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History of Special Education

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Special education has a very meaningful history. Special education is a complex enterprise that can be defined and evaluated from many perspectives(Heward 2013). The time frame and relation of special education play a major role in the evolvement in current and future education. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act was passed by Congress in 1975. The 1990 amendments renamed the law and changed it to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act which was mainly referred to as IDEA. Special educators are very important because they teach students have disabilities, such as language, sensory, learning, physical, and/or emotional abilities that cause them to be deviated from those of the general population. The responsibility of special educators is to give instruction that is specifically targeted to meet the individualized needs, making education available to those who have a limited access to education. Since education is perhaps the most important function of state and local governments, special education should not fall short of the importance of education. Students with disabilities has been present in every era and society although special education that has been federally mandated is relatively new. Only after the acknowledgement or creation of universal public education is when forms a disability came about. When teachers had goals of literacy for all students, it caused teachers to observe a students disability in relation to a task and setting. After many years of research of trial and error, special education now provides services to students with different types of degrees and forms of disabilities like mental retardation, speech-language disabilities, impaired hearing, and deafness. During the early nineteenth century, many leaders took it upon themselves to cure many ills of society. Some of those leaders were Thomas Hawkins…...

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