Free Essay

Library System

In: Business and Management

Submitted By prem1986
Words 2312
Pages 10
A Library System
1. Inception
We have been asked to build a computer based library system that will handle the bookkeeping aspects of a library and provide user browsing facilities.

The first thing to do is to go and find out about the target library or libraries to see what they do now and what they would like to be able to do.

We get the following data:

2. Requirements

Books and Journals. The library contains both books and journals. It may have several copies of the same book. Some of the books are for short term loans only. All other books may be borrowed by any library member for 3 weeks. Only members of staff may borrow journals. Members of the library can normally borrow up to 6 items at a time, but members of staff may borrow up to 12 items at a time. New books and journals arrive regularly and sometime disposed of; the catalogue needs to be updated. The current year’s journals are sent away to be bound at the end of each year.

Borrowing. It is essential that the system keeps track of when books and journals are borrowed and returned. The new system should produce reminders when a book is overdue. It may be desirable to allow users to extend their loans if the book is not reserved. The system enforces the rules for borrowing given above.

Browsing: The system should allow users to search for a book on a particular topic or by a particular author etc. The user should then be able to check if the book is on loan and if so to reserve the book.

To start the design of the system it is useful to decide on a set of use-cases and use-cases involve actors so who are a suitable set of actors?

3. Choosing Actors

One way of choosing Actors is to read the desciption of what the system does and see what external people or systems are mentioned:

Members of staff
Members of the library
Users

Another approach to choosing actors, which may be more useful is to look at what people or other systems do when they interact with the system a derive generic nouns for actors from these:

Borrowers – book borrowers and journal borrowers cataloguer Browsers

4. Use Cases for Library

shows that one use case uses another. The arrow is in the direction that use is made. Words put in double braces indicate that the action is a stereotype that has been give a pre-defined meaning.

book borrower Librarian

journal borrower Communicates Relationships are associations between actors and use cases. They are used to model communications actors and use cases in which an actor participates, communicates with or takes part in a use case.

Communication relationships allow an actor to participate in any number of use cases. There can be arrows in either direction or none. If the actor uses the services provided by the use case the arrow points to the actor; if the actor simply particpates in the use case the communication arrow points to the use case.

Extends Relationships are generalisations between use cases. They • Are used to capture exceptional behavour of variations of norma behaviour • Allow an extending use case to continue the activity of a base use case when the exptension point is reach and the extension condition is fulfilled. Upon completion fo the extension activity the original case continues. • The arrow points towards the base use case.

An example is that the Book Borrower may try and borrow too many books and so an extension of the Borrow copy of book would be Refuse loan, where the condition of the extension is that the reader has too many books.

Uses Relationships are generalisations between use cases. So a common use case ( see the Library “check for reservation” use case) may be used in many use cases. They • Are used to share common behavious among use cases • Are denoted as generalisation arrows towards the common or shared use case. • Must be stereotyped using the “uses” keyword. • Base use cases may interleave the common use cases between other specific behaviour.

5. What use are Use Cases

They are a device for starting to get the requirements for the system. We identify the actors and then find out what the actors want the system to do. If a system can be built over time you can prioitise the work by finding out which use cases are needed first and then building that part of the system first. Since 25% of computer based systems are never delivered [Using UML Pooley & Stevens p 100], it is important to deliver the use cases to the people who are most able to cancel the system! Finally we can use the use cases as a device to validate that the system does fulfill the requirements ie the use cases. Summarising: Requirements capture Planning – what to do when System validation.

6. Identifying Classes

Identifying classes is a skill that is the key to good analysis. A simple way to start is to list all the nouns and noun phrases in the system requirements. This has been done by underlining them in following abbreviated requirements.

Books and Journals. The library contains both books and journals. It may have several copies of the same book. Some of the books are for short-term loans only. All other books may be borrowed by any library member for 3 weeks. Only members of staff may borrow journals. Members of the library can normally borrow up to 6 items at a time, but members of staff may borrow up to 12 items at a time.

Borrowing. It is essential that the system keeps track of when books and journals are borrowed and returned enforcing the rules given above.

and gives the following list:

Library
Books
Journals
Copies of a book
Short term loan
Member of staff
Member of the library
Week
Item
Time
System
Rule
Catalogue
Reminders
rules

We now seek to look for the best generalisations and remove un-necessary classes. This is a judgement based move but I indicate some useful rules of thumb for discarding classes: • Library because it is outside the scope of our system • Short term loan, because a loan (short term or otherwise) is really an event, the lending of a book to a user and so is probably not a useful object class • Member of the library , this is a long title for library member which is better. • Week, because it is a measure of time and not a thing • Item, because it is vague; when clarified we see it is a book or a journal • System, because it is just a part of the language of description not a part of the domain • Rule, again as system.

This leaves us as possible classes:
Book
Journal
Copy (of book)
Library member
Member of staff

Now objects and classes, to be useful must have data associated with them and may take actions by sending messages to other objects or doing something directly themselves. So books have titles and authors, journals have publishers and dates, copies of books have a state ie they are on the shelves or on loan, library members have names, number of books on loan etc. A member of staff has the same data as a library member.

7. Relations between Classes

We are in the analysis phase of the design. The purpose of the analysis phase is to make sure that both the designer and the client understand as much as possible about the requirements and general nature of the system to be designed. This reduces the risk in the project and generally produces a better product. To better understand the classes it is good to understand the relationships that exist between the different classes. If the relationships turn out to be very complex then it is probable that a poor choice of classes has been made – good systems are modularised into components that have a low level of coupling. There may be a strong coupling between two classes if they are conceptually related. There is going to be a lot of similarity between the class of members of staff and library members – but this is not a bad thing as one could be a sub-class or specialisation of the other.

Here are some relations:

A copy is a copy of a book
A library member borrows/returns a copy
A member of staff borrows/return a copy
A member of staff borrows/returns a journal

This is portrayed in the UML class model of the library

1 Is a copy of 1..* Borrows/returns

1 0..* 0..*

Borrows/returns

1 Borrows/returns

1 0..*

We notice that Member of Staff takes part in all the relationships of library member. We can represent this more general statement by redrawing the UML diagram showing Library member as a generalisation of Member of staff. This could be implemented with MemberOfStaff as a subclass of LibraryMember.

The names Book and Copy are succinct but could be confused – clearer language such as PublishedTitleofBook is preferred.

Note that the UML diagrams show not only the relationships but also the multiplicities.

1..* means one or more so there may be one or more copies of the same book

0..* means zero or more; so that 1 memberOfStaff borrows or returns none of more books.

A Revised Class Diagram

1 Is a copy of 1..* Borrows/returns

1 0..*

Borrows/returns

1 0..*

8. The System in Action

So far we have only looked at static structures but most systems are dynamic and we need to be able to model how it works. This is done using Sequence diagrams.

In UML actions take place by the sending of messages from one member of a class to a member of another or indeed the same class.

If we go back to our use case diagrams. The actor may be a BookBorrower who decides to borrow a particular copy of a book. He presents the book to a LibraryMember and gives the message borrow(the Copy). The LibraryMember checks if it is ok to borrow the book ie it has not been reserved by someone else and the BookBorrower has not already got too many books on loan. The library member knows how to check this and does so by sending himself a message to activate that activity.
Now it is necessary to update the information about the book. We have a class Copy and a class Book. So we can now send a message to the Copy to say borrow and then a message to the particular title ie Book to say that one more copy has been borrowed.

See the sequence diagram that makes all this clearer. Note that there is a numbering system that explains the order in which the messages are sent.

9. Diagrams that model Activity

Al the models thus far have been largely static, the exception being the Use Cases which imply action. There are several types of diagrams that display the way that the system works. Sequence Diagrams are usually used to show how some action occurs by tracing the flow of control from object to object.

9.1 A Sequence Diagram

The diagram below shows how a library member borrows a book is implemented in terms of messages passes from object to object.

aMember:BookBorrower

borrow(thecopy) 1:okToBorrow

2:borrow

2.1:borrowed

The Numbering system for messages: Every message is assumed to have an ending when the activities it initiates directly are finished. We can think of this as the message getting a reply. In a sequence diagram we number the messages starting at 1 but if there has been no reply to 1 then the next message is called 1.1, 1.2, 1.3 etc until a reply comes to 1 when we move to 2. This rule applies as all levels so if there is no reply to 1.3 then the next message is 1.3.1, 1.3.2 etc until a reply to 1.3.1 when we move to 1.4.

Scenarios are important ways in which we visualise systems behaviour and can check out whether our system will or is behaving properly. Scenarios are sections of behaviour of the system so for example one scenario is a Bookborrower presenting a book and being allowed to borrow it. Another related scenario is when the BookBorrower has already taken out all the books he is allowed and so is refused the new book. These scenarios are all in the use cases, but it is useful to pick them out to check out the system. The sequence diagram above displays the way in which the system can handle the successful borrowing of a book.

9.2 State Diagrams

Another powerful way to model systems is in terms of their states and the transitions between states. A trivial example for the class PublishedTitleofBook is:

Returned()

Returned()

Not borrowable borrowable Borrowed()[last copy]

Borrowed() [not last copy]

The diagram shows how the state of a PublishedTitleofBook changes as a result of borrowing and returning of copies of the book.

9.3 Collaboration

Collaboration Diagrams are used to show the way different objects or classes work together for some purpose.

If you look at the sequence diagram in 9.1 all the objects in the diagram are collaborating to organise for a BookBorrower to borrow a book.

BookBorrower

2.1:borrowed

Borrow(copy)

2.borrow

1:okToBorrow

-----------------------
Library System

Reserve book

browse

browser

Borrow copy of book

Check for reservation

Return copy of book

Extend load

Update catalogue

Borrow journal

Return journal

Book

Copy

LibraryMember

Journal

MemberOfStaff

Published Title of Book

Copy

LibraryMember

Journal

MemberOfStaff

The libraryMember

Published Title of Book

The copy

Published Title of Book

Library Member

Copy…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

St.Matthew Academy of Cavite Library Management System

...CAVITE LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM Undergraduate Thesis Submitted to the Faculty of the College of Business and Entrepreneurship Cavite State University Imus, Cavite In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Information Technology JENNIFER ACEBO DYAN JESSICA LIM JOBIN DEL ROSARIO INTRODUCTION In today’s modern age where computer has become a way of life, it is evident that a majority of country’s institution still do not adapt high technology. Particularly in some schools, library transactions are still done on paper. We all know that modern school libraries are operating at great pace striving to serve as many students as possible with the best of their abilities. But as the years rolled by, the number of study has grown and the manual method of managing student and book records is no longer practical. A Library Management System is a system that makes use of information technology to perform managerial objects. The main goal of a library management information system is to store, organize, share and retrieve vital information needed to perform daily operational functions of the library. St. Matthew Academy of Cavite does not have one. Since library has a very large number of books and large number of members, it is impossible for librarians to handle day to day activities manually. Therefore, a library......

Words: 2715 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Library Management System

...PROJECT REPORT ON Library Management System ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I take this precious opportunity to express my gratitude toward “LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM” to grant is permission for under going the training project. Without it’s willingness to permit this project would not have been succeed. First of all, I would like to thanks all those people who helped me directly or indirectly to complete my project whenever I found my self in problems. Our all faculties encourages me and due to their kindness and helpful nature and help I got very much confidence to complete this project. I am deeply inherited who devoted his precious time in giving me the information about the various aspect and gave support and guidance at every point of time. I am really thankful to their kind and supportive nature. His inspiring nature has always made my work easy. Last but not least, I would like to express my gratitude to those persons who directly or indirectly helped in my project. PREFACE The field of computer education has witnessed a sea change since the discovery of simple calculating machine by CHARLES BABAGE. The era is confronting with the speed and mind of computer, i.e. the speed and intelligence have become vital. At one end they are competing with each other. Not only these computers have immensely benefited the mankind in the field of planning. The wheel of progress is rolling with much faster speed then it used to be a decade ago; thank to......

Words: 6269 - Pages: 26

Premium Essay

Library Management System

... Introduction         This project of “ LIBRARY MANAGEMENT” of gives us the complete information about the library. We can enter the record of new books and retrieve the details of books available in the library. We can issue the books to the students and maintain their records and can also check how many books are issued and stock available in the library. In this project we can maintain the late fine of students who returns the issued books after the due date.   Throughout the project the focus has been on presenting information and comments in an easy and intelligible manner. The project is very useful for those who want to know about Library Management System. Scope and Delimitation of the Project The Library Management System is designed & developed for a receipt and issuance of books in the library along with the student’s details. The books received in the library are entered in Books Entry form and the new student is entered in the student entry form. When the student wants to get the desired book the same is issued on the availability basis to the student. The issuance and due date for the returning of the book is also entered into the Book Issue form under third menu Book Issue. The student has to pay the fine if any on the basis of no. of days delayed deposit of the book in the library. This project is aimed at developing an online Library Management System (LiMS) for the college library. This is an Intranet based......

Words: 2571 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Electronic Library Card Catalog System

...Project Plan For NORSU Electronic Library Card Catalog System Researchers: Project Leader: Medura, Jess Linguaje, Ed Lorence Los Baños, Marilyn Maquiling, Marres Contents 1. Overview…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………...3 2. Goals and scope………………………………………………………………………………………………………….….….4 2.1 Project Goals…………………………………………………………………………………………………………4 2.2Project Scope…………………………………………………………………………………………..……….……5 2.2.1 Included………………………………………………………………………………………………………….….5 2.2.2 Excluded .................................................................................................................5 3. Organization……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………….6 3.1 Organizational Boundaries and Interfaces…………………………………………………………….…...6 3.1.1 Resource Owners……………………………………………………………………………………………….6 3.1.2 Receivers…………………………………………………………………………………………………….……..6 3.1.3 Cross Functions…………………………………………………………………………………………………..7 3.2 Project Organization…………………………………………………………………………………………………..8 3.2.1 Project Manager…………………………………………………………………………………………….….8 3.2.2 Project Team……………………………………………………………………………………………………..9 4. Schedule and Budget…………………………………………………………………………………………………………10 4.1 Work Breakdown Structure…………………………………………………………………….…………...11 4.2 Schedule and Milestone………………………………………………………………………….……………12 4.3 Budget.......................................................................................................................13 4.4 Development......

Words: 4136 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Library Management System

...ECE hereby submit my synopsis on foundation of computing. I have done this project of Library management system under the guidance of Miss. Satindar Kaur. This is my great experience of C programming to submit this synopsis. Miss. Satindar Kaur (Lect. Found. of comp.) INTRODUCTION ‘C’ is a programming language developed at AT &T’s bell laboratories of USA in 1972.It was deigned by Dennis Retchie. This project of “LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM” gives us the complete information about the library.We can enter the record of new books and retrieve the details of books available in the library .We can issue the books to the student and maintain their records and can also check how many books are issued and stock available in the library. The library Management system is designed & developed for a receipt and issuance of books in the library along with the student’s details.The books received in the library are entered in books entry form.When the student wants to get the desired books the same is issued on the availability basis to the student. This program helps us to do many further aspects in the future.~~~~!!!!!! Advantages:-- There are many advantages of this system whose name is Library management System This system process made computerized to reduce human errors and to increase the efficiency.The......

Words: 1406 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Library System

...LIBRARY USER'S STATISTICS SYSTEM OF TOMAS CLAUDIO MEMORIAL COLLEGE A Thesis Presented to the Faculty of College of Computer Science Tomas Claudio Memorial College Morong, Rizal In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Bachelor of Science in Computer Science JOHN PAUL R. GONDRA MARIE ANTONETTE T. MORALES ADAM PATRICK L. PESTAÑO KIERAN CHRIS I. PILLAS Chapter 1 THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND Introduction A library is a collection of books, resources, and services, and the structure in which it is housed; it is organized for use and maintained by a public body, an institution, or a private individual. The term "library" has itself acquired a secondary meaning: "a collection of useful material for common use," and in this sense is used in fields such as computer science, mathematics, statistics, electronics, and biology. This research is intended for public, institutions and researchers’, use as their resourceful information. In particular, this study will help the library personnel or the librarian in monitoring the books accurately. Further, the use of cataloguing will be made easier through an advance system provided by this study. The librarian is encountering problems in doing transactions like borrowing books, checking the availability of books, returning and accessioning of books because all the transactions are being done manually. The process is time consuming. The proponents decided to propose this system to help Tomas......

Words: 1383 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Library Mgt System

...EBONYI STATE UNIVERSITY ABAKALIKI TITLE INTEGRATED LIBRARY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BY NAME: REG_NO: LEVEL: DEPARTMENT: TO: DR. MRS ALO DATE: 7TH MAY, 2013 DEDICATION This work is solely dedicated to God almighty. ACKNOWLEDGMENT I want to appreciate my friends and family members for their support all through the incubation period of this project. As you stood by me so shall God stand by you all, whenever and wherever. Thank you all. Table of Contents DEDICATION 2 ACKNOWLEDGMENT 3 ABSTRACT 6 CHAPTER ONE 7 INTRODUCTION 7 1.1 BACKGROUNG OF STUDY 7 1.2 PROBLEM STATEMENT 7 1.3 AIM AND OBJECTIVES 8 1.3 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY 8 1.5 SCOPE OF STUDY 8 CHAPTER TWO 9 LITERATURE REVIEW 9 2.1 Aspects of Next-Generation ILS 10 CHAPTER THREE 13 METHODODLOGY AND SYSTEM ANALYSIS 13 3.1 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 13 3.1.1 Project Methodology 13 3.3 DATA ANALYSIS 15 3.3.1 LIMITATIONS OF THE EXISTING SYSTEM 15 3.3.2 DATA FLOW OF THE PROPOSED SYSTEM 16 3.5 SYSTEM SPECIFICATION 17 CHAPTER FOUR 18 SYSTEM DESIGN 18 4.1 INPUT AND OUTPUT FORMS 18 4.1.1 DATA TABLES 18 4.1.2 DISPLAY FORMS 19 4.2 CONCLUSION 21 REFERENCES 22 ABSTRACT The adoption of integrated library systems (ILS) became prevalent in the 1980s and 1990s as libraries began or continued to automate their processes. These systems enabled library staff to work, in many cases, more efficiently than they had in the past. However, these systems were also restrictive—especially as the nature of the......

Words: 4154 - Pages: 17

Premium Essay

Library Automation System

...UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AUTOMATION SYSTEM A project report is presented to the National University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of B.Sc honors in computer Science for the course CS- 801 (Major thesis, part-2). Project report (Part – 2) Submitted by: Jamil Niaz Jony Registration No: 477732 Examination Roll No: 100072 Department of Computer Science, National University, Bangladesh. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY LIBRARY AUTOMATION SYSTEM A project report is presented to the National University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of B.Sc honors in computer Science for the course CS- 801 (Major thesis, part-2). Project report (Part – 2) Submitted by: Jamil Niaz Jony Registration No: 477732 Examination Roll No: 100072 Department of Computer Science, National University, Bangladesh. Abstract As the leading private College DCC (Dhaka City College) Under National University offers Internship/ senior project as a compulsory course for the under- graduating students. This is a Senior Project report based on LIBRARY AUTOMATION SYSTEM of Aroj Ali Matubbor Pathagar. Library is one of the most common places for study where student gathers knowledge about any topics on any field. The AAMP library is rich in collection and contains to give its students flexibility to gather knowledge. The library of AAMP is one......

Words: 840 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Library System of Nsu

...NSU Library System MIS 205.10 Group Number: D Md.Tanjil Islam 121 0690 030 Soumik Saha 122 0191030 Rafid Habib 122 0318 030 Md. Ali Noman 122 0385 030 Md. Fakrul Alam 122 0185 030 Table Of Content Serial Number | Content Name | Page Number | 1 | Introduction | 1 | 2 | Resources | 1-2 | 3 | System Architecture | 2-3 | 4 | RFID technologies for libraries | 4-5 | 5 | Advantages of RFID system | 6-7 | 6 | How North South Library System works | 8-10 | 7 | New innovation through RFID system | 10-11 | 8 | Proposed system | 12-14 | 9 | System design | 15-19 | 10 | Software testing | 20-21 | 11 | Conclusion | 22 | 12 | References | 23 |  Introduction North South University (NSU) Library grew over the years since 1992 and now has become one of the best university libraries in the country. This is the first fully automated university library in the country using Bi-lingual Library Management Software, developed by NSU Library, which supports MARC-21, web-based online lending and receiving, browse databases of books, CDs,......

Words: 4047 - Pages: 17

Free Essay

Library

...Database Ebrary EBSCO eBook Science Direct Taylor & Francis Wiley Online Library JAN 129 258 FEB 70 313 MAR 112 536 APR 319 832 MAY 257 414 JUNE 95 67 JULY 25 63 AUG 38 151 SEPT 157 230 OCT 539 399 NOV 402 641 DEC 187 278 YTD 2,330 4182 JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC YTD 633 625 542 820 738 637 480 1007 1004 898 1338 1184 1,105 809 748 614 324 287 221 290 279 175 460 471 317 610 504 517 835 795 825 1065 1154 913 537 602 8728 8391 5851 480 0 0 3 0 7 0 5 0 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 7 1 13 0 17 0 2 0 58 1 12 0 2 1 1 1 0 2 0 3 1 1 Total 0 6,571 2013 eBook Database Ebrary EBSCO eBook Science Direct Taylor & Francis Wiley Online Library JAN 218 412 FEB 82 318 MAR 148 691 APR 228 1375 MAY 129 639 JUNE 37 134 JULY 23 95 AUG 23 67 SEPT 125 383 OCT 227 900 NOV 232 1029 DEC 119 528 YTD 1,591 6571 1 0 2 3 0 1 0 0 2 3 1 16 2 0 13 0 8 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 21 0 14 87 0 13 27 0 24 0 0 144 9 87 Total 2014 eBook Database Ebrary EBSCO eBook Science Direct Taylor & Francis Wiley Online Library 23 0 1 79 0 0 0 0 0 0 5 1 JAN 16 FEB 52 MAR 146 APR 277 MAY 275 JUNE 76 JULY 18 AUG 16 SEPT 85 OCT 145 NOV 463 DEC 124 8,315 YTD 1,693 0 0 109 0 Total 1,802 2015 eBook Database Ebrary EBSCO eBook Science Direct Taylor & Francis Wiley Online Library 0 0 JAN 56 FEB 85 MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC YTD 141 0 0......

Words: 348 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Software Requirement Specification of Library Mgmt System

...REQUIREMENTS SPECIFICATION For Library Management System Prepared by:- Soumili Sen Nayan Patil Neha Singh Anita Singh Academic Year: 2013-2014 1. Introduction 1.1 Purpose The main objective of this document is to illustrate the requirements of the project Library Management system. The document gives the detailed description of the both functional and non-functional requirements proposed by the client. The purpose of this project is to provide a friendly environment to maintain the details of books and library members. The main purpose of this project is to maintain easy circulation system using computers and to provide different reports. This project describes the hardware and software interface requirements using ER diagrams and UML diagrams. 1.2 Document Conventions * Entire document should be justified. * Convention for Main title * Font face: Times New Roman * Font style: Bold * Font Size: 14 * Convention for Sub title * Font face: Times New Roman * Font style: Bold * Font Size: 12 * Convention for body * Font face: Times New Roman * Font Size: 12 1.3 Scope of Development Project Library Management System is basically updating the manual library system into an internet-based application so that the users can know the details of their accounts, availability of books and maximum limit for borrowing. The project is specifically designed for the use of librarians and library users. The......

Words: 2807 - Pages: 12

Premium Essay

Library System

...Library System 1. INTRODUCTION Ramon Magsaysay Technological University shall be a leading people’s university of science and technology for sustainable development in global society. CORE VALUES R- ighteous, results-based and responsible governance M- oral courage, integrity and honesty T- ransparency, trust and respect for self and others U- nity in diversity and being one the community BRIEF HISTORY The Ramon Magsaysay Technological University, a merger of three public education institutions in the province of Zambales, was established by virtue of Republic Act 8498 enacted on February 12, 1998 through the initiative of Antonio M. Diaz. The University Charter integrated the former Ramon Magsaysay Polytechnic College (RMPC) in Iba, the Western Luzon Agricultural College (WLAC) in San Marcelino, an the Candelaria School of Fisheries (CSF), after a three-year transition period. The strengths of its parents-institutions, which had existed since the early 1990s served RMTU’s springboard for its accelerated growth and development. The RMPC in 1998, which is now RMTU’s main Campus, was found as a farm school in 1910. It was converted into a provincial trade in 1919. Through the years, it metamorphosed into Zambales Trade School on 1993., Western Luzon School of Arts and Trades in 1953, Zambales Scool of Arts and Trades in 1957, Ramon Magsaysay Memorial School of Arts and Trades in 1961. It became a DECS supervised College (RMPC) in 1993 and chartered......

Words: 4329 - Pages: 18

Premium Essay

Library Managment System

...MANAGEMENT SUMMARY Tribhuvan University Central Library (TUCL) needs a computer-based Library Management System. It is the largest library in the Kingdom in terms of space collection and the number of members. It also serves the government ministries and foreign diplomatic missions. Therefore it functions also as a public library and to some extent as a National library .In addition to the usual Services, i.e., books circulation, Reference service and Special collections services, the TUCL also brings out Publications relevant to various subjects The project has been scheduled to start on April 5th 2015 and is designed to be completed by the end of June 16, 2016 which budget is about NRs 2,500,000. As a project manager, I have been provided a small office with telephone, fax, computer, email and internet access and two members of support staff. This document is divided into five sections and sub on necessary. The background section provides the purpose and scope of the project with the statement of assumption and SMART objectives. Risks that may arise during the development of the project are placed in risk section and its’ contingency plan are also identified. Costing and resources include the cost and different resources required for the project. The course of action like design, development, and implementation are included in work packages and activities in the form of work breakdown structure (WBS). Gantt chart for the development of project is also designed based......

Words: 3114 - Pages: 13

Free Essay

Library

...LIBRARY/APA ASSIGNMENT The purpose of the first part of this assignment is to learn how to use the library and internet to find scholarly research. Print this questionnaire and bring to class and the library on the assigned days. Portions of this will be discussed/ completed in class. All parts must be typed. This assignment is to allow you to learn how to do research on the web and on the library website when searching for articles. Many of you will use these tools for research papers. You will follow the directions listed and fill in the blanks. This is due 4/11. Go to www.google.com to answer the questions below. Type dhmo into the search box. How many results were found? Go to www.dhmo.org and what is the Title of the page? What is this website about? Read the page and evaluate the page using the 6 criteria discussed in class. For each area, explain how the page filled that criteria, or how it didn’t fill that criteria. Authority: Objectivity: Accuracy: Currency: Content/Relevancy: Aesthetics: What is dihydrogen monoxide? Go to scholar.google.com Type “sports injuries” in the search box. How many results were found? Click on the second article. Is the article scholarly or popular? Click the back arrow at the top and look at the 2nd article information. At the end of the 2nd article information, how many articles is the article “Cited by”? Library Search Go to the library website and use the database...

Words: 855 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Library System

...distinction with data and information in the context of information systems. Data are collection of facts and figures which relay something specific but which are not organized in any way and which provide no further information regarding patterns and context. For data to become information, it must be contextualized, categorized, calculated and condensed (Davenport & Prusak, 2000). Information thus paints a bigger picture; it is data with relevance and purpose. It may convey a trend in the environment, or perhaps indicate a pattern of sales for a given period of time. Data, information and knowledge can all be viewed as assets of organizations. Many organizations realize they own a huge amount of knowledge and that this knowledge needs to be managed in order to be useful. There are two types of knowledge: namely explicit and tacit knowledge (Nonaka & Takeuchi, 1995). Tacit knowledge was originally defined by Polanyi in 1966. It is sometimes referred to as know-how (Brown & Duguid, 1998) and refers to intuitive, hard to define knowledge that is largely experience based. Tacit knowledge tends to reside within the head of the knowers, whereas explicit knowledge is formalized and codified, and is sometimes referred to as know-what (Brown & Duguid, 1998). It is therefore fairly easy to identify, store and retrieve (Wellman 2009). This type of knowledge most easily handled by Knowledge Management System, which are very effective at facilitating the storage,......

Words: 1716 - Pages: 7