Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence

In: People

Submitted By nmessina88
Words 1286
Pages 6
Preventing Intimate Partner Violence (IPV)
• Prevention is a process that promotes safe, healthy environments and behaviors that reduce the likelihood or frequency of an accident, injury, or condition occurring.
• As evidenced by other health-related conditions, primary prevention (taking action before a problem arises) can successfully reduce or eliminate intimate partner violence.
• Health care professionals are in a ideal position to use their influence and credibility to help prevent IPV o They can advocate for change in clinical practice, as well as for policies and procedures. o Because health care providers see IPV firsthand, they are particularly effective when speaking about the issue to legislators, the media, and to the public.
(Cohen, et al., 2006, p. 89)
Primary Prevention
• Effective primary preventions will reduce the emotional, physical, and psychological trauma experienced as a result of IPV (Cohen, et al., 2005, p. 92).
• Even when partners and spouses have been brought up in violent home with abusive families, they can learn to rechannel and control their emotions and behaviors and use appropriate coping strategies.
• Opportunities for families and individuals to improve relationships with their partner or spouse usually begin with learning appropriate problem-solving skills.
• Assertiveness skills for women provide a foundation for empowerment.
• Parenting influences children in their coping strategies, decision making, and sense of self-confidence. o Parenting classes are an important tool in assisting parents, especially those who are at high risk, such as teens, people with no exposure to children while growing up, and those who were raised in violent and abusive families.
• Community health nurses often make home visits to families based on referrals from hospital perinatal departments.
(Allender, et al., 2010, p.…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Violence

...Domestic Violence Against Women is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distinctions. It is a problem without frontiers. Not only is the problem widely dispersed geographically, but its incidence is also extensive, making it a typical and accepted behavior. Only recently, within the past twenty-five years, has the issue been "brought into the open as a field of concern and study" (Violence Against Women in the Family, page 38). Domestic violence is not an isolated, individual event but rather a Perpetrators of domestic violence can be found in all age, racial, ethnic, cultural, socio-economic, linguistic, educational, occupational and religious groups. Domestic violence is found in all types of intimate relationships whether the individuals are of the same or opposite sex, are married or dating, or are in a current or past intimate relationship. There are two essential elements in every domestic violence situation: the victim and abuser have been intimately involved at some point in time, and the abuser consciously chooses to use violence and other abusive tactics to gain control over the victim. In some instances, the abuser may be female while the victim is male; domestic violence also occurs in gay and lesbian relationships. However, 95% of reported assaults on spouses or ex-spouses are committed by men against women (MTCAWA e-mail interview) "It is a terrible and recognizable fact......

Words: 2030 - Pages: 9

Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence (Ipv)

...Introduction Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious avoidable social problem which affects the community. The term “intimate partner violence” means physical, sexual or psychological harm by a spouse or domestic partner. Intimate partner violence occurs when two people come in a close relationship. Usually, it begins with emotional abuse and proceeds to physical or sexual abuse. IPV has a serious impact on women’s health especially from all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. As per American Nurses Association, IPV is responsible for 30% of female homicides. The most common mental health consequence of abuse is depression. According to CDC the cost of IPV is approximately 8.3 billion for medical, mental hygiene and lost productivity. IPV is connected to harmful health behaviors. Victims may try to adjust their stress in unhealthy ways such as smoking and drinking. The primary goal of IPV is prevention before the occurrence. Previous studies have shown that nurses working in primary health care settings are not well trained enough to identify and provide proper intervention to IPV. When the abuse remains undetected the victim may face long term consequences. The aim of the study was to assess nurses’ awareness and early detection of IPV and to also provide appropriate care to victims who visit the primary care settings. Protection of Human Participants The participants of the research were told about their voluntary participation and withdrawal from the study at any time...

Words: 774 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Intimate Partner Violence Among Women Living in Informal Settlements:

...INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG WOMEN LIVING IN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF MANZESE, IN DAR ES SALAAM, TANZANIA. Merina Vincent Shaidi MPH (Master of Public Health) Dissertation Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences November 2012 INTIMATE PARTNER VIOLENCE AMONG WOMEN LIVING IN INFORMAL SETTLEMENTS: A CASE STUDY OF MANZESE IN DAR-ES-SALAAM, TANZANIA. By Merina Vincent Shaidi A Dissertation Submitted in (Partial) Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Public Health of Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences November, 2012 CERTIFICATION The undersigned certify that he has read and hereby recommend for acceptance by the Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences a thesis/ dissertation entitled Intimate partner violence among women living in informal settlements: A case study of Manzese in Dar es salaam, Tanzania, in (partial) fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of public health of Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences. ………………………………. Dr. Mangi J.Ezekiel (Supervisor) Date……………………… DECLARATION AND COPYRIGHT I, Merina Vincent Shaidi, declare that this dissertation/thesis is my original work and that it has not been presented and will...

Words: 19768 - Pages: 80

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Running Head: DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Crisis Reaction Paper SW 521 Lisa Moffett Rosie Thomas Domestic Violence Intimate partner violence (IPV) in the United States continues to be a growing public health concern. Research reveals that 1 in 4 women have experienced domestic violence in her lifetime; 1.3 million women are victims of physical assault by an intimate partner yearly and 85% of domestic violence victims are women (Tjaden & Thoennes, 2000). According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a problem that affects millions of Americans. The term "intimate partner violence" describes physical, sexual, or psychological harm by a current or former partner or spouse. The violence can occur among heterosexual or same-sex couples and does not require sexual intimacy (http://www.cdc.gov/ViolencePrevention/intimatepartnerviolence/index.html). Intimate partner violence affects people all socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, age gender, religion and sexual orientation. The purpose of this paper is to provide a case scenario of a person who has experienced domestic violence. The paper will also discuss the role of the crisis worker, the crisis intervention method appropriate for addressing the needs of the client and the theoretical basis of the intervention. Case Scenario Tina is a 17 year-old African American female referred by the Victim Advocate at a local emergency room. Tina was thrown from her boyfriend’s car during...

Words: 2363 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Are More Female Murders Committed at the Hands of an Intimate Partner?

...More Female Murders Committed at the Hands of an Intimate Partner? Background Domestic violence is a very serious and prevalent issue in the United States. According to an article on Booksrags.com (2005), Domestic Violence, “Each year in the United States, an estimated two-to-four million women experience serious abuse from a male partner and thousands are killed…28% of all annual violence to women is by an intimate and 70% of intimate murder victims are women.” Although over the past 30 years intimate murders have decreased females are still at a higher risk of being murdered than males. According to Ronald B. Flowers (2000), “studies have found that 7 in 10 murdered women are killed by a husband, boyfriend, or ex-intimate partner.” This suggests that women are more likely to be murdered by someone they know than by an unknown perpetrator. The purpose of this project is to determine the effect total female intimate murders (F_MURDERS) has on total female murders (T_MURDERS) while holding constant the type of relationship the female victim had with the perpetrator (RELATIONSHIP), the race of the female victim (RACE), the location type (L_TYPE) and whether the perpetrator had easy access to a gun (ACCESS_GUN). The model (less constant and coefficients) is: F_MURDERS = T_MURDERS + RELATIONSHIP + RACE + L_TYPE+ACCESS_GUN The independent variable F_MURDERS is defined as total female murders caused by an intimate partner. The dependent variable T_MURDERS is defined......

Words: 1740 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Economically Disadvantaged: Women and Intimate Partner Violence

...and Intimate Partner Violence According to some theorist who connect criminal behavior patterns to gender, interestingly created by management of material wealth and groups struggling in society. Although some women do not have the power and resigned to commit less serious, non-violent, self-destructive crimes such as abusing drugs sometimes to survive day to day. Federal and state cuts to social services in the budgets have also affected women. When lower class males, whether husbands or boyfriends lose their employment, they establish their self- image through acts of machismo and this includes violent abuse of wives and girlfriends (Siegel, 2013). Males typically seek out same-sex peer groups for social approval these groups encourage exploitation and sexual abuse of women. College campus fraternities and other groups may encourage violence against women who are touted as teasers, easy pickups or loose (Siegel, 2013). Exploitation of women may trigger the onset of deviant behaviors such as promiscuity, alcohol or drug abuse, theft, assault, and robbery. Females run away from home during their youth and turn to substance abuse to block the pain they suffered at the hands of a parent, relative or partner. By the time they are adults, who have been abused, tend to look at potential mates more closely to try and keep free from an abusive relationship. Intimate Partner Violence depicts physical, sexual, or psychological damage by a current or former partner or......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence against spouse or domestic partner is prevalant in almost all the socities in the world. It is a common issue that people suffer from especially women. It can be physical,sexually,and emotional abuse by strangers or their partners all over the world. Women worldwide faces more intense and frequent violence. Domestic violence is very serious and scary many people face it everyday. We all in the world need to understand how important it is to know about domestic violence. This essay will let readers know that there are several reasons why domestic violence is so serious and what can be done to help. All forms of domestic have one purpose: to gain and maintain control over the victim. The abusers use many things to get power over their partner which is dominance,threats,humiliation,intimidation,denial and blame.There are many different type of violence. Violence by a person against their intimate partner is done as a way for controlling their partner. Intimate violence occur between gay and lesbian couples and women against their male partners. There is a type of violence that is called common couple violence (CCV) which is when two people get in a argument and one or both partners lashes out at each other. It can cause serious injury to the person. Domestic violence is nowhere to solve problems at all. So many people experience domestic violence all over the world. Physical,sexual,verbal,emotional, and economic abuse are all different types of abuse.......

Words: 744 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Violence

...Dishant Shrestha ENG 1100 Research Essay Violence Violence tears thousands of families apart every year. Today there are about 3-4 times as many offenses as there was 75 years ago. You may not think there are as many cases of domestic violence. Domestic violence isn’t always a husband or boyfriend beating their kid or girlfriend/wife. There are several different types of domestic violence, a man beating a women, a man beating his child, a woman beating her significant other, a woman beating her child, or a child abusing his/her parents verbally or physically. There are also cases not only on physical and verbal assault; there are sexual assaults, social abuse, and economic abuse. Most of all acts of domestic violence are involved with alcohol and drugs. Although these things happen every day, they should not happen at all, but some people are afraid or embarrassed about being assaulted. This gets to the point where the victim is so frightened about their assaulter that they won’t even report it to the police, so they go on living in abuse which is not right at all. “Domestic violence causes far more pain than the visible marks of bruises and scars. It is devastating to be abused by someone that you love and think loves you in return. It is estimated that approximately 3 million incidents of domestic violence are reported each year in the United States.” A major percent of domestic violence is occurred from husbands/boyfriends abuse their significant......

Words: 1317 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Statistics about domestic violence Incidence and prevalence of domestic violence: General    There are no reliable national data on the general incidence of domestic violence in the UK1. In 2011/12, 7.3% women (1.2 million) and 5% men (800,000) report having experienced domestic abuse2. 31% women and 18% men have experienced domestic abuse since the age of 16 years. This amounts to 5 million women and 2.9 million men3. Domestic violence has repeatedly been identified as a major factor leading to death in or related to pregnancy and childbirth: see below. In 2011/12, the police reported nearly 800,000 incidents of domestic violence4. Domestic violence accounts for 10% of emergency calls5. Domestic violence has consistently accounted for between 16% and one quarter of all recorded violent crime6. There has been a 65% increase in number of domestic violence prosecutions between 2005/6 and 2010/11 and a corresponding 99% increase in number of defendents convicted7.   Despite this, domestic violence conviction rates in the five years to 2011 stood at just 6.5% of incidents reported to police – though a much higher proportion of around 70% of those charged8. Women are much more likely than men to be the victim of multiple incidents of abuse, of different types of domestic abuse (partner abuse, family abuse, sexual assault and stalking) and in particular of sexual violence9.        Hester, 2008. Office for National Statistics (ONS), 2013. 3 This is a smaller......

Words: 6856 - Pages: 28

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

... A Perspective on Preventing School Violence  The tragedy at Red Lake High School in Minnesota is a painful reminder of what can happen in a school. Following, is my perspective on how we may prevent school violence.  Click Here for Complete Article Domestic Violence: An Overview C. J. Newton, MA  FindCounseling.com, Mental Health Journal. February, 2001. Nationwide Crisis Line and Hotline Directory Introduction Domestic Violence isn't just hitting, or fighting, or an occasional mean argument. It's a chronic abuse of power. The abuser tortures and controls the victim by calculated threats, intimidation, and physical violence. Actual physical violence is often the end result of months or years of intimidation and control. In their diagnostic and treatment guidelines for physicians, The American Medical Association defines intimate partner abuse as "the physical, sexual, and/or psychological abuse to an individual perpetrated by a current or former intimate partner. While this term is gender-neutral, women are more likely to experience physical injuries and incur psychological consequences of intimate partner abuse." In a study, published in the Archives of Family Medicine, designed to measure physician's attitudes and practices toward victims of domestic violence, Snugg, et al, defined domestic violence as "past or present physical and/or sexual violence between former or current intimate partners, adult household members, or adult......

Words: 4711 - Pages: 19

Premium Essay

Violence

...Violence is defined as any action of structural arrangement that results in a physical or non physical harm to one or more persons, place or thing. The context of violence is shaped by several factors which include the victim, the offender, the specific nature of the violence, the location of the violence and the rationale for the violence. Depending on the situation, we can either associate ourselves with the victim or the perpetrator. If we closely identify ourselves with the victim, then we condemn the violence and sympathize with the victim if they are similar to us. However if we identify with the perpetrator, then we condone the violence, no matter what the situation may be. There are five classifications of violence which are expressive, instrumental, interpersonal, institutional and structural. An instrumental act of violence is where there is a means to an end and for example an assault during an armed robbery is an instrumental form of violence. An expressive form of violence is where the motivations for violence is the effect of an emotional state which includes anger and or jealousy. Interpersonal violence consists of rapes, robberies, assaults; structural violence occurs when someone or a group of people form structural arrangements that target a specific group which may range from the color of the skin, to sexual orientation, to religious practices. Lastly institutional violence is reflected around an organizational setting and an example would be within the......

Words: 2555 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence and Me Jessica Snavely ENG 101-4 – English Composition 1 Colorado State University – Global Campus Lindsay McManus December 30, 2015 Domestic Violence and Me Domestic Violence has seemed to be a rapidly rising problem across the United States. When domestic violence occurs between intimate partners, one partner inflicts willful intimidation, physical, emotional or sexual harm against the other partner, regardless of marital status or whether the behavior occurs in current or past relationships (ncadv.org). This deranged behavior has no discrimination, and has a long rooted past in our society. It was just recently defined as a crime in the 1970’s. Research shows that an occurrence of violence between intimate partners is committed, the man is usually the aggressor and the woman is often the victim. Does the thought of someone you think you know and love, causing you bodily or emotional harm seem unreal? It was for me, I never thought that I would ever experience such chaos in my life, but I have. I want to provide the knowledge I have from my abusive experience help other abused women. So as for the purpose of my essay, men are the aggressors and women are the victims. I was raised to be lady, the concept “If you don’t have something nice to say to someone don’t say anything at all.” Because I am and was raised to be a lady, I will respect the person that caused me so much damage, I will not tell his name I will refer to him as “my aggressor”.......

Words: 2350 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Domestic Violence

...Domestic Violence amongst African American Women Domestic violence occurs in an estimated 4 million intimate relationships each year in the United States. Domestic violence is a pattern of abusive behavior in which a person uses coercion, deception, harassment, humiliation, manipulation, and/or force to establish or maintain power and control over his or her intimate partner. Economic, emotional, psychological, physical, sexual, and verbal tactics are used by perpetrators to control and obtain power over their partners. Domestic violence crosses ethnic, racial, age, national origin, sexual orientation, religious, and socioeconomic lines. The majority of victims of domestic violence in heterosexual relationships are women. One out of every three adult women experiences at least one physical assault by an intimate partner during adulthood. African Americans experience domestic violence at a high rate in comparison to their numerical representation in the population. Although domestic and sexual violence occurs in all socioeconomic classes, socioeconomic disadvantages do increase the risk of the incidence of violent crimes. In intimate partner violence cases of spousal assault, power balance is an important risk factor. Among domestic violence cases, husbands who have (or feel that they have) less power than their wives are more physically abusive toward them, because of the perceived lack of power in other areas of their lives. Although there are different sociological......

Words: 1524 - Pages: 7

Premium Essay

Workplace Violence

...Workplace Violence: “Not Just A Shooting!” Leadership and Organization Behavior BUS 520 20 May 2011 Table of Contents Abstract………………………………………………………………………3 Introduction…………………………………………………………………..4 Summary, Article 1, Bullying in the 21st Century..….………………………5 Summary, Article 2, Intimate Partner Violence & Its Effects at Work..…….6 Summary, Article 3, Gossip – A Form of Workplace Violence (II)...……….7 Conclusion…………………………………………………………………...8 Recommendation…………………………………………………………..8-9 Reference……………………………………………………………………10 Appendix, All three Articles..……………………………………………….11 ABSTRACT When we think of workplace violence, we generally think of that employee who goes into a business and shoots up the place; however today workplace violence can come in many forms! Bullying, Intimate Partner Violence and Gossip are just a few areas addressed in this paper. They say one out of every six violent crimes occurs in the workplace. No organization, regardless of size or type of business, is immune to workplace violence. Workplace violence is a daily occurrence for many people in today’s society and needs more attention other than when it reaches the news. “Far more frequent than killing rampages at the office are cases of workplace bullying and workplace assault. Employment experts say stopping these dangerous situations early can prevent problems from spiraling out of control or turning deadly......

Words: 2259 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

Violence in Movies

...Violence in the Movies: Art Imitating Actuality Brenda McCain AIU Online Abstract This paper focuses on violence in the movies. It will address the psychological aspects of murders and domestic violence in the U.S. and the effects that are related to violent films. It will also concentrate on intimate partner violence on the silver screen. Violence in the Movies: Art Imitating Actuality This paper will provide an overview of violence in the movies. It will address the effects of the killings and its association with the violence in art. It will also focus on how intimate partner violence has been one of the most omnipresent factors globally affecting women in public health. This paper will dissect the psychology and effects of murder and domestic violence and its depiction in popular movies. It will also reveal the obsessive violent nature that our society has embodied in motion pictures. Dissecting Murder The first detection was the “crisis of violence,” in the psychology of murder. This is practiced and carried out so much on the silver screen that society has become desensitized by murder. Adams (1972), states, “That easy empathy with cinema slayings, together with a growing tolerance of real-life brutality suggests a dismaying conclusion: beneath the surface, Americans may be less alarmed by murder—and more attracted to it—than they care to admit” (p. 58, 4p). Though this has become reality as we know it,......

Words: 905 - Pages: 4