Free Essay

History Notes

In: Historical Events

Submitted By jrjones44
Words 687
Pages 3
Review up till now
WW1
Economic downturn
Fear of radicalism
Immigrants might be the problem…
Let’s go back to the good ole days…
Q: Are the old days really better?
The Jazz Age (1920s)
The Long Nineteenth Century
Historians always ignore what everyone else is doing
1789 to 1918-????
Industrial Revolution
French Revolution
Victorian Ideas and Imperialism
Bigger push for imperialism
Ends in 1918- why?
WW1 is over, Russian Revolution taking place
What replaces it?
“The Modern Age” parallels “Return to Normalcy” what does that mean?
Science better at understanding the world than religion
Individuals have the right to choose their own lifestyles
Women control their minds and bodies
More rights for minorities?
Reactions?
The New Traditionalists
God trumps science
Bible is the ONLY source of morality
Women are subservient to men
Immigrants are subservient to white Anglo-Saxon men
1920s
The New Era
The Roaring Twenties
Rise of automobile, gangsters, rise of the radio & other gadgets and appliances
The Jazz Age
Clash of old & new values
The Economy after the war…
Switch from war to peace initially difficult
Gets re-cranked up by 1922-1923
United states’ industry still intact after war, unlike Europe
Becomes world’s top producer of consumer products
Middle class expands greatly
What about the lower classes?
Same problems as before
Too much prosperity for middle class to care!!!
Rise of consumer spending on new fangled items
Luxuries become necessities
Auto Industry
Urban and rural more closely connected
Changes social mores
Mores= social values
Related businesses expand too
Becomes dominant American business
Why?
Advertising in the Modern Age
New focus-????
New target-????
Does this work?- yes
New Religion, Old Religion
Liberal Christianity
Fundamentalism
National debate
Scopes Monkey Trial- Dayton, TN
Man teaching evolution, science vs. religion topics
Modern vs. Traditional
God vs. science
Women in the home vs. women outside the home
The New Woman
The Flapper
Image showing more freedom for women
Modern Crisis for Modern Age
Self- made man image too hard to achieve for most
Big heores with self-made men
But now…
No idealism, no future
LOST GENERATION of writers
Ernest hemingway
T.s. Elliot
F. Scott Fitzgerald
Modern Age Media
Movies provide new imagery to help spread new ideas about women
Theda Bara- “The Vamp” movie
Louise Brooks
Hollywood eventually monitors movies with Hays Code -1930
Examine movies before they’re released, provide censorship for variety of “provocative” or bad acts
Start editing and censoring about 1934
The Jazz Singer- 1927
Modern marvel
First talking film
Story about old vs. modern
Resonates with immigrants
Infamous today for blackface performance
However, very popular at time- even with black audiences
Harlem Renaissance
Harlem neighborhood of NYC
Center of African American art, music, letters
Whites begin to take notice
Expression of separate black cultural identify
Nightclubs, theatres, music halls
Big development: JAZZ
Jazz Music
Mix of black and white musical traditions
Both black and white musicians
Radio spreads sound to the middle class
Youth use music to rebel- sound familiar?
Wild Music + Youth + Automobiles + Alcohol = IMMORTALITY
Fight for Traditional Values
PROHIBITION-1920
18th amendment- banned the sale of alcohol in U.S. push for morality in society immigrants= alcohol and immorality get rid of alcohol=???
Will get rid of all the problems
Doesn’t work- why?
A lot of people NOT against alcohol
Rise of illegal sources of alcohol
Traditionalists clinging to past
Examples of that today?
Responses for Tradition
Immigrant restrictions
The New (2nd) Ku Klux Klan-1915
The Birth of a Nation-1915
Movie about before, during, and after Civil War
Based on book, “The Klansmen”- made the KKK men heroes who saved women from black men
Klans and groups started because of this movie
Protect old values against new threats
NAACP, Jewish groups resist
Widespread corruption, hypocrisy
Late 1920s- KKK largely discredited
Politics in the modern age
Republican presidents
Not reform oriented
Hands off the economy
Hoover is progressive, but more in line with business
Pushes for strong economy…
What else is happening
Large numbers of Americans use consumer credit
Large numbers of American buy stocks on margin
Too good to be true…
1929 stock market crash * * * * * * *…...

Similar Documents

Free Essay

History Notes

...History Notes January 17, 2013 Industrial Revolution in the USA * Growing population by the mid-1800s, the population of Europe and North America was on a rise. * The rapidly growing cities of the industrial world attracted people of different/every social class. Also the growing demand for textiles and other mass produced goods. The effects of the American Industrial Revolution ranged from positive, in the form of growing cities, individual wealth, and philanthropy, negative, in the form of child labour, abusive working conditions, and unsanitary living conditions. Positive and Negative impacts of the American Industrial Revolution on the United States Positive * Improve people’s daily lives by diversifying the number and quality of the kinds of products factories could provide, also ordinary Americans learned better, lived better and had more time on their hands as conveniences and efficiencies defined the Industrial Revolution. * Transportation and technology in terms of the expansion of business including the expansion of our transportation network out of necessity and brought US canals, highways and turnpikes. It better connected us together as a society. There was technological innovation such as interchangeable parts (Eli Whitney) and the textile mill (Samuel Slater) which revolutionized Americans lifestyle. * Jobs as factories in the major cities created hundreds of thousands of jobs, expanded the......

Words: 860 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Russian Notes for History Sl

...Matheus Aug/1/2012 Russia Military Notes Russia’s army 1,200,000 (Brooman, Old Europe ) Advantages The third Largest military (Brooman, Old Europe) Had many to recruit, as they had the largest population of over 159 Million(Brooman, Old Europe) Disadvantages They couldn’t move around very effectively that even Germany had plans to attack France before the six weeks in which it would take for Russia to move their army from the east.(Duffy, firstworldwar) They were far from there allies making there supply demands more complicated Weakened by Japan (Smele, BBC) “Masurian Lakes, in 1914, Russia lost two entire armies (over 250,000 men).” (Smele, BBC) Peasants Lack of communication “Most corps did not have working telephones due to lack of wire and consequently received orders hours too late.” (Murphy, Russia Military) Influence The Russian army did not influence the population very well because the Russian military, something so far apart from what was the day-to-day reality, did not have enough “movement”. There was break out happening and Nicholas couldn’t do anything because The Russian military was also occupied on the east side, since there defeat with japan (Smele, BBC) Russia’s Navy 166 ships Coasts were bad Alliance - Britain and France 5th largest (24/7) Military now a days Sentences 1. The Russian army was the third largest army with......

Words: 671 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

History Notes 1302

...Under the leadership of the American Secretary of State Charles Evans Hughes the representatives of the USA, Great Britain, France, Italy, and Japan pledge not to exceed the designated sizes of their respective naval fleets. America First Committee – AFC was established September 4, 1940, by Yale Law School student R. Douglas Stuart, Jr., along with other students, including future President Gerald Ford, future Peace Corps director Sargent Shriver, and future U.S. Supreme Court justice Potter Stewart.[The America First Committee (AFC) was the foremost non-interventionist pressure group against the American entry into World War II. Peaking at 800,000 paid members in 650 chapters, it was one of the largest anti-war organization in American history.[1][2] Started in 1940, it shut down after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. Recent organizations with similar names are not in any way connected to this historic group. The “Black Market” – The Nye Committee – officially known as the Special Committee on Investigation of the Munitions Industry, was a committee of the United States Senate which studied the causes of United States' involvement in World War I. It was a significant factor in heightening public and political support for neutrality in the early stages of World War II. Nye created headlines by drawing connections between the wartime profits of the banking and munitions industries to America's involvement in World War I. Many Americans felt betrayed and......

Words: 1114 - Pages: 5

Free Essay

28.1 History Notes

...Key Terms: Brown v. Board of Education Topeka, Kansas: 1954 Supreme Court case in which racial segregation in public schools was outlawed. Montgomery bus boycott: Protest in 1955-1956 by African American against racial segregation in the bus system on Montgomery, Alabama. Integration: Process of bringing people of different races together. Setting the Scene: * In August 1945, Branch Rickey, the general manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers, called a young man named Jackie Robinson into his office. * In 1947, Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers, becoming the first African American to play in the Major Leagues * He was named Rookie of the Year in 1947. * In 1949, he was voted the league's most valuable player. The Rise of African American Influence: * Before and during World War II, African Americans were not treated as equals by a large portion of American society. * After the war, the campaign for civil rights began to accelerate * African American Migration: * After the Civil War, many African Americans migrated to large northern cities * Between 1910 and 1940, the black population of New York City leaped from 60,000 to 450,000. * The New Deal: * Under Roosevelt, the number of African Americans working for the federal government increased significantly. * World War II: * During the war, increased demands for labor in northern cities led to a rise in the black population in the North. * This increase in numbers......

Words: 844 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Singh Song and Check Out Me History Notes

...Compare how voices are used in ‘Singh song’ and ‘check out me history’ ‘Singh Song’ and ‘Checking out me history’ are poem which explore cultural identity. In ‘Singh song’ a shopkeeper has recently married. He discusses how he would rather spend time with his wife rather than working. Throughout the poem we hear the voices of the discontented customers and his wife. In ‘Check out me history’ the poet tells the history of people that hasn’t been told. He feels excluded because his heritage has been discounted. Elements of oral communication in the poem, such as chanting and strong rhymes, emphasise how important voice and dialect are to a person who is learning about their cultural identity. In these poem both narrators are expressing their thoughts and feelings, therefore they’re written in free verse without any restrictions of rhyme. In ‘Singh Song’ shows that everyone in the poem is able to express all their feelings, particularly his wife who uses derogatory language towards his parents “making fun at my daddy” and “effing at my mum”. In contrast, in “Check out me history” uses a strict rhyming scheme of quatrains. This is used to reflect the confinements of the education system which adds the frustration of the narrator. The use of quatrains also make the poem sound like a nursery rhyme, as a result The language of the narrators reflects the characters and emphasises their culture. In ‘Check out me History’ the poet uses language from childhood. He refers......

Words: 440 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

American History Notes

...American History {Chapter 1} The First People of the Americas People Migrate to the Americas * Paleo-Indians – first humans to live in the Americas (believed to have come from Siberia) * Ice Age – a time lasting thousands of years during which the Earth was covered with ice and glaciers * The Paleo-Indian hunters had a favored prey of immense mammals such as mammoths, mastodons, and giant bison * The first people to arrive in the Americas arrived in small boats Paleo-Indians Adapt to Climate Change * The warming climate and the spread of the skilled Paleo-Indian hunters killed off the mammoths and other large mammals * Paleo-Indians adapted to the climate change by relying less on hunting large mammals and more in fishing and gathering nuts, berries, and roots * Developed tracking techniques needed for hunting small, mobile animals such as deer, antelope, moose, elk, and caribou * More food sources led to population growth Diverse Culture Emerge * Indians became culturally diverse as they adapted to their varying local climates and environments * Over time, languages, rituals, mythic stories, and kinship systems became more complex and varied * By 1492, American Indians spoke at least 375 distinct languages (Athapaskan, Alogonquian, Caddoan, Siouan, Shoshonean, and Iroquoian) * Each language group divided into many ethnic groups called tribes or nations (subdivided into many smaller groups that identified with a particular......

Words: 594 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

History of Jazz Notes

...Louis Armstrong * Came into prominence in the 1920s as an innovative cornet and trumpet player, Armstrong was a foundational influence on jazz, shifting the music’s focus from collective improvisations to solo performers * With his distinctive gravelly voice, Armstrong was also an influential singer, demonstrating great dexterity as an improviser, bending the lyrics and melody of a song for expressive purpose * He was also greatly skilled at scat singing, or vocalizing, using syllables instead of actual lyrics. * Renowned for his charismatic stage presence and deep, instantly recognizable voice almost as much as for his trumpet-playing, Armstrong’s influence extended well beyond jazz, and by the end of his career in the ‘60s, he was widely regard as a profound influence on popular music in general * Listening: Louis Armstrong and his Hot Five West End Bles- see page 95 Sidney Bechet (1897-1959) * Was an American jazz saxophonist, clarinestist, and composer (soprano saxophonist) * Born in New Orleans to a wealthy Creole family * Became best remembered as the first great master of the soprano saxophonist * Played duets with Louis Armstrong * Forceful delivery, well-constructed improvisations, and a distinctive, wide vibrato characterized Bechet’s playing * Listening: Sidney Bechet- Petite Fleur (the Olympia Concert Paris) James P. Johnson (1891-1955) * Was an American pianist and composer * Johnson was one of the......

Words: 274 - Pages: 2

Free Essay

Grade 10 History Exam Notes

...History Exam Notes WW1: Causes and Start of War (4): Industrialism: * As European countries increased production by using machines, they needed to sell these goods outside there own countries because there were now able to produce more then their own people could consume * The economic competition led the European people to look for colonies Imperialism: * The desire to control colonies around the world * Colonies were important to Europe because they provided natural resources and markets for export * Main two areas of the world Europeans competed for colonies were Africa and the Middle East Nationalism: * Belief that your country is the best and deserves more then other countries * Natural extension of the economic competition created by imperialism and industrialism * People in each country were willing to go to war to prove that there country was superior Militarism: * Increase in a countries armed forces to intimidate its rivals Unification of Italy and Germany: * Several short war’s fought * Never existed before 1870s as unified states * Italy unified by Kingdom of Piedmont, Germany unified by Kingdom of Prussia * Happened during industrial revolution Germany and France Rivalry: * Unification of Italy and Germany created a rivalry between Germany and France * In wars France was defeated and became Germany What is a dreadnought? - A ship that impressed people and was used......

Words: 1701 - Pages: 7

Free Essay

Ancient History Notes

...a Tasnima Bhuiyan Ancient History HSC notes Core study; Cities of Vesuvius- Pompeii & Herculaneum 1. Geographical context Physical environment: geographical setting, natural features and resources of Pompeii and Herculaneum Geographical setting Pompeii and Herculaneum were located in Campania, southwest Italy near Bay of Naples. Herculaneum was a waterfront town situated on the coast of Bay of Naples 7km west of Mt Vesuvius, while Pompeii was slightly inland on the Sarno river, 9km southeast of Mt Vesuvius. Both towns were linked to Rome through sea and land routes. Natural features Campania was a fertile plain with two main rivers. Nearby there was a 15km wide series of craters, where pools were filled with boiling mud and vents, from which sulphur and steam could escape. The towns were popular because of their rich volcanic soil, coastal area for fishing and trading area. Resources of Campania The production of olive oil was used for cooking, and as the basic ingredient for perfume. Wine, wool and textile productions took place, along with the fishing industries including the production of fish sauce. There were fruits such as peaches, apricots, lemons & vegetables like cabbages and onions, and volcanic material was used for building and paving roads. Plans and streetscapes of Pompeii and Herculaneum ▪ streets of Pompeii vary greatly in width from 2.4m to roughly 7m ▪ streets & roads divide towns into neat......

Words: 8796 - Pages: 36

Free Essay

History Notes

...and now sending marines to take over * In order to avoid bloodshed, she steps down from power * Plantation owners set up a government (1893) * Dole is the first president * Their first goal is to get the US to annex Hawaii * Reasons why the us should annex Hawaii * Raw resources – pineapple, sugar, lots of money to be made * Perfect place for a naval base * America starts to dip toe into asia * Starting to industrialize, needs a lot of resources. So perfect base between US and asia * A.T. Mahan * Every world leader at the time read this guys’ book – “the influence of sea power upon history * “With every single world power throughout history, the reason they were able to be so dominant and powerful is because they had a great navy.” * Everyone becomes obsessed with building up a navy * So US thinks Hawaii will be great for their navy * If US didn’t annex it, someone else would * Annexation of guano islands * Good for nothing else but bird poop, which people used for fertilizer * Cuba and Spanish-American War (1898) * Last remaining vestige of Spanish colonialism * Cuba revolts against spain (1895) * Destruction of sugar plantations * Basically the idea was to wreck cuba so spain wouldn’t want to deal with it anymore * Spain’s......

Words: 4829 - Pages: 20

Premium Essay

History Notes

...French and Indian War and the American Revolution Four Connections of the French and Indian War with the American Revolutions 1. No appreciation of colonial effort 2. Mutual dislike 3. Absence of French and Spanish attack 4. British troops remain (peace keeping) Royal Proclamation of 1763- divide French and Indians, colonists are not allowed to cross it Huge war debt after the French and Indian War Resurgence of Imperialism 1. The Sugar Act (1764) stipulated that if Americans purchased non-English sugar (especially Dutch), you would have to pay an extra tax (resemblance to the Navigation Acts) 2. The Stamp Act (1765) an act that required you to place a stamp on any type you purchased paper, or fill out a form, marriage license, etc. you would have to purchase stamps psychological- visible reminder that they were colonists George Grenville- pushed for the Stamp Act Three Types of Responses to the Stamp Act 1. Emotional a. Sons of Liberty 2. Political (Constitutional) a. Stamp Act Congress (first unified Congress among colonists) 9 of 13 colonies meet in New York b. Virtual Representation c. Declaration of Rights and Grievances “virtual representation we do not accept” 3. Economic a. Non-importation movement (stop buying British goods) b. Daughters of Liberty (filling the gap of things that do not come in) Stamp Act Repealed (1766) Declaratory Act (1766) (passed on the same day as the Stamp Act Repeal) (Parliament has the right to......

Words: 643 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

Danish Tv's History (Notes)

...Dansk tv’s historie * Danmarks første kanal hed statsradiofonien/Danmarks radio og var i starten den eneste kanal der kunne vises. Dansk tv i Monopolperioden * Danske politikere besluttede man skulle lave et forsøg med fjernsyn i Danmark. Fjernsynet havde premiere i den 2.oktober 1951 * Man fandt ud af at man kunne tjene godt på fjernsynet, og måske endda som eksportvare. * Der blev kun sendt fjernsyn 3 gange om ugen, tirsdag, torsdag og lørdag. Én time om dagen, mellem 20.00-21.00 * Men i marts 1952, var der kun solgt 165 fjernsynsapparater * Man ændrede sendetiderne, så der nu blev sendt fjernsyn hverdag. * Nu skulle fjernsynet bredes til hele landet, og man oprettede nu flere sendermaster i Gladsaxe, Århus, Sønderjylland, Ålborg og Bornholm. * Herefter oplevede Danmark for første gang økonomisk fremgang efter efterkrigsårene. * Nu oprettede man, efter engelsk forbillede, licens. Nu skulle alle husstande, der eget et fjernsynsapparat betale licens, altså betale for kanalerne. * Danmarks radio bevarede deres monopol i 30 år. * Danmarks radio var politisk styret, man mente andet ville være farligt, når fjernsynet var sådan et stort medium som det var. Man mente at det kunne føre til moralsk degradering og politisk manipulering. * I 1950’erne blev det muligt at optage programmerne med Ampex-båndmaskinen. * Farve tv’et kom i 1970’erne * Og i tresserne skete der større udviklinger i DR. (nyt personale, ny......

Words: 866 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

Spodek World History Notes

...Pages 143-157 S = The Development and Transformation of SOCIAL STRUCTURES P = POLITICAL SYSTEMS (State-Building, Expansion, and Conflict) I = INTERACTIONS between Humans and the Environment C = Development and Interaction of CULTURES E = Creation, Expansion, and Interaction of ECONOMIC SYSTEMS P&S- Solon ended the monopoly over public office held by the Athenian hereditary aristocracy P- Opened all men to making decisions (Council of Four hundred) P,E&S- Solon cancelled all public and private debts, and abolished the practice of enslaving people to pay off their debts E- When Peisistratus seized control, there was economic growth through loans to small farmers P- A new ruler Cleisthenes came to power and reorganized the city S- He did away with aristocratic family centers of power & reorganized the electoral diselectoral units creating new political identities and allegiances P- Athens was at the height of its power and prestige under the military and civic leadership of Pericles S&C- Greek victory led by Athens triggered immense pride in the city-state C- Public building ladder C- The amphitheater where plays were regularly performed I- During the war years, the Persians had destroyed and burned much of Athens C- When the war ended the Athenians rebuild and improved S- Socrates + Plato began produced questions about life C- Ideas about the ideal states which Plato had created C- Plato addressed ideas about logic, physics, astronomy etc C-......

Words: 550 - Pages: 3

Free Essay

History Notes

...Historie noter Kilde Skriftlige Ikke skriftlige Breve Våben Dagbøger Bygninger Regnskaber Tøj Beretninger Legetøj Protokoller Redskaber Love Kunst Menneske rester, lig Danmarks historiske tid – siger man – starter i vikingetiden, som havde det førsteskriftsprog nemlig runerne. * Er kilden troværdig? * Er kilden subjektiv/objektiv – Er der en tendens? – Afsender/modtager? * Hvad kan kilden fortælle mig? * Hvilke spørgsmål kan jeg stille kilden? Arbejdet med kilden Fortidige virkelighed Kilder Historiker Bøger Nye fremstillinger Historikerne kan dog ikke være helt neutrale i deres holdning Kilderne kommer meget an på fortolkning Fremstillinger er subjektive * Politisk overbevisning * Tilgængeligt materiale * Individuel fortolkning Kildekritik 1. Hvad er det for en kildetype? (lovtekst, rets dokument, brev, tale, historieskrivning) 2. Hvem er kildens afsender? 3. Hvornår er kilden nedskrevet? 4. Er det en første- eller andenhånds kilde? (dvs. har forfatteren selv overværet det, som han beskriver, eller har han det på anden hånd? 5. Hvem har oprindeligt været modtager? 6. Hvad står der i kilden: opdel evt. i hovedpunkter og find det væsentlige 7. Hvad er forfatterens formål med kilden? 8. Hvad er kildens synsvinkel eller tendens? 9. Hvilke historiske begivenheder eller tilstande kan kilden belyse? Vikingetiden 800-1015 Skriftlige Ikke......

Words: 821 - Pages: 4

Premium Essay

History Ib Review Notes

...Higher Level History Notes 19th Century Russia The Russian people are descendants of the ‘Rus’ who are thought to be a mixture of Scandinavian and Slavic origin and settled in that region out of ± 800 AD Byzantine Empire A major legacy of the Byzantine Empire for the Russians was the eastern orthodox or Greek Orthodox Church With the decline of Byzantium came a wave of conquest from the East, the Mongols until the 15th century (Tatars). To a large extent, the Mongols allowed Russians to maintain their way of life: - Slavic based languages including writing system (Cyrillic) - Orthodox religion The Russians adopted much from Asian culture and this led western Europeans to think less of the Russians Geographically Russia was isolated from the rest of Europe: - Entirely land locked (mostly) - Huge Plains of Eastern Europe prevented overland travel During these early years there were a series of muscovite princes based in Moscow and called themselves Tsars. By the 17th century the Romanov family became the ruling dynasty: - Alexander I (1801-1825) - Nicholas I (1825-1855) - Alexander II (1855-1881) - Alexander III (1881-1894) - Nicholas II (1894-1917) Under the rule of Peter the Great (1689-1728) Russia grew greatly in size and entered the European World www.ibscrewed.org The Russia of 1800 was one of the greatest autocracies in Europe where: - The Tsar’s rule was absolute - There was a small...

Words: 32400 - Pages: 130