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How and Why Have Feminists Been Critical of the ‘Public/Private’ Divide?

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How and why have feminists been critical of the ‘public/private’ divide?
The public/private divide is a particular concern for feminists. The public/private divide is a divide between the public sphere of work and politics usually dominated by men, and the private area of home and family in which typical gender roles are applied. This divide can be said to create the problem of gender inequality, as women are often pushed into being a housewife due to the societal norms; they are heavily discouraged from breaking out into the public sphere and beginning an alternative career. In this way, patriarchy has been created – whilst the women traditionally stay at home, the men are therefore the ones who are earning money and occupying important positions within society. Feminists believe that this gender inequality should be overthrown, although different types of feminists have different views on the subject.
Liberal feminists wish to keep the public and private spheres separate. They do not want to completely remove the divide between the two, because they believe in maintaining a woman's personal freedom of choice between a domestic or public role. Moreover, they believe that men and women do have different natures – women have a natural leaning towards the domestic life and motherhood, rather than the more traditionally male public career. However, liberal feminists do believe that there is a need for reforms in the public sphere, for example equal pay is one of their concerns. If a woman chooses to pursue a career outside of the private sphere, she should not be discriminated against and should receive the same pay as a man in the same position would. Radical Feminists are highly critical of the public/private divide. Unlike liberal feminists, they do believe that the traditional role of women within the private sphere is long outdated and should be abolished.…...

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