Free Essay

Life Expectancy

In: Science

Submitted By AnnaToo
Words 598
Pages 3
Life Expectancy According to the life expectancy calculator, my calculated life expectancy is 85 years. I have learned that in order to have a long and healthy life, I can’t live all by myself. I expected to have my life longer than the calculated life expectancy’s because I don’t drink, smoke, and avoid most of the things that harm my health. After I used this calculator, I found out that my family’s background plays the important role in my life calculation, and regular medical check-up and exercise can also lengthen my life.
I have never learned that it is necessary for me to check the good (HDL)/bad (LDL) cholesterol in every three years which also effects my life expectancy. It is truly beneficial for me to learn that the mean number for total cholesterol level is 180 mg/dl (5 mmol/L). I didn’t know that flossing daily also have the direct impact on our lives to be lengthened. I used to think that it just effects on our dental hygiene. I also realized that having too much red meat as our main course is not good for our health and can shorten my life.
I can lengthen my life expectancy by changing my daily diet plans, exercising regularly, and getting regular medical check-up. Additionally, I learned that keeping the family generation record is extremely valuable for not only me but also my future generation. In addition, I need to get rid of my bad habits such as eating too much and sleeping irregularly, and floss daily. These changes will help me to lengthen my expected life.
What is your Aging IQ?
This quiz explored my knowledge related to aging process. It is true that I cannot prevent from getting old, but I am advised that there are many ways to get better and healthier later years. I have never learned that the physical activities can actually help slow bone loss. Osteoporosis is the new term that I have learned by doing this quiz that women are at higher risk than men to getting this disease. I am also glad to learn that I can prevent this disease by eating right food that contains calcium and vitamin D, and exercising regularly throughout life.
I learned that Alzheimer’s disease is one form of dementia that can effect badly in carrying out the daily activities. This is not a curable type of disease and can grow worse with time. I didn’t know before that people gain weight as they are getting older and an unplanned gain or loss of 10 pounds over 6 months is necessary to see the doctor. Another one is that about 15 percent of newly diagnosed with HIV/AIDS in the United States is 50 or older which is relatively high in my own opinion. I used to believe that most of the older people live alone such as at the senior homes in the United State. According to the research number, I learned that older men in the United State more likely to live in family setting than older women and living in the nursing homes.
I have never heard that urinary incontinence or bladder control problems are more likely to happen in older women. It is the symptoms of aging and it is caused by infection, disease or injury. Without treating incontinence properly can lead to serious complications. Another valuable knowledge I have got is that there is no age limitation in learning new things. Eventually, older people can even improve their skills if they devote in learning new skills.…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

Reasoning for Differences of Life Expectancy Between Men and Women

...Differences 1 Reasoning for differences of life expectancy between men and women Latesha Mays Dr. Davis SOCI 402 May 9, 2006 Differences 2 Reasoning for differences of life expectancy between women and men In most countries the life expectancy at birth of women is longer than that if men. Historically it has been assumed that this was generally due to biological reasons. But on the basis of my graveyard data which consisted of 50 cases of people from High Point North Carolina, tables and graphs, the relationship between race, gender, and average age of death are summarized with four empirical generalizations that I got from the data. I will only present three to adequately summarize the data because only three have similar commonalities to express why women live longer than men. The first empirical generalization was on the basis of the gender table. The data showed that males have a 36 percent average age of death and females have a 64 percent average age of death and therefore males have 28 percentage points lower average age of death than females. The second empirical generalization was on the basis of the race and gender graph. In this graph females had a higher median age of death than any other category. The last empirical generalization expresses a graph that shows the data of race and sex. The data showed that white females have a significantly higher median age of death than men and black......

Words: 1836 - Pages: 8

Premium Essay

The Relationship Between Life Expectancy at Birth and Gdp Per Capita (Ppp)

...The relationship between Life Expectancy at birth and GDP per capita (PPP) Candidate: Teacher: Candidate number: Date of submission: Word Count: 2907 Section 1: Introduction In a given country, Life Expectancy at birth is the expected number of years of life from birth. Gross domestic product per capita is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in one year, divided by the size of the population of that country. The main objective of the present project is to establish the existence of a statistical relation between Life Expectancy (y) at birth and GDP per capita (x). First, we will present in Section 2 the data, from an official governmental source, containing Life Expectancy at birth and GDP per capita of 48 countries in the year 2003. We will put this data in a table ordered alphabetically and at the end of the section we will perform some basic statistical analysis of these data. These statistics will include the mean, median, modal class and standard deviation, for both Life Expectancy and GDP per capita. In Section 3 we will find the regression line which best fits our data and the corresponding correlation coefficient r. It is natural to ask if there is a non-linear model, which better describes the statistical relation between GDP per capita and Life Expectancy. This question will be studied in Section 4, where we will see if a logarithmic relation of type y=A ln(x+C) + B, is a better model. ...

Words: 4204 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Expectancy Theory

...Expectancy Theory Overview Expectancy Theory is a sociological explanation of human motivation. The theory specifies a three factor formula used to quantify motivation. When these factors are multiplied together, they yield an indication of how strongly motivated someone is relative to a certain task or activity. The three factors are based on perceived probabilities and individual values. The product of these factors is the motivational force. The strength of the motivational force signal can be correlated to an individual’s behavior in certain organizational situations and environments (QuickMBA, 2010). Expectancy Theory: Factors The three factors of Expectancy Theory are: Expectancy probability, Instrumentality probability and Valence. Expectancy probability relates to an individual’s analysis of how much effort they need to exert to produce a desired level of performance. The results of this analysis may depend on and individuals personality and their familiarity with the associated tasks. Instrumentality probability relates performance to rewards. It is an individual’s assessment of how likely they are to receive a reward, such as a raise or promotion, given a certain level of personal job performance. Valence concerns an individual’s value judgment. It is an individual’s personal assessment of the relative importance of things in their life (QuickMBA, 2010). Expectancy Theory: Case Study In this case study, a company is attempting to implement a new......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Life Expectancy in Medcs

...The average life expectancy in MEDCs is rising. This is due to: * improvements in health care and medicine * increased leisure and recreation time * improved knowledge about the importance of a balanced diet and regular exercise * improved living standards and quality of life Birth rates in MEDCs are falling as people choose to have smaller families later in life. Contraception is easily available and well understood. An ageing population * As people live longer, the structure of a population changes. * Many MEDCs are now experiencing a significant increase in the number of elderly people as a proportion of the population. * As birth rates fall and people have smaller families, the number of young dependants is falling and the number of elderly dependants is rising. * In the near future this will mean that there are fewer economically active people to support the elderly population. * To try to balance out an ageing population, some countries adopt a pro-natalist policy - that is, they encourage people to have more children by offering them benefits, such as access to childcare and maternity leave. * a cash incentive of £675 monthly (nearly the minimum wage) for a mother to stay off work for one year following the birth of her third child * the 'carte famille nombreuse' (large family card), giving large reductions on train fares * income tax based on the more children the less tax to pay * three years paid parental leave...

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Reason for Disparities in Life Expectancy

...average life span was between the averages of 45-50 years of age in the United States. Apparently in this day and time we live to see 80 years or more. Many people analyze the disparities between people who wouldn’t be able to reach that number. Reasons for disparities in life expectancy: healthcare, race, education, environment, and fitness. The United States health care leaded the nation to ridiculously high rates of insurance with a poor health care outcome which was compare too many other countries. In the United States from 2000- 2007 life expectancy change rates changed around the countries. If United States compared itself against a series of life expectancy in the 10 different nations with the less amounted mortality, United States would range from being close to 15-20 calendar years ahead to over 50 calendar years behind for men and 17-20 calendar years ahead to over 50 calendar years behind for women. Life expectancy for African American males men are ranged from 59.7 to 77.2 years, with counties ranging from seven to over 50 calendar years behind the international frontier; for black women, the range is 70 to 82 years, with counties ranging from eight to over 50 calendar years behind. During the year 2000 through 2007, 90% of males and 92% women of American counties dropped in standing against the international life expectancy standards. The United States have extremely large geographic and disparities. Many communities that have low- life expectancies already...

Words: 359 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Impacts of Human Life Expectancy

...Impact of Human Life Expectancy Increases in life expectancy in the world’s human population has measurable effects on the environment. Since recorded history, the age that people die has expanded to approximately 75 years, on average. Most experts believe that this is due to social reforms and technology, rather than evolution. People did not start evolving to increased life expectancies; rather they became more efficient at using medicines, disease prevention, processing food and energy sources and this had an increasing effect in simply living longer. Sex, age, geographic location, demographic groups, time period and wealth certainly are factors when calculating life expectancy. In the middle ages, a child living past the age of five could potentially live well beyond a projected age of 25 years. This depended greatly on surviving birth or disease and if they happened to be a member of higher social class, having access to better or a higher abundance of food. Statistics for women actually surviving child-birth are much higher in recent history than 200 years ago, Simply because we are better suited medically to overcome the problems they experienced. Geographic and economic status are another big part of the increases. Developed nations have significant increases when compared to many lesser developed nations. The World Health Organization shows no real large increases in life expectancies in many nations in Africa and the Mid-East...

Words: 953 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Components of Expectancy

...Components of Expectancy There are three components of the expectancy theory of motivation which will be explained in this essay. After the three components are explain, the components will be put to use in a real world scenario. The scenario introduces a company that produces a line of branded professional audio products for which they strive to provide the highest quality audio products in the industry. Now let’s get started with explain the three components. The first component is valence that refers to the appeal of a consequence to an individual employee. Salary, job security, benefits, feeling of accomplishment, and advancement. Optimistic or undesirable, valence can differ in size. The scale of valence is how necessary a conclusion is for an employee. The establishment of valence conclusions to employees is vital to inspire and keep valuable employees. As stated before, valence is the first module of the expectancy concept and is the important feature when deciding a stimulus factor for employees. Valence should be great. Employees should want or need the results they acknowledged if they are to achieve a higher level. Thus managers must regulate what results an employee wishes, or the valence of dissimilar results for the employee. The second key factor in the expectancy model is instrumentality. It is insight about the degree to which presentation of one or more actions will lead to the achievement of a specific outcome. The certain level of work performance......

Words: 665 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Could Changing the Way Drug Companies Create Profits Raise Global Average Life Expectancy?

...Could Changing the Way Drug Companies Create Profits Raise Global Average Life Expectancy? Do you believe the “Fixed Reward Pool” model could help raise global life expectancy? Explain how you came to this decision giving at least 4 pieces of supporting evidence. I do believe that the “Fixed Reward Pool” could potentially raise global life expectancy greatly. The program focuses on rewarding pharmaceutical innovators for their activities. This means pharmaceutical innovators will be driven to help more people, because it will correspond with the amount of profit they will gain. Firstly, the program has a fixed budget. It is a $6 billion plan to decrease unequal distribution of medicine globally, focus more money towards research on diseases with the highest global burden, as well as deliver more medicines cheaply to the poor and develop new medicines for the diseases of the poor. This portends that areas of low income will be more focused on (such as Africa). Areas like Africa with low income are usually areas with low life expectancy, which means these areas will be treated. The people in these areas will get good medical care and medicines, and with a life expectancy rise in this one area, the global life expectancy can potentially have a big rise. The current diseases more looked upon currently, are the less dangerous, more common diseases. In less developed countries, about 50,000 people die daily from diseases caused by poverty (diarrhea, tuberculosis, malaria,......

Words: 667 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Life Expectancy Sa

...Life Expectancy To understand the many ways of life expectancy you have to understand the social determinants that makes an individual live longer it may be due to their gender, region or location, their eating habits, all the way to their income. According to World Health Organization people are actually living longer than the expected rate, based on global averages, a girl who was born in 2012 can expect to live to around 73 years, and a boy to the age of 68. This is six years longer than the average global life expectancy for a child born in 1990. Typically a woman lives longer than a man. Women in Japan have the longest life expectancy in the world at 87 years, followed by Spain, Switzerland and Singapore. Female life expectancy in all the top 10 countries was 84 years or longer. Life expectancy among men is 80 years or more in nine countries, with the longest male life expectancy in Iceland, Switzerland and Australia. Income and the location of an individual can set there life expectancy to be longer or shorter due to resources. For instance, a male in the USA may be able to live longer compared to a man who may live in South Africa due to the simple fact of healthcare whereas here in America medical services are not hard to come by but in South Africa they may not even have medical services to provide. Life expectancy varies for each country and it’s different due to the way that people live and take care of their selves....

Words: 263 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Expectancy Theory

...Expectancy Theory-Vroom and Turnover In Vroom’s expectancy theory (1964) “He believes that employee is motivated to exert high level of efforts when he believes that efforts will lead to good performance and therefore organizational rewards that will satisfy achievement of personal goals”(Kondalkar, 2007). Therefore if the employees think of the rewards that are offered are insufficient, there could be a possibility that they will not give their best performances and as a result their motivation decreases, thus it will lead to a turnover in the long term (Lunenburg, 2011). The problem of high turnover can also be associated with this fact that workers at McDonald knows that their efforts will not be rewarded and rewards that are already offered are insufficient thus does not identify individual goal pattern and thus their performance criteria and reward system does not reflects employees individual needs and personal goals. In his Expectancy theory Vroom has identified that individual have certain expectations from their company, and these expectations have an influence on these individuals work behaviour Unfortunately at McDonald employees are not motivated as their expectation that are explained in Vroom’s theory is not fulfilled, most of the workers are underpaid, moreover they have unequal pay rate that is causing dissatisfaction among employees, and they are not recognized and appreciated for their work and efforts in terms of intrinsic or extrinsic reward. Job......

Words: 484 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Expectancy Theory

...The identification and application of the theoretical model ‘Expectancy Theory’ can be used to predict and diagnose the motivation of Middle Mangers, more specifically, Andrew, in working for the organisation; and the ramifications of these motivational reactions. In essence, by understanding the strength of desire for a particular outcome and the probability of achieving this, helps individuals to gain a subjective view of effort linked to outcome, to adjust motivation and behaviour towards work-related goals. Expectancy theory identifies three elements, allowing an employee to understand the links between effort, performance and outcomes. The first stage, effort to performance, was demonstrated to be highly successful for Andrew. A person with high effort-performance expectancy will be more motivated to perform. (Wilson, 2010, p.133) An increased amount of effort is linked to higher levels of performance, where an individual will choose the level of effort based upon their estimates of the desired outcome linked to that effort. The opportunity for achievement and the responsibility and scope for individual advancement set out by David, as well as the desirability to gain a high income for his ‘life plans’ were the major factors that motivated Andrew to pursue the level of effort he displayed. Andrew was lead to believe by David that ‘if he performed well in his six months as assistant manager, he would step directly into the Graduate Management Program.’ As well as......

Words: 2450 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Understanding Aging and Outliving Your Current Life Expectancy

...Understanding Aging and Outliving Your Current Life Expectancy Connie Tracy English 104 Dr. Baggett April 15, 2014 The Study of Successful Aging Gerontology is the study of the biological, psychological, and social aspects of aging. Gerontologists are interested in the study of human relationships, health, economics, retirement, widowhood, and the care of the aged population. Gerontologists not only focus on studies from all the social sciences—sociology, psychology, economics, and political science--but also want to demonstrate to others that biological changes have an effect on our social characteristics as we age (Quadagno, 2014, p. 4). Aging can be challenging, but research suggests many ways to age successfully. What does that mean to age successfully? According to researcher Quadagno (2014), “ successful aging depends not just on the prevention of disease and disability, but also on the attainment of peak physical and psychological functioning and participation in rewarding social and productive activities. Instead of taking a negative approach to the problems of aging, social gerontologists are now investigating the factors that create a healthy, fulfilling life in old age” (p.4). If we want to grow old gracefully, we need to have personal objectives to accomplish. How well we achieve our personal objectives is a measure of our success. During our lifetimes if we make positive choices in the areas of our own biological, psychological, environmental and......

Words: 2891 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Expectancy Theroy many different genres in a person’s life, from sports, school, religion, the workforce, even in oneself. Motivation is defined as an act or an instance of motivating, or providing reason to act in a certain way. This concept is the cynosure behind Victor Harold Vroom Expectancy Theory; he believed an employee’s level of effort and motivation are based on the product of three key terms Expectancy, Instrumentality, and Valence (Vroom, 1964,16). Victor incorporated each of these segments to prove that one would perform better if one saw a benefit or avail in the presence of work. I plan to tie his theory and its sections to help supervisor A improve the employee’s work ethic to meet the new production process at the audio products company. The audio product company has characterized its company by creating high production standards and goals to achieve the best audio products in the industry. In striving to maintain its goals it incorporated new production process, this process has been affecting the team of supervisor A production ability. Different employees seem to be facing various conflicts with the new process; some feel as though they can’t become successful with more hand dexterity. Other feel it’s not worth putting in the extra effort for the goal, and last are the ones who can meet the requirements but feel no concern or motivation to achieve the goal. I believe each one of Vroom 3 part theory of Expectancy, Expectancy, Instrumentality, and Valence could......

Words: 1152 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

How Does an Increase in Life Expectancy Effect the Economy

...As the life expectancy of the U.K has increased and peoples career opportunities have increased therefore not many people are having as much children, if any, there is an ageing population in the U.K. The ageing population which the U.K is facing can cause great problems socially, politically and economically. The social problems with an ageing population are that there will be a greater strain on the NHS and also the care available will become limited therefore the quality of the care may decrease. There's a greater strain on NHS as elderly people tend to rely on the services as their health deteriorates therefore recourses become scarce. If the ageing population increases massively then the quality of care provided may deteriorate as more people are requiring the care therefore the staff will have a lot more patients than they would originally have so they cannot spend as much time on one patient. The economical problems with an ageing population are; firstly, less people will be paying NI tax but there will be an increase of people taking from the pot via pensions therefore the government will have to take money from other areas in order to pay the pensions to the elderly causing other areas to lose out on development e.g. Transport etc, therefore there may be ‘pensioner poverty’ which will be a huge problem for those who haven’t saved. Secondly, the more elderly people are the more care they need therefore the government will have to provide care for these people......

Words: 596 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Effects of Higher Life Expectancy

...Effects of higher life expectancy The survey shows that in many countries, the people are living longer but increased life expectancy has many implications for the aging individuals and for society as a whole. What are the possible effects of longer living for individuals and society ? Answer: People are living longer due to improved medical breakthroughs, healthier lifestyle and other factors. There are some positive effects of longer living. Since we have higher life expectancy, our study life becomes longer which means there is more time for us to choose, try and learn different subjects and to find out what we are passionate for. We also have more time to spend with family and friends, and enjoy doing our favorite things. Furthermore, we devote more time to our careers, and therefore having more possibilities to succeed. For talented people, they can produce more influential works. For example, if Mozart is living in today, he might compose more great songs. Society benefits from increased life expectancy too. When people have more leisure time, depression and stress are reduced, people's health is improved, hence people feel more satisfied with their societies. Moreover, having people work for a longer time will increase productivity and total GDP. But living longer is a double-edged sword. There also are negative effects. In the past, most people had only few years to live after they retired, but now they can live up to fifteen to thirty years. As......

Words: 323 - Pages: 2