Premium Essay

Importance of Securing Data and Software More Than Computer Hardware in an Organization

In: Computers and Technology

Submitted By dhunnie
Words 782
Pages 4
IMPORTANCE OF SECURING DATA AND SOFTWARE MORE THAN COMPUTER HARDWARE IN AN ORGANIZATION

BY
DHUMISAN CHISI

SUBMITTED TO MR MWEKHELA

IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT FOR THE COURSE FUNDAMENTALS
OF INFORMATION SYSTEMS COURSE CODE CCC1073

THE MALAWI ASSEMBLIES OF GOD UNIVERSITY
23TH MARCH 2015

Information systems have long been at some risk from malicious actions or unplanned user errors and from natural and man-made disasters. In recent years, systems have become more at risk to these threats because computers have become more organized and, thus, more interdependent and accessible to a larger number of individuals. In addition, the number of individuals with computer skills is increasing, and intrusion, or “hacking,” techniques are becoming more widely known via the Internet and other media. In large organizations computers are kept in large scales and also store a lot of important data and information plus maybe softwares of the at most important. These softwares and information require to be kept safe and protected. It is the sole purpose of this paper to explain the reasons why it is important to secure the organizations data/information and computer softwares of an organization. Some of the information used in business organization requires special protection for confidentiality (to ensure that only those who need access to that information to do their jobs actually have access to it). Some of the information used in business organizations need protection for integrity (to ensure that the information has not been tampered with or deleted by those who should not have had access to it).
To begin with, every business organization has to plan for the unexpected, and that includes the loss or theft of data from business organizations. Not only can the loss or theft of data hurt the business organization’s brand and customer confidence, it can…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

Computer Hardware and Software

...Identify hardware and software needed to secure your choice of networks against all electronic threats. Networking hardware is hardware that is used to help work stations connect to a server. Although there are many different kinds of hardware like bridges, network cards the networking hardware that I have chosen to use in within my company’s network are routers, firewalls and switches. Using both routers and firewalls will help protect not only wireless networks but also those networks that use Ethernet cabling. I chose this hardware because I felt that it’s the best hardware to use when keeping my company’s network safe. The software that I have chosen to use is McAfee Anti-virus security software. This software along with the firewall will keep my company’s network safe and secure. Routers along with firewalls are the top network security hardware needed when it comes to keeping a network almost if not all totally secure. The firewall blocks out any unwanted activity as well block hackers from possibly hacking into our networks and stealing important information that pertains to our company and its customers. Along with the router and firewall networking software also plays a major part. The software is what the firewall uses to create its security barrier over the network. McAfee is one of the top manufacturers when it comes to network security. This software enables the use of not only the internet’s firewall but also the ability to detect viruses, anti-spyware......

Words: 1488 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Hardware Software

...HARDWARE AND SOFTWARE PAPER Hardware and Software Paper Nathen Hill University of Phoenix Introduction Here at D & G Inc. we are a shipping and receiving company. We sell just about everything, we are a middle man company for several online stores. When you purchase a products online like a DVD the company you purchase through invoices D & G Inc. and we ship the product via UPS to you. At D & G Inc. the Hardware we use a basic Dell Computers running Windows XP. We have about thirty computers in the warehouse and offices. We use Telzall scanning devices to scan and keep track of all merchandise in the warehouse. Without the proper hardware and software tools, the job of keeping track of tens of thousands of products would be a much more time consuming, and need many more employees to accomplish correctly . Hardware and Software The software we use here at D & G Inc. is the most important part of smooth operations. The software we use was created for us at D & G Inc. The system is called SMART it connects all of our databases together. The SMART system makes easy access to any database through, one of the dell computers or through the handheld Telzall scanners. The SMART system runs the time clocks to keep track of all employee hours. First you scan in your ID badge in to the time clock provided on the wall next to all exits. Once you are scanned in to the SMART system you are allowed to log in to the......

Words: 708 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Hardware and Software

...Hardware and Software Name Professor Name Name of Class Hardware and Software Here at Enterprises we are a shipping and receiving company. We sell just about everything; we are a middleman company for several online stores. When you purchase products online like a DVD the company you purchase through invoices Enterprises and we ship the product via UPS to you. At Enterprises the Hardware we use a basic Dell Computers running Windows XP. We have about thirty computers in the warehouse and offices. We use Telzall scanning devices to scan and keep track of all merchandise in the warehouse. Without the proper hardware and software tools, the job of keeping track of tens of thousands of products would be a much more time consuming, and need many more employees to accomplish correctly. Hardware and Software The software we use here at D & G Enterprises is the most important part of smooth operations. The software we use was created for us at Enterprises. The system is called SMART it connects all of our databases together. The SMART system makes easy access to any database through, one of the dell computers or through the handheld Telzall scanners. The SMART system runs the time clocks to keep track of all employee hours. First you scan in your ID badge in to the time clock provided on the wall next to all exits. Once you are scanned in to the SMART system you are allowed to log in to the database and access information you need to perform......

Words: 698 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Business Computing Computer Hardware and Computer Software

...z FETAC LEVEL 5 L22142 By Declan Brady Date: 05/02/2013 Tutor: Val Coakley Table of Contents Introduction 3 Methodology 4 History of Computers 5 Computer Hardware and Computer Software 9 The Four Main Components of Computer Systems 10 Types of Computer Systems 12 Examples of Computer Input Devices 14 Examples of Computer Output Devices 15 Printers 17 Equipment of the Modern Office 19 Storage Devices 21 Computer Networks – LAN and WAN 22 Systems Software and Application Software……………………………………………24 Conclusion 24 Bibliography 25 Introduction This project is been carried out for the Business Computing module for the Computer and Network Technician FETAC Level 5 Certificate course. In completing this project I hope to acquire a greater understanding of computers and the technology that is commonly used with them in the modern workplace. The carrying out of this project itself will also hopefully leave me better equipped with the skills to carry out projects in the workplace if I am required to do so in the future. For this project I will use the internet to research for the information that this report requires. Once I feel confident I have enough sources for the topics that need to be covered I will start choosing relevant information from these websites and use them in my report where needed. If needed the information taken from websites will be rephrased so that the content is fully relevant to the project. For this report...

Words: 4963 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

Purchasing Hardware and Software

...Essay question: “What factors does a business manager need to consider when thinking about purchasing hardware or software?” I. INTRODUCTION: Nowadays, the knowledge-based economy is a main trend. So Information Technology has developed with excellent momentum and the computer made the important role in that place. The information system is a configuration of five components: Hardware, Software, Data, Personnel and Procedures, which can help businesses achieve their goals and objectives. Due to that, implementing or changing business systems/software is a huge step for businesses of any size. Whether they move up from basic business system or entry level accounting software, it is essential for business owners to do their research. Therefore, it is necessary for a business manager to consider many common factors when purchasing hardware or software. This essay will discuss key elements and information to make an effective decision of purchasing hardware/software. Firstly, it focuses on the key elements. Then, I will analyses the most important ones. II. MAIN FACTORS: Initially, what is the definition of hardware and software? Hardware is a comprehensive term and a collection of all of the physical elements of a computer. It contains of electronic components and store data according to instructions encoded in computer programs of software. The basic hardware categories are input, output, process and storage. Input devices are keyboard, mouse, UPC reader, microphone, or...

Words: 1118 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

Computer Hardware

...Computing hardware evolved from machines that needed separate manual action to perform each arithmetic operation, to punched card machines, and then to stored-program computers. The history of stored-program computers relates first to computer architecture, that is, the organization of the units to perform input and output, to store data and to operate as an integrated mechanism. Before the development of the general-purpose computer, most calculations were done by humans. Mechanical tools to help humans with digital calculations were then called "calculating machines", by proprietary names, or even as they are now, calculators. It was those humans who used the machines who were then called computers. Aside from written numerals, the first aids to computation were purely mechanical devices which required the operator to set up the initial values of an elementary arithmetic operation, then manipulate the device to obtain the result. A sophisticated (and comparatively recent) example is the slide rule, in which numbers are represented as lengths on a logarithmic scale and computation is performed by setting a cursor and aligning sliding scales, thus adding those lengths. Numbers could be represented in a continuous "analog" form, for instance a voltage or some other physical property was set to be proportional to the number. Analog computers, like those designed and built by Vannevar Bush before World War II were of this type. Numbers could be represented in the form of digits...

Words: 521 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Hardware & Software

...Chapter 2: Hardware & Software 1. Choosing the right computer hardware requires understanding its relationship to the information system and _____ of the organization. a.|growth|c.|structure| b.|business plan|d.|needs| 2. Each central processing unit consists of two primary elements: the arithmetic/logic unit and the _____ unit. a.|memory|c.|control| b.|input/output|d.|ALU| 3. A type of memory whose contents are not lost if the power is turned off is said to be _____. a.|multicore|c.|RAM| b.|nonvolatile|d.|none of the above| 4. _____ is the use of a collection of computers, often owned by many people or different organizations, to work in a coordinated manner to solve a common problem. a.|cloud computing|c.|parallel computing| b.|grid computing|d.|none of the above| 5. RAID storage devices provide organizations with data storage that is _____. a.|fault tolerant|c.|extremely low cost| b.|exceedingly fast|d.|unlimited in storage capacity| 6. A(n) _____ uses computer servers, distributed storage devices, and networks to tie everything together. a.|digital video disk|c.|storage area network| b.|virtual tape|d.|RAID storage device| 7. The _____ is an advanced optical disk technology still in development that would store more data than even the Blu-ray optical disk system. a.|holographic versatile disc|c.|RAID storage device| b.|virtual tape|d.|CD-ROM R/W| 8. _____ are frequently used to capture input in......

Words: 832 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Hardware and Software

...Hardware and Software The United States Army uses share folders within their network so that multiple personnel can gain access to forms or regulations. The U.S. military has a contract with Dell Computers to supply the Army with computer systems that all have the same amount of memory and processing speed. The computers all need to be equipped with software that will allow soldiers to use their common access cards, or CACs, to securely log on to military programs such as Army Knowledge Online. Workgroup The software that is offered on most military computer systems is the Microsoft Windows XP operating system, which is the only system that is compatible with the common access card software at this time. The main computer in use in the military is the Dell laptop, which is portable and lightweight. The Dell laptop offers the fastest CPU (central processing unit) at the time of manufacturing and around four gigs of memory. The computer is also equipped with three to four USB (universal serial bus) ports for devices such as an additional common access card reader or a wireless mouse. The computers are all networked together for faster file sharing options and provide the ability to save files and regulations to a share folder. The information technology specialists for each battalion regulate how the computers are used by blocking sites from the network. The military computers also record a log of each common access card that is used to log into the systems, which allows...

Words: 570 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Computer Organization

...Computer Organization The dictionary definition of the term “organizing” is “to put together into an orderly, functional, structured whole”. Therefore, this term applies to Computer Organization because it tries “to put together into an orderly, functional, structured whole” the main components of computers and the way computers are organized. Modern computer technology requires professionals of every computing specialty to understand both hardware and software. The interaction between hardware and software at a variety of levels also offers a framework for understanding the fundamentals of computing. Whether our primary interacts is hardware or software, Information Technology, Computer Science or Electrical Engineering, the central ideas in Computer Organization is the same. Thus, the emphasis of this is to show the relationship between hardware and software and to focus on the concepts that are the basis for current computers. The computer lies at the heart of computing. Without it, most of the computing disciplines today would be a branch of theoretical mathematics. To be a professional in any field of computing today, one should not regard the computer as just black box that executes program by magic. We, students of computing should acquire some understanding and appreciation of a computer system’s functional components, their characteristics, their performance, and their instruction. There are practical implications as well. In describing computer systems, a......

Words: 1348 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Computer Hardware and Software

...verdict. Sincerely yours, (Syed Shohan Shah) On the behalf of the group EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In this modern age computer is a very essential in our everyday life. It helps our every work. Without computer we can not live without a single day. It has many parts like hardware which are touchable and software which are untouchable. Computer users may use a scoring system of evaluation when there are several competing proposals for a hardware or software acquisition. They give each evaluation factor a certain number of maximum possible points. Then they assign each competing proposal points for each factor, depending on how well it meets the specifications of the computer user. Scoring each evaluation factor for several proposals helps organize and document the evaluation process. It also spotlights the strengths and weaknesses of each proposal. Computer Hardware 1.0 Monitor Multiple technologies have been used for computer monitors. Until the 21st century most used cathode ray tubes but they have largely been superseded by LCD monitors. Cathode Ray Tube The first computer monitors used cathode ray tubes (CRT). Until the early 1980s, they were known as video display terminals and were physically attached to the computer and keyboard. The monitors were monochrome, flickered and the image quality was poor. In 1981, IBM introduced the Colour Graphics Adapter, which......

Words: 5715 - Pages: 23

Free Essay

Hardware and Software

...Hardware Hardware is the physical components that make up the electronic devices for example keyboards, mice, monitors etc. One main difference between hardware and software is that hardware can be touched and software cannot. RAM RAM is an acronym for Random Access Memory. It is a type of memory that is most commonly found in computers and other devices such as printers. There are two types of RAM. Dynamic RAM and static RAM. The two types of RAM differ in the technology they use to hold data, with DRAM being the more common type. In terms of speed, SRAM is faster. DRAM needs to be refreshed thousands of times per second while SRAM does not need to be refreshed, which is what makes it faster than DRAM. Flash cards A flash card is a small data storage device that uses a flash memory chip to store data. Flash cards can be quite small in size, with a capacity of a few gigabytes of storage. The memory in these cards is non-volatile, so it does not require a power source to remain intact. Graphics tablet A graphics tablet is a piece of a hardware that is a computer input device. It allows you to make hand drawn images similar to that of a pencil and paper. It consists of a touch screen tablet and a stylus to draw. Monitor A monitor is like a small version of a TV. It displays the user interface and open programs, allowing the user to interact with the computer. Older computer monitors used Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) which made them large and heavy. Modern monitors are...

Words: 339 - Pages: 2

Premium Essay

Hardware and Software

...Business System Advantage Industry-related computer systems are an important aspect of every business. Every company’s system has specific features that differ from other companies. The two main aspects that make up a company’s computer systems are software and hardware. Depending on the type of company, their software and hardware may be high-end, or low-end. In regards to my company, I usually use high-end software and hardware. Running an online retail store requires the use of many programs at once. Although running an online store might not seem like much work, it requires a great deal of attention. Using high-end hardware and software places my company at an advantage. According to Technology Guide 1: Computer Hardware, the author states, “In many industries, exploiting computer hardware is a key to achieving competitive advantage” (Rainer & Cegielski, 2011, Technology Guide 1: Computer Hardware). Business System Specifications In regard to my company’s personal computing software and hardware, we use several devices that run off different applications. One of the hardware devices we use is a phone system called MagicJack. “Magicjack is a device about the size of your thumb which plugs into a USB drive in your computer” (Block, 2010, para. How does the magic work?). This hardware device requires a software application to be installed on our computers that enable a phone to be connected to receive phone-calls. Whenever a customer calls our toll-free number, a......

Words: 758 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Data and Computer Organization

...Homework 5 CNT 4007 Spring 2016 1. A LAN has a data rate of 4 Mbps and a propagation delay between two stations at opposite ends of 20 µs. For what range of PDU sizes does stop-and-wait give an efficiency of at least 50%? 2. A disadvantage of the contention approach for LANs is the capacity wasted due to multiple stations attempting to access the channel at the same time. Suppose that time is divided into discrete slots, with each stations attempting to transmit with probability p during each slot. What fraction of slots are wasted due to multiple simultaneous transmission attempts? 3. A simple medium access control protocol would be to use a fixed assignment time division multiplexing (TDM) scheme. Each station is assigned one time slot per cycle for transmission. For the bus, the length of each slot is the time to transmit 100 bits plus the ene-to-end propagation delay. For the ring, assume a delay of 1 bit time per station, and assume that a round-robin assignment is used. Stations monitor all time slots for reception. Assume a propagation time of 2×108 m/s. For N stations, what is the throughput per station for a. A 1-Km, 10 Mbps baseband bus b. A 10-Mbps ring with a total length of 1Km 4. Consider two stations on a baseband bus at a distance of 1Km from each other. Let the data rate be 1 Mbps, the frame length be 100 bits, and the propagation velocity be 2 ×108 m/s. Assume that each station generates frames at an average rate of 104 frames......

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Hardware and Software

...Hardware and Software Paper CIS 205 Hardware and software play a very important role in business today and if combined together they can support personal, workgroup, and enterprise computing. In my organization we use Windows based computers for each workstation in each respective location. With the appropriate hardware networking the computers together, we are able to communicate through our network. In this case, we are a small business so we followed the steps necessary to map drives together in the various locations. The hardware needed for our network is a modem, router, Ethernet cables, external hard drives, and power supplies. The software we use to run our network is Windows. When used together this hardware and software help us operate our organization efficiently by easily sending and receiving information. We are able to navigate to any computer’s information in our company through this network. As a design, printing, and embroidery company, we use many online applications to help support and organize our information. The majority of our incoming business comes from the internet. I use an online application called Oss designer to download customer art, organize customers data, and obtain the necessary information from a customer to get the job done. We also use the Oss software to obtain payments for our services. In order to track customers we use an invoice and customer tracking program called Quickbooks. This software enables us to easily create......

Words: 572 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

Computer Software

...Computer software From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Jump to: navigation, search "Software" redirects here. For other uses, see Software (disambiguation). Computer software, or just software, is a collection of computer programs and related data that provide the instructions for telling a computer what to do and how to do it. In other words, software is a conceptual entity which is a set of computer programs, procedures, and associated documentation concerned with the operation of a data processing system. We can also say software refers to one or more computer programs and data held in the storage of the computer for some purposes. In other words software is a set of programs, procedures, algorithms and its documentation. Program software performs the function of the program it implements, either by directly providing instructions to the computer hardware or by serving as input to another piece of software. The term was coined to contrast to the old term hardware (meaning physical devices). In contrast to hardware, software is intangible, meaning it "cannot be touched".[1] Software is also sometimes used in a more narrow sense, meaning application software only. Sometimes the term includes data that has not traditionally been associated with computers, such as film, tapes, and records.[2] Examples of computer software include: * Application software includes end-user applications of computers such as word processors or video games, and ERP software for groups......

Words: 3223 - Pages: 13