Premium Essay

Housewife vs. Courtesan in India

In: Film and Music

Submitted By gunblader
Words 2500
Pages 10
Paul Bass
D
.
EID: pdb586
Writing Assignment Final
Draft
Due Date: Mar 5, 2014 by 12am

Housewife vs.
Courtesan
in India
In the early 20th century, life as a woman in
Indian ociety
S (and in the rest of the world at the time) was not glamorous. The common consensus was that a woman’s natural place was to be within the domicile and that women held less power than men, despite all their contributions to the family. “In the average
Indian
family the strictest domestic economy is the rule of life, and the household work is done by the women of the household” (Temple 64). It was a woman’s job to keep the household in order, raise the children, and keep her husband satisfied.
“vulnerable in a male­dominated world”, marriage was considered an impending fate for women as India’s workforce was primarily male dominated omen
, w were dependent on men for financial support (Nijhawan 103). Getting married was also a must for women and was seen as the only ‘respectable’ course of action in a womans life. Widows in
Indian
society were treated poorly and had a low social standing, even though they had followed all respectable social norms
“How much the women dread widowhood is exhibited to the full in the fact that to call a woman a widow is to offer her a dire insult” (Temple 65). The courtesans of the time seemed to live outside of these socio­cultural norms. Analysis of courtesan in India and how they are represented in
Bollywood
can help us understand their place in the
Indian
society . Being a courtesan gave a woman the ability to live a life other than that of a normative housewife.
Courtesan life provided an escape from an unhappy and heavily restricted life in the husbands

family/home. It also provided a means…...

Similar Documents

Premium Essay

India vs China

...Overview China and India provide vast opportunities for trade and investments in all major sectors. In the next few decades, China and India will join the U.S to become the three largest economies in the world. China and India will provide enormous upside potential for U.S. firms, as well as risks. Cultural System Doing business in a particular nation needs a multi-dimensional understanding of its culture and business practices. Understanding those differences and adapting to them is the key factor. India The Indian economy has been booming for the past few years. The country holds great promise for the future. The business culture of India is a reflection of the various norms and standards followed by its’ people. Indians have various cultural yardsticks, which extend to their business culture too. I found the following culture norms to be important: 1. “The ‘Namaste’ forms an important part of Indian etiquette and is generally used while greeting and saying good-bye. This gesture is performed by pressing the palms of both hands together (fingers up).” However, educated Indian men and women, who are acquainted with western customs, prefer shaking hands. Moreover, while greeting any individual use his or her title. To mark respect, you may also add a suffix ‘ji’ to the name of a person. 2. In India, companies follow a hierarchical system and the decision making is usually from the top to bottom. Business decisions could be at times time consuming, and......

Words: 1286 - Pages: 6

Free Essay

Courtesans of the Renaissance

...Courtesans of the Renaissance Today, prostitution is thought of as anyone who sells their body for money. In fact, no specific distinction is put on class level of the prostitute or how much money they earn, they are still considered just a prostitute. However, this was not true of the 16th century. During this time, prostitution was a legal business, and at the top of the class list were the courtesans. The courtesans used their outstanding wit and intelligence, along with their bodies to earn their own living. They were visited by the men of the upper class, including royalty. Because of this the courtesans had to project an image of sophistication and nobility. They had to hold their own with their royal clients and were often admired and considered equals by these men. Unlike the imprisoned and sheltered noble women of the Renaissance (the clients wives and daughters), who were either in an arranged marriage or locked up in a convent, the courtesans were independent and free to do as they wished. Precursors to the modern women, the courtesans of 16th century were intelligent and well read, they earned their living by their beauty and wit, and were prostitutes by choice. To completely understand the life of the courtesans, one must realize why these women choose the life. In the Renaissance at this time, women had very few choices. The only good choices for girls were to become married (arranged in most cases) or enter into a convent, but later in the century, even......

Words: 2505 - Pages: 11

Premium Essay

Cultural Dimension Differences Us vs India

...Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions US vs. India by Edward A. Molnar January 19, 2013 Abstract This article acknowledges the six dimensions of Hofstede’s theory of cultural dimensions, and defines five of them for a comparison between the United States and India. This article shows for the most part, the definitions of Hofstede’s cultural dimensions are correct, but the article did identify some ambiguities while making the comparisons. Finally, future areas of possible research were identified that would assist in the removal of the ambiguities. Hofstede’s Cultural Dimensions US vs. India Geert Hofstede’s theory of cultural dimensions was a result of an analysis of a world-wide survey of employee values by IBM in the 1960’s and 1970’s. This theory describes the effects of a society’s culture on the values of that culture’s members and how those values relate to behavior. This is accomplished by using a structure resulting from factor analysis (Hofstede, 2011). This theory has been used as an example for several fields, particularly in cross-cultural psychology (Hofstede, 2011). Geert Hofstede’s original cultural dimensions theory had four dimensions from which cultural values could be analyzed. These four dimensions were: (a) individualism versus collectivism (IDV); (b) uncertainty avoidance (UAI); (c) power distance (PDI); (d) masculinity versus femininity (MAS). While Hofstede was performing research in Hong Kong he added the fifth dimension,......

Words: 2493 - Pages: 10

Premium Essay

The Case of the Coughing Housewife

...The Case of the Coughing Housewife Homework, up to 30 points. Read clinical case. Provide the definitions for terms in bold on the second page. Save file on your hard drive as “your_name.doc”, NOT as docx or any other format! Submit it as assignment similar as you would send an attachment via e-mail. Jessica, a fifty-nine year old mother of four, moved from a ranch in Colorado to Los Angeles, after the death of her husband, to be closer to her oldest son and his family. She has been in Los Angeles for 18 months and has noticed that she is experiencing shortness of breath which has worsened over the last six months, and sleep apnea. For the last week, she has been coughing and bringing up yellow mucus. She also noticed edema in her ankles so she decided to visit a physician about her condition. Jessica's family and medical history include a negative history of asthma or allergies, lack of occupational or home exposure to asbestos, a previous smoking history (one package of cigarettes per day between the ages of 16 and 52), episodes of bronchitis and bronchopneumonitis, treated with antibiotics on an outpatient basis, and a positive history of pancreatitis (father at 52) and meningomyelitis (brother at 56). Jessica has no history of serious illness, including heart disease, and her weight is within five pounds of her "desired" weight. She usually coughs in the morning to "clear her throat", but there is usually only a small amount of white mucus. Her nurse practitioner......

Words: 777 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

U.S. Healthcare vs Canada and India

...healthcare system. In this case, we are going to focus on the strengths of the healthcare system in the United States and how they measure up to the healthcare system in two other countries. Those countries on India and Canada. The healthcare system within the United States is one of the best in the world. In order to receive a better understanding of the strength of the United States healthcare system, we have to dive into the healthcare systems of other countries. Real life questions were asked, from individuals from two different parts of the world in two different hospitals and how they felt about the healthcare system in the native countries. Once the healthcare systems of India and Canada have been explained, we can dive into the strength of the healthcare system in the United States. The life expectancy of individuals within India is 69 years, which is far lower than the United States average, which is 78 years. Access to medical care and malnutrition continue to be a major problem facing the Indian people. Although it is one of the fastest-growing economies with a thriving middle class, 26% of the population lives below poverty line. About 456 million live on less than $1.25 a day and 46% of children are malnourished. Healthcare within India government financed and government run, but for many people accessing that care is a challenge. In principle, they should be able to get comprehensive, free, publicly financed and publicly provided healthcare.......

Words: 1865 - Pages: 8

Free Essay

China vs India (Politics)

...discussed. A political regime is an assembly of political structures that make up a government. This helps in regulating the management of the government and building of the society. The three ways how the government can choose to run the country are via, One-Party State, Liberal Democracy or Military Dictatorship. China and United States have the world’s biggest economies and effective militaries with their ruling influencing politics globally. Even with a huge trade agreement and countless diplomatic meetings, the both countries are unable to sustain a façade of a civil relationship. Though, there is pressure from leaders of United States, China is not discouraged but instead continues to grow its economy. (Super-power showdown - US vs. China, 2012) China follows a One-Party State political system. It is led by a highly controlling communist party. The Chinese Communist Party is fully committed in upholding endless domination in power and will not tolerate others who doubt its right to rule. Freedom of speech is strictly constrained. The Chinese Communist Party dictates both state and society in China. They have been ruling China for over six decades, ever since they gained power in 1949. There are no elections in China. All institutions, executive, judiciary and legislation are all communist as well. (Lawrence & Martin, 2012) Benefits of being a socialist include: equal distribution of wealth, state controls use of resources, state enterprises employment......

Words: 1471 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

Coke vs Pepsi in India

...Case 1-3 Coke and Pepsi Learn to Compete in India Tyler McBee MKT 3450- 01 17 September 2013 3. Both Pepsi and Coca-Cola have effectively attempted to accommodate their products to the tastes and preferences of India. As an advertisement and sponsorship method, both companies have partnered with cricket, movies, and music. These three entertainment industries are very popular in India. Something that has set Pepsi and Coca-Cola apart from other companies in the food industry is partnering with religious and other festivities. Serving or sponsoring events like Navratri makes a huge impact on society’s eyes causing them to see Coca-Cola and Pepsi as socially responsible companies. Pricing policies in India is difficult to work with, because of the restrictions by the government. Pepsi has had a leg up on Coca-Cola because of their early entry into the industry. Obviously they have had better reactions from consumers because Pepsi seems to care, simply because it reached to smaller villages and different communities than Coca-Cola; in consumers’ eyes this appears that Pepsi just cares more. 5. An idea to help with their water issues within each company’s plants is to recycle water. If water is needed to run a machine or make a certain ingredient for the finished product and the water isn’t contaminated or altered by any way, why not reuse it? I believe that Coca-Cola approached the retalaliation of the water issue with a bad attitude. A foreign company......

Words: 601 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Being a Housewife

...The Economic Risks of Being a Housewife PSY 338 – Industrial and Organizational Psychology January 25, 2014 Abstract The Economic Risks of Being a Housewife is a peculiar occupation by the nature of its duties, the form of payment, the supervision, the system, and the physical hazards. A housewife’s working conditions are different from any other regular working conditions in the world. The article, “The Economic Risks of Being a Housewife” was very interesting. According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a housewife is defined as “an activity that serves as one’s regular source of livelihood.” It is one of the largest single occupations in the United States economy. It has both legitimate and interesting comparisons, as well as those with advantages and disadvantages from other sources of livelihood. A housewife’s occupational duties include cooking, dishwashing, housecleaning, laundry work, childcare, and a “personal relations” component that includes sexual and nonsexual relations. Sexual and nonsexual relations are a source of economic risk. The component of nonsexual relations is broadly the same as the duties of a paid domestic servant, whereas the housewife has a little more discretion than the servant and a more responsible role to the children and finances. ......

Words: 535 - Pages: 3

Premium Essay

India vs Canada

...services. India has a Mixed Market economy meaning it uses a variety of government regulation to control the economy, but relies primarily on market that forces to set prices and demand and uses general principles of capitalism. India is having a mixed economic structure. It is neither fully capitalist nor fully socialistic. It is neither completely an open system nor a fully free market system. The key variables in the choice of this economic design are: people's welfare, equitable distribution of wealth and income, a logical link between employment and incomes, restraining monopolies and concentration of power and wealth, and supporting health and education sectors through government subsidies and political strength. India has a mixed economy. Half of India's workers rely on agriculture, the signature of a traditional economy. One third of its workers are employed by the services industry, which contributes two-thirds of India's output. The productivity of this segment is made possible by India's increasing move toward a market economy. Since the 1990s, India has deregulated several industries, privatized many state-owned enterprises, and opened doors to Foreign direct investment. If you thought global heavy weights like China or the US would be India’s biggest trading partners, think again. Recently released country wise numbers for 2012-13 reveal that India is now trading most with the United Arab Emirates (UAE), taking China’s place. India traded goods......

Words: 1021 - Pages: 5

Premium Essay

Book Review: Courtesans and Fishcakes

...Courtesans and Fishcakes written by James Davidson explore the ancient Greek culture of the Athenians and elaborate on not only the desire for sex, but the appetites of life. Author James Davidson is a professor in the Department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Warwick. In his biography, it says that he is a regular contributor to the London Review of Book and the author of the award winning The Greeks and Greek Love. Courtesans and Fishcakes is divided into four parts: Feasts, Desire, The Citizen, and The City. Within each part of the book, there are multiple sub-sections that go into depth about the particular section of each ‘chapter’. In Part I: Feasts, Davidson goes into some background of the ancient Greek culture of Athens, and their preferences of eating and drinking. In Part II: Desires, Davidson talks about the interactions between men and women, and the purchase and selling of sex. Also included in Courtesans and Fishcakes are multiple maps of Athens and ancient art work including pottery and paintings. Part III: The Citizen explains the characteristics of the different types of people that are living in Athens. Also explained in Part III is the economic situation as it relates to fish, drink, and sex. In Part IV: The City, Davidson brushes over the Politics and Society, Politics and Politicians, and the Tyranny and Revolution in ancient Greek culture. In his final section, Davidson explains the different classes in Athens by also explaining......

Words: 1251 - Pages: 6

Premium Essay

India vs Us Religion

...Into to Sociology Who Am I Part II Due: 9/14/14 Religions of India Religion just might be the biggest social institution I can think of in the world. There is no part of the world where religion doesn’t exist. The biggest thing religion and India have in common is the freedom and diversity. All of India’s people have the right to religious freedom and can practice and worship any religion they please, but religion plays a central role in Indian daily life through its temple ceremonies, festivals, pilgrimages, family religious traditions. Diversity of religion is what I would like to focus on as I look deeper into the foreign country of India. Just like the United States, India also shares freedom of religion. India is diverse in its own since when it comes to religious beliefs. India is the birthplace of four of the world’s major religions; namely Hinduism Buddhism Jainism and Sikhism. According to a 2001 census, out of 1028 million population, little over 827 million (80.5%) have returned themselves as followers of Hindu religion, 138 million (13.4%) as Muslims or the followers of Islam, 24 million (2.3%) as Christians, 19 million (1.9%) as Sikh, 8 million (0.80%) as Buddhists and 4 million (0.4%) are Jain. In addition, over 6 million have reported professing other religions and faiths including tribal religions, different from six main religions (Religion, Census of India 2001, censusindia.gov.). With India being the second largest nation population wise, coming in......

Words: 542 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Desperate Housewifes

...In the following, I will give you a short introduction of my Term paper in Order to Show you that I have already started working on it. My Term paper will be About the Gender representation in the Series Desperate Housewifes. The Series Main character are five women who all have a different function. There is Gabrielle. In the Episode I Focused on she is already married to Carlos a Business man. He earns a Lot of money and represented the typical role of a man in a relationship whereas Gabrielle represents an actually Business woman who was a model before and now is a mother of two little girls she takes care of the whole day. She is doing her household, cooking and things like that. Things she never did before and could not even imagine to do. Gabrielle is the character who goes through the Most Change in the series. Lynett is another character with her husband who represents the new Distribution in Sociéty. Before, the role of her and her husband were evenly distributed. But in this Episode you can See the change. Lynett takes the role of her husband. She goes working and her husband takes care of the children. Her husband cannot get along with this change of gender role. He gets Desperate why his wife is going to work while He is at home. His personality starts changing. He is very often in a Bad mood and one can see that He is stressed....

Words: 251 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

India vs Spain

... n.d.). Our culture defines who you are as a person; it contours ones judgment to a certain approach. In other words, it is our identity. Every nation has its own set of morals and is defined by its own distinct cultures; which gives rise to cultural differences between each and every country in this world. In this vast world, no two cultures are exactly identical. Taking into account India and Spain, needless to mention, both the cultures have an enormous amount of differences between them. Spain being a part of Europe is largely influenced by the European culture furthermore the Rome culture; on the other hand India’s culture is more multifaceted and has been influenced by colonialism over the past century- both collaterally and vernacularly (Sen Amartya, 2005).   India is a home to a variety of different cultures; it is known to be the most diverse country in the world in every aspect. Looking into a major aspect of any culture that has existed, religion plays a major role in the upbringing. It influences the framework of a particular culture and individual human behavior too. India being a secular state has no official religion; it has equal tolerance for every religion. Secularism was adopted in the country in the late 1800s keeping in view the multi religious nature of the Indian society. (Engineer. A., 2003). However Spain adapted Roman Catholicism as its official religion, as it’s the largest group of Christianity practiced within the country. The Spanish way of...

Words: 323 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

China vs. India

...Edward Funke Gunesekara Economics and Change/EG XX March 2012 China vs. India Although no two dictionaries agree on the definition of democracy, for our purposes, modern democracy can be defined as “government by the people in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system" (Cincotta 2) In the phrase of Abraham Lincoln, democracy is a government "of the people, by the people, and for the people." However, even if freedom, defined as individual rights, is guaranteed, democracy does not necessarily lead to freedom. This can be seen by examining the “democracies” of India and China. The Indian Constitution offers all the Indian citizens, individually and collectively, these basic freedoms and rights. They are guaranteed in the Constitution in the form of six broad categories of Fundamental Rights and are justifiable. It means that each and every Indian citizen has the right to Constitutional remedies for the enforcement of these rights. There is a free, independent and separate judiciary to see that these rights are not violated and tampered with. All are equal before law, right from the Prime Minister to a peon. This is the very spirit and essence of our democracy. An independent, strong and incorruptible judiciary is one of the main pillars of democracy. According to Henry S, Rowen, China is “a Leninist state in which the Communist Party has combined economic...

Words: 331 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

China vs. India

...one goes anywhere without their smart phone in their pocket and a GPS in their car. A field that has been completely changed by advances in technology is the medical field. No longer due doctors take ones temperature or blood pressure manually, they have special devices that can give a more accurate reading then a human ever could. Hand held medical scanner technology is showing an astonishing breakthrough and can revolutionize home and hospital medicine just as the home thermometer did. These types of devices have already improved the way care is given in the U.S. greatly and can do the same for countries all over the world. The two countries I chose to enter are ones that have been growing rapidly in almost all aspects, China and India. Handheld medical scanners are a real product being used but are very new and do not have much of a history or a company that solely produces them. So what are they? According to David Freeman in the Huffington Posts article “Star Trek's Tricorder Medical Scanner May Become Reality, Thanks To Nanotechnology Breakthrough,” using nanotechnology, physicists in London and Singapore found a way to make a beam of the "T-rays"--which are now used in full-body airport security scanners--stronger and more directional. The advance, which was described in a recent issue of the journal Nature Photonics, could lead to T-ray scanning devices that are smaller and more portable than existing devices. "T-rays promise to revolutionize medical......

Words: 4090 - Pages: 17