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Historical and Contemporary Theories of Management

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By madihaarif
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Historical and Contemporary Theories of Management Overview The idea of management is not new. Early forms of management concepts have been applied throughout history in order to progress as a society. Could Stonehenge have been built without the management of all of the required tasks? What about the Mayan or Egyptian pyramids? Could the stones for these monuments have been found, cut, and moved without a plan? Management activities were needed in order to complete these massive projects. In this reading, we will explore some of the early theories of management, although we will not be able to go as far back as the Mayans or Egyptians. We will start in the late 18th century and then work our way up to current and contemporary 21st century concepts. Early Management Theories The Industrial Revolution as well as the growth of factories and mass production created a need for strong management processes. Better and more efficient ways of manufacturing goods were needed in order to maximize productivity, bring down costs, and increase profitability. As a result, since the late 1800’s, theorists have developed a wide range of methods for improving management practices. As discussed earlier in this subunit, Frederick Winslow Taylor was an early pioneer of management theory. In this reading, we will discuss Taylor’s management approach and other early management theories, and then move on to more modern approaches. The Scientific Approach Taylor was the founder of the Scientific Approach to management, which focused on efficiency of movement and the task at hand. By designing the job appropriately, his theory postulates that the worker would be motivated to be more efficient and productive. Taylor’s Scientific Approach to management changed the purpose and scope of factory employees. His practices changed the role of managers from one of bullying workers to complete their…...

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