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Infancy and Child Development

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Infancy and Early Childhood Development
Terrence O. Roberts
PSY/375
March 30, 2015 11:59 pm
Linda O'Connor

Infancy and Early Childhood Development
One’s early childhood and infancy are some of the most advanced periods of their lives. This development is beneficial to the child’s productive abilities in life. These developmental stages form a foundation for the child’s future learning and well-being. Elements that effect a child during their infancy and early childhood can hinder a child’s development. Particular elements such as one’s family as well as their parenting styles. Some parent’s style of raising children are more effective than other parents’ methods. There are also certain programs that have been developed to influence cognitive development. Family’s effect on Development
One’s family and their influences affect them during infancy and early childhood more than any other period in their lives. If a child’s family is attentive, sensitive and responsive the child tends to develop better. Family’s show this during the child’s infancy and early childhood in manners such as a gentle reassuring touch, overheard conversation, and facial expressions which improves the speech of young children (Berger, 2011). Families are the first teachers for infants and young children. It’s this relationship between young children and their families that determine how they development. “Early relationships help infants developing a working model, a set of assumptions that become a frame of reference for later life” (Berger, 2011). Parenting Styles
According to Developmental Psychologist Diana Baurind’s study of one hundred children revealed that parents differ on four dimensions. They consisted of expressions of warmth, communication, discipline strategies,…...

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