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Ipo - What It Is

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When a business is growing, but not as quickly as it could, the next best thing to do instead of borrowing capital is going public. A company can do so by creating an initial public offering, or IPO where they sell ownership shares of the business to the public. The IPO can open windows of opportunities for a business in terms of financial growth and public awareness. On the downside, an IPO can restructure a company’s management and everything about the company must be disclosed and viewed even by competitors. With this in mind, many companies who are deciding between whether to go public or not may have their second thoughts. I will be discussing the advantages and disadvantages that come with IPOs and the results that some companies have seen from going public.
What is an IPO? The initial public offering or IPO according to is “the first time that a company’s shares are traded on a public market.” It is the process where a privately owned company issues shares of stock to the public, in other words, the company is “going public.” Small private companies have IPOs to raise capital and gain public awareness, while large, well-established companies have IPOs to become publicly traded companies. A person who is interested in a particular company can buy one of two types of shares: common or preferred stock. When a company only issues one class of stock, it is called common stock. Common stocks are generally less expensive to purchase than preferred stocks. Preferred stocks have the first rights to any dividends, where preferred stockholders have a greater chance of receiving dividends than common stockholders (Duchac, Reeve, Warren, 586).
Should a Company go Public?
Many businesses, from start-ups to established companies may consider going public, but doing so may a complex process. Before going public, the company needs to…...

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