Premium Essay

Organisatinal Behaviour

In: Business and Management

Submitted By salawati
Words 13593
Pages 55
BORICP07.doc - 1

Chapter

7

Motivation and Classroom Learning
This chapter will help you answer the following questions about your learners: • How can I help my learners interpret their classroom setbacks in ways that elicit renewed effort? • What are some things teachers say to learners that can lower their motivation to succeed? • How can learning strategies improve my students’ motivation to learn? • How can I convey to my students the motivation to say “Yes, I can do what my teacher expects”? • How can I enhance my learners’ determination to learn what I teach? • How can I use project-based learning to motivate my learners?

In this chapter you will also learn the meanings of these terms: antecedents attribution theory causal schemata deficiency/growth needs theory

BORICP07.doc - 2

drive theory instinct theory intrinsic motivation locus of causality project-based learning self-determination theory self-efficacy theory situational cues Behavioral and cognitive psychologists agree that motivation is essential for learning. Yet how to motivate learners in the classroom continues to be one of the most puzzling problems confronting the teacher. Let’s look in on Professor Thomas’s learning seminar as his students discuss the topic of motivation. Betty: Well, it seems to me that motivation is becoming the scapegoat for all learning failures. That’s all I hear at school ... “These kids just aren’t motivated” or “This kid just hasn’t any motivation.” And all the other teachers nod as if something profound has been said. Roselia: I don’t understand your problem with that. I say the same thing every day after my fourth-period class. Those kids just aren’t motivated! Betty: What gets to me is that I hear teachers talking about motivation as if they haven’t any responsibility for it, or they believe it’s inherited. Kyle: I agree. We have to look at…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Organisational Behaviour

...what might be perceived as inequitable rewards (USQ 2012). Ambitious non degree educated employees may loose job satisfaction and organisational commitment and reduce performance, which is observed by Ralphs performance, as there is no hope for a promotion, while degree educated employees may also reduce performance as they may get higher duties anyway, and only perform when there is potential promotions. Task 1.2 Mod 3: critically analyse and apply the 2 motivational theories most relevant to this case. Motivation is defined as the willingness to exert high levels of effort toward organisational goals, conditioned by the efforts ability to satisfy individual need (Robbins 2005). It is the force that initiates, guides and maintains behaviours. The local government team in particular at the ‘Geeks of Chic’ are suffering from low productivity generating from a lack of motivation. There is a direct relationship between motivation and performance (Hafiza et al, 2011). Human resources are the most powerful tool to an organisation and so it is important to have highly motivated employees to ensure the highest possible productivity, and gain competitive advantage over other organisations (Wood et al 2013). The local government team at the Geeks of Chic clearly displays disharmony and a lack of group cohesion, and the organisation is contributing to that disharmony and lack of cohesion through poor recruitment policies, remuneration and promotion policies. The group is made......

Words: 3203 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Crowd Behaviour

...riots evidenced destruction and violence perpetrated by an angry crowd, whose actions were widely condemned by the public and media. The dangers of crowds are now so widely acknowledged that crowd behaviour and its management is considered just as much the concern of public safety as it is the realm of academia. The prevalence of reports of negative crowd behaviour may suggest that the media presents a distorted view of crowd behaviour; non-aggressive pro-social crowds do not result in such attention grabbing headlines. The lack of aggression evident in many everyday crowds, for example spectators of tennis matches illustrate that crowds are not fundamentally aggressive but incredibly diverse. To understand the nature of crowd behaviour is therefore to question the underlying assumption that a “mind of the crowd” even exists. Such an assumption suggests a hegemonic, mystified view of collective behaviour in which the role of the individual disappears. This essay seeks to “demystify” the crowd by understanding the crowds as a specific form of collective action, distinguishing the crowd from other social groups by its larger size, specificity of location, density of persons and the notion of acting in a socially cohesive manner. In viewing the crowd as a specific form of group behaviour rather than a specifically unique phenomenon this essay seeks to emphasise that individual and group identities remain integral to crowd action which usually remains rational and......

Words: 1751 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Crimanal Behaviour

...Essay Criminal behaviour should be considered a matter of individual rather than social responsibility. Discuss Carl Ikejezie Criminal behaviour is one of the negative aspects of the human society and it affects the whole world. Its causes are innumerable, from lack of jobs to lack of education to poor family upbringing and genetic predisposition. Criminal behaviour is any behaviour that has a criminal intent, or results in punishment by law enforcement of some type. This essay intends to show with evidence from research that criminal behaviour is a matter of social responsibility more than individual responsibility. The following are some of the crimes: sexual abuse, robbery, drug dealing, fraud, arson, theft, manslaughter, etc. The causes of this behaviour are many; because of the nature of this essay only four will be discussed here, namely: poor upbringing, lack of education, lack of jobs, and genetic predisposition. Poor upbringing is responsible for many criminal behaviours in society. Parental involvement in children’s upbringing is essential. The early learning can be enhanced or inhibited by the environment in which a child grows up. If the child witnesses family conflict and disorders, he is more likely to be a victim of violence that can hurt him for life. One research reveals that the absence of the father in family is determinant in the behaviour of young people, and is defined as “hyper masculine”. These......

Words: 970 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Consumer Behaviour

...Jeff Bray Consumer Behaviour Theory: Approaches and Models Consumer Behaviour Theory: Approaches and Models...............................................2  1.1 Consumer behaviour & consumer decision making ............................................2  1.2 Theoretical approaches to the study of consumer behaviour..............................3  1.3 Economic Man .....................................................................................................4  1.4 Psychodynamic Approach ...................................................................................4  1.5 Behaviourist Approach ........................................................................................5  1.6 Cognitive Approach .............................................................................................6  1.6.1 Cognitive Models of Consumer Behaviour ..................................................9  1.6.1.1 Analytic Cognitive Models ..................................................................10  1.6.1.2. Prescriptive Cognitive Models............................................................20  1.7 Humanistic Approach ........................................................................................25  1.7.1 Humanistic Models of Consumer Behaviour..............................................25  1.9 Summary ............................................................................................................28  References..............................

Words: 10006 - Pages: 41

Premium Essay

Organisational Behaviour - Managing Organisational Change

...ORGANISATIONAL BEHAVIOUR - Managing Organisational Change Essay Topic: One set of authors state that “An organisation’s ability to manage change will have a significant effect on its performance and prosperity” (Graetz. F., et al, 2006, p2 in Grates F. et al, 2006, Managing Organisational Change, John Wiley & Sons, Australia), whereas another author claims that few corporate change efforts have ever been successful (Kotter, J.P., 2005, ‘Why Transformational Change Efforts Fail’, Harvard Business Review, March-April 1995, pp 59-67). Discuss these two statements and build an argument that explains this apparent contradiction with regard to relevant organizational behavioural theory. In my opinion, the statements presented above do not contradict one another, in fact the two statements presented support the need for successful organizational change and the need for concerted effort in implementing the change. In almost every case, the basic goal has been has been the same: to make fundamental changes in how business is conducted in order to help cope with a new, more challenging market environment. Change is an organizational need, at one time or other and management needs rigorous support in achieving positive change outcomes. I want to look in detail the change management theory and practice including Transformational Change, The Tools and Techniques used for Change Management, Transforming Organisations for Organic Growth, Cultural Revitalisation and Behavioural......

Words: 3599 - Pages: 15

Premium Essay

Organisational Behaviour

...Discuss the importance of studying organisational behaviour in your own words. Give examples to support your answer. Organisational behaviour can be defined as a study of behaviours which deals with the collision that people, faction, individuals’ and arrangements have on human behaviour contained in an association or business. Learning about the organisational behaviours can tend to help in comprehending and foreseeing human actions in an organisation. To begin with, there are number of reasons that make organisational behaviour happens to be important in an organisation. Firstly, it is important so that the employees are in a better position to arrange and deal with the new environment of their workplace and also suit themself with the latest innovations and personnel’s and eventually leading the organisation to operate efficiently and effectively in day to day operations. For instance, if a group of employees have been recruited from a delivery department to a financial department then those employees have to adopt the new working environment and techniques and also be in a stable manner to effectively liaise with the new workforce. If failed to adopt that working environment can lead to heavy disruption in that department. Furthermore, nearly every organisation has only one definitive objective which is to maximize their profit level each year just through producing attractive goods and services that would satisfy the customers’ requirements. In order to promote a......

Words: 579 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Behaviour in the Classroom

...on learning due to some behavioural problems. Some parents merely care about the results of their children and totally neglect their behaviour in classroom. Those parents do not really care what is actually happening in the classroom. Neither do the parents know even if their children are not learning in class and just cheating during the exam. In fact, the effect of students’ behaviour in the classroom toward their future is unpredictable. Therefore, students must cultivate an appropriate behaviour in the classroom. Here’s comes the question, what kind of behaviour should students have in the classroom? Most of the students study because of their parents demand. Students should actually have the desire to get more knowledge and achieve a better result so that they can obtain a better job. In this digital age, no company is willing to hire people without any knowledge. Students study for their future but not for their parents. After having study motive, students should find a suitable study method. For example, taking notes do extra exercises or do revision regularly. Students have to be determined in studying, they should never give up whenever they get bad academic performance and always maintain positive thinking so that they will not lose confidence towards studies. To be honest, I truly hope that students would change their bad behaviour in the classroom so that they could have a harmony and enjoyable school life...

Words: 264 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Cognitive Behaviour

...Purpose In his articles, Porporino (1995, 1991) examines the viability of cognitive behaviour therapy as a correctional intervention. After summarizing cognitive behaviour therapy principles, he discusses strategies for implementation, and provides research data supporting its effectiveness, including post release outcomes on the Reasoning and Rehabilitation (R & R) program. Porporino’s conclusions are subsequently compared with other researcher’s opinions and research based empirical data. Methodology Porporino criticises several programs he reviewed that claimed to be cognitive. In particular, he disregards motivational programs that lack empirical evidence of reduction of recidivism, and those programs that criticise forms of thinking without providing reasoning. Likewise, he dismisses programs that criticise current forms of thinking without providing reasoning, or adapted to corrections without adequate training or strategies for implementation. He is also critical of holistic programs that claim to address life skills, stating that they lack the systematic targeting of key factors that maintain criminal attitudes. Although in 1991, he advocated for a living skills program based on the success of the cognitive skills program. Furthermore, he dismisses cognitive programming models based on stages of morality, because they lack empirical evidence and he maintains they are not cognitive (Porporino, 1995, p.p. 2, 3, 18). Why cognitive Porporino maintains it is...

Words: 2468 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Behaviour

...work to avoid an chances of depression. Extraverts are sociable beings that can influence most people with their confidence and high spirits combined with agreeableness that team member will comply happily with any task that get put in front of them. Values represent the “guiding principles in the life of a person or other social entity” (Glew 2009 p.671). Values can be individual and group wide but they may not signify the same beliefs. This is an issue that can deeply affect the structure and strength of a team as complications arise when there are different values directing everyone’s behaviour. When beginning a team, individual values must be communicated and understood group wide, this is to minimise conflict through misperceptions, discrimination, barriers, and to also broaden the team’s beliefs and awareness. Our values are a consistent factor in forecasting our individual behaviours and how well we will interact with others according to their values. (Suar & Khuntia 2010) References Books Carducci B. J 2009 The Psychology of Personality: Viewpoints, Research, and Applications 2nd edition John Wiley & Sons UK McShane S. L, Von Glinow M.A Organisational Behavior: Emerging Knowledge. Global Reality 6th Edition Mc-Graw Hill, Irwin Journals/Articles Damodar, S. Rooplekha, K 2010 ‘Influence of Personal Values and Value Congruence on Unethical Practices and Work Behavior’ Journal of Business Ethics vol. 97 pp. 443-460 Feinberg, M. E. Kim, J. Y......

Words: 1128 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Consumer Behaviour

...Consumer Behaviour Theory Analysis In Nokia And Motorola Marketing Essay ukessays.com /essays/marketing/consumer-behaviour-theory-analysis-in-nokia-and-motorolamarketing-essay.php The company manufactures mobile devices for almost every key market segment and protocol that also involves GSM, CDMA, and W-CDMA. In addition to manufacturing mobile devices the company also offers various internet services like applications, maps, games, media, music and messaging (Nokia Looks Beyond, 2004). The company’s subsidiary “Nokia Siemens Networks” manufactures telecommunications network equipment, resolutions and services. Moreover, the company also serves its customers with free digital map information and navigation services (About Nokia, 2010). The company operates as a leader in the mobile telecommunications and this competency of the company depends upon its abundant experience, technology invention and precise marketing strategy. In the product category of mobile-phone brand, Nokia has attained number one position and it is all due to its approach towards its customers. In this project the product category selected for the discussion is “mobile phones” in which Nokia has established itself as leading brand in comparison to any other mobile phone manufacturer. With its advanced technologies and features the company has established itself a well-known brand in the mobile phone category (About Nokia, 2010). The company believes in offering handsets with attractive designs, advanced......

Words: 3082 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Organisatinal Behaviour

...PART (1) REVIEW OF THE MOVIE In this true story about a man named Christopher Gardner, Gardner has invested heavily in a device known as a "Bone Density scanner". He feels as if he has made these devices. However, they do not sell as they are marginally better than the current technology at a much higher price. As Gardner tries to figure out how to sell them, his wife leaves him; he loses his house, his bank account, and credit cards as well. Forced to live out in the streets with his son, Gardner is now desperate to find a steady job. Chris sees the chance to fight for a stockbroker internship position at Dean Witter, vying for one career in the end of six months training period without any salary with other twenty candidates and he sell his devices at the same time just to support the meals and needs of his son and himself in living. There are two main characters in this movie, Chris Gardner (Will Smith) and Christopher (Jaden Smith). Since Christopher is portrayed as a five year old boy, his character does not give any huge contribution towards the development of the movie. Whereas, Chris Gardner is depicted as a real portrait of American man who really believes in the myth of material success and it is reflected through his way of thinking, attitude, and his action along the movie. Almost all parts of this movie describe about Chris Gardner’s struggle in pursuing his real and true happiness. PART (2) CONCEPTS (1) MARS Model MARS Model theories of Individual......

Words: 3353 - Pages: 14

Premium Essay

Organizational Behaviour

...IDP Unit 3: Introduction to Organisational Behaviour Learning Outcomes You should be able to explain at least two of the following at the end of the session: • Define organizational behavior (OB). • Explain why managers require knowledge of OB. • Identify the contributions made by major behavioral science disciplines to OB. What is organisational behaviour? • It examines the impact individuals, groups and structure have on behaviour within the organisation, and how that knowledge can be applied in order to achieve the aims and objectives of the organisation (Robbins 2009) ! • An interdisciplinary body of knowledge and field of research which examines how organisations, behaviour of people within organisations, and salient features of their context and environment, evolve and take shape, why all these things happen the way they do, and what purposes they serve (Buchanan and Huczynski 2010) What is an Organisation? • A social unit, composed of two or more people, that functions on a relatively continuous basis to achieve a common goal or set of goals (Robbins 2009) Features of an organisation • Social arrangements : organisations are often classified as social arrangement with a clear set of objectives of achieving controlled performance in pursuit of collective goals ! • Controlled performance: Organisations must set standards, be able to measure performance, compare actual with standard, and take collective......

Words: 492 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Challenging Behaviour

...UNIT 27: DEALING WITH CHALLENGING BEHAVIOUR CRITERIA: M1, M2, D1 M1: IDENTIFY THE CHALLENGING BEHAVIOUR. DISCUSS AND EXPLAIN WHY IT IS CHALLENGING AND TO WHO? GIVE REASONS FOR THE SISTER’S BEHAVIOUR? M2: DISCUSS STRATEGIES THAT COULD BE USED TO MINIMISE EFFECTS OF THIS TYPE OF CHALLENGING BEHAVIOUR. D1: EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF EACH STRATEGY FOR DEALING WITH THIS TYPE OF CHALLENGING BEHAVIOUR. BY: ESTHER ADENIKE BOLARINWA TUTOR: PAULA YATES Case study It’s your first week as a community nurse attached to a busy group practice. You receive a call from a care manager at social services, requesting an emergency home visit for a patient receiving end of life care. The patient requires emergency pain relief in the form of morphine patches. You have never met the patient. The husband meets you and offers you a cup of tea. He thanks you for arriving so promptly. You accept the offer of a cup of tea, ask his wife’s name and request the care plan, which holds all the information relating to medication. Whilst reading the notes, the husband chats to you about your day and the traffic locally. The kitchen door opens and a woman comes into the room, shouting at you: “What the hell are you playing at? My sister is upstairs dying and you’re down here, having a chat and drinking tea. No wonder the NHS is in a mess if you’re an example of the staff! Before you can respond, she reaches for your arm and begins to pull you towards the stairs. The husband tries to calm her but...

Words: 1902 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

Behaviour

...I was working with a child who began to display disruptive and anti-social behaviours randomly lashing out physically and verbally. To begin with I wanted to understand where this behaviour was stemming from, so I approached the child's parents in private to discuss my concerns. Initially the parents were not receptive of the fact that their child was in need of additional support and informed me that they were not concerned with their child's behaviour. They attributed the behaviour to 'boys being boys'. I persisted, taking detailed observations of the concerning behaviours exhibited by the child and used this as evidence to prove my case. I scheduled numerous meetings with the family around their availability, many outside of regular work hours. By being patient, respectful, understanding, genuine and sincere in all my interactions I was finally able to breakthrough and gain the families trust. Having gained their trust the parents confided in me that they were going through a separation due to some issues, working collaboratively we were than able to come to an agreement that the child’s wellbeing was in jeopardy and some support measures needed to be implemented. With open and honest communication we were able to devise a working action plan. Over the following weeks we took detailed observations of the strategies, changes and how effective they were. Strategies that were ineffective became obsolete and the management plan was reworked with working strategies. By......

Words: 358 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Behaviour Management

...Positive Behaviour Management EGD 351 Jemma Peers S0500854 CONTENTS PAGE 1. Introduction 2. Background information i) Background information on the child ii) Background information on the family iii) Observation of behaviour of parent and child on entering setting 3. Observation of behaviour from child • Behaviour • How this behaviour could be learnt • Consequences 4. Back ground to behaviour management strategies 5. The strategies used and their outcomes • Strategy 1 • Strategy 2 • Evaluation of strategies used 7. References 8. APPENDIX • I.B.P • Timed observation • Examples of Proactive strategies used Introduction For the purpose of this essay, I will be focusing on the behaviour management of children in classrooms as teachers spend most of their time in the classrooms with children. Teachers face several challenges while teaching young children, One of the major challenges teachers need to adjust to while teaching in the early years is to be able to effectively manage the behaviour of children in a classroom setting. “Teaching is a very stressful and demanding occupation. There are many facets of the job that contribute to this stress- behaviour, curriculum demands, workload, admin tasks and the list goes on. One on the key skills of......

Words: 2956 - Pages: 12