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Main Factors of Low Urbanisation of Bihar

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Submitted By srmanjuprasanna
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[23/02 20:11] srmanjuprasanna: The main factors of low urbanization of bihar:
1.Weak Economic Base is mainly underpinning low urbanization in Bihar. Infrastructure deficit is a continuous constraint in urban sprawl. Population growth and mass influx into urban habitations have been developing stress over the existing infrastructure and services; consequently affecting the quality of life of the urban inhabitants.

2.A resident of Bihar for decades and environmentalist with the UNDP, Deepak Kumar, explains that there are two major factors that have contributed to the non-realization of the goal of urbanization. Firstly, it is unplanned township and secondly, mismanagement in the urban governance.

3.This apart, the state has been failing to attain an efficient and equitable financial allocation for urban infrastructure. A government employee in the Urban Development department on the condition of anonymity explains how any project faces difficulties pre and post execution.
[23/02 20:14] srmanjuprasanna: This apart three cities – Muzaffarpur, Biharsharif and Bhagalpur have listed under the ‘to be smart cities.’ Experts believe that Smart Cities and AMRUT would pace up the momentum of expanding urbanization in Bihar.

context :of urbanization efforts, the 2031 Master Plan for Patna has highlighted some important guiding principles which show the direction for future urban planning process. The focus on concepts like multiple nuclei based urban planning, rural urban continuum and transit oriented development are the futuristic and long term approach which will go a long way in defining the urbanization effort of the state. Other states also need to follow these principles in their own urbanization drive.

Conclusion :At the end of the day, urbanization is interplay of economic development, city planning and public service delivery. Bihar needs to work on all these areas in order for efficient and sustainable urbanization to take place. The economic growth of the state has been strong over last decade; now is the time to work on more direct and complex issues of urban planning.…...

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