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Joseph's Story

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Submitted By whateverittakes
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A. 38 year old male. Smokes, hypertension, family history of heart disease and a poor diet with increase weight gain. All of these factors contributed to his clogged arteries. His clogged arteries blocked blood flow and oxygen to the cells. Without oxygen the cells couldn’t produce ATP or energy to perform their functions. B. Passive and active processes. Waste builds up in the cell. Water, oxygen and glucose along with other important nutrients aren’t able to enter the cell. C. ER-wouldn’t be able to produce proteins. Golgi Complex would not be able to dispense these proteins. Mitochondrion would not be able to make ATP. Nucleus would not be able to duplicate cells, and the Smooth ER would not be able to release Calcium needed to make the heart muscle contract. Also the destruction of the membrane would cause the cells to loose control over what is able to come in and go out. D. Nucleus and Mitochondrion. DNA and RNA. E. Integral proteins and peripheral proteins. Integral proteins allow substances to go in and out of the cells. Peripheral proteins communicate with other cells. F. All cells need oxygen to make ATP to use for energy. All of the processes mentioned above would be affected by the lack of oxygen. G. Diet, exercise and stop smoking. H. Joseph’s heart failed because he not only had a family history of cardiovascular disease, but also smoked, had hypertension and a poor diet. All of these things led his arteries to become filled up with plaque blocking oxygenated blood to flow to the heart cells. Without oxygen these cells were not able to maintain their individual functions and…...

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