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Jail and Prisons Comparison Paper
Mary Ann Everett
CJA/234 Introduction to Corrections
12/­15/­13
Steven Nance

This paper use some information found in the CJi Interactive Multimedia and weeks readings. Have a description of jail’s place in corrections its role throughout history; a summary of the history of state and federal prisons. Comparison of the similarities and differences between security levels in jails, state prisons and federal prisons. Explanation of factors influencing growth in jails, state, and federal prisons.

In colonial america where humiliation, workhouses, and corporal punishment to was used to punish criminals by 1790 where penitentiary era begins. In 1786, Pennsylvania Quakers said honest labor was a humane way to deal with convicts and to provided labor for public projects wearing thee ball, chain and bright unstylish clothes to prevent escapes. In other colonies had replaced public humiliation with incarceration and early lock­ups were under local control with mixing convicts of both genders from petty thieves to violent offenders. Our nation took shape each county and state maintain its own incarceration system where jails were maintain by the local sheriff’s department housed small infractions like loitering to severe crimes like murder until disposition. State or federal authorities in prisons provided confinement for offenders sentenced to over one year of incarceration. Penitentiary Era in 1790, attribute to separate and silent system, sought penance in total solitude, created or aggravated mental instabilities,handicrafts introduced to help maintain sanity and philosophy is to rehabilitation and deterrence. In 1825, was called the Mass Prison Era due to the growth of the population in prison forced changes in solitary system by introduce in change of the penitentiary system. The attributes of this era was congregated…...

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