Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 5 Motherboard

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By Akennedy89
Words 499
Pages 2
Chipsets A chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals. It is usually found in the motherboard of a computer. Chipsets are usually designed to work with a specific family of microprocessors. Because it controls communications between the processor and external devices, the chipset plays a crucial role in determining system performance. The chipset normally consists of two major microchips. These are known as the North bridge and the South Bridge. Developments in chip technologies have meant that chipset and CPU manufacturers are changing the way the chipset layout works, for example some CPU's come with a built in memory controller taking that job from the North Bridge, some chipsets have incorporated the north and south bridge in the same chip. The North Bridge Handles data for the graphics port whether that be AGP or PCI express and the main memory which includes the FSB (Front side bus). Although both chips are required for the PC to work the North Bridge handles most of the very important tasks such as the connection between the CPU and main memory bank. The South Bridge handles data from the PCI x1 slots and can also have integrated components such as Audio and/or onboard graphics. The North and South bridges will have different chip names even though they are very often paired with the same opposite bridge to come under the collective name of the chipset. Below is a diagram of the KT600 chipset from VIA technologies. This diagram shows how the components of your PC are connected to the chipset.

Motherboard Bus The motherboard bus is a set of wires that allows one part of the motherboard to connect and communicate with other parts of the motherboard, including the central processing unit (CPU). It also serves as an interface between the CPU and various external devices. The motherboard bus can be one of two types — internal and external. An internal bus serves as the communication highway of the motherboard. It links the different parts of the computer to the CPU and the main memory. Its primary task is to send data and instructions to the different parts within the motherboard, including the external bus. The external type of motherboard bus, which is also known as the expansion bus, serves as the interface for peripheral devices like hard disks, CD-ROM drives, and flash drives to get connected to the CPU. The shape of each interface is unique. This prevents plugging a device to a wrong port, which could cause damage to the device while being connected to the CPU.

Component Integration The motherboard includes some on-board components, meaning that they are integrated into its printed circuitry:
The chipset, a circuit which controls the majority of resources (including the bus interface with the processor, cache memory and random-access memory, expansion cards, etc.)
The CMOS clock and battery
The system bus and the expansion bus…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Unit 4 Lab Nt1110

...Task 1) Task 1: Procedure 1a) Examine the following motherboard. One interesting thing you will see is the use of two BIOS chips. The M-BIOS chip is the Main BIOS chip and the B-BIOS chip is the Backup BIOS chip, which is used to rewrite the M-BIOS chip if it becomes corrupted. 2a) The LGA 1156 connector known as H socket is a land grid array socket used by first generation workstation. The LGA 1156 connector is used with two processors; Lynnfield and Clarkdale. The Lynnfield has different series of processors the Core i5 700 series, the Core i7 800 series and the X3400 series and L3400 series Xeon. The Clarkdale uses the Core i3 500 series, the Core i5 600 series, the Pentium G6000 series and the Celeron G1000 series. The LGA 1156 connector connects the motherboard to the CPU. Without this connector the system will not operate. 3a) The H55 Chipset is used to provide the interface for the graphics and HD media technology that goes though the CPU and the motherboard. The H55 connects to the MCH (Northbridge). IT is compatible with core i7, core i5, and core i3 processors. 4a) The Gigabyte GA-H55M-UD2H is an Intel motherboard chipset that is compatible with Intel core i7, core™ i5 and core™ i3 processors. Includes an on/off technology that allows you to charge your iphone, ipad, ECT regardless the PC is on, in standby mode or even turned off. This feature draws current from the Gigabyte motherboard USB ports. Uses a 3x USB power boost that delivers extra power to USB......

Words: 639 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 4 Reserch Paper

...NT1110 Unit 4 Research Paper Student NT1110 Abstract Components and technology of today’s computer motherboards. This paper will give a brief description of chipsets, Motherboard bus’s, & Component Integration. NT1110 Unit 4 Research Paper The chipset on today’s computers is responsible for managing the flow of information between the CPU, Memory, & the Peripherals. Chipsets are usually deigned to work with a specific family of microprocessor such as Intel or AMD. Mother board Buses can be broken down into two different types, the first type is the internal bus. The internal bus is easily recognized by the gold lines of wire that run throughout the motherboard. The external buses are the slots filled with pins on the motherboard. Both types of bus are basically the lines of communication for the mother boar. There are six major types of external buses on a common motherboard, only a few of these are found on the mother board of a home PC, they are PCI, AGP, USB, & IDE. The external Buses connect to the Internal bus via the pins in there Appropriate slots, those pins transfer the information from the external buses to the internal bus and then to the final destination. The final topic of this paper is component Integration, component integration has eliminated the need for individual component hard ware and the heat they produce. The elimination of those two things has enabled the manufacturers to reduce the size of today’s computers enabling the......

Words: 260 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Motherboard and Busses Nt1110

...Exploring the Motherboard and Busses Major components of the motherboard are the CPU, I/O ports, memory slots, expansion slots, mass storage ports, and busses. The CPU is the brain of the computer. It processes all of the computers functions. I/O ports connect input and output devices to the computer. Memory slots allow RAM to be inserted and to add additional memory. Expansion slots allow additional boards to be connected like, video, sound, or network cards. Mass storage ports connect storage devices like hard drives, CD-ROM, AND DVD-ROM. Busses are tiny electrical paths to connect each component of the computer together. If you upgrade the motherboard to give it performance improvements, the improvements are going to be limited because the motherboard doesn’t really improve the overall power of the system. You have to upgrade more than just the motherboard to improve speed and other things. The need for all the different busses on a motherboard is that each on has its own data width, cycle rate, and device management. The data width and cycle rate is used to determine bandwidth or how much data can be transmitted at one time. The device management indicates the maximum number of supported devices and the difficulty of configuring them. These busses can’t be replaced by a single bus because there is not bus fast enough to handle all these jobs at the same time and still be sufficient. With 64-bit busses available, 32-bit busses are still provided because......

Words: 300 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 1

...Computer Structure and Logic NT1110 Unit 1 Assignment 1: Integrated Circuit Technology Anthony Smith Intel Processor Transistor Count Processor Model Year Transistor Count Intel 4004 1971 2,300 Intel 8008 1972 3,500 Intel 8080 1974 4,500 Intel 8085 1976 6,500 Intel 8086 1978 29,000 Intel 8088 1979 29,000 Intel 80186 1982 55,000 Intel 80286 1982 134,000 Intel 80386 1985 275,000 Intel 80486 1989 1,180,235 Pentium 1993 3,100,000 Pentium Pro 1995 5,500,000 Pentium II 1997 7,500,000 Pentium 4 2000 42,000,000 Itanium 2 McKinley 2002 220,000,000 Itanium 2 Madison 6M 2003 410,000,000 Atom 2008 47,000,000 Itanium 2 with 9MB cache 2004 592,000,000 Dual-Core Itanium 2 2006 1,170,000,000 Core 2 Duo 2006 291,000,000 Core i7 (Quad) 2008 731,000,000 Six-Core Xeon 7400 2008 1,900,000,000 Quad-Core+GPU Core i7 2011 1,160,000,000 Six-Core Core i7 (Gulftown) 2010 1,170,000,000 Quad-Core Itanium Tukwila 2010 2,000,000,000 8-Core Xeon Nahalem-EX 2010 2,300,000,000 Six-Core Core i7/8-Core Xeon E5 2011 2,270,000,000 10-Core Xeon Westmere-EX 2011 2,600,000,000 Quad-Core+GPU Core i7 2012 1,400,000,000 8-Core Itanium Poulson 2012 3,100,000,000 62-Core Xeon Phi 2012 5,000,000,000 Source: Wikipedia August 29, 2013 A History of Microprocessor Transistor......

Words: 516 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 5 Analysis 1: Pentium Flaw

...Unit 5 Analysis 1: Pentium Flaw The Intel Pentium microprocessor was introduced on March, 1993 that was hugely popular among consumers because of its cheap price and decent performance. Unfortunately, the early versions of these microprocessors had a flow within the floating point unit (also called a math coprocessor). This caused the Pentium's FPU to incorrectly divide certain floating-point numbers. Because only certain numbers divide incorrectly and Intel assumed that many users would never encounter the division error, the company decided to keep the issue quiet and fix the problem in updates to the chip. Thomas Nicely, a math professor at Lynchburg College, discovered the error however, and after sending his findings to Intel with no response, he posted his findings on the Internet, where others confirmed his theories. When Intel finally announced the bug, they originally said that they would only replace chips for users that require high-accuracy calculations, but when IBM publically refused to sell computers with faulty chips, Intel offered to replace all flawed Pentium processors. Because Intel chose to keep the flaw quiet, and because they originally refused to recall the product, they caused a great public outcry. Their mistakes also ended up costing them over $475 million and damaged their image. Intel now currently post all flaws and bugs that they find in their products in order to avoid another catastrophe like the Pentium Flaw. Other companies also take......

Words: 252 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 5 Assignment 1: Video Summary 3 Cpus Nt1110

...Fredrick Donaldson Nov.5, 2014 NT1110 Unit 5 Assignment 1 Video Summary 3 CPUs In today’s market there are 2 main manufacturers of CPUs: Intel and AMD. There are also some smaller competitors that manufacture CPUs, but they tend to come and go. The way a CPU is organized varies, but here are the basics: The motherboard system bus carries information into and out of the CPU. When the system bus enters the CPU, it’s called a Front side bus. The Front side bus usually uses a 64-bit wide data path. On the side of the CPU you will find a controller. A controller manages the basic functions of the CPU, and controls communication between the motherboard and other components within the CPU. These other components includes one or more ALUs and internal cache. An ALU (Arithmetic Logic Unit), is responsible for solving complex calculations. Having multiple ALUs in a single processor is what gave the early Pentiums their multi-processing capabilities. Communication between the controllers and the ALU uses a 32-bit wide internal data bus. The bus system that supports communication between the cache, the ALU, and the controllers is referred to as the backside bus. The most important thing a person needs to know about a processor is the speed at which it processes information; (CPU speed). There are several ways to gauge CPU speeds. This may sound like an advantage, but oftentimes, these multiple ways are misleading. The speeds differ inside and outside the processor. Internally...

Words: 784 - Pages: 4

Free Essay

Video Summary Nt1110 Unit Four

...Unit 4 video summary 2 When building your own computer most people will tell you to pick one of two first either motherboard or cpu. Cpu dictates motherboard and vice versa. You should not buy either until you have made a decision about both and the case you need is also determined by these decisions. There are three form factors to determine these. * Atx form factor- has soft power switch and many slots to support different connections and uses a p1 power connector * Replaced older at form factor * Smaller * Better organization * Easier to work on * Wide support for I/o devices * Wake on lan feature * Btx form factor- supports a p1 power connector * Better air flow for cooling with an intake vent in the front and an exhaust in the back * Cpu heatsink fins and memory modules installed parallel to airflow * Nlx form factor- supports riser cards and usually installed on lower end computers * Fit into expansion slots * Provide connectors for additional expansion cards * Also known as daughter boards Bottom of the mother board holds the bus system which lets the board communicate with the different things installed on it, these are called communication buses. The look like little copper lines and allow all power and data flow. The system bus is the largest and fastest of all these buses, it connects the motherboard to the cpu and the cpu back to the motherboard. The motherboard has a......

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Unit 5 Short Answer Nt1110

...Daniel Thompson 10/17/14 Computer Structure and Logic The major compenents of a motherboard are the processor (CPU). This is the 'brain' of the computer and is the chip where all the computing is done. Next is the memory. This is where the computer stores information while it is working on it. Computer memory these days is typically installed on long, narrow boards called SIMMs, or "Single Inline Memory Modules" into matching sockets. Next is the "Chipset". This is a loosely coined term that may refer to one chip or a whole set of them. The Chipset is a link between the processor and the outside world, and handles things like controlling the hard drives, the USB ports, the keyboard and mouse, generates the sounds the computer makes, and sometimes even creates the pictures you see on the screen. Next are the expansion slots. These are connectors that allow you to attach additional "cards" on the computer, such as video cards, sound cards, modems, and add abilities to your computer that the motherboard doesn't provide. Some types of slots in use today called "PCI" or "PCI-E" slots. Next is the "IO" bank. This is a set of connectors that allows you to connect various devices to your computer, such as your keyboard, monitor, mouse, hard drives, flash drives, printers, and connect your computer to a network. Why an improvement would be limited is because the motherboard is not new, and is therefore limited to what it came with. It is best to get an entirely new system for a......

Words: 354 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 5 Analysis

...Unit 6 Research Paper 1 Network Attached Storage ITT Tech Network attached storage (NAS) is basically a server that acts as hard drive that’s attached to a network. This connection to a network allows anyone who is also connected to the network the ability to access the hard drive. The NAS come in many sizes and different capabilities. The network connection that the NAS uses can be almost any that are available. The standard Ethernet connection is the most common connection by there are also systems that use a wireless connection or even a fiber optic connection for extremely fast transfer speeds. The storage of NAS systems can vary greatly. There are consumer models with a fixed amount of storage, and then the professional versions that have the capacity of many terabytes that can be upgraded when new drives become available. With the numerous amount of drives the chance of corrupted data and errors is always a possibility. With this possibility manufacturers have included the ability to arrange the drive into a RAID. The different RAID configurations allow users the protection from errors and data loss at the expense of storage space. NAS, unlike normal servers, do not require a keyboard, mouse, or monitor. They are usually managed from a remote terminal accessed via the NAS network connection. Some NAS systems use a web browser interface that uses the user’s web browser to interact with the NAS. Other systems use software that the manufacturer......

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Unit 10 Research Exercise Nt1110

...Unit 10 Research Exercise Josue Tagle ITT Technical Institute NT-1110 1-What exactly is electrostatic discharge (ESD)? Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is the sudden flow of electricity between two electrically charged objects caused by contact, an electrical short or dielectric breakdown. A buildup of static electricity can be caused by tribocharging or by electrostatic induction. The ESD occurs when differently-charged objects are brought close together or when the dielectric between them breaks down, often creating a visible spark. 2-Perform the following research about the CompTIA’s Six Steps to troubleshooting, explain EACH step in DETAIL: Step 1: Identify the Problem In this first step you already know that there is a problem; now you have to identify exactly what it is. This means gathering information. You do this in a few ways: Step 2: Establish a Theory of Probable In step 2 you theorize as to what the most likely cause of the problem is. Start with the most probable or obvious cause. For example, if a computer won’t turn on, your theory of probable cause would be that the computer is not plugged in! This step differs from other troubleshooting processes in that you are not making a list of causes but instead are choosing one probable cause as a starting point. In this step you also need to define whether it is a hardware- or software-related issue. Step 3: Test the Theory to Determine In step 3 take your theory from step 2 and test it.......

Words: 2425 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Unit 8 Nt1110

...Unit 8 analysis. System Performance. When it comes to system performance, having a slow system can be frustrating. There could possibly be multiple things wrong within your system. One problem could be too many processors running at the same time. Systems can also become infected with viruses of many different kinds and severely slow down. However, by taking the right steps, someone can improve the performance of there system. To start with, the user can defrag there system which basically means cleaning out the hard drive. The user analyzes the hard drives programs that could be causing errors or bugs and deletes them so that the system can performe at its greatest potential. Also, the user can check his system for hardware and software compatibility. If the user finds a compatibility issue it can be maintenanced and greatly improve the systems performance. The systems OS will always address if there is an system problem via alert messages. The user can easily fix whatever problem may be occurring by opening the systems alert message. The user can always check a systems performance and reliability monitors. This is a windows feature that stores all records of past performance issues and can help find when a problem occurred. It helps the user find exactly what program that was installed caused a problem in the system. The systems user can find a manual for his or her system and by following simple steps of installing different internal hardwares for their system,......

Words: 257 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 5 Assignment 1

...splitter for the cable. For example, if you only have 1 Universal Serial Bus (USB) port, yet you have a USB mouse and keyboard, then you can use a USB port expander to allow one port slot to become multiple ports and plug in the mouse and keyboard. Allowing multiple devices to be able to connect to a single port is a major advantage to port expanders. However, one of the biggest drawbacks is that the speed of that port is now divided throughout all the expansion ports, an example being a 3Gbps port expanded to accommodate 4 ports will now have to split that 3Gbps between all 4 ports and not 3Gbps per expansion slot. There are two types of port expanders: internal and external. An internal port expander will usually connect to the motherboard and have an expansion plate with multiple ports along the box of the computer. An external port expander will plug into an existing port (such as a USB) and will then have multiple connections off of the port expander. Port expanders are also very generic and will allow expansion on just about any computer. There are many ports available that come with port expansion hardware. Some examples are, but are not limited to, USB Port Expander Hardware, Microphone Port Expander Hardware, FireWire Port Expander Hardware, Serial Port Expander Hardware, SCSI Port Expander Hardware, Audio Port Expander Hardware, RS-422 Port Expander Hardware, SATA Port Expander Hardware, Ethernet Port Expander Hardware, Modbus Serial Port Hardware, SSD......

Words: 335 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Unit 5 Assignment 1 Video

...Unit 5 Assignment 1: Video Summary NT1110 There are two major manufactures we use in today’s market which are Intel and AMD. There are some minor competitions but don’t stay on the market for long. The system bus for the CPU is also known as the Front-side bus as it inserts the CPU and has a 64 bit data pass. In the CPU theirs a controller that controls communication between the motherboard and other components with the CPU. The ALU is responsible for performing complex calculations. Communications between the controllers and the ALU’s uses a 32 bit wide internal data bus. A processor is usually measured in GHz. A system Bus is usually measured in MHz and has limiting factors of speed. The multiplier is the ratio between processor and the System bus. The system bus speed x multiplier equals the processor speed. CPU manufactures have come up with different ways to make the CPU work faster. Two multi-processing requires multiple processors (In other words your system must be designed to support more than one CPU on a single motherboard). Dual Core Processors have been recently developed, that means incorporating multiple processors with multiple ALU’s inside a CPU. These ALU’s process their information individually. There’s two cache memory’s which are SRAM and DRAM. SRAM is also called Static RAM, it is faster and more expensive then DRAM, it holds memory without being refreshed and DRAM must be refreshed. There are three types of RAM which are L1 cache, L2 cache, and L3......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 1 Assignment

...Unit 1 Assignment – Integrated Circuit Technology. Requirement # 1: N/A Requirement # 2: Create a table that presents the processor model, year, and transistor count for Intel processors from 1971 to the present. Intel Processor Transistor Size Trends (Table) Year | Model | Transistor count | 1971 | Intel 4004 | 2,300 | 1972 | Intel 8008 | 3,500 | 1974 | Intel 8080 | 4,500 | 1978 | Intel 8086 | 29,000 | 1982 | Intel 286 Processor | 134,000 | 1985 | Intel 386 Processor | 275,000 | 1989 | Intel 486 Processor | 1.2 million | 1993 | Intel Pentium Processor | 3.1 million | 1995 | Intel Pentium Pro Processor | 5.5 million | 1997 | Intel Pentium II Processor | 7.5 million | 1998 | Intel Celeron Processor | 7.5 million | 1999 | Intel Pentium III Processor | 9.5 million | 2000 | Intel Pentium 4 Processor | 42 million | 2001 | Intel Xeon Processor | 42 million | 2003 | Intel Pentium M Processor | 55 million | 2006 | Intel Core 2 Due Processor | 291 million | 2008 | Intel Core 2 Due Processor | 410 million | 2008 | Intel Atom Processor | 47 million | 2010 | 2nd Generation Intel Core Processor | 1.16 billion | 2012 | 3rd Generation Intel Core Processor | 1.4 billion | Requirement # 3: Identify the processor model and year when two billion transistors were placed on a single . Processor chip. Intel 1st place 2 billion......

Words: 490 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nt1110 Unit 5 Anaysis 1 Pentium Flaw

...Unit 5 analysis 1: Pentium flaw Aaron Mancias April 16 2016 Professor Amos The CPU is a central processing unit brains of the computer aka microprocessor or processor. It executes a sequence of stored instructions called a program containing millions of transistors interconnected by smell aluminum wires (busses). They carry various signals addresses and data (3 types of data bus, address bus), control bus. The flaw was discovered in 1994, a division error in the Pentium chip by Intel. only told to people who worked inside the company and nobody else .the same month a professor of mathematics at Lynchburg college , Virginia by the name of Dr. Thomas A nicely notices a small difference in the two sets of numbers , rechecking everything he comes to the conclusion ( Pentium chip) eliminating all other causes, 5 month in total . The flaw of the chip cost the company hundreds of millions of dollars and Intel appeared as it was hiding a sinister secret. Intel’s response was very unprofessional and that’s what lead there minor problem into beings so chaotic and costworthy. Basically. DR. Thomas nicely contacted them told them about their problem. Intel duplicates the error...

Words: 286 - Pages: 2