Premium Essay

Nafta, Cafta

In: Historical Events

Submitted By johnchege
Words 713
Pages 3
NAME:
REG NO:
UNIT:
TASK:
LECTURER:
UNIVERSITY:

NAFTA (North America Free Trade Agreement) whose source credited to Information Trade Center in US through the Department of Commerce implemented in 1994.Usually, comprehensive trade agreement improves almost all aspects of transacting businesses within North America.NAFTA removes almost all tariffs between the US and Canada and removes many of the non-tariff barriers for instance import licenses. The latter has helped in exclusion of U.S. goods from other two markets and mostly Mexico.NAFTA ensures that investment won’t be forced by restrictive government policies such as U.S. investors receiving treatment that is equal to domestic investors in both Canada and Mexico. More so, NAFTA ensures that if U.S. happens not to invest in another country, they are usually set free and granted the freedom not to.NAFTA also provides for guaranteed access to lucrative government procurement contracts in Canada and Mexico.NAFTA destroys American Sovereignty via the creation of supranational panels and commissions. It also castigates courts by infringing on and overriding their jurisdiction as well as giving no stand to seek state redress. Since the implementation of the unconstitutional NAFTA, America has tremendously lost several hundreds of thousands of jobs. Generally has led to the loss of jobs rather than creating jobs as was expected. (Mace, G. (2007).
CAFTA (Central American Free Trade Agreement), free trade agreement or treaty under international law but not under U.S law. CAFTA was primarily created with the purpose of creating new and better economic chances by opening markets, eliminating tariffs, reducing barriers to services among others.IN CAFTA, investors enjoy some basic protections such as nondiscriminatory treatment relative to domestic investors as well as investors of non-parties, performance…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Nafta

...NAFTA is a trilateral free trade agreement among the United States, Mexico and Canada; which came into force in January 1994. In 1992, and on the eve of the deal, John Martin, CEO of a USA-based textile company, has to come to a really tough decision: move production to Mexico or wait for an imminent bankruptcy. Martin, as the vast majority of the US population did not understand how this agreement could beneficiate the country at all. Opponents of NAFTA would argue that the treaty should not be adopted because of the negative impact it would have on employment in the United States, particularly in industries such as textiles, a labor intensive industry in which the price of labor is crucial. Free trade with Mexico, a much cheaper labor country, would mean that US production could no longer be competitive and many plants would have to close. They were already facing heavy competition with Asia, but now without any tariffs to Mexico, the situation could become worse. The problem with these statements is that they misrepresent the real effects of trade on the U.S. economy: trade both creates and destroys jobs. Although there have been job losses in the US textile industry, defenders of NAFTA argue that there have been net benefits to the US economy in the form of lower clothing prices and an increase in exports from fabric and yarn producer. Trade has been created as a result of NAFTA. This is at the heart of the competitive advantage theory and Ricardo’s thoughts. The gains......

Words: 342 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nafta

...Introduction The North American Free Trade Agreement, also referred to as NAFTA, was implemented on January 1, 1994. The free trade agreement, signed by Canada, Mexico and the United States, allows for trilateral trade (Export.gov). The agreement permits for the removal of trade barriers and tariffs, which paves the way for easier trading throughout the North American countries. The agreement calls “for the gradual elimination…of most remaining barriers to cross-border investment and to the movement of goods and services among [the United States, Canada and Mexico]” (CBP.gov). The implementation of NAFTA was preceded by CAFTA, which was a similar agreement solely between Canada and then United States (“Scott, Robert E.). Signed by President Bill Clinton, NAFTA had a goal to “[sweep] away export tariffs in several industries: agriculture [being] a main focus, [as well as] tariffs [being] reduced on items like textiles and automobiles” (Teslik, Lee Hudson). The primary goal of NAFTA is to ease restrictions on commerce between the three countries, in attempts to increase cross-border trade. The initial purposes are outlined specifically within the pages of agreement. Its original goals, along side with easing trade restrictions, include increasing investment opportunities for each country and their citizens. Each nation’s government desires to allow, for citizens of their own countries, the opportunity to invest and participate in the other North American economies. Another......

Words: 2744 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Nafta

...NAFTA During this program, I have learned a lot more about NAFTA. I had little knowledge of this multinational agreement before the course. Now I’m amazed to see ; How affective NAFTA is. NAFTA has demonstrated how free trade increases wealth and competitiveness, delivering real benefits to families, farmers, workers, manufacturers, and consumers. The NAFTA partners have created this website to provide Canadians, Americans, and Mexicans with information about how NAFTA works and the many ways in which it has improved the lives of North Americans. Since NAFTA came into effect, trade and investment levels in North America have increased, bringing strong economic growth, job creation, and better prices and selection in consumer goods. North American businesses, consumers, families, workers, and farmers have all benefited. NAFTA FOR BUSINESS NAFTA provides North American businesses with better access to materials, technologies, investment capital, and talent available across North America. Canada’s NAFTA exports have likewise grown substantially, and have been particularly successful in high value added sectors such as automotive equipment (trucks, cars and parts), machinery and parts and industrial goods. In 1998, the growth alone in Canada’s exports to our NAFTA markets was roughly equal to the total value of our exports to Japan and to the 15 nations of the European Union (EU) combined. The growth in our NAFTA exports last year also more than offset the drop in exports to......

Words: 859 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Nafta

...transfer the goods from the border of Mexico to their destination . 2. What do you think motivated the Teamsters to object to the object to the trucking provision in NAFTA? Are these objections fair? Why did Congress initially align itself with the Teamster? A. The Teamsters couldn’t accept the part of NAFTA provision of Free Trade which states that all barriers of trade of goods and service among member countries were removed. That mean they wouldn’t have to go by their rules in the country, but by their movement of NAFTA agreement and adjustment. B. It depends on the trade diversion the high cost and low cost of suppliers and does it diverts the amount exceeds. C. No, they adhere to the rules of the NAFTA agreement to impediment to integration. 3. Did it make economic sense for the United State to bear the cost of punitive tariffs as allowed for under NAFTA, as opposed to letting Mexico trucks enter the United States? A. No, however it was a Tariff that United States could afford for not honoring its commitment to the NAFTA treaty to move forward in formatting an accounting standard of business enterprises. 4. Yes, President Obama amended and put in place what was needed for the US to conform to the NAFTA agreement in principle. Given that two-thirds of cross-border trade within NAFTA goes by road....

Words: 332 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nafta

...investment between neighboring countries. C. Who might lose? a. Maybe the truck driver who lost their job since they was no longer needed to transfer the goods from the border of Mexico to their destination . 2. What do you think motivated the Teamsters to object to the object to the trucking provision in NAFTA? Are these objections fair? Why did Congress initially align itself with the Teamster? A. The Teamsters couldn’t accept the part of NAFTA provision of Free Trade which states that all barriers of trade of goods and service among member countries were removed. That mean they wouldn’t have to go by their rules in the country, but by their movement of NAFTA agreement and adjustment. B. It depends on the trade diversion the high cost and low cost of suppliers and does it diverts the amount exceeds. C. No, they adhere to the rules of the NAFTA agreement to impediment to integration. 3. Did it make economic sense for the United State to bear the cost of punitive tariffs as allowed for under NAFTA, as opposed to letting Mexico trucks enter the United States? A. No, however it was a Tariff that United States could afford for not honoring its commitment to the NAFTA treaty to move forward in formatting an accounting standard of business enterprises....

Words: 296 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nafta

...What are the potential economic benefits of the trucking provisions in the NAFTA treaty? ¿Cuáles son los beneficios económicos potenciales de las disposiciones de transporte por carretera en el tratado NAFTA? El transporte de mercancías será más eficiente, y por lo tanto más rentable, ya que los bienes ya no tendrían que ser fuera de la carga de un camión y vuelve a cargar a otro en la frontera de México / EE.UU.. Un aumento en la competencia en el mercado del transporte también se traduciría en una reducción de costes. Otro de los beneficios económicos, que no están directamente relacionadas con las disposiciones de transporte por carretera, es la reducción de los aranceles. Who benefits? ¿Quién se beneficia? La mayor eficiencia, la competencia y la reducción de los aranceles se beneficiarían los ciudadanos de los EE.UU. y México. What do you think motivated the Teamsters to object to the trucking provisions in NAFTA? ¿Qué crees que motivó a los Teamsters que se oponen a las disposiciones de transporte por carretera en el TLCAN? Los camioneros afirmado que los camioneros mexicanos tenían un historial de seguridad, que los camiones mexicanos no se adhirieron a las estrictas normas de seguridad y ambientales de los EE.UU. y que los límites a las horas que un conductor puede pasar al volante son ignorados en México dando así a la mexicana camioneros una ventaja injusta de los costes. Somos de la opinión de que la mayor motivación para los Teamsters oponerse a las......

Words: 373 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nafta

...Matt Capparelli Social Work Movie Questions 1. NAFTA stands for the North American Free Trade Agreement. It is a treaty between Canada, Mexico, and the United States. The agreement was created to increase trade between the three countries by reducing trade restrictions. It was designed to help the nations grow economically. NAFTA has benefited our job market substantially. It increased our exports and imports, created better paying jobs for many Americans, and improved home and community conditions economically. 2. Job loss obviously has a huge effect on an individual and a community. Losing a job affects the income of the person who is no longer working, which is normally the adult of a household. This doesn’t only affect that one person, it affects everyone that they supply care for. Unemployment will bring high amounts of stress to the person who lost their job. Children look up to their parents for emotional help, if the parent is having an emotional disaster, it will greatly affect the child. A parent may feel overwhelmed with everything going on with job loss and not be able to take care of their child the correct way, whether that includes making house payments and putting food on the table for the kids. Job loss also affects the community that you live in. If someone was an active volunteer or participant in their community, losing their job may change their motivation. They aren’t going to want to volunteer in their community when they can’t even work to...

Words: 347 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Nafta

...DRAFT The purpose of this research paper is to define NAFTA and the purpose of the Free Trade Agreements. It will also discuss some of the rules, customs procedures, how to settle disputes between the countries and how NAFTA works overall. NAFTA is a regulation implemented on Jan. 1, 1994, that reduced and eventually abolished tariffs to encourage economic activity between the United States, Canada and Mexico. NAFTA has been given credit with making it easier for Americans to purchase Canadian and Mexican goods, which stimulated a small increase in wages in all three countries, and increased manufacturing and other jobs for U.S. workers. The agreement also radically increased trade between the three nations, from $337 billion in 1993 to $1.182 trillion in 2011(Investopedia). The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) revolutionized trade and investment in North America, helping to unlock our region’s economic potential. Since it came into effect 15 years ago, North Americans have enjoyed an overall extended period of strong economic growth and rising prosperity. NAFTA has helped to stimulate economic growth and create higher-paying jobs across North America. It has also paved the way for greater market competition and enhanced choice and purchasing power for North American consumers, families, farmers, and businesses. Furthermore, NAFTA has provided North American businesses with better access to materials, technologies, investment capital, and talent available......

Words: 1727 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Nafta

...NAFTA Background The North American Free Trade Agreement took effect during the Clinton’s Administration from part of the United States the President Carlos Salinas de Gortari and the Prime Minister of Canada. According to Wojcik-Betancourt, B. in his article Ten years of NAFTA have changed the face of U.S.-mexican-canadian trade “On Jan. 1, 1994, Canada, Mexico and the United States began implementing NAFTA (the North American Free Trade Agreement). Even before implementation began, NAFTA was the subject of considerable speculation, encompassing everything from serious reservations to confidence in open and transparent markets.” When the Secretary of Market and Promotion Industrial of Mexico, Jaime Serra; The Minister of industry, Science and Technology and International Market Michael Wilson; and the representative of the Market Carla Hills Of the United States of America finished the negotiations of what in January 1994 open the doors of these three countries to The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) The preamble exhibits the principles and goals of NAFTA. The three countries Canada, United States and Mexico confirm their obligations to promote the employment and the economic growth, through the expansion of the market and opportunities to invest in a free trade area. They also, ratify their conviction that NAFTA will let to the economic growth through the international competitive between the, Canadian, American and Mexican without damage the environment where...

Words: 1150 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Nafta

...In 1994, the Canada, United States, and Mexico entered the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) with promises of changes to the free trade agreement. The intent of NAFTA was to create more, U.S. farmers would be able to export more, it would increase Mexico’s standard of living by providing new economic opportunities reduce immigration to the United States. Under the NAFTA Canada did not suffer any long - run job losses and production was increased. Taylor & Feenstra, (2014), under NAFTA, Mexican tariffs on U.S. goods declined from an average of 14% in 1990 to 1% in 2001 (pp. 179). The U.S. tariffs on Mexican imports fell as well. The NAFTA has also benefited consumers in the U.S. through greater choice of products, terms of selection, quality and price, including many that are less expensive than pre – NAFTA (Taylor & Feenstra, 2014, pp. 180). Productivity has also risen 25% in Mexico since joining the NAFTA. The monopolistic competition model indicates two sources of gains from trade: the rise in productivity due to expanded output by surviving firms, which lead to lower prices, and the expansion in the overall number of varieties of products available to consumers with trade, despite the exit of some firms in each country (Taylor & Feenstra, 2014, pp. 187). The U.S. and Canada long – run exceeded the short – run cost however, Mexico is not as clear because the gains for growth of real wages for production workers has not been reflected due to the peso......

Words: 269 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Nafta

...Faculty of Management Studies (MSU) Assignment on NAFTA (Subject : International Marketing) 1 Assignment on NAFTA Sub: International Marketing Submitted by: Submitted to: Rajesh Madnani Roll No. 9 5th Semester MBA – Evening (XVIIIth Batch) Mr. Seshan Iyer FACULTY OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES THE M.S.UNIVERSITY OF BARODA Submitted by Rajesh Madnani (Roll No.9) Submitted to Mr. Seshan Iyer Faculty of Management Studies (MSU) Assignment on NAFTA (Subject : International Marketing) 2 What is NAFTA North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is an agreement made between the governments of Mexico, Canada and the United States for the purpose of eliminating trade barriers among them. Important Documents: - North American Free Trade Agreement (with preamble, 22 chapters, 7 annexes, and articles) -procedural forms NAFTA has two supplements: the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Labor Cooperation (NAALC). Following diplomatic negotiations dating back to 1990 among the three nations, U.S. President George H. W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas, each responsible for spearheading and promoting the agreement, ceremonially signed the agreement in their respective capitals on December 17, 1992.[5] The signed agreement then needed to be ratified by each nation's legislative or parliamentary branch. The agreement was then given to each country’s legislative in order to make......

Words: 2870 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Nafta

...NAFTA NAFTA stands for North American Free Trade Agreement. It is a treaty made between the United States, Canada and Mexico that went into effect on 1 January 1994.  NAFTA was created to eliminate tariff barriers to agricultural, manufacturing, and services; to remove investment restrictions; and to protect intellectual property rights NAFTA reduced tariff A tariff is the tax placed by the national government on an exported or imported service or good to discourage or encourage trade. The reduced trade restrictions introduced by NAFTA enabled the Americans easy purchasing of Mexican and Canadian goods. Particularly, the United States acquires much of its vehicles, gold, crude oil and machinery from the two countries. This is along with its fresh products, red meat, live animals, snack foods, and frozen and chilled foods. INCREASED OF TRADE BETWEEN CANADA, MEXICO AND UNITED STATED NAFTA has been recognized for hugely increasing trade between Canada, Mexico and the United States. Due to the elimination of tariffs, the trade between these countries have increased. They can easily to create better trade deals and better lives LOWERED PRICE IN ALL COUNTRIES Being able to import and export goods to different countries with less penalties, the competition in many markets rose dramatically. This competition created price wars for things like produce, greatly driving the prices down for consumers. PROVIDED MORE EMPLOYEMNT OPPORTUNITIES FOR THE US WORKERS Based on the......

Words: 571 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Nafta

...American Economic Integration: NAFTA and Beyond Dr. Igor M. Paramonov, Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, Calgary, AB, Canada ABSTRACT This paper examines various possibilities for future economic integration within and beyond the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Previous publications have suggested three potential trajectories including development within the envisioned original structure, deepening, and widening of NAFTA (Clement et al, 1999). It is necessary to revisit these directions while summarizing major developments and new perspectives. Vision and hard work are required for NAFTA to remain one of the most economically competitive regional trading arrangements in the world. In addition to NAFTA, each member nation has pursued its own plans to integrate with countries and regions beyond North America. The most recent developments involve trade negotiations between Canada and the European Union, as well as both Canada and Mexico’s considerations to join the nine countries of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Pact. The United States cooperates with a group of smaller developing economies within the Dominican Republic-Central America-United States Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR). This paper presents ongoing analysis of governmental, academic, and other sources for the purpose of teaching in the field of international business, including the uncommon course of “Business under NAFTA.” INTRODUCTION Is the “Age of NAFTA” over? This is a......

Words: 4825 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Nafta

...the automotive industry constitutes more than 40% of North American trade, NAFTA saves the automotive industry immense amounts of money. The North America Free Trade Agreement is a trilateral agreement that encourages free trade between Mexico, Canada, and United States. The NAFTA agreement has affected the automotive industry by increasing the amount of U.S. automotive imports. It has also increased the amount of U.S. automotive exports to NAFTA partners and it has caused outsourcing in the automotive industry. The North American Free Trade Agreement came into effect on January 1, 1994. The president of Mexico, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, the prime minister of Canada, Brian Mulroney, and the president of the U.S., George H. W. Bush, signed NAFTA in 1992, which then required the legislatures of the three countries to approve it before it went into effect. After the legislatures passed the NAFTA agreement, it became in effect on January 1, 1994. Under NAFTA, the partnering countries agreed to eliminate and reduce most barriers to trade freely between the countries. Most of the United States automotive trade is done with Mexico. This is because the United States and Canada were already highly integrated following the U.S.-Canada Free Trade Agreement and a U.S.-Canada Auto Pact in 1965. Before the NAFTA agreement, Mexico had strict automotive decrees on foreign automotive production in Mexico. After NAFTA was signed, those strict rules went away. Mexican tariffs on all......

Words: 1283 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Cafta

...Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is the most recent free trade agreement incorporated with a foreign nation. The countries in the agreement include the Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and also El Salvador. Originally the United States government created policy that gave these nations a reasonably open right of entry to U.S. markets for their goods, but they still protected their own markets through trade barriers as well as tariffs. The U.S. was restricted access with these nations’ trade policies in their markets for U.S. goods and services. CAFTA first and foremost almost completely eliminated 80% of tariffs on U.S. manufactured goods and will remove them entirely over a few years. The agreement covers not just goods, but any type of exchange between the United States and any of the nations. A huge benefit from the agreement for the Dominican Republic and Central America is that there will be an increased amount of examining environmental security as well as regulatory principles. I believe overall that this trade agreement will be a positive and beneficial addition to our trade policy. It will help us open new markets as well as give us opportunities to improve our overall economy. I’m going to examine the supporters as well as the opponent’s views on the agreement, talk about our own states senators and house members and how they voted on the agreement, and also give my own thoughts on the strengths and weaknesses of CAFTA. I will also talk......

Words: 3155 - Pages: 13