Premium Essay

Peer Learning: an Effective Classroom Stratergy

In: English and Literature

Submitted By akshaydylon
Words 1286
Pages 6
Peer Learning: An Innovative Classroom Strategy (Exclusively for Language Acquisition)

II M. A. Eng Lit
St. Joseph’s College (Autonomous)
Trichy – 620 002
Email ID:
Mob: 91 5241 52462


A tension (about the subject and the fear towards the teachers) free teaching/learning process is possible with the peer learning methodology. This paper argues that the importance given for peer learning pedagogy in the curriculum could be mounted up a little more, in particular for language learning, for a better outcome. In addition, the practices in the method, because of which it proved to be efficient when compared to the other methodologies, is also discussed in this paper. The importance of ‘Teacher’s Silence’ and the outcome of it are highlighted. The Affective Filter Hypothesis of Krashen appears to be in line with the Peer Learning Pedagogy. Suggesting some activities related to language teaching, this paper further requests the syllabus setters and the educationists to promote this approach among teachers through further more research in methods and activities to inculcate this technique among the learners, to help them learn the language doubt-free and acquire it to the fullest. An old appeal towards teaching pedagogy, but still an unpopular approach would be Peer Learning. According to Boud, Peer Learning essentially refers to students learning with and from each other as fellow learners without any implied authority to any individual, based on the tenet that students learn a great deal by explaining their ideas to others and by participating in activities in which they can learn from their peers. This methodology is student friendly and entirely student centered as the able peers who guides the others are also students.
Importance of Peer Learning: In peer learning, students will construct…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Learning Disabilities and the Classroom

...positive, appropriate behaviors. EBD students are also faced with academic challenges that are most likely due to extreme behaviors. Students with EBD may have a hard time socializing with peers and maintaining positive relationships with their peers. However, Cushing, Dunlap, and Fox (2002) propose that early intervention can have a positive effect for children presenting difficult or challenging behaviors. Students with EBD often disturb the classroom with unwanted behaviors. These behaviors have a tendency to intrude on the other student’s instructional time because the teacher spends a lot of time correcting the behavior and less time teaching the class (Falk 2003). “More recent evidence has revealed that teachers in self-contained classrooms for students with EBD dedicate only 30% of the school day to actual academic instruction”, (Wehby, 2003). Classrooms that contain students with EBD are missing different elements that are important for students to be successful (Falk 2003). According to Falk et al (2003) the missing elements in the classrooms are high expectations of students, praise, and positive reinforcement. Research shows that the unwanted behaviors displayed by students with EBD effects the teacher’s attitude which in turn affects the whole classroom setting. When students continually exhibit negative behaviors while the teacher is presenting a lesson, eventually the teacher will decrease the amount of time spent on the delivery of......

Words: 985 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Effective Teaching in Accelerated Learning Programs

...Running Head: Effective Teaching in Accelerated Learning Programs Abstract The purpose of this article is to review research and theory of accelerated learning and show how teachers have to change their method of teaching for the program (Boyd, 2006). It also offers practical suggestions on how teachers can provide an effective learning experience through accelerated learning (Boyd, 2006). Teachers should use the collaborative method of teaching because it gets the students involved and makes learning more enjoyable for them. The teacher should also make the classroom environment very relaxing and safe. Effective Teaching in Accelerated Learning Programs Accelerated learning programs are a way that many students learn today in the classroom. Accelerated learning programs are structured to enable students to take a course and earn credit for them in a shorter amount of time compared to a regular semester long class. Accelerated learning programs are taught very different from a traditional classroom setting. So, teachers have to learn how to teach the program and provide an effective learning experience as well (Boyd, 2006). A Bulgarian psychiatrist, Georgi Lozanov, taught sixty students how to speak English using non-traditional techniques (Boyd, 2006). He used different techniques such as meditation, visual techniques, and the use of music (Boyd, 2006). He was interested in the student’s ability to recall the information and to use both......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Strategies for Effective Learning

...HCS/504 Date Instructor The university learning model and goals }  Several focus areas for graduate study }  Characteristics of an effective team }  Advantages and challenges of working within a team }  Strategies for conflict resolution }  Strategies to create the best outcomes when working in teams }  Methods for applying these strategies in health care }  }  The University of Phoenix, with its founder Dr. John Sperling, recognized that Learning Teams are important in both school and work.  The belief that a collaborating team possesses vital functions that benefit students resulted to the University's mandate to continue using Learning Teams on all academic programs (University Of Phoenix, 2004). }  The university adopted the learning team model with the following goals in mind: ◦  1. Create a collaborative environment   ◦  2. Give an opportunity to broaden and deepen understanding of concepts ◦  3. Serve as practice area to develop leaders and members ◦  4. Improve project quality ◦  5. Provide an opportunity to analyze and apply knowledge ◦  6. Develop the sense of community and support   (University Of Phoenix, 2004) }  The following are areas we can validate the effectiveness of team learning and how performs in comparison to individual learning. ◦  1. Evaluate the effectiveness of learning teams in comparison to individual learning.  ◦  2. A comparative study on Project Quality between Learning Teams and Individual Projects. ◦  3.......

Words: 1078 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Theories of Teaching and Learning and the Impact on Classroom Environement

...Theories of teaching and learning and how they impact on the classroom environment Education plays a significant role in supporting and influencing the healthy development of children. However, teaching is more than just knowing what to teach. Professional teachers must also understand how to teach their students. Therefore, in order to create an effective classroom environment which caters for the diversity of students and their various developmental levels and abilities, teachers are urged to apply a variety of teaching and learning theories. (Marsh, 2008 Ch12, p163). Piaget and Vygotsky presented theories on cognitive and social development which suggested that children often construct their own learning. Bronfenbrenner and Pavlov presented theories relating to behaviour and psychosocial development. Professional teaching requires consideration and understanding of both cognitive and behavioural theories in order to create successful learning opportunities. Piaget and Vygotsky shared the view that children actively construct their own learning outcomes. (Eggen & Kauchak, 2010, Ch2, p49). However, they each differed in their concept of how constructivism occurs. Piaget believed that social interaction and experience with the physical environment creates situations for individuals to experience disequilibrium of existing understanding, (cognitive and sociocognitive conflict). Lack of equilibrium encourages the learner to assimilate and/or accommodate existing......

Words: 1915 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Role of Classroom Management in Enhancing Effective

...Abstract There are many aspects of classroom management that can add to the enhancement of effective learning in the English as a Foreign Language (EFL) or English as a Second Language (EFL) classroom. The school administration, the students, and the teacher all play an important role, to varying degrees, in creating an environment conducive to creating the proper atmosphere for learning to take place. Respect of the EFL/ESL teacher, by the students, fellow faculty members, and administration staff is one of those aspects. In the realm of respect of the classroom teacher, there are a number of topics that can be discussed. In this paper the discussion will be on the physical appearance of the teacher and how that can help the teacher in establishing classroom management in the English classroom. Keywords: Classroom Management, Effective Learning, English as a Foreign Language Role of Classroom Management in Enhancing Effective Learning of English as a Second or Foreign Language Introduction As a teacher, it is critical to have an appearance of a professional educator (Mikesell, 2007). In Thailand, it is common to hear stories of the Native English Speaker (NES) teacher dressing like an unkempt backpacker, having multi-colored hair, or other such unprofessional appearance. Not exactly the proper attire if the goal is to the respect of the students in the EFL classroom. To be treated like a professional, one should look like a professional. First impressions......

Words: 1434 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Homework Is an Effective Way to Supplement Classroom Learning

...supplement students’ learning outside the classroom. This has also kept students busy every night, staring at their computer screens studying or researching about their assigned school work. Homework, in a way, is a good way of maintaing the knowledge students gained from school, but is it really the most effective way of providing supplemental studies? Most studies have shown that homework may be more supplemental than being detrimental to a student’s learning. On one perspective, it has been proven that assigning homework is beneficial to a student’s performance in school. Evidence has been found that homework is an effective supplemental form of learning, and “can impact positively on the retention and understanding of knowledge and can improve study skills...and demonstrate that learning can take place outside of formal schooling,” (qtd. in Department of Education and the Arts 7). This shows that studying should not just be confined to the walls of the classroom, and that after-school learning is vital to reinforce what has been taught by the teacher to the students. Without this reinforcement, students might easily forget the concepts learned in the classroom. Thus, this would result to a poor evaluation performance. This is especially true to students who do not pay attention during Evaristo 2 class time. Because of homework, they would be forced to study the lesson, and soon enough, result to understanding what has been taught in the classroom. Students......

Words: 1193 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Learning Disabilities and the Classroom

...Learning Disabilities and the Classroom Melissa C. Strange Grand Canyon University: Learning Disabilities and the Classroom Learning disabilities in the classroom is prevalent in many of our schools across The United States and the World. There has been much confusion and controversy over students with learning disabilities, some feeling that it is a disability and others feel that the students is classified or labeled as lazy and not wanting to learn. It is essential for there to be many support systems and individuals for a student that has disabilities. Such support systems can be called a Special Education Team. Some members of this team would be, Nicole DeMarco (Special Education), Lori Daily (Regular Education), Melissa Smith (Instructional Coach), Patti Hester (Counselor), and Betty Crawford (School Nurse). What are some necessary skills in organizing and planning strategies for classroom management including grouping, scheduling, lesson plans, homework strategies, record keeping, and selecting instructional materials? Also by observing a teacher what are some of her classroom management strategies and who are the members of the Special Education Team? Organization and planning strategies for classroom management are absolutely necessary for teachers and students alike. Successful classroom management is a vital part of a healthy classroom atmosphere. Detailed and well thought out organization and planning gives students structure, guidance, and for each...

Words: 1007 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Will Smartphones Benefit Classroom Learning

...Will Smartphones Benefit Classroom Learning? Christopher Mirtia Sanford Brown College – Chicago Who remembers the first cellular phone that was put on the market? The first cell phone was over-sized and it could not fit into your pocket. The name of that “brick” cell phone was called the Motorola DynaTAC, made public in 1984. Since then, cellular productions have become smaller and more capable of doing more than just making and receiving calls. Today, smartphones are the new device of our era, and with its ever advancing technology, some schools have adapted the smartphone into classrooms as a learning tool. Many schools do not allow this to happen in their curriculum because they can become a distraction, but I believe that smartphones can be beneficial for classroom learning. The first touch screen smartphone was Ericsson R380, which ran the Symbian operating system in 2000. This smartphone had no speakers, headphone jack, expansion card slot, Bluetooth, camera, or GPS (global positioning system). The R380 did support e-mail and SMS (short message service) and it also had voice memo, an organizer, and calculator software. In 2007, the release of Apple’s iPhone was the device that really brought smartphones into the mainstream. The following year, Android smartphones were released, slowly becoming the overall number one OS (operating system) in the United States. (Shinder, 2013) Shinder states, “That as smartphones gain innovative technologies and functionality, they...

Words: 779 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Effective Online Learning

...Effective Online Learning Everyone has a different learning style, which makes learning online very different from the traditional brick and mortar environment. A brick and mortar environment is a controlled environment in which an instructor is available to answer any of the questions that their students may have, whereas online the student must email their instructor and wait for their response. There also is less peer to peer interaction in an online course to try and solve the problem and gain the solutions. In an online course, the student may also have distractions such as family, work and the many other activities of their daily living; however, I believe that all of these challenges can be overcome and effective online learning can be achieved by practicing organization, communication, and time management. To be a successful online learner, I will have to be very organized and will have to ensure that my priorities are in order. My family of course is first followed by work and then school. I will have to look at my schedule and ensure that there is time blocked out to study. Beings that I get distracted very easily, I will have to ensure that I am in a place where it is quiet and where I can be by myself. I will use my laptop to do all of my online assignments upstairs in my house so that I will easily be able to remove myself of all distractions, i.e. husband, baby, and television. I will ensure that I am staying on track in the class by utilizing......

Words: 619 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effective Use of Technology in the Classroom

...Effective Use of Technology in the Classroom Throughout the years, many students have struggled with history courses, especially geography. America and many other countries have experienced a technology boom over the last century; unfortunately, much of this boom has not reached the classrooms of many schools today. In response to this, a growing number of stakeholders now call for teachers to use technology in the classroom, an idea that teachers should embrace. While research shows that technology can play a vital role in the classroom, the teacher must take advantage of the technology in appropriate ways. By doing this, an educator creates a classroom that demands respect from stakeholders, fosters a learning environment for students and prepares students for future success. By failing to do this, an educator creates an environment that makes learning a near impossibility. According to Lidstone and Stoltman (2006), the lack of well-equipped technology stands as a barrier to innovative learning in many schools. Lidstone and Stoltman argue that while many politicians and educators claim they want to build a community of constant learners, they do not put the necessary tools in place to achieve this. The authors find this amazing in world where people can “Google” nearly anything to learn about it. In addition, the authors fear that even though geographical technology exists, students do not receive adequate training in geography to take advantage of the......

Words: 960 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Effective Learning Techniques

...Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques: Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational Psychology Many students are being left behind by an educational system that some people believe is in crisis. Improving educational outcomes will require efforts on many fronts, but a central premise of this monograph is that one part of a solution involves helping students to better regulate their learning through the use of effective learning techniques. Fortunately, cognitive and educational psychologists have been developing and evaluating easy-to-use learning techniques that could help students achieve their learning goals. In this monograph, we discuss 10 learning techniques in detail and offer recommendations about their relative utility. We selected techniques that were expected to be relatively easy to use and hence could be adopted by many students. Also, some techniques (e.g., highlighting and rereading) were selected because students report relying heavily on them, which makes it especially important to examine how well they work. The techniques include elaborative interrogation, self-explanation, summarization, highlighting (or underlining), the keyword mnemonic, imagery use for text learning, rereading, practice testing, distributed practice, and interleaved practice.   To offer recommendations about the relative utility of these techniques, we evaluated whether their benefits generalize across four categories of variables: learning......

Words: 48661 - Pages: 195

Free Essay

The Effective Classroom Environment

...The Effective Classroom Environment The environment created by the teacher in his/her classroom can have a positive or negative effect on student learning. In the school that I work in, this presents a formidable challenge. There is no way around it, MHS is an ugly building. The main walls are orange and yellow and there are virtually no walls between the classrooms. It was built in the 1970’s with an open classroom concept. This “experiment” proved to be an absolute failure. Teachers could not hear students, students could hear lessons going on in other rooms; confusion and noise abounded. Since its original construction, some temporary cubicle-type walls have been put in place but they have not solved the problem. The walls that do exist remain a loud “in your face” orange and yellow. The “mood” created by these colors is not relaxing or conducive to learning. In an attempt to combat this, I try to create a classroom that has a calming, positive and friendly atmosphere. In order to mask the color scheme, I display a lot of student work and put up a variety of other decorations and information. I have created separate sections for each class, a section for student rewards (called the 100 Board), a section for school information, and several smaller sections of miscellaneous education-related and insightful notices and posters. A theme of diversity, tolerance, and achievement is emphasized throughout. Displaying student work is an excellent way to......

Words: 1134 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Digital Blended Classroom Learning

...Running header: DIGITAL BLENDED CLASSROOM LEARNING Lloyd Wayne Murphy Digital Blended Classroom Learning the New Dawn of Learning for All Strayer University Professor Randi Fass SUMMER 2011 EDU500 August 7, 2011 The intended purpose of this thesis is to illustrate how the ensuing commencement of a new dawn of student instruction, the digital-blended-classroom-learning (DBCL) discipline is upon the academic world. The advent of the innovative blending of computers within classroom instruction referred to as digital learning by some, and by others in academic world refer the discipline as blended learning posit the possession the qualities thereof, exceptionally enhance both SDL and SRL disciplines. A wide variety of DBCL discipline programs exhibit signs of incurring the utmost in achieving efficaciously successful method of instruction with both the age of majority and minority age student proficiency, in a plethora of educational institutions, where the DBCL discipline is employed. DBCL involves the integration of computer and the Internet and Intranet into the classroom, thus allowing the communication technology as a teacher/student instruction tool, along the classroom instruction tools employed in the student’s core curriculum. DBCL disciplines demonstrate signs of the improvement of teacher/student interest, student participation, student aptitude, and of the utmost import is student academic proficiency. DBCL further reveal, when,......

Words: 1514 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Factors Which Influence Learning, Relationships and Communication in a Classroom

...Factors which influence Learning, Relationships and Communication in a Classroom Studies have shown that learning, relationships and communication actively interrelate, influencing each other. If a teacher has good communication skills they will develop a good relationship with their students which in turn will have a positive effect on the learning environment (Kyriacou 1998). However, over the years theorists in educational psychology have viewed pupils’ motivation as one of the most important features that contribute to student learning (Chrisotphel 1990). Therefore, this essay will critically discuss motivation as a key factor that influences these three areas. According to Seifert (1999) motivation affects the amount of time and energy students are willing to devote to any task. If motivation is essential for learning students need reasons to expend the energy. Teachers are the main adults in students live for several hours during the week. Therefore teachers are given the opportunity to play a significant role in the pupil’s social and personal development (Woolfolk et al 2008). It is the teachers’ responsibility to establish such an environment, flourished with positive energy which enables pupils to reach their potential both academically and socially. Factors which influence Communication In order to motivate the students it is essential that the teacher has the necessary skills. Communication is of immense importance in relation to teaching skills. When......

Words: 2104 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Effective Communication for Learning

...Effective Communication for Learning Dawn Mills Gen/200 February 28, 2011 Colleen Riaza Effective Communication for Learning Communication in groups although sometimes difficult can be a challenging and enjoyable task and if done correctly can be very effective in learning and in collaborating on a project. Depending on a persons’ learning style a plan must be developed to effectively communicate to where the individual can understand another’s ideas and can reach a certain goal. The learning styles that one possesses can vary and range from being verbal linguistic to intrapersonal to even being visual spatial. Being verbal linguistic means one that spells easily, and tends to internalize new information through a lecture format or discussion format to learn material. These people tend to do well in situations where the teacher is feeding them information, or where the group converses on a topic. The best way to communicate with this type of leaner is to have group discussions about the topic in which you are working on and read the material directly in order for this learner to gather the needed information to find the conclusion. On the other side of the spectrum lies the intrapersonal learner who is very philosophical, and self-aware, and even at times independent. These types of learners also like to learn about themselves and journals in order to learn things. The best strategy for this type of learner is to give them a portion of the project to do and......

Words: 622 - Pages: 3