatory or a legislative policy and if there is any issues with the constitution with implementing this policy. There will also be a discussion of who started this policy and the reason for it being implemented into a policy.
Zero-Tolerance Policies Zero Tolerance is something that happens in a lot of areas but the places we hear of it most is in schools and when it has to do with drugs. It is the intent of the legislature to promote safe and supportive learning environments in schools. This is to help protect all of those who are within the school building including staff and students. Zero-Tolerance Policies have to cover everyone within the school and all the same rules have to apply to everyone. In order to prosecute or give disciplinary actions within a school that hosts zero tolerance policies has to be based on a particular circumstance of a student’s misconduct (Florida Department of Education, 2005). Schools have a zero tolerance for bullying and drugs so these two zero tolerance polices go hand in hand. They also have zero tolerance policies that center just around drugs like in Elk Point South Dakota it is absolutely zero tolerance and if you get caught with drugs regardless if everyone in the vehicle is carrying or not everyone in the car goes to jail and charges are placed on each person depending on what the one person had on them. This is from personal experience of having been through this in Elk Point South Dakota and this was what was explained at the time of being ran through processing before being placed within a cell to await an arraignment. Who initiated this policy? Zero Tolerance Policies were started in schools after the columbine shootings where two teenagers went on a shooting rampage and then shot themselves. Though the fact is it got started way before that this merely just got them put on the map and made them more aware of the policy that was already in place. The Federal Government is who passed this policy as well as the Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) this was in reaction to the school shootings that had taken place. The Zero tolerance policies in schools cover more than just guns today though they cover anything that can be used as a weapon. An example of this is from October 2009 when a six year old got suspended for 45 days due to carrying a camping utensil to school that had a small blade knife and a fork in it. This of course was lifted because the community did not agree but this is just one thing that the zero tolerance policy covers (Lawyers.com, 2013).
How will the issue or policy affect the community, the accused and the victims? This policy affects the community in a number of ways one of the major ways is it makes it easier for students to be kicked out of school for something small. Most schools have adopted a no tolerance policy because of all the shootings and bullying that happens in this day and age. It is important that our children are safe within the schools they go to and it lets the community know that their children are safe on a daily basis. It affects the community in a negative way because something as simple as a pocket knife or someone punching someone can get children expelled from school which messes with their education which is extremely important. It keeps the victim of the attack safe because even if the student returns to that school the staff keeps them away from one another as best as possible. It also keeps the accused from being able to commit the same crime a second time or keeps them from going back to school so they are unable to harm anyone and they can be placed in a reform school or an alternative school to allow them to get their education.
Conclusion
Zero tolerance policies are extremely important in schools to keep our children in the community safe and the government recognized this and has done their best to bring the crime level in schools down. The drug no tolerance laws are known about but not as widely discussed because though it is important it is something that is merely known instead of something that is spoke about often. It is important to keep these no tolerance policies in place because it saves more problems than it creates even if the community is not all in agreement that it is needed.

References
Florida Department of Education. (2005). Zero tolerance policy. Retrieved from http://www.fldoe.org/safeschools/zero.asp
Lawyers.com. (2013). What's a "zero tolerance" policy?. Retrieved from http://education-law.lawyers.com/school-law/Whats-a-Zero-Tolerance-Policy.html…...

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