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Nursing Definition

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Describe the definition of nursing as put forward by the American Nurses Association. How does it address the metaparadigm theories of nursing?
Nursing as defined by the ANA is the protection, promotion, and optimization of health and abilities, prevention of illness and injury, alleviation of suffering through the diagnosis and treatment of human response, and advocacy in the care of individuals, families, communities, and populations. There are six essential features of professional nursing: 1. Provision of a caring relationship that facilitates health and healing, 2. Attention to the range of human experiences and responses to health and illness within the physical and social environments, 3. Integration of objective data with knowledge gained from an appreciation of the patient or group's subjective experience, 4. Application of scientific knowledge to the processes of diagnosis and treatment through the use of judgment and critical thinking, 5. Advancement of professional nursing knowledge through scholarly inquiry, and 6. Influence on social and public policy to promote social justice.

As a profession we are guided in our daily responses to patients by the knowledge of our purpose and responsibilities as caregivers. We are fortunate to have an accepted definition of our profession so the people we care for can better understand our purpose and goals. Our profession is hard to describe in words or definitions. It encompasses so much more than is apparent to our patients and families. The knowledge and experiences we use in our actions, assessments, evaluations, education and documentation is continually growing. In the metaparadigm theories of nursing we are better able to describe and define the concepts of person, health, enviroment and nursing in relation to our place and time. The person remains constant the environment and…...

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